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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Nov 1998
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jul 1998
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
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A Scheduling Scheme for Flexible Flow Shop with Release Date and Due Date
Lee, J.H. ; Kim, S.S. ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 1~13
This paper addresses a scheduling scheme for Flexible Flow Shop(FFS) in the case that a factory is a sub-plant of an electronic device manufacturing plant. Under this environment, job orders for the sub-plants in the production route are generated together with job processing time bucket when the customer places orders for final product. The processing time bucket for each job is a duration from possible release date to permissible due date. A sub-plant modeled FFS should schedule these jobs orders within time bucket. Viewing a Printed Circuit Board(PCB) assembly line as a FFS, the developed scheme schedules an incoming order along with the orders already placed on the scheduled. The scheme consists of the four steps, 1)assigning operation release date and due date to each work cells in the FFS, 2)job grouping, 3)dispatching and 4)machine allocation. Since the FFS scheduling problem is NP-complete, the logics used are heuristic. Using a real case, we tested the scheme and compared it with the John's algorithm and other dispatching rules.
An Improved Subpixel Algorithm for Automated Visual Inspection System
Jang, Dong-Sik ; Lee, Man-Hee ; Kim, Gil-Dong ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 15~22
A new improved algorithm in edge location to subpixel accuracy using decent-based weight to spatial information is proposed in this paper and applied to automated visual inspection(AVI) system. An application of the new edge operator as an edge detector is also provided and compared with Tabatabai and Lyvers edge detectors. The existing algorithms located edger to subpixel accuracy using least-square or moment-based methods. The algorithms also use only spatial information or grey-level values to locate edges. However, the proposed algorithm consider the weighted sum of grey-levels values of each edge pattern. The results show that the proposed algorithm is relatively less biased and has smaller standard deviation than the edge operations developed by Tabatabai and Lyvers in the presence of noise.
Determination of the Optimal Configuration of Operation Policies in an Integrated-Automated Manufacturing System Using the Taguchi Method and Simulation Experiments
Lim, Joon-Mook ; Kim, Kil-Soo ; Sung, Ki-Seok ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 23~40
In this paper, a method to determine the optimal configuration of operating policies in an integrated-automated manufacturing system using the Taguchi method and computer simulation experiments is presented. An integrated-automated manufacturing system called direct-input-output manufacturing system(DIOMS) is described. We only consider the operational aspect of the DIOMS. Four operating policies including input sequencing control, dispatching rule for the storage/retrieval(S/R) machine, machine center-based part type selection rule, and storage assignment policy are treated as design factors. The number of machine centers, the number of part types, demand rate, processing time and the rate of each part type, vertical and horizontal speed of the S/R machine, and the size of a local buffer in the machine centers are considered as noise factors in generating various manufacturing system environment. For the performance characteristics, mean flow time and throughput are adopted. A robust design experiment with inner and outer orthogonal arrays are conducted by computer simulation, and an optimal configuration of operating policies is presented which consists of a combination of the level of each design factor. The validity of the optimal configurations is investigated by comparing their signal-to-noise ratios with those obtained with full factorial designs.
Developing a Performance Information Integration Method (PIIM)
Park, Chang-Kyu ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 41~53
Several performance measurement systems have been proposed and are currently being used in many organizations. However, no performance measurement system has presented a mechanism for integrating all of the information of performance measures in a way that considers the relationships between them. This paper proposes the performance information integration method (PIIM) which synthesizes all useful information of performance measures with consideration of the relationships and generates a single, global, organizational performance score. The PIIM showed good performance in the implementation in one long-term care facility. This paper provides performance measurement systems with an integration mechanism for multiple performance measures.
Approximate Analysis of a CONWIP System with a Lot Production
Lee, Hyo-Seong ; Lee, Jeong-Eun ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 55~63
In this study we consider a CONWIP system in which the processing times at each station follow an exponential distribution and the demands for the finished products arrive according to a compound Poisson process. The demands that are not satisfied instantaneously are assumed to be lost. We assume that the lot size at each station is greater than one. For this system we develop an approximation method to obtain the performance measures such as steady state probabilities of the number of parts at each station, average number of parts at each station and the proportion of lost demands. For the analysis of the proposed CONWIP system, we model the CONWIP system as a closed queueing network with a synchronization station and analyze the closed queueing network using a product form approximation method. A recursive technique is used to solve the subnetwork in the application of the product-form approximation method. To test the accuracy of the approximation method, the results obtained from the approximation method were compared with those obtained by simulation. Comparisons with simulation have shown that the accuracy of the approximate method is acceptable.
