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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 12 - Dec 2007
Volume 19, Issue 11 - Nov 2007
Volume 19, Issue 10 - Oct 2007
Volume 19, Issue 9 - Sep 2007
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Aug 2007
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Jul 2007
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Jun 2007
Volume 19, Issue 5 - May 2007
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Apr 2007
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Mar 2007
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Feb 2007
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 2007
Selecting the target year
Heat Transfer and Friction Characteristics of Slit Fin and Tube Heat Exchangers in Wet Conditions
Chang, Keun-Sun ; Phan, Thanh-Long ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 19, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~9
Water condensate accumulated on the surface of a fin-and-tube heat exchanger significantly affects its thermal and hydraulic performance. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of condensate retention on the air-side heat transfer performance and flow friction. Total 12 samples of slit and plate fin-and-tube heat exchangers with varying fin spacing and number of tube rows are tested under dry and wet conditions. The thermal fluid measurements are made using a psychometric calorimeter. Frontal air velocity varies in the range from 0.7 m/s to 1.5 m/s. Using the experimental data, presented are the heat transfer coefficients in terms of Colburn j-factor and friction factor.
A Study on the Development of High-rise Curtain Wall Thermal Analysis Program
No, Sang-Tae ; Kim, Kang-Soo ; Chung, Jin-Se ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 19, issue 1, 2007, Pages 10~18
The purpose of this study is to develop an user-friendly computer program which can analyze the thermal performance of high-rise curtain wall. In this study, the sub-routines for FVM SOLVER, HIGH-RISE CONDITION CALCULATION, AUTOMATIC SPECIFICATION BOUNDARY/MESH, MATERIAL DATABASE, and GRAPHICAL CONDENSATION/U-FACTOR OUTPUT were developed by using Visual Basic. The curtain wall heat conduction simulation results of program showed good agreement with those of FLUENT and THERM. The minimum and maximum relative error rates were 3.17 and 9.68% compared to other software.
Performance Analysis of a
Two-Stage Twin Rotary Compressor
Kim, Woo-Young ; Ahn, Jong-Min ; Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Cho, Sung-Oug ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 19, issue 1, 2007, Pages 19~27
Analytical investigation on the performance of a two stage twin rotary compressor for
heat pump water heater system has been carried out. A computer simulation program was made based on analytical models for gas compression in control volumes, leakages among neighboring volumes, and dynamics of moving elements of the compressor. Calculated cooling capacity, compressor input, and COP were well compared to those of experiments over the compressor speeds tested. For the operating condition of suction pressure of 3 MPa, and discharge pressure of 9 MPa, and compressor inlet temperature of
, the compressor efficiency was calculated to be 80.2%: volumetric, adiabatic, and mechanical efficiencies were 88.3%, 93.2%, and 92.7%, respectively. For the present compressor model, volumetric and adiabatic efficiencies of the second stage cylinder were lower by about
than those of the first stage mainly due to the smaller discharge port at the second stage. Parametric study on the discharge port size showed that the compressor performance could be improved by 3.5% just by increasing the discharge port diameter by 20%.
Evaluation of Performance of a Residential Air-Conditioning System Using Microchannel and Fin-and-Tube Heat Exchanger
Yun, Rin ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 19, issue 1, 2007, Pages 28~35
In this study the seasonal performance of a residential air conditioning system having either a fin-and-tube condenser or a microchannel condenser is experimentally investigated. A commercially available 7 kW capacity residential air conditioning system having a fin-and-tube condenser served as the base system. The test results show that the system with a microchannel heat exchanger has a reduced refrigerant charge amount of 10%, the coefficient of performance is increased by 6% to 10%, and the SEER is increased by 7% as compared with those of the base system. Moreover, the condensing pressure of the system is decreased by 100 kPa and the pressure drop across the condenser is decreased by 84%. The microchannel heat exchanger enhances the SEER of the residential air conditioning system by providing better heat transfers at reduced pressure drops.
A Numerical Study on Automobile Interior Environment
Jeon, Hee-Ho ; Ko, Seok-Bo ; Lee, Kum-Bae ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 19, issue 1, 2007, Pages 36~42
The latest cars give much importance in the role of HVAC system that controls the environment of the area for passengers more than just basic capability In this study, we drew the automobile interior as three dimension and arranged a method of numerical analysis on HVAC environment in the automobile interior displaying air current distribution and temperature distribution through simulation of the automobile interior on the ventilation volume and outlet area, The aim of this study is to develop the estimated method for HVAC environment in the automobile interior. Results of numerical analysis, to cool automobile interior needs more considerations if thinking cheerful surroundings of automobile interior air but the more magnitude of outlet is small, the more cooling capability is excellent and realistic countermeasures about a realistic geometry and boundary condition.
