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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 16, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 16, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 16, Issue 9 - Sep 2004
Volume 16, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 16, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 16, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
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Experimental Study on Cooling Characteristics of Multi - Air Conditioner using Inverter Scroll Compressor
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 311~317
In the present study, the cooling characteristics of the multi-air conditioner (A/C) using an inverter scroll compressor are experimentally investigated for the number of the indoor units and the operating conditions (2
) under the cooling standard conditions by KS C 9306. In the case of the simultaneous operation for 3 indoor units, the cooling capacity, the mass flow rate and the input power have a decreasing trend and COP has an increasing trend, with decreasing the difference in the operating temperature of the indoor unit and the room temperature. In the case of the simultaneous operation for 2 indoor units, the COP of the indoor unit with large cooling capacity is high when the operating temperature is high, but the COP of the indoor unit with low cooling capacity is high when the operating temperature is low. In the case of the single operation for one unit, when the large cooling capacity of the indoor unit is less than 50％ the compressor operates at the minimum operation frequency region and the COP decreases.
A Study on an Ion Wind Created by a Wire Electrode and Parallel Plates Assembly
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 318~323
When a strong electric field is applied between a sharply curved electrode and a blunt surface, the corona may result in a gas movement in the electrode gap which is directed toward the blunt surface. That is called the corona wind. It enhances heat and mass transfer between the surface and the surrounding gas. Moreover such enhancement causes no noise or vibration, which can be applied in complex, isolated geometries, and allows simple control of surface temperatures. This paper examines the relationship between the corona wind and the relative humidity. The facility consists of high voltage power supply thin tungsten wire, plate electrode, multimeter, microammeter and flow meter. Gas velocity is a linear function of voltage, relative humidity and is proportional to the square root of the current. The maximum velocities for the positive and negative corona discharge are 1.9 m/s (2.74 CMM/m), 1.5 m/s(2.15 CMM/m), respectively
PIV Investigations of the Flow Mixing Enhancement by Pulsatile Flow in a Grooved Channel
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 324~331
Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurements have been carried out to investigate the pulsatile flow characteristics in a triangular grooved channel. The results showed that a vortex was generated at the tip of the groove and flowed into the groove rotating inside during the acceleration phase of the main stream promoting the mixing of the fluid. Then, at the deceleration phase of the main stream, the vortex entrained fluid from the relatively slow moving main stream to grow bigger than the groove size. Finally the vortex was ejected to the main stream carrying the fluid away from the groove, resulting in the enhancement of mixing between the stagnant fluid in the groove and the main stream in the channel. It was found that the fluid mixing enhancement is maximized when the pulsatile period is the same as the time duration which the vortex takes to grow larger enough to fill the groove and to be ejected to the main stream.
An Analysis of the Patent for Highly Efficient Absorption Refrigeration System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 332~339
A technical analysis was conducted to predict the development trend for the highly efficient absorption type refrigeration system. The study was based on a submitted patent during January 1981 and December 2000 in Korea, Japan and America. The total number of extruded patents from the registered database was 24,822 and the filtering process makes the reduction of the data number to 3,510. Technical development of Japan for the absorption type refrigeration system is prominent compared to the other country due to approximately 75％ of the patents coming from Japan. When the patent is divided into two categories, the patent for component technology for the refrigeration system makes up 75％ and the refrigerating type technology 25％ of the patents. This shows technical development for the system component is advanced compared to the technology development for the system type. When the patents are classified by nationality of patent applicants, foreigners contribute up to 33％ of the patents in Korea. However, Japan's case shows the 99％ of the patents are invented by the Japanese. If the patents are classified to the International Patent Classification, most of the data for the absorption type refrigeration system belongs to IPC F25B.
A Study on Performance Characteristics of Heat Exchanger for Heat Pump with R410A Refrigerant
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 340~348
The air and refrigerant side heat transfer performances are key parameters to improve heat transfer efficiency of the heat exchanger including the fan performance. Design of the fins, treatment of the tube inside, tube diameter and tube array effect heat transfer performance of the heat exchanger. The heat exchanger is used as a condenser at cooling mode and used as an evaporator at heating mode in the heat pump system. The heat pump system uses R410A as the refrigerant. The heat exchangers are consisted with 7 mm diameter tubes with slit-type fins. The study was conducted with variation of arrangement of the refrigerant path and air flow rate and refrigerant pressure drop and heat transfer rate were measured with a code tester. The capacity of the 3 path heat exchanger is more efficient than 2 or 4 path heat exchangers in heating or cooling modes.
Analyses of Fouling Mechanism using Visualization Techniques in a Lab-scale Plate-Type Heat Exchanging System
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 349~354
Scale is formed when hard water is heated or cooled in heat transfer equipments such as heat exchangers, condensers, evaporators, cooling towers, boilers, and pipe walls. When the scale deposits in a heat exchanger surface, it is conventionally called fouling. The objective of the present study is to analyze the process of the fouling formation in a heat exchanger according to different types of water using visualization techniques. In order to experimentally investigate the formation of the fouling, this study built a lab-scaled heat exchanging system. Using the visualization techniques of Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and X-Ray diffraction method, the three dimensional configurations of the fouling formation could be successfully obtained. Based on the experimental results, it was found that the configurations of the fouling formation were different when using tap water compared to river water.