A Lagrangian Relaxation Method for Parallel Machine Scheduling with Resource Constraints
Kim, Dae-Cheol ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 65~75
This research considers the problem of scheduling jobs on parallel machines with non-common due dates and additional resource constraints. The objective is to minimize the total absolute deviation of job completion times about the due dates. Job processing times are assumed to be the same. This problem is motivated by restrictions that occur in the handling and processing of jobs in certain phases of semiconductor manufacturing and other production systems. We examine two problems. For the first of these, the number of different types of additional: resources and resource requirements per job are arbitrary. The problem is formulated as a zero-one integer linear programming and the Lagrangian relaxation approach is used. For the second case, there exists one single type of additional resource and the resource requirements per job are zero or one. We show how to formulate the problem as an assignment problem.
Performance Analysis of an Intelligent Peripheral System in Advanced Intelligent Network
Suh, Jae-Joon ; Choi, Go-Bang ; Yeo, Kun-Min ; Jun, Chi-Hyuck ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 77~87
Intelligent Peripheral(IP) system is to provide specialized resource functions (SRF) such as playing announcement, collecting user information, and receiving messages in the Advanced Intelligent Network (AIN). We analyze the call processing capacity of an AIN IP system being developed in ETRI through an extensive simulation using SLAM II under a variety of AIN service scenarios. We consider televoting (VOT) and universal personal telecommunication (UPT) services which are to be provided at the fit implementation of the AIN in Korea. As the performance criteria to determine the call processing capacity, processor utilization, delay and call loss probability are considered. It turns out that the major processor called SAMP is the bottleneck processor, the service response delay dominates the delay performance, and the call loss probability becomes the primary criterion in determining the call processing capacity of the AIN IP system. It is also shown that the call processing capacity of the AIN IP system is determined by the utilization of the processor and the delay performance when the VOT ratio is below 70 percent but it is determined by the call loss probability due to the lack of service channels for providing the SRF operations.
State Transformations for Regenerative Sampling in Simulation Experiments
Kim, Yun-Bae ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 89~101
The randomness of the input variables in simulation experiments produce output responses which are also realizations of random variables. The random responses make necessary the use of statistical inferences to adequately describe the stochastic nature of the output. The analysis of the simulation output of non-terminating simulations is frequently complicated by the autocorrelation of the output data and the effect of the initial conditions that produces biased estimates. The regenerative method has been developed to deal with some of the problems created by the random nature of the simulation experiments. It provides a simple solution to some tactical problems and can produce valid statistical results. However, not all processes can he modeled using the regenerative method. Other processes modeled as regenerative may not return to a given demarcating state frequently enough to allow for adequate statistical analysis. This paper shows how the state transformation concept was successfully used in a queueing model and a job shop model. Although the first example can be analyzed using the regenerative method. it has the problem of too few recurrences under certain conditions. The second model has the problem of no recurrences. In both cases, the state transformation increase the frequency of the demarcating state. It was shown that time state transformations are regenerative and produce more cycles than the best typical discrete demarcating state in a given run length.
Determining Standard Times of Assembly Products using A Modified BOM
Um, Kwang-Yong ; Lee, Moon-Kyu ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 103~114
This paper suggests a computer software system which generates standard times for assembly products. The system called "computer aided logical system for standard times(CALS4ST)" incorporates a modified bill of materials, BOM4ST(BOM for standard time) to deal with auxiliary operations which are not directly related to parts and assemblies listed in the standard BOM. Typical examples of the operations include inspection, adjustment, and repairing works to be done before or after assembly operations. Once standard time data bases for both the part assembly operations and the auxiliary operations are set up, the system relates the BOM4ST to the standard time data bases so as to calculate the standard time for a assembly part concerned. According to the structure of parts and auxiliary operations in the BOM4ST, their standard times stored in the data bases are to be sequentially added up considering the specified assembly-operation characteristics. To illustrate the feasibility of the system, the case study of L company is provided.
