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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 22, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 22, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 22, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 22, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 22, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 22, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Optimization Design of Liquid Desiccant Cooling System
Jeon, Dong-Soon ; Lee, Sang-Jae ; Kim, Seon-Chang ; Kim, Young-Lyoul ; Lee, Chang-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 22, issue 7, 2010, Pages 419~428
This paper presents the optimization process of liquid desiccant cooling system using LiCl aqueous solution as a working fluid. Operating conditions(mass flow rate, conditioner outlet concentration, difference concentration) and design factors for heat exchangers(difference temperature of the district heating water, leaving temperature difference of the conditioner, leaving temperature difference of the regenerator, air temperature difference of the conditioner, air temperature difference of the regenerator) were optimized by response surface method. As a result, we obtained the 7.297 kW of cooling capacity and 0.788 of COP at optimized condition. Effect of difference temperature of hot water on system performances was also examined. As difference temperature of the district heating water increases, the cooling capacity increases and COP decreases.
Energy Performance Evaluation of Apartment Building in Case of Applying a Blind Integrated Window System
Choi, Gyeong-Seok ; Sohn, Jang-Yeul ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 22, issue 7, 2010, Pages 429~435
Although recently revised building code requires 15~20% increased thermal insulation performance for window systems, since the code is focusing on winter heat loss, it is not satisfactory to contribute on reducing rapidly rising cooling load in summer. Window systems have great impact on building heat gain and loss. Therefore technological development for window system specialized in shading solar gain in summer is an urgent matter. This study evaluates the performance of sun shading and thermal insulation for blind integrated window system. Also, computer simulation evaluates the effect of heating and cooling energy consumption reduction for an individual unit(floor area of
) of a multi-family housing. Physibel Voltra, a heat transfer analysis software, was used to analyse the effect of energy consumption reduction, and the energy load was converted to the cost to compare the actual effect of economical benefit.
Study on the Revision of HDD for 15 Main Cities of Korea
Cho, Sung-Hwan ; Kim, Seong-Su ; Choi, Chang-Yong ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 22, issue 7, 2010, Pages 436~441
The purpose of this study is to revise the HDD(Heating Degree-Days) of main cities of Korea because the outside temperature rise have been accelerated by global warming recently. Now our HDD(Heating Degree-Days) for the utility design of district heating system had been `established in 20 years ago. Therefore new heating degree days for main cities of korea had been required and determined using long-term measured outside weather temperature data during 30 years. For the analysis of HDD, five different base temperatures ranging from 24 to
were chosen in the calculation of heating degree days. And new yearly heating degree days of 15 cities of korea were given in the tabular form.
Investigation on Efficiency Improvement of the Nitrogen Expander Cycle : Natural Gas Liquefaction Process for LNG-FPSO
Baek, Seung-Whan ; Jeong, Sang-Kwon ; Kim, Sun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 22, issue 7, 2010, Pages 442~447
FPSO (Floating Production Strorage and Offloading) method for LNG industry is efficient and facile compared to onshore NG (Natural Gas) treatment facility. Five simple natural gas liquefaction cycles for FPSO are presented and simulated in this paper. SMR (Single Mixed Refrigerant) cycle, SNE (Single Nitrogen Expander) cycle, DNE (Double Nitrogen Expander) cycle, PNE (Precooled Nitrogen Expander) cycle, and PDNE (Precooled Double Nitrogen Expander) cycle are compared. Simple analysis results in this paper show that precooling process and adding an expander in the liquefaction cycle is an effective way to increase liquefaction efficiency.
Experiment and Analysis on the Heat Transfer Characteristics of a Channel Filled with Metal Form
Son, Young-Seok ; Shin, Jee-Young ; Cho, Young-Il ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 22, issue 7, 2010, Pages 448~453
Porous media containing complex fluid passage have especially large surface area per unit volume. This study is aimed to identify the heat transfer characteristics of high-porosity metal foams in a horizontal channel. Experiment is performed under various heat flux, velocity and pore density. Nusselt number decreases with higher pore density. Metal foams shows higher heat transfer coefficients than pin-fin structure with the same porosity. This is due to the more complex flow passage and larger heat transfer area based on the structure of the metal foams. The analysis on the pin-fin structure may not be suitable to the metal foam structure but should be identified extensively through further study.
Performance Analysis of CHP Condersing Season heat load Conditions
Seo, Young-Ho ; Lee, Joon-Hee ; Kim, Nam-Jin ; Kim, Jong-Yoon ; Cho, Sung-Kap ; Jeon, Yong-Han ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 22, issue 7, 2010, Pages 454~459
This paper is a actual design case applied to make a bid for CHP plant construction in some country. The purpose of this study is to optimize the system performance for the requirement conditions written in ITB by the client. The system consists of gas turbine, steam turbine, heat recovery steam generator and heat exchangers for district heating. The performance analysis is conducted for various seasons conditions and heat load. As a result, air density and heat load is reduced in accordance with decreasing of the outdoor temperature, therefore the system power is reduced. Considering this, the design parameters to meet the requriement conditions are optimized.
Adjustment of Valve Opening in Ondol Hot Water Distributor
Hong, Hi-Ki ; Kim, Si-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 22, issue 7, 2010, Pages 460~467
In housing units constructed recently in Korea, the length of ondol coil is different in each room, so the flow rate of hot water is adjusted by setting valve opening. If the flow rate is not appropriate for heating load, the room temperature seriously deviates from the set temperature range for comfort. In particular, too small valve opening can induce a noise by cavitation. In order to adjust the valve opening, two methods by zone area and a new method by return temperature rise were modelled and simulated using TRNSYS and EES. As a result, heating energy consumption during one week was the same on three methods, but the room temperature of the new method minimally deviated from the range of set temperature with a low possibility of noise.