Numerical Simulation of the Thermal Environment Inside an Opened Tomb
Youn, Young-Muk ; Jun, Hee-Ho ; Lee, Kum-Bae ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 19, issue 1, 2007, Pages 43~50
In recent years the importance of the preservation of cultural artifacts like ancient tombs has been widely accepted domestically and internationally with increasing value of cultural artifacts. However not much technical attention has been paid for the facilities and systems to preserve these artifacts. As a part of the present study, the temperature and relative humidity inside a selected artifact, Shinkwan-ri tomb, have been monitored for a year round to improve the understanding of the indoor thermal environment. In this study, using the Computational Fluid Dynamics calculated the velocity and temperature distribution and offered basic data which are necessary for the best fitted design of tomb air-conditioning device. Through the result of this study, the generation of temperature variation was identified by natural convection. It enables us to get the possibility of humidity variation
Improvement of the Ventilation Equipment in a Waste Bunker For a Municipal Waste Incinerator
Lee, Tae-Gu ; Moon, Jung-Hwan ; Hur, Jin-Huek ; Lee, Jae-Heon ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 19, issue 1, 2007, Pages 51~59
The waste bunker usually consists of waste entrance zone and waste pit. In this paper, the distributions of air flow,
concentration in a waste bunker were investigated to prevent an odor generated in a waste pit from dispersing to the waste entrance zone by numerical method. Four cases were considered such that 1) the waste incinerators is operated, 2) the waste incinerators is stopped, 3) the waste incinerator is operated and the direction of a supply diffuser is
upward, 4) the waste incinerator is stopped and the direction of a supply diffuser is
upward. In case of 1), the fresh air from the waste entrance zone is exhausted smoothly to the main exhaust grill of the waste pit. It means that an odor dispersion to the waste entrance zone will not occur. However in case of 2), the induction of fresh air is so small and the supply air with an odor in waste pit can flow to the waste entrance zone. Therefore, an odor will be dispersed to the waste entrance zone. This paper shows the solution that the supply diffuser with the direction of
upward is chosen. As a result in case of 3) and 4), an odor dispersion to the waste entrance zone does not occurred and on odor is exhausted smoothly to the auxiliary exhaust grill.
A Study on the Simulation Evaluation of IAQ at the Process of Building Construction
Choi, Jeong-Min ; Cho, Sung-Woo ; Park, Chang-Seob ; Park, Min-Yong ; Lee, Kyung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 19, issue 1, 2007, Pages 60~67
The purpose of this study is to evaluate indoor air quality at the stage of building construction. To check the IAQ at the stage of construction IAQX simulation program developed by EPA was used and the values of TVOC were analyzed with time-series. The Simulation conditions are as follows. 1) Ventilation rate, 2) Time schedule of works, 3) Material change. Through this simulation, the major factors which affect the IAQ were analyzed and the importance of empirical data about the time-series emission rate of concerned material could be confirmed.
Proposal of Unit Building Method for Calculating Unit Heating Load of Apartment Houses
Yoo Ho-Seon ; Chung Joo-Hyuk ; Moon Jung -Hwan ; Lee Jae-Heon ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 19, issue 1, 2007, Pages 68~76
As an alternative approach to evaluate the unit heating load for apartment houses, we newly developed and proposed unit building method. The new method, which calculates the heating load of an apartment building as a whole, conceptually corresponds to integral analysis of building heat loss, while the existing unit apartment method to differential analysis. Four typical building models of Korean-style apartment house and two dynamic load calculation programs were selected to validate the present method under realistically imposed conditions. Eight sets of unit heating load calculated respectively by unit building and unit apartment methods showed excellent agreements regardless of building model and simulation program. It is expected that the unit building method can take the place of the unit apartment method due to fewer modeling assumptions as well as less computational efforts. Additional calculations to investigate the effects of various parameters on unit heating load yield good consistencies with known facts, and re-confirm the validity.
A Study on the Required Supply Water Temperature Calculating Method for the Control of Multizone Radiant Floor Heating System
Choi, Jeong-Min ; Lee, Kyu-Nam ; Ryu, Seong-Ryong ; Kim, Yong-Yee ; Yeo, Myoung-Souk ; Kim, Kwang-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 19, issue 1, 2007, Pages 77~85
One of the most common approaches to achieve better thermal comfort with the radiant floor heating system is supply water temperature control, which is that supply water temperature is varied with outdoor air temperature. But the application of this control method was not easy, because there has been no way to determine the supply water temperature. So in this study, a comprehensive, yet simple calculation method to find out the required supply water temperature is suggested by combining the building heat loss equation and the heat emission model of hydronic radiant floor heating system for single zone. And then using this calculation method, the multizone control method is suggested and confirmed through the thermal simulation. It is shown that indoor air temperature is stably maintained around the set point.