Operation Scheduling System for Hull Block Fabrication in Shipbuilding using Genetic Algorithm
Cho, Kyu-Kab ; Kim, Young-Goo ; Ryu, Kwang-Ryel ; Hwang, Jun-Ha ; Choi, Hyung-Rim ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 115~128
This paper presents a development of operation scheduling and reactive operation scheduling system for hull fabrication. The methodology for implementing operation scheduling system is HHGA(Hierarchical Hybrid Genetic Algorithm) which exploits both the global perspective of the genetic algorithm and the rapid convergence of the heuristic search for operation scheduling. The methodology for the reactive operation scheduling is the revised HHGA which consists of manual schedule editor for occurrence of exceptional events and the revised scheduling method used in operation scheduling. As the results of experiment, it has been confirmed that HHGA is able to search good operation scheduling within reasonable time, and the revised HHGA is able to search load-balanced reactive operation scheduling with minimum changes of initial operation schedule within short period of time.
A Study on the Development of Rescheduling Procedure for Shipbuilding Master Production Schedule
Park, Ju-Chull ; Hwang, Ha-Yong ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 129~141
In this paper, a rescheduling procedure is developed for shipbuilding master production schedule. Shipyard initially develops backward production schedules for the entire shipbuilding process, and then refines the schedule by stage. The rescheduling procedure of this paper tries to resolve the schedule discrepancies between the outdoor backward schedule and the refined indoor schedule. Through the proposed rescheduling procedure, outdoor schedule can be successfully adjusted using buffer days and duration reduction. An Object-oriented program is also developed to automate the procedure. We can observe the improvement on productivity and quality of rescheduling works from the application of the developed procedure.
Ergonomic Design of Warning Control in Passenger Car Based on Response Time and Preference
Kee, Do-Hyung ; Kim, Hyung-Su ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 143~153
Warning control is one of the most important components in driver's cabin for achieving safe driving. The purpose of this study is to suggest ergonomically optimal location and type of passenger car's warning control. An experiment was conducted using driving simulator, in which nine locations and two types of warning controls -push button, rocker switch- were employed as experimental variables, and response time for warning signal and preference for locations and types of warning controls were measured as dependent variables. The results showed that response time for warning signal was the shortest when warning control was located at the middle left corner of the center fascia, and was the second at the middle center of the center fascia. Preference for warning signal was the highest at the middle left comer of the center fascia, and was the second between the steering wheel column and the center fascia. Although push button was not preferred to rocker switch, response time was shorter for push button than for rocker switch. It was suggested from these results that warning control with the type of push button should he located at among the middle left corner of the center fascia, the middle center of the center fascia, and between the steering wheel column and the center fascia.
A Process Improvement of the SMPS Assembly Line Using Motion Study and Line Balancing Techniques
Lee, Sang-Young ; Hong, Sung-Hoon ; Kim, Jin-Hwan ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 155~166
The productivity and quality are most challenging problems facing all companies. This paper presents a process improvement of the SMPS(switching mode power supply) assembly line through elimination of unnecessary operations, a proper factory layout, motion study, and line balancing techniques. The proposed assembly line increases the productivity by 23.9%, and decrease the proportion of nonconforming items by 48.9%.
Development of a Project Management System for the Turnkey-based Plant Project
Ko, Chang-Seong ; Rho, Jae-Jeung ; Hyun, Jae-Myung ; Kim, Myoung-Gwan ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 167~180
This study is concerned with the development of a project management system for the turnkey-based plant project, which will help the site manager to plan, control, and report the project progress. This system has been developed as one of the modules of the integrated information system for the H Heavy Industry Co. and is composed of five subsystems; project information system, drawing-material management system, process management system, project progress report system. A/S management system. it also integrates commercial project management package in order to schedule the project activities and report the project progress to the owner. The main purpose of the system is to provide project information, including drawing, material, and progress, to the site manger in the real time and to accumulate site know-how for the turnkey-based plant project.
Delivery Date Decision Support System for the Large Scale Make-to-Order Manufacturing Companies: An Electric Motor Company Case
Park, Chang-Kyu ; Song, Jung-Su ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 181~191
In the make-to-order (MTO) manufacturing environment, one of the important issues is setting attainable delivery dates for customer orders, which significantly affects the performance of the MTO manufacturing. Although this topic has received considerable attention in the literature, most of the efforts took a lower level approach that is concerned primarily with the effect of various delivery date assignment methods on the relative performance of some dispatching rules. This paper proposes the delivery date decision support system which takes a higher level approach of integrating the marketing and production planning functions with the consideration of the current capacity and the workload smoothing. The proposed system has been implemented in a Rotating Machinery Shop and the results of the implementation showed good performance.
