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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 12 - Dec 2008
Volume 20, Issue 11 - Nov 2008
Volume 20, Issue 10 - Oct 2008
Volume 20, Issue 9 - Sep 2008
Volume 20, Issue 8 - Aug 2008
Volume 20, Issue 7 - Jul 2008
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Jun 2008
Volume 20, Issue 5 - May 2008
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Apr 2008
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Mar 2008
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Feb 2008
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Performance of a Reciprocating Compressor Equipped with Auxiliary Port
Lee, Yong-Ho ; Kim, Hyun-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 10, 2008, Pages 637~644
Auxiliary port which had been known to be used to reduce the expansion loss of a refrigeration system was applied to a R134a reciprocating compressor in a household refrigerator cycle with an intention of improving the compressor performance. Effects of the auxiliary port on the compressor performance was investigated by a computer simulation program. When a simple hole was made on the side wall of the cylinder as an auxiliary port and surrounding gas inside the compressor shell was assumed to be drawn into the cylinder through the hole, maximum COP improvement of 1.66% was obtained. With auxiliary port equipped with a plate type of check valve, maximum COP was raised to be 1.99%. COP improvement was more distinctive with decreasing the discharge pressure; COP improvement was 5% with discharge pressure of 7 bar.
CFD Analysis for Spiral-Jacketed Thermal Storage Tank in Solar Heating Systems
Nam, Jin-Hyun ; Kim, Min-Cheol ; Kim, Charn-Jung ; Hong, Hi-Ki ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 10, 2008, Pages 645~653
Spiral-jacketed thermal storage tanks can greatly simplify solar heating systems while maintaining the thermal performance at a similar level as conventional systems with an external heat exchanger. Proper design of the spiral-jacket flow path is essential to make the most of solar energy, and thus to maximize the thermal performance. In the present work, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis was carried out for a spiral-jacketed storage tank installed in a solar heating demonstration system. The results of the CFD analysis showed a good agreement with experimentally determined thermal performance indices such as the acquired heat, collector efficiency, and mixed temperature in the storage tank. This verified CFD modelling approach can be a useful design tool in optimizing the shape of spiral-jacket flow path and the flow rate of circulating fluid for better performance.
A Suggestion for the Worth Evaluation of Warm Air and the Allocation Methodology of Heating Cost
Kim, Deok-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 10, 2008, Pages 654~661
Our government will make a plan regulating the cooling limit temperature of the summer season to 26 degree and the heating limit temperature of the winter season to 20 degree for energy saving. Where, the key point of this politic pursuit can be the charge system on heating and cooling cost. Currently, the heating and cooling cost are charged as much as the volume or heat flow rate regardless of the high and low room temperature. However, we have suggested new cost estimating methodology as a worth method in the precedent study, and preformed the worth evaluation and cost allocation of electricity and heat on various cogenerations. In this study, we applied the suggested worth method to four kind of warm air, and preformed the worth evaluation and cost allocation of each warm air. As a result, the more energy a customer saved, the more heating unit cost decreased, and the more energy a customer consumed, the more heating unit cost increased. From this analysis, we hope that the suggested worth methodology can offer a theoretical basis to the politic pursuit of government, and induce the spontaneous energy saving of consumers.
The Study on High Efficiency Cycle Characteristics of the Absorption Chiller
Park, Chan-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 10, 2008, Pages 662~668
The objectives of the present work are to investigate the influence of the solution cooled absorber(SCA), refrigerant drain heat exchanger(RSX), exhaust gas/solution heat exchanger(ESX) and high efficiency solution heat exchanger on COP for a double-effect series-flow absorption chiller. A simulation program has been prepared for the cycle analysis of absorption chillers. As a result, solution heat exchangers(LSX, HSX) are the most effective element for the COP than the others. In spite of the poor contribution to COP, SCA plays an important role to reduce the crystallization phenomena of LiBr solution at solution heat exchanger. And the optimum solution split ratio varies with the relative size of RSX and LSX.
Development of a Fault Detection and Diagnosis Algorithm Using Fault Mode Simulation for a Centrifugal Chiller
Han, Dong-Won ; Chang, Young-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 10, 2008, Pages 669~678
When operating a complex facility, Fault Detection and Diagnosis (FDD) system is beneficial in equipment management by providing the operator with tools which can help find out a failure of the system. In this research, FDD algorithm was developed using the general pattern classifier method that can be applied to centrifugal chiller system. The simulation model for a centrifugal chiller system was developed in order to obtain characteristic data of turbo chiller system under normal and faulty operation. We tested FDD algorithm of a centrifugal chiller using data from simulation model at full load performance and 60% part load performance. In this research, we presented fault detection method using a normalized distance. Sensitivity analysis of fault detection was carried out with respect to fault progress. FDD algorithm developed in this study was found to indicate each failure modes accurately.