Numerical Simulation on Cooling Plates in a Fuel Cell
Kim, Yoon-Ho ; Lee, Yong-Taek ; Lee, Kyu-Jung ; Kim, Yong-Chan ; Choi, Jong-Min ; Ko, Jang-Myoun ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 19, issue 1, 2007, Pages 86~93
The PEM (polymer electrolyte membrane) fuel cell is one of the promising fuel cell systems as a new small power generating device for automobiles and buildings. The optimal design of cooling plates installed between MEA (membrane electrode assembly) is very important to achieve high performance and reliability of the PEMFC because it is very sensitive to temperature variations. In this study, six types of cooling plate models for the PEMFC including basic serpentine and parallel shapes were designed and their cooling performances were analyzed by using three-dimensional fluid dynamics with commercial software. The model 3 designed by revising the basic serpentine model represented the best cooling performance among them in the aspect of uniformity of temperature distribution and thermal reliability, The serpentine models showed higher pressure drop than the parallel models due to a higher flow rate.
Recent Progress in Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Research - A Review of Papers Published in the Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering in 2004 and 2005 -
Choi, Yong-Don ; Kang, Yong-Tae ; Kim, Nae-Hyun ; Kim, Man-Hoe ; Park, Kyoung-Kuhn ; Park, Byung-Yoon ; Park, Jin-Chul ; Hong, Hi-Ki ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 19, issue 1, 2007, Pages 94~131
A review on the papers published in the Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineering in 2004 and 2005 has been done. Focus has been put on current status of research in the aspect of heating, cooling, air-conditioning, ventilation, sanitation and building environment. The conclusions are as follows. (1) Most of fundamental studies on fluid flow were related with heat transportation of facilities. Drop formation and rivulet flow on solid surfaces were interesting topics related with condensation augmentation. Research on micro environment considering flow, heat, humidity was also interesting for comfortable living environment. It can be extended considering biological aspects. Development of fans and blowers of high performance and low noise were continuing topics. Well developed CFD and flow visualization(PIV, PTV and LDV methods) technologies were widely applied for developing facilities and their systems. (2) The research trends of the previous two yews are surveyed as groups of natural convection, forced convection, electronic cooling, heat transfer enhancement, frosting and defrosting, thermal properties, etc. New research topics introduced include natural convection heat transfer enhancement using nanofluid, supercritical cooling performance or oil miscibility of
, enthalpy heat exchanger for heat recovery, heat transfer enhancement in a plate heat exchanger using fluid resonance. (3) The literature for the last two years(
) is reviewed in the areas of heat pump, ice and water storage, cycle analysis and reused energy including geothermal, solar and unused energy). The research on cycle analysis and experiments for
was extensively carried out to replace the Ozone depleting and global warming refrigerants such as HFC and HCFC refrigerants. From the year of 2005, the Gas Engine Heat Pump(GHP) has been paid attention from the viewpoint of the gas cooling application. The heat pipe was focused on the performance improvement by the parametric analysis and the heat recovery applications. The storage systems were studied on the performance enhancement of the storage tank and cost analysis for heating and cooling applications. In the area of unused energy, the hybrid systems were extensively introduced and the life cycle cost analysis(LCCA) for the unused energy systems was also intensively carried out. (4) Recent studies of various refrigeration and air-conditioning systems have focused on the system performance and efficiency enhancement. Heat transfer characteristics during evaporation and condensation are investigated for several tube shapes and of alternative refrigerants including carbon dioxide. Efficiency of various compressors and expansion devices are also dealt with for better modeling and, in particular, performance improvement. Thermoelectric module and cooling systems are analyzed theoretically and experimentally. (5) According to the review of recent studies on ventilation systems, an appropriate ventilation systems including machenical and natural are required to satisfied the level of IAQ. Also, an recent studies on air-conditioning and absorption refrigeration systems, it has mainly focused on distribution and dehumidification of indoor air to improve the performance were carried out. (6) Based on a review of recent studies on indoor environment and building service systems, it is noticed that research issues have mainly focused on optimal thermal comfort, improvement of indoor air Quality and many innovative systems such as air-barrier type perimeter-less system with UFAC, radiant floor heating and cooling system and etc. New approaches are highlighted for improving indoor environmental condition as well as minimizing energy consumption, various activities of building control and operation strategy and energy performance analysis for economic evaluation.