An Experimental Investigation on the Airside Performance of Fin-and-Tube Heat Exchangers Having Sinusoidal Wave Fins
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 355~367
The heat transfer and friction characteristics of the heat exchangers having sinusoidal wave fins were experimentally investigated. Twenty-nine samples having different waffle heights (1.5 mm and 2.0 m), fin pitches (1.3mm to 1.7mm) and tube rows (one to three) were tested. Focus was given to the effect of the waffle configuration (herringbone or sinusoidal) on the heat transfer and friction characteristics. Results show that the sinusoidal wave geometry provides higher heat transfer coefficients and friction factors than the herringbone wave geometry, and the difference increases as the number of row increases. The i/f ratios of the herringbone wave geometry, however, are larger than those of the sinusoidal wave geometry. Compared to the herringbone wave geometry, the sinusoidal wave geometry yielded a weak row effect, which suggests a superior heat transfer performance at the fully developed flow region. Possible explanation is provided considering the flow characteristics in wavy channels. Within the present geometric range, the effect of the waffle height on the heat transfer coefficient was not prominent. The effect of the fin pitch was also negligible. Existing correlations highly overpredicted both the heat transfer coefficients and friction factors. A new correlation was developed using the present data.
An Experimental Investigation on Flow Field in a Pipe with Sinusoidally Wavy Surface by PIV
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 368~373
A flow field in a passage with periodically converging-diverging cross-section is investigated experimentally by PIV measurement. A tube with a sinusoidally wavy cross section is one of several devices employed for enhancing the heat and mass transfer efficiency due to turbulence promotion and unsteady vortical motion. While the numerical flow visualization results have been limited to the fully developed cases, existing experimental results of this flow were simple qualitative ones by smoke or dye streak test. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to produce quantitative flow data for fully developed and transient flow regime by the Correlation Based Correction PIV (CBC PIV) and to conjecture the analogy between flow characteristics and heat transfer enhancement with low pumping power. Another purpose of this paper is to examine the onset position of the transition and the global mixing, which results in transfer enhancement. At Re=2000, evidences of the global mixing are captured at 2.5 wavy module through the variation of RMS values and instantaneous velocity plot.
Effect of Diffuser Shape on the Performance of Water-Chilled Heat Storage
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 374~382
Diffuser design is crucial for water-chilled heat storage. Its impact on the system performance is more significant for the underground tank due to inherent limit on the aspect ratio and tank shape. The effect of diffuser shape on the performance of the water-chilled heat storage is numerically investigated. Three dimensional simulation has been conducted for fully incorporating the complex diffuser shape and the non-symmetric tank shape. Mixing at the inlet of the diffuser depends on the inlet Reynolds number, Froude number and the diffuser shape. Three types of the diffuser shape and the broad range of Reynolds number (Re=400, 800, 1200) and Froude number (Fr=0.5, 1.0, 2.0) are examined. The performance of the heat storage tank is evaluated by the thermocline thickness which is reverse to the degree of stratification. The radial regulated plate diffuser, which is the suggested diffuser shape in this study, shows the lowest thermocline thickness in the condition considered.
Demonstrative Experiments on the Magnetocaloric Effect of Gadolinium
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 383~389
Magnetic refrigeration is based on the magnetocaloric effect (MCE) - the ability of some materials to heat up when magnetized and cool down when removed from the magnetic field. The available techniques for studying the MCE we: (1) direct measurements by monitoring the change in the material's temperature during the application or removal of the magnetic field; and (2) indirect calculations from the experimental data of magnetization and/or specific heat as a function of the temperature and magnetic field. The MCE of gadolinium (Gd) has been demonstrated by direct measurements of temperature change, and isothermal magnetic entropy changes and adiabatic temperature changes have been calculated.
Pressure Measurement in Double Inlet Pulse Tube Refrigerator
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 390~396
A double-inlet pulse tube refrigerator was fabricated as a U-shape with
125 mm regenerator packed by #200 stainless steel mesh and
125 mm pulse tube. A pressure sensor was installed at the inlet of the regenerator and a differential pressure sensor was installed across the bypass. Amplitude of the pulsating pressure was independent of the opening of the orifice and the bypass valves. Helium flow through the orifice and the bypass was calculated based on the measured pressure. Energy loss through the orifice and the bypass was evaluated with the measured pressure and the calculated helium flow rate. The energy loss, which is equivalent to the refrigeration capacity at the cold end of the ideal pulse tube refrigerator, was mainly generated through the orifice. It was proportional to the opening of the orifice valve, but the real refrigerator displayed the best performance at the optimized opening of the orifice valve. This optimized performance of the tested pulse tube refrigerator can be explained by additional refrigeration losses. As an example, the shuttle heat transfer loss of the pulse tube was calculated from the measured experimental data.