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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 12 - Dec 2008
Volume 20, Issue 11 - Nov 2008
Volume 20, Issue 10 - Oct 2008
Volume 20, Issue 9 - Sep 2008
Volume 20, Issue 8 - Aug 2008
Volume 20, Issue 7 - Jul 2008
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Jun 2008
Volume 20, Issue 5 - May 2008
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Apr 2008
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Mar 2008
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Feb 2008
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Pool Boiling Heat Transfer Coefficients Upto Critical Heat flux
Park, Ki-Jung ; Jung, Dong-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2008, Pages 571~580
In this work, pool boiling heat transfer coefficients(HTCs) of 5 refrigerants of differing vapor pressure are measured on horizontal smooth square surface of 9.52 mm length. Tested refrigerants are R123, R152a, R134a, R22, and R32 and HTCs are taken from
to critical heat flux of each refrigerant. Wall and fluid temperatures are measured directly by thermocouples located underneath the test surface and by thermocouples in the liquid pool. Test results show that pool boiling HTCs of refrigerants increase as the heat flux and vapor pressure increase. This typical trend is maintained even at high heat fluxes above
. Zuber's prediction equation for critical heat flux is quite accurate showing a maximum deviation of 21% for all refrigerants tested. For all refrigerant data up to the critical heat flux, Stephan and Abdelsalam's well known correlation underpredicted the data with an average deviation of 21.3% while Cooper's correlation overpredicted the data with an average deviation of 14.2%. On the other hand, Gorenflo's and lung et al.'s correlation showed only 5.8% and 6.4% deviations respectively in the entire nucleate boiling range.
Analysis of Air Distribution in the Windbox System of the Utility Boiler
Park, Ho-Young ; Kim, Sung-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2008, Pages 581~589
The pulverized coal combustion behavior in the utility boiler is very complex since so many physical and chemical processes happen in it, simultaneously. The mixing of pulverized coal with combustion air plays an important role in achieving the efficient combustion and stable boiler operation. The distribution of combustion air supplied to the furnace through the windbox damper system has not been clearly known since the individual measurements of air flow for each air nozzle were not possible, yet. The present study describes the CFD modelling of windbox damper system and aims to obtain the air flow rates and pressure loss coefficients across the present five damper systems, respectively. The one dimensional flow network model has been also established to get air flow distributions across the windbox damper, and applied to the actual plant operation condition. Compared with the designed air flow distribution, the modelled one gives a reasonable agreement. For the actual plant operation, the predicted air flow distribution at each air nozzle is differed with the designed data and strongly affected by the individual opening angle.
Performance of Heat Pumps Charged with R170/R290 Mixture
Park, Ki-Jung ; Lee, Cheol-Hee ; Jung, Dong-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2008, Pages 590~598
In this study, performance of R170/R290 mixtures is measured on a heat pump bench tester in an attempt to substitute R22. The bench tester is equipped with a commercial hermetic rotary compressor providing a nominal capacity of 3.5kW. All tests are conducted under the summer cooling and winter heating conditions of
in the evaporator and condenser respectively. During the tests, the composition of R170 is varied from 0 to 10% with an interval of 2%. Test results show that the coefficient of performance (COP) and capacity of R290 are up to 15.4% higher and 7.5% lower than those of R22 for both conditions respectively. For R170/R290 mixture, the COP decreases and the capacity increases with an increase in the amount of R170. The mixture of 4%R170/96%R290 shows the similar capacity and COP as those of R22. For the mixture, the compressor discharge temperature is
lower than that of R22. There is no problem with mineral oil since the mixture is mainly composed of hydrocarbons. The amount of charge is reduced up to 58% as compared to R22. Overall, R170/R290 mixture is a good long term 'drop-in' candidate to replace R22 in residential air-conditioners and heat pumps.
