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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Industrial Engineering and Management Systems
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Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
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Foreword: Special Issue on Approaches for Advanced Manufacturing Systems
Takahashi, Katsuhiko ; Wu, Muh-Cherng ; Orito, Yukiko ;
Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 195~195
DOI : 10.7232/iems.2010.9.3.195
Component Commonality and Order Matching Rules in Make-to-Forecast Production
Morikawa, Katsumi ; Deguchi, Yusuke ; Takahashi, Katsuhiko ; Hirotani, Daisuke ;
Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 196~203
DOI : 10.7232/iems.2010.9.3.196
Make-to-forecast production is a way to realize high customization and fast responsiveness. This study firstly investigates the effect of introducing a common component in a make-to-forecast production environment. The common component can eliminate a modification step, which is a major cost component in make-to-forecast production. It is illustrated, however, that introducing a versatile component that merely covers several variants is unattractive, and thus adding values to the common component is inevitable in this environment. Secondly, an order-matching rule under the condition that two partially overlapped delivery lead time intervals exist is proposed. The rule considers the effect of matching orders to units that can cover both intervals. An alternative re-matching rule is also developed and examined. Numerical experiments clarify that the proposed rule generally realizes higher contribution ratio and lower percentages of orphans and rejected orders. The proposed re-matching rule increases the average contribution ratio at the expense of increased orphans and order rejections.
A Manufacturing/Remanufacturing System with the Consideration of Required Quality of End-of-used Products
Guo, Jianquan ; Ko, Young-Dae ; Hwang, Hark ;
Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 204~214
DOI : 10.7232/iems.2010.9.3.204
A manufacturing/remanufacturing system is investigated with the consideration of required minimum quality of end-of-used products. A constant demand is satisfied by remanufacturing end-of-used products and manufacturing raw materials outsourced from outside. It is assumed in this system that the buyback price and remanufacturing cost are related to the different quality level of end-of-used products. For remanufacturing, only the used products that satisfy a required minimum quality level will be recycled. Thus, the returning rate is a function of the required minimum quality level. Functions of returning rate, buyback price and remanufacturing cost, which are closely connected to the quality level of end-of-used products, are investigated here. Treating the required minimum quality level of end-of-used products, the length of a cycle, the number of manufacturing lots and remanufacturing lots in a cycle as decision variables, the mathematical models with the objective of minimizing the average total cost are constructed. Through construction of a solution process based on Tabu Search algorithm and calculating examples, the validity of the models is illustrated.
Development of Information System for Product Redesign: Evaluation of Assembly Process and Characteristics of Product Functions
Arakawa, Masahiro ;
Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 215~226
DOI : 10.7232/iems.2010.9.3.215
Since product design strongly depends on the experience and ability of the designers, and a long lead time is required for the product design stage, introducing a support system related to this experience and ability is an effective technique to reduce the lead time. In this paper, an information system is developed to support the development of engineering mechanisms with the evaluation of the assembly process on the basis of the abstract functions required for new products. The developed system is based on a database system involving the following data structure: (1) a hierarchical structure related to information about the product functions, (2) the relationship between the parts and engineering functions and/or mechanisms of products, and (3) the relationship between the parts and manufacturing characteristics. The system stores the relationships between the product functions, structure of parts, and assembly characteristics. This information can then be interactively retrieved using the data structure described in (1), (2), and (3). A procedure for designing new products is proposed that involves using the information about existing products. This paper presents the characteristics of the proposed procedure and the developed information system. In addition, a case study of the redesign of a simple structured robot by using the proposed procedure is discussed.
A Genetic Algorithm for Directed Graph-based Supply Network Planning in Memory Module Industry
Wang, Li-Chih ; Cheng, Chen-Yang ; Huang, Li-Pin ;
Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 227~241
DOI : 10.7232/iems.2010.9.3.227
A memory module industry's supply chain usually consists of multiple manufacturing sites and multiple distribution centers. In order to fulfill the variety of demands from downstream customers, production planners need not only to decide the order allocation among multiple manufacturing sites but also to consider memory module industrial characteristics and supply chain constraints, such as multiple material substitution relationships, capacity, and transportation lead time, fluctuation of component purchasing prices and available supply quantities of critical materials (e.g., DRAM, chip), based on human experience. In this research, a directed graph-based supply network planning (DGSNP) model is developed for memory module industry. In addition to multi-site order allocation, the DGSNP model explicitly considers production planning for each manufacturing site, and purchasing planning from each supplier. First, the research formulates the supply network's structure and constraints in a directed-graph form. Then, a proposed genetic algorithm (GA) solves the matrix form which is transformed from the directed-graph model. Finally, the final matrix, with a calculated maximum profit, can be transformed back to a directed-graph based supply network plan as a reference for planners. The results of the illustrative experiments show that the DGSNP model, compared to current memory module industry practices, determines a convincing supply network planning solution, as measured by total profit.
Monitoring of Dry Cutting and Applications of Cutting Fluid for Ball End Milling
Tangjitsitcharoen, Somkiat ; Rungruang, Channarong ; Laiaddee, Duangta ;
Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 242~250
DOI : 10.7232/iems.2010.9.3.242
For economical and environmental reasons, the aim of this research is hence to monitor the cutting conditions with the dry cutting, the wet cutting, and the mist cutting to obtain the proper cutting condition for the plain carbon steel with the ball end milling based on the consideration of the surface roughness of the machined parts, the life of the cutting tools, the use of the cutting fluids, the density of the particles of cutting fluids dispersed in the working area, and the cost of cutting. The experimentally obtained results of the relation between tool wear and surface roughness, the relation between tool wear and cutting force, and the relation between cutting force and surface roughness are correspondent with the same trend. The phenomena of surface roughness and tool wear can be explained by the in-process cutting forces. The models of the tool wear with the cutting conditions and the cutting times are proposed to estimate the tool cost for the different cooling strategies based on the experimental data using the multiple regression technique. The cutting cost is calculated from the costs of cutting tool and cutting fluid. The mist cutting gives the lowest cutting cost as compared to others. The experimentally obtained proper cutting condition is determined based on the experimental results referring to the criteria.