Integral Approximate Solutions to a One-Dimensional Model for Stratified Thermal Storage Tanks
Chung, Jae-Dong ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 22, issue 7, 2010, Pages 468~473
This paper deals with approximate integral solutions to the one-dimensional model describing the charging process of stratified thermal storage tanks. Temperature is assumed to be the form of Fermi-Dirac distribution function, which can be separated to two sets of cubic polynomials for each hot and cold side of thermal boundary layers. Proposed approximate integral solutions are compared to the previous works of the approximate analytic solutions and show reasonable agreement. The approach, however, has benefits in mathematical difficulties, complicated solution form and unstable convergence of series solution founded in the previous analytic solutions. Solutions for a semi-infinite region, which have simple closed form solutions, give close agreement to those for a finite region. Thermocline thickness is obtained in closed form and shows proportional behavior to the square root of time and inverse proportional behavior to the square root of flow rate.
The Feasibility Analysis of Organic Waste Bioenergy System in Apartment Complex
Ko, Myeong-Jin ; Choi, Mi-Young ; Choi, Doo-Sung ; Kim, Yong-Shik ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 22, issue 7, 2010, Pages 474~481
Because international environmental and energy problems such as global warming and ozone depletion, exhausting of fossil energy sources are more serious than before, renewable energy system is attracting people's attention more and more. Organic waste bioenergy system among a variety of renewable energy system is expected to have an effect on building a society which is eco-friendly and recycles resources owing to carbon neutral effects. So this is considered as the role of an energy source of the building. Previous studies on the organic waste bioenergy are mainly bioenergy technology and activation plan of the bioenergy supply. But the performance evaluation studies of bioenergy systems installed in buildings are rarely. This study is to evaluate applicability of the organic waste bioenergy system as the building energy supply system by energy and environmental, economical analysis.
A Study on the Energy Saving of Cooling/Reheating System Using Heat Exchanger
Kim, Jin-Hyuck ; Yoo, Seong-Yeon ; Choi, Yang-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 22, issue 7, 2010, Pages 482~491
In conventional air-handling units, when the circulated air from the air-conditioned space pass through the cooling coil, the air is over-cooled to eliminate the moisture as well as to decrease the temperature. The purpose of this study is to estimate the thermal performance and energy saving of the cooling/reheating system using heat exchanger which can save both cooling energy and reheating energy by exchanging heat between the cooled air and reheated air. The energy balance equations to estimate the state of the air for each components were provided and the heat transfer rates and the energy saving rates for the system were calculated from the equations. The results showed that the energy saving was up to 40% under present conditions, and saving rates were significantly affected by the air velocity, inlet conditions and the effectiveness of heat exchanger.
Recent Progress in Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Research : A Review of Papers Published in the Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering in 2009
Han, Hwa-Taik ; Lee, Dae-Young ; Kim, Seo Young ; Choi, Jong-Min ; Baik, Yong-Kyu ; Kwon, Young-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering, volume 22, issue 7, 2010, Pages 492~507
This article reviews the papers published in the Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering during 2009. It is intended to understand the status of current research in the areas of heating, cooling, ventilation, sanitation, and indoor environments of buildings and plant facilities. Conclusions are as follows. (1) Research trends of thermal and fluid engineering have been surveyed as groups of general thermal and fluid flow, fluid machinery and piping, and new and renewable energy. Various topics were covered in the field of general thermal and fluid flow such as an expander, a capillary tube, the flow of micro-channel water blocks, the friction and anti-wear characteristics of nano oils with mixtures of refrigerant oils, etc. Research issues mainly focused on the design of micro-pumps and fans, the heat resistance reliability of axial smoke exhaust fans, and hood systems in the field of fluid machinery and piping. Studies on ground water sources were executed concerning two well type geothermal heat pumps and multi-heat pumps in the field of new and renewable energy. (2) Research works on heat transfer area have been reviewed in the categories of heat transfer characteristics and industrial heat exchangers. Researches on heat transfer characteristics included the heat transfer in thermoelectric cooling systems, refrigerants, evaporators, dryers, desiccant rotors. In the area of industrial heat exchangers, researches on high temperature ceramic heat exchangers, plate heat exchangers, frosting on fins of heat exchangers were performed. (3) In the field of refrigeration, papers were presented on alternative refrigerants, system improvements, and the utilization of various energy sources. Refrigeration systems with alternative refrigerants such as hydrocarbons, mixed refrigerants, and
were studied. Efforts to improve the performance of refrigeration systems were made applying various ideas of suction line heat exchangers, subcooling bypass lines and gas injection systems. Studies on heat pump systems using unutilized energy sources such as river water, underground water, and waste heat were also reported. (4) Research trend in the field of mechanical building facilities has been found to be mainly focused on field applications rather than performance improvements. In the area of cogeneration systems, papers on energy and economic analysis, LCC analysis and cost estimating were reported. Studies on ventilation and heat recovery systems introduced the effect on fire and smoke control, and energy reduction. Papers on district cooling and heating systems dealt with design capacity evaluation, application plan and field application. Also, the maintenance and management of building service equipments were presented for HVAC systems. (5) In the field of architectural environment, various studies were carried to improve indoor air quality and to analyze the heat load characteristics of buildings by energy simulation. These studies helped to understand the physics related to building load characteristics and to improve the quality of architectural environment where human beings reside in.