Economic Feasibility of Various HVAC Systems for Commercial Building and Comparison of Energy Tariffs between Korea and USA
Koh, Jae-Yoon ; Park, Yool ; Seo, Dong-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2008, Pages 599~607
In this study, air conditioning systems include ground source heat pump (GSHP), are evaluated for economic feasibility. The building is modeled an air conditioned for 280kW scale. This analysis is compared with the energy tariff programs of Korea and USA. The objectives of this paper are to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the GSHP and combined system using Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) analysis, and to carry out the sensitivity analysis of key parameters. The paper considered the cases including the base case of air source heat pump and the other two alternates for comparisons. The combined system is not only a cost-effective way to the low energy consumption but also a way to avoid a high initial investment. The variations of initial investment and energy rates give a significant effect on the total LCC and payback period.
A Study on Heat Transfer Characteristics and Uncertainty of Heat Recovery Ventilator for Various Outdoor Temperature/Humidity Conditions
Han, Hwa-Taik ; Choo, Youn-Bok ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2008, Pages 608~613
The purpose of the present paper is to investigate the effect of outdoor weather conditions on the performance of a heat recovery ventilator. Experiments have been performed by varying outdoor temperature/humidity conditions with the indoor conditions fixed at the standard conditions by KARSE. Results indicate humidity efficiency shows larger uncertainties than temperature efficiency in general. With the heat generation by an internal fan removed, the modified temperature efficiency remains almost constant regardless of the indoor-outdoor temperature difference. The enthalpy efficiency can have very large or negative values in case the outdoor conditions are in the vicinity of the indoor enthalpy line. The direction of heat flow, in such a case, can be opposite to that of moisture flow between two air streams. Discussions are included about various interesting features of the psychrometric processes taking place in a heat recovery ventilator.
Predicting the Effective Thermal Conductivity of Some Sand-Water Mixtures Used for Backfilling Materials of Ground Heat Exchanger
Sohn, Byong-Hu ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2008, Pages 614~623
This paper presents the results of a laboratory study on the thermal conductivity of and(silica, quartzite, limestone, sandstone, granite and two masonry sands)-water mixtures used for ground heat exchanger backfilling materials. Nearly 260 tests were performed in a thermal conductivity measuring system to characterize the relationships between the thermal conductivity of mixtures and the water content. The experimental results show hat the thermal conductivity of mixtures increases with increasing dry density and with increasing water content. The most widely used empirical prediction models for thermal conductivity of soils were found inappropriate to estimate the thermal conductivity of unsaturated sand-water mixtures. An improved model using an exponential relationship to compute the thermal conductivity of dry sands and empirical relationship to assess the normalized thermal conductivity of unsaturated sand-water mixtures is presented.
Cost Allocation of Heat and Electricity on a Steam-Turbine Cogeneration
Kim, Deok-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2008, Pages 624~630
When various kinds of outputs are produced from a single energy system, the methodology which allocates the common cost to each output cost is very important because it is directly related with the profit and loss of producers and purchasers. In the cost allocation methodology of the heat and the electricity on a cogeneration, there are energy method, work method, proportional method, benefit distribution method, exergetic methods, and so on. On the other hand, we have proposed a worth method which can be applied to any system. The definition of this methodology is that the unit cost of a product is proportion to the worth. Where, worth is a certain evaluating basis that can equalize the worth of products. In this study, we applied worth method to a steam-turbine cogeneration which produces 22.2 MW of electricity and 44.4 Gcal/h of heat, and then we allocated 2,578 $/h of common cost to electricity cost and heat cost. Also, we compared with various cost allocation methods. As the result, we conclude that exergy of various kinds of worth basis evaluates the worth of heat and electricity most reasonably on this system.
Measures and Proposal for Korean Solar Water Heating System
Kim, Sung-Soo ; Hong, Hi-Ki ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2008, Pages 631~636
Solar thermal systems are recently refocused by higher oil prices, but did not completely restore the people's confidence owing to the past bad systems. Several types of solar water heating systems were analyzed in characteristics and some proper systems were proposed under Korean climates and system scale. As a small system, natural circulation system should be installed only in a southern region of Korea, with a freeze protection valve instead of heating coil for freeze protection. In most area of Korea, the forced circulation type with a heat exchange coil inside a thermal storage tank or with a spiral-jacketed storage tank, proposed and verified by the authors, has a merit of stable performance and freeze protection.