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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
World Technopolis Review
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
World Technopolis Association
Editor in Chief :
Deog-Seong Oh, Fred Young Phillips
Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
From Specialisation to Diversification in Science and Technology Parks
Hassink, Robert ; Hu, Xiaohui ;
World Technopolis Review, volume 1, issue 1, 2012, Pages 6~15
DOI : 10.7165/wtr2012.1.1.6
Science and technology parks have been popular among policy-makers at several spatial levels to promote innovation and economic growth of certain localities. However, this mainly property-led policy tool has been criticised for two reasons. First, it often failed to successfully support regional networking and technology transfer to regional firms. Only unplanned science and technology parks, such as Silicon Valley, seem to have been successfully fostering regional networking and technology transfer which has led, in turn, to the development of competitive innovative clusters. Secondly, it has too often bet on the same horses and become too specialised in the same fields, such as in micro-electronics or in biotechnology. This specialisation has been theoretically supported by the cluster concept. It has led to both a zero sum game of competition between locations as well as potentially negative path dependence and lock-ins. This paper suggests increasingly supporting diversification in science and technology parks by bringing together hitherto unconnected technologies. Several recently discussed concepts could be used to support diversification, such as related variety (Frenken et al. 2007), regional branching (Boschma and Frenken 2011), regional innovation platforms (Harmaakorpi et al. 2011) and transversality (Cooke 2011).
The Emerging Trend of Technological Convergence and Tasks for Science Parks
Kang, Byung-Joo ; Oh, Deog-Seong ;
World Technopolis Review, volume 1, issue 1, 2012, Pages 16~26
DOI : 10.7165/wtr2012.1.1.16
Many scientists today say that converged technologies, not specifically dedicated technologies, will be in the vanguard in the
century. Technological Convergence is the merging of different areas of technology to perform similar tasks. Since we are living in the era of Technological Convergence, it is time for us to think about how to cope with the daily demands we are facing in science parks. Technological Convergence is a mega trend in commercial areas today but, so far, no science parks seem to have tried to reshape their management policies or programs in order to utilize this trend. For the development of science parks we suggest some tasks such as: identify potentials for Technological Convergence, establish a convergent ecosystem by building connections across stove-piped systems, effect a technological convergence platform, and conduct further research for strengthening plans for converging technologies.
Technology, Market and Company Journeys: How Can We Help Them Succeed?
Malcolm, Parry ;
World Technopolis Review, volume 1, issue 1, 2012, Pages 27~41
DOI : 10.7165/wtr2012.1.1.27
The science and technology park movement has been developing for over 60 years. The first developments simply relied on the co-location of tenant companies and the park's host to encourage technology transfer. This is in contrast with their modern counter parts which offer a range of active links between tenant companies and host organisations as well as a raft of business development services to support technology commercialisation. Many of these sites have also become important centres in regional innovation plans. In these cases they are supported by a range of local, regional and national policies that are aimed at establishing a business, technology and social environment which support innovation. The paper examines both the business development programmes developed by science and technology parks to support technology commercialisation and the macro conditions that are now being developed to support innovation.
University Linkages in Technology Clusters of Emerging Economies - Exploratory Case Studies from Cyberjaya, Malaysia - a Greenfield Development and Cyberabad, India - a Brownfield Development
Mohan, Avvari V. ; Ejnavarzala, Haribabu ; Lakshmi, C.N. ;
World Technopolis Review, volume 1, issue 1, 2012, Pages 42~55
DOI : 10.7165/wtr2012.1.1.42
This paper is concerned with the linkages between universities and industry in the information and communications technology (ICT) in Cyberjaya, Malaysia and Cyberabad, India. In the case of the ICT cluster of Cyberjaya, the context can be termed as greenfield cluster development as the whole project is developed from scratch. In the case of Cyberabad, India, the context can be seen as a brownfield development, where the cluster developed based on existing and new organisations in a region. There is extant literature in research, be it from an Innovation systems or a Triple Helix perspective that has given significant attention to the importance of universities as engines of growth and also about the significance of their linkages with industry innovation in regions. But as argued by scholars like Chaminade et al, most of these papers tend to ignore the specific context in which this interaction between the university and the industry takes place - this study aims to fill this gap through an exploratory study from emerging economies and in a greenfield and brownfield contexts. The findings from the two cases point towards (1) the role of intermediary organisations in developing the linkages, (2) the issue of capabilities of universities for supporting industry development and (3) university-industry linkages are different in greenfield and brown field developments. The paper presents the cases and discusses the findings and provides insights to cluster development officials and policy makers and implications to researchers for developing studies of university-industry from a capabilities and context perspectives.
STP Development for Rejuvenation of Declining Industrial City: Kitakyushu, Japan
Cha, Sang-Ryong ; Miyakawa, Yasuo ;
World Technopolis Review, volume 1, issue 1, 2012, Pages 56~64
DOI : 10.7165/wtr2012.1.1.56
This paper provides a case study to explore the Kitakyushu case as a good referential example on STP development for rejuvenation of declining industrial city. The major data for the case, basically, has been sourced from some materials published by the municipality of Kitakyushu City, the website of the Kitakyushu Science and Research Park (KSRP) etc. The City of Kitakyushu has promoted the KSRP development to overcome industrial decline and stimulate city renaissance as a new industrial city. The core of the development was to develop a high-level education and research environment by gathering several HEIs into one campus. Based on the environment, the Kitakyushu Foundation for the Advancement of Industry and Science and Technology (FAIS) played the critical role as a coupler to make various networks and boost industry-academiaadministration innovation. The KSRP, and then, has been designated as a project area of some cluster projects initiated by the central government. It means that local projects can be synchronized, synergized and synthesized with national projects in the KSRP. In addition, through a series of the environmental approach from the Kitakyushu Eco-town Project to the Low Carbon Society Project, the development of the KSRP is being extended into the region. In the Kitakyushu case, networking is the essence of the KSRP development from the planning stage. First of all, the plan put emphasis on networking of academia for the knowledge creation based on competitive collaboration that is expected as the mainspring of rejuvenating declining industrial area and making a new industrial city that the plan aimed. Then, the roles of two organizations are very important for networking, especially networking of networks: the Campus Management Committee as an interface and the FAIS as a coupler. STP development without some strategic considerations for networking as the way of interaction among its participants cannot be a tool to promote innovation and rejuvenate a declining industrial area. The Kitakyushu case mentioned above explains the matter clearly.
Technopark Planning: Investing in Nanotechnology in Sri Lanka
Gunawardena, Asela ;
World Technopolis Review, volume 1, issue 1, 2012, Pages 65~70
DOI : 10.7165/wtr2012.1.1.65