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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
Selecting the target year
Collaborative Process Modeling for Embodying e-Manufacturing
Ryu, Kwang-Yeol ; Cho, Yong-Ju ; Choi, Hon-Zong ; Lee, Seok-Woo ;
IE interfaces, volume 18, issue 3, 2005, Pages 221~233
e-Manufacturing can be referred to as a system methodology enabling the integration of manufacturing operations and IT technologies to achieve objectives of an enterprise. It is recently regarded as a powerful solution to survive in a chaotic marketplace. While conducting an e-Manufacturing project, we first needed to capture collaborative processes conducted by multiple participants in order to define functions of a system supporting them. However, pervasive process modeling techniques including IDEF3, Petri nets, and UML are not sufficient for modeling collaborative processes. Therefore, we first briefly investigate several process modeling methods including aforementioned modeling methods and ARIS focusing on the collaboration point of view. Then, we propose a new modeling method referred to as Collaborative Process Modeling (CPM) to clearly describe collaborative processes. Also, we develop and illustrate a rule for transforming collaborative process models into Marked Graph models to use the analysis power of the Petri nets. Using CPM empowers us to develop collaborative process models with simple notations, understand and facilitate the realization of the collaboration, and verify models before rushing into the development.
A Case Study of Supply Chain Management System of LG Siltron, Korea
Lee, Ho-Chang ;
IE interfaces, volume 18, issue 3, 2005, Pages 234~246
A silicon wafer is a highly customized product made to the individual order varying its electrical and physical characteristics. Therefore, it has distinctive supply chain structure that is different from highly standardized commodity product. For high-volume/high-standardization product, it is general that a main stream of information flow initiated by the production planning of the manufacturers is usually directed to push both ways in a supply chain: upstream to the suppliers and downstream to the customers. Contrastingly, for low-volume/high-customization product, the information flow triggered by the fluctuating customer demand usually propagates upward to the suppliers through the manufacturers. Furthermore, for R &D based hi-technology product like silicon wafer, the interactive information feedback mechanism between manufacturer and customer, which is essential to the new product development process, is to be embedded in the supply chain. This article is a case study of supply chain management system of LG Siltron, a major Korean silicon wafer manufacturer. The SCM system entails special information structure fitting well typical high-variety/high-customization product, and also gives application possibilities to the R&D based high-technology product made to the individual customer order.
Development of Exit Burr Identification Algorithm on Multiple Feature Workpiece and Multiple Tool Path
Kim, Ji-Hwan ; Lee, Jang-Beom ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
IE interfaces, volume 18, issue 3, 2005, Pages 247~252
In the automated production environment in the present days, the minimization of manual operation becomes a very important factor in increasing the efficiency of the production system. The exit burr produced through the milling operation on the edge of workpiece usually requires manual deburring process to enhance the level of precision of the resulting product. So far, researchers have developed various methods to understand the formation of exit burr in cutting process. One method to analytically identify the formation of exit burr was to use the geometrical information of CAD and CAM data used in automated machining. This method, in turn, generated the information resulting from the analysis such as burr type, cutting region, and exit angle. Up to now, the geometrical data were restricted to the single feature and single path. In this paper, a method to deal with the complicated geometric features such as line segment, arc, hole, and spline will be presented and validated using the field data. This method also deals with the complex workpiece shape which is a combination of multiple features. As for the cutting path, multiple tool path is analyzed in order to simulate the real cutting process. All this analysis is combined into a Windows based software and real data are used to validate the program in the conclusion.
Empirical Analysis of Relationship between Internet Communication Network Quality Characteristics and Customer Satisfaction using Regression Variable Selection Procedures
Park, Sung-Min ; Park, Young-Joon ;
IE interfaces, volume 18, issue 3, 2005, Pages 253~267
Customer satisfaction becomes one of the important managerial concerns associated with corporate competency in current competitive environment for Internet communication service companies. Hence, it is demanding to improve a company's customer satisfaction through the total quality management perspective. In practice, engineers as well as the management hope to find major quality characteristics with Internet communication network that is closely related to customer satisfaction, consequently aiming to the raise of their company's customer satisfaction. This paper presents an empirical relationship analysis between network quality characteristics and customer satisfaction on Internet communication. Methodologically, the relationship analysis framework is based on the regression variable selection procedures. In this framework, it is implemented that; 1) iterative model building; and 2) consistent criteria application to statistical tests for selecting significant variables. A case study shows that; 1) the customer satisfaction on the network connection seems to be more closely related to the network quality characteristics compared with the customer satisfaction on the network speed; and 2) the download disconnection rate has relatively evident relationship with the customer satisfaction on the network connection.