An Application of Fuzzy Data Envelopment Analytical Hierarchy Process for Reducing Defects in the Production of Liquid Medicine
Ketsarapong, Suphattra ; Punyangarm, Varathorn ;
Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 251~261
DOI : 10.7232/iems.2010.9.3.251
This article demonstrated the application of the Fuzzy Data Envelopment Analytical Hierarchy Process (FDEAHP) to evaluate the root causes of critical defect problems occurring in the production of liquid medicine. The methodology of the research began by collecting the defect data by using Check Sheets, and ranking the significant problems by using a Pareto Diagram. Two types of major problems were found to occur, including glass fragments in the medicine and damaged lid threads. The causes of each problem were then analyzed by using Cause and Effect Diagrams. The significant causes were ranked by FDEAHP under three criteria, Severity (S), Occurrence (O) and Detection (D), followed by the framework of the FMEA Technique. Two causes with the highest Final Weight (FW) of each problem were selected to be improved, such as installing auxiliary equipment, using the Poka-Yoke system, setting the scale of the shaft and lathing the bushes of each bottle size. The results demonstrated a reduction in defects from 3.209% to 1.669% and showed that improving a few significant root causes, identified by an experienced decision maker, was sufficient to reduce the defect rate.
Recursive Least Squares Run-to-Run Control with Time-Varying Metrology Delays
Fan, Shu-Kai ; Chang, Yuan-Jung ;
Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 262~274
DOI : 10.7232/iems.2010.9.3.262
This article investigates how to adaptively predict the time-varying metrology delay that could realistically occur in the semiconductor manufacturing practice. Metrology delays pose a great challenge for the existing run-to-run (R2R) controllers, driving the process output significantly away from target if not adequately predicted. First, the expected asymptotic double exponentially weighted moving average (DEWMA) control output, by using the EWMA and recursive least squares (RLS) prediction methods, is derived. It has been found that the relationships between the expected control output and target in both estimation methods are parallel, and six cases are addressed. Within the context of time-varying metrology delay, this paper presents a modified recursive least squares-linear trend (RLS-LT) controller, in combination with runs test. Simulated single input-single output (SISO) R2R processes subject to various time-varying metrology delay scenarios are used as a testbed to evaluate the proposed algorithms. The simulation results indicate that the modified RLS-LT controller can yield the process output more accurately on target with smaller mean squared error (MSE) than the original RLSLT controller that only deals with constant metrology delays.
Business Collaboration Support for Offshore Software Development
Moriyasu, Takashi ; Zu, Guowei ; Tsuji, Hiroshi ;
Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 275~284
DOI : 10.7232/iems.2010.9.3.275
Offshore software development (OSD) is international business collaboration. OSD projects often encounter intercultural and inter-linguistic problems disturbing the projects. Business documents are formal media of information and knowledge for OSD. While OSD documents should convey common understanding of the OSD products, the documents may contain unsuitable expressions which draw misunderstanding of the required products and offensive issues for the collaboration. Intercultural and inter-linguistic differences cause mistakes and inappropriate expressions. OSD from Japan to China is the largest in Asia, and Japanese language is often used in OSD documents. Large similarity is found between Japanese and Chinese in their languages, while many differences exist even for the same word. The similarity induces to write unsuitable expressions for both sides of OSD. To introduce risks for OSD projects caused by unsuitable or inappropriate expressions in OSD documents, we propose to apply a proofreading system of Japanese documents for OSD. Japanese consignor uses the system to refine OSD documents written by Japanese engineers for Chinese readers, and Chinese consignee uses it to refine Japanese documents written by Chinese Engineers as derivatives of OSD projects. Effectiveness of applying the proofreading system is discussed for actual projects.
Performance Modeling of an EPC Information Service System
Kim, So-Jung ; Kang, Yong-Shin ; Son, Kyung-Won ; Lee, Yong-Han ; Rhee, Jong-Tae ; Hong, Sung-Jo ;
Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 285~293
DOI : 10.7232/iems.2010.9.3.285
To obtain visible and traceable information from the supply chain, HW/SW standards for the EPC global network, which process electronic product code (EPC) data read from Radio frequency identification (RFID) tags, are regarded as the de facto industry standard. Supply chain participants install information service systems and provide logistics information to partners by following the EPCglobal architecture framework. Although quality of service (QoS) is essential for providing dependable and scalable services as pointed out by Auto-ID Lab, only a few models for the performance analysis of QoS-related work have been developed in the context of EPC information service systems. Specifically, doing so allows alternative design choices to be tested in an easy and cost-effective manner and can highlight potential performance problems in designs long before any construction costs are incurred. Thus, in this study we construct a model of an EPC information service system for the purposes of performance analysis and designing a dependable system. We also develop a set of building blocks for analytical performance models. To illustrate how the model works, we determine the characteristics of an EPC information service system and then select a combination of these proven modeling concepts. We construct a performance model that considers the response time and shows how to derive meaningful performance values. Finally, we compare the analytical results to measurements of the EPC information service system.