Development of a Stockbreeding Management System for Dairy Cattle
Kim, Dong-Won ; Han, Byung-Sung ; Chong, Kil-To ; Kim, Yong-Jun ; Kim, Myoung-Soon ; Lim, Tae-Yeong ; Chae, Seok ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 193~207
The agriculture and fishery share in the Korean GDP is continuously decreasing after 1960s. Furthermore the proportion of these industries in the GDP has diminished as low as 10 percent in recent years. However, the stockbreeding sector in these industries are considerably expanded. More than 50 percent of the whole farmhouses are involved in the livestock farming, and the stock farming portion is steadily increased in its size and scope. Thus, the mechanization and the automization of stockbreeding equipments are greatly required to reduce down production cost, as well as to win the competitiveness in the global market. From this aspect, developed in this paper is a stockbreeding management system (SMS) for dairy cattle, which can be used in small and medium sized dairy farms. First, the basic schema of the stockbreeding management system are addressed in view of stockbreeding management for individual dairy cattle. Electronic identification (EI) systems and sensory devices have changed stockbreeding management strategy from group stock control into individual stock control manner. The SMS receives stock body measurement data through the sensory devices such as weight, temperature, and milk conductivity meters. A common database then integrates those measuring data together so that the SMS can determine the appropriate solution on each stock's breeding such as feeding and milking. Thus, each stock can be supervised by a sophisticated SMS that provides the best solution to the stockbreeding throughout the stock's whole life-cycle. Secondly. six major submodules of the SMS, based on the EI and sensory devices, are proposed. They are individual stock management, disease management, health management, feeding management, milking management, and a propagation management submodule. Finally, a prototype system for the SMS is demonstrated. The system is developed using Delphi 2 client-server system run under the Windows 95 environment.
Assessing the Benefits of Water Quality Improvements Using Contingent Valuation Method: Case Study of the Kumgang Area
Cho, Hong-Jin ; Lee, Byoung-Nam ; Kim, Ji-Soo ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 209~218
This paper is concerned with the assessment of benefits from water quality improvements. The contingent valuation method (CVM) is employed to directly measure the value of the project for the improvement of the water pollution in the Kumgang area. The perceived value of the improved water quality is investigated by using questionnaires to those concerned living near water-polluted area. The questionnaire includes such questions as the amount to willingly pay, the motivation to pay, the reasons of rejecting the payment, and some socio-economic data. The results of the survey show that (1) non-use value of the environmental goods is perceived to be more important than use-value of the environmental goods; (2) "willingness to pay" for the improved water quality varies according to the degree of educational level. income level and ages; (3) the resistance to pay for the project comes from the "polluter's pay principle".
New Directions in the CIM System Development - Virtual Manufacturing
Han, Kwan-Hee ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 219~225
Presented in this paper is a state-of-the-art review of VM(Virtual Manufacturing). To survive on a global competition, manufacturers must shorten the time to market for their products. To achieve this goal, many manufacturers have implmented CIM systems. VM is a new direction in the CIM system development having emphasis on enhancing the decision-making capability. VM can be defined an integrated, synthetic manufacturing environment exercised to enhance all levels of decision and control. Also, VM is the use of computer models and simulations of manufacturing processes to aid in the design and production of manufactured products. Currently, VP(Virtual Prototyping) and VF(Virtual Factory) are main theme to develop a VM. In this paper, the concept and current status of VP and VF are explained.
Advanced Technologies for Intelligent Groupware Systems
Kim, Sun-Uk ;
IE interfaces, volume 11, issue 3, 1998, Pages 227~240
This article presents a model for Intelligent Groupware Systems(IGS). The model is concerned not just with a future framework, but attempts to integrate many technologies into the framework. In order to do so, first of all it identifies essential technologies to improve the performance of the components in the model in terms of task-independent technologies(TIT) and task-dependent technologies(TDT). The former mainly consists of current technologies, which is under progress, being able to affect the groupware performance greatly. On the other hand, the latter is closely related to the knowledge depending on application systems. Fianlly, it presents these potential technologies which will be required for the IGS.