Scoring models to detect foreign exchange money laundering
Hong, Seong-Ik ; Moon, Tae-Hee ; Sohn, So-Young ;
IE interfaces, volume 18, issue 3, 2005, Pages 268~276
In recent years, the money Laundering crimes are increasing by means of foreign exchange transactions. Our study proposes four scoring models to provide early warning of the laundering in foreign exchange transactions for both inward and outward remittances: logistic regression model, decision tree, neural network, and ensemble model which combines the three models. In terms of accuracy of test data, decision tree model is selected for the inward remittance and an ensemble model for the outward remittance. From our study results, the accumulated number of transaction turns out to be the most important predictor variable. The proposed scoring models deal with the transaction level and is expected to help the bank teller to detect the laundering related transactions in the early stage.
A New Techno-Economic Modeling and Analysis for FTTH Optical Access Networks
Lee, Young-Ho ; Hahm, Tae-Hoon ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Han, Jung-Hee ;
IE interfaces, volume 18, issue 3, 2005, Pages 277~287
In this paper, we deal with a new techno-economic modeling and analysis for optical access networks. In deploying the fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) architecture, network planner needs to consider the following techno-economic issues: when do we need to upgrade existing local access network to FTTH network? how much do we invest to maximize profit? In order to answer these techno-economic questions, we need to consider the impact of emerging technologies and business environment. Toward this end, we develop a new techno-economic modeling to deal with the inherent complexity of technology evolution and cost economics. In particular, the new modeling approach provides us with an techno-economic analysis of technology alternatives such as ethernet passive optical network (E-PON) and wavelength division multiplex passive optical network (WDM-PON). In this analysis, we focus on the impact of critical factors such as the cost characteristic of proposed architecture and digital subscriber line (DSL) subscriber's churn-in to FTTH service and churn-out. We develop mixed integer-programming models for finding the evolution path of local access networks to broadband network architectures.
Evaluation of Proper Height for Squatting Stool and the Ergonomic Design of Wearable Stool
Jung, Hwa-S. ; Jung, Hyung-Shik ;
IE interfaces, volume 18, issue 3, 2005, Pages 288~296
Many jobs and activities in our daily lives require squatting postures. The fore part includes housekeepers, farmers, and welders and the latter includes a wide variety of activities such as housekeeping; planting, cultivating and harvesting various agricultural products; grinding, welding, etc. It is speculated that prolonged squatting postures without any supporting stool would gradually cause musculoskeletal injuries to workers. This study is conducted to examine the proper height of stools according to the position of the working materials and to develop wearable stools for workers with squatting posture. Forty male and female subjects participated in the experiment to find the proper height of stools according to the position of the working materials. Subjects were asked to squat and work with 3 different working positions: floor level; ankle level; shank level of 3 different stool height conditions: 10cm height; 15cm height; and 20cm height. After 5 minutes of maintaining a squatting work posture while sitting on the different height stools, Likert summated rating method as well as pairwise ranking test was applied to evaluate the user preferences for provided stools under the conditions of different working positions. The results of statistical analysis show that the subjects preferred 10cm height stool for floor level, 15cm height stool for ankle level, 20cm height stool for knee level. We thus strongly recommend to use appropriate height stools in accordance with the different working positions. Moreover, a prototype wearable stool was designed such that workers with squatting posture do not need to move the stool while they are moving about. The purpose of developing wearable stool was to decrease the physical stress and hence promote worker's health who work with squatting posture.
Minimization of Rack and Board Moving Distance of PCB Assembler using Neighboring Positioned Identical Components
Moon, Gee-Ju ; Jung, Hyun-Chul ;
IE interfaces, volume 18, issue 3, 2005, Pages 297~307
PCB assembly is a complicated and difficult process to optimize due to the necessity of simultaneous consideration of component’s rack assignment and board mounting sequencing. An efficient PCB assembly method is developed by using neighboring positioned identical components information as well as quantity and size of the components. It is found that same type of components are located closely each other by checking real PCBs and interviewing with PCB designers in practice. Better performance of the developed procedure is obtained along with more number of total components and more number of neighboring positioned identical components cases. Simulation models are developed using Visual C++ for performance evaluation purposes of the suggested heuristic.
A Study on the Development of Interactive Electronic Technical Manual to Improve the Maintainability for Underwater Guided Weapon
Shin, Ju-Hwan ; Yun, Won-Young ;
IE interfaces, volume 18, issue 3, 2005, Pages 308~316
Delayed repair to the failure of weapon system can cause enormous damages to military operation. Various materials like diagnostic equipment, general and special tools, technical manuals(maintenance manual and illustrated parts breakdown) and drawing documents are required for maintenance. For existing weapon systems the distributed environment of these various materials reduces the maintenance effectiveness of maintenance crew. In this paper, to provide the information of maintenance procedures and supply to the maintenance crew we develope a digital interactive electronic technical manual of the technical documents which can be used easily in computer through question and answer method and improve maintenance effectiveness and minimized repairing time.
