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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Education of Primary School Mathematics
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Journal DOI :
Korea Society of Mathematical Education
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Nov 2009
Volume 12, Issue 1 - May 2009
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A Study on the Recognition of Elementary School Teachers about Mathematical Descriptive Tests and Their Practices
Do, Joo-Won ; Oh, Jee-Yeon ; Gong, Jeone-In ; Joo, Mi-Jung ; Kim, Mi-Young ; Lee, Dae-Hyun ; Park, Man-Goo ;
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 63~80
In this study, we analyzed teachers' recognitions of the necessity of mathematical descriptive tests and their practices in the elementary schools. We then suggested several examples of improved formats of the mathematical descriptive evaluation. For analyzing teachers' recognitions and practices of mathematical descriptive assessment, we surveyed 104 elementary school teachers in Seoul. We collected the test items from the schools and analyzed them to find how they are practiced in the schools. The results were as follows. First, most elementary school teachers are basically recognizing the direction and the purpose of mathematical descriptive assessment. Second, the ratio of the descriptive test items was very low compared with the teachers' recognition of necessity of including descriptive items in the tests. Third, the teachers usually made the descriptive items with their colleagues using textbooks, test manuals for teachers, and the references that the office of education provided. Fourth, to enhance teachers' understanding of descriptive assessment, systematic training programs for teachers about the descriptive assessment should be continued. Finally, the office of education and research institutes should provide various types of test items and more teacher training programs on descriptive assessments.
A Study on the 6th Graders' Use of Visual Representations in Mathematical Problem Solving
Hwang, Hyun-Mi ; Pang, Jeong-Suk ;
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 81~97
Visual representations play an important role for students to understand the meaning of a given problem, devise problem-solving approaches, and implement them successfully. The purpose of this study was to investigate how 6th graders would use visual representations in solving mathematical problems and in what ways such use might affect successful problem solving. The results showed that many students preferred numerical expressions to visual representations. However, students who used visual representations, specifically schematic representations, performed better than those who employed numerical representations. Given this, this paper includes instructional implications to nurture students' use of visual representations in a way to increase their problem solving ability.
Establishing Classroom Culture Supporting Harmonious Communication in Mathematics Instruction
Kim, Jin-Ho ;
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 99~115
One of remarkable characteristics of 2007 revised mathematics national curriculum is the emphasis of communication in classroom. It does not mean only listening students' comments. In other words, it is different from presentation of individuals' thoughts. In the paper, teaching and learning practices required teachers who want to establish classroom culture supporting harmonious communication in mathematics instruction.
A study on the Sixth Graders' Solving Proportional problems in the 7th curriculum Mathematics Textbooks
Kwon, Mi-Suk ; Kim, Nam-Gyun ;
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 117~132
The purpose of this study was analysis on types of strategies and errors when the sixth grade students were solving proportion problems of mathematics textbooks. For this study, proportion problems in mathematics textbooks were investigated and 17 