Study on the Comparison of Heat Exchange Performance of Liquefied Gas Vaporizer at Super Low Temperature
Kim, Pil-Hwan ; Kim, Chul-Pyo ; Jeong, Hyo-Min ; Chung, Han-Shik ; Lee, Yong-Hun ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 10, 2008, Pages 679~688
Air-heating vaporizer usually is used to regasify LNG at satellite areas because of the small demand of natural gas there. The common type of air heating vaporizer which exists in the market is the longitudinally finned type with 8 fins, 55 mm fin length and 2mm fin thickness. To contribute in developing an efficient air-heating vaporizer, experiment on finned type air-heating vaporizer using 8 fins, 50mm(fin length) with 2 mm(fin thickness) which exist in the market and 4 fins, 75 mm(fin length) with 2 mm(fin thickness), which is proposed, were conducted. Then, both types of vaporizers are compared. The experiments were conducted in one hour by varying the ambient condition and the length of the vaporizer. The ambient air was controlled so that it has the same temperature, humidity and air velocity with air condition in every season available and the length was varied 4000 mm, 6000 mm and 8000 mm for each type of vaporizer. Additional experiment with longer duration, i.e. In this experiment, the main aspects in analyzing the characteristics of the air heating vaporizer the inlet-outlet enthalpy difference and the outlet temperature of the working fluid.
is used to substitute LNG because of safety reason. The results show that the characteristics of the finned type 4fin75le vaporizer are comparable to finned type 8fin50le vaporizer.
Influence of NCG Charged Mass on the Thermal Performance of VCHP with Screen Mesh Wick
Park, Young-Sik ; Chung, Kyung-Taek ; Suh, Jeong-Se ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 10, 2008, Pages 689~695
Experimental study has been performed to investigate the influence of non-condensible gas(NCG) charged mass on the thermal performance of a variable conductance heat pipe(VCHP) with screen mesh wick. The VCHP is furnished by screen mesh number 200 for the pipe outer diameter of 12.7mm and the pipe length of 500 mm. The VCHP is filled with water as working fluid of 4.8g and nitrogen as NCG and has evaporator, condenser and adiabatic section, respectively. For the results from experiment, it is found that, for the same charged mass of working fluid, the overall wall temperatures of heat pipe grows up with increasing NCG charged mass. The variation of operating temperature of VCHP reduces with increasing NCG mass. In addition, the profile of axial wall temperature distribution is presented for heat transport capacity of heat pipe, the temperature of cooling water of condenser, inclination angle, and operating temperature.
A Study on the Performance Evaluation of the Hybrid Ventilation System for Small Apartment Houses
Chun, Chu-Young ; Kim, Gil-Tae ; Lee, Jong-Sung ; Kim, Sang-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 10, 2008, Pages 696~701
From Feb. 2006, the ventilating systems with air exchange rate of over 0.7times/hour are installed at the apartment houses (over 100 units). Installation cost and maintenance cost are very important factors for ventilating system because consumers have to pay the expenses of that system. Especially small apartment needs more considerations because small apartment is comparatively the economically weak part. The purpose of this study is to the performance evaluation of the hybrid ventilation system for small apartment houses. Hybrid system 1 consists of natural ventilation system and duct type exhaust diffusers. Hybrid system 2 has natural ventilation system and toilet exhaust system with static pressure fan. Infiltration of test apartment houses with ventilation system is under 0.1 times/hour. Mean air age of hybrid system 1 is 1.52 hours and hybrid system 2 is 1.42 hours. Mean ventilation effectiveness of hybrid system 2(93%) is higher than that of hybrid system 1(81%).
An Analysis of the Optimal Thermal Storage Time of Air-Conditioning System with Slab Thermal Storage : An Analysis by the Gradient Method Algorithm
Jung, Jae-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 10, 2008, Pages 702~709
In this paper, the optimal thermal storage time of an air-conditioning system with slab thermal storage in office building was analyzed on the basis of the gradient method algorithm. The sum of room temperature deviation and heat extraction rate was set to the criterion function. It was calculated that four hours is the optimal thermal storage time under the standard evaluation criterion. Furthermore, some case studies were executed by controlling ratio of weight functions of room temperature deviation and heat extraction rate in criterion function. It is possible to design many kinds of optimal operation of an air-conditioning system with slab thermal storage by controlling ratio of the weight functions in criterion function.