Case Study : Development of Customer Support Center Staffing Model
Yu, Woo-Yeon ; Kim, Hee-Dong ; Yang, Jaek-Yung ;
IE interfaces, volume 18, issue 3, 2005, Pages 317~326
Staff scheduling is an important area, both from an academic and industrial point of view. It has become increasingly important as business becomes more service oriented and cost conscious in a global environment. There has been a lot of study to develop new and efficient staff scheduling models and methods. The purpose of this paper is not to develop new theoretical results but to develop a comprehensive user-friendly staffing model that can be applied to the real-world practice. The developed staffing software, OptStaff, provides the optimal configuration of the customer support center including the selection of customer support center locations, the allocation of staffs to each selected location, and schedules of staffs, so as to minimize the total cost while maximizing the customer satisfaction level. OptStaff also has capability to do scenario analysis by varying the levels of parameters and to create a variety of graphs and reports with user-friendly interfaces.
Attempt and Retry Estimation for the Quality-Control of Electronic Switching System
Cha, Kyoung-Cheon ; Jun, Duk-Bin ;
IE interfaces, volume 18, issue 3, 2005, Pages 327~332
The call-attempt behavior in a telecommunications service is influenced by the launch of new services and the choice of subscribers. On Feb 28, 2005, there was a disastrous shut-down of major local electronic switching systems (ESS) due to an abrupt increase of call-attempts. This incident turned out to be a strong proof that appropriate forecasting attempts are necessary not only for the capacity planning of network but also for the quality control of ESS. In this paper, forecasting models are first developed to estimate the daily ESS call-attempts and user retrial rates and then meaningful interpretations of results will follow. Finally future research topics will be presented.
Frequency Forecasting Model for Next Wireless Multimedia Services
Jang, Hee-Seon ; Han, Sung-Su ; Yeo, Jae-Hyun ; Choi, Sung-Ho ;
IE interfaces, volume 18, issue 3, 2005, Pages 333~342
In this paper, we propose an efficient forecasting methodology of the mid and long-term frequency demand in Korea. The methodology consists of the following three steps: classification of basic service group, calculation of effective traffic, and frequency forecasting. Based on the previous studies, we classify the services into wide area mobile, short range radio, fixed wireless access and digital video broadcasting in the step of the classification of basic service group. For the calculation of effective traffic, we use the measures of erlang and bps. The step of the calculation of effective traffic classifies the user and basic application, and evaluates the effective traffic. Finally, in the step of frequency forecasting, different methodology will be proposed for each service group and its applications are presented.
An Empirical Study on Supply Chain Demand Forecasting Using Adaptive Exponential Smoothing
Kim, Jung-Il ; Cha, Kyoung-Cheon ; Jun, Duk-Bin ; Park, Dae- Keun ; Park, Sung-Ho ; Park, Myoung-Whan ;
IE interfaces, volume 18, issue 3, 2005, Pages 343~349
This study presents the empirical results of comparing several demand forecasting methods for Supply Chain Management(SCM). Adaptive exponential smoothing using change detection statistics (Jun) is compared with Trigg and Leach's adaptive methods and SAS time series forecasting systems using weekly SCM demand data. The results show that Jun's method is superior to others in terms of one-step-ahead forecast error and eight-step-ahead forecast error. Based on the results, we conclude that the forecasting performance of SCM solution can be improved by the proposed adaptive forecasting method.
A Study of Strategy for Planning of Rework in Semiconductor Monitoring Burn-in Test Process
Lee, Do-Hoon ; Ko, Hyo-Heon ; Kim, Sung-Shick ;
IE interfaces, volume 18, issue 3, 2005, Pages 350~360
This paper considers a strategy for planning of rework in semiconductor monitoring burn-in test process. The equipment error in monitoring burn-in test process generates many defects. These defects are transformed into good products by rework process, i.e. retest. Rework has the advantage of saving production costs. But rework increases holding costs and incurs rework costs. In monitoring burn-in test process, rework depends on operator's experience with no pre-defined specification. In practice, a number of rework activities are performed with respect to the product importance and inventory quantity. Moreover, disregard for order jobs schedule have caused due date penalties. So a strategy for planning of rework by which order jobs schedule are not affected is suggested. Futhermore, production costs, rework costs and inventory costs for planning of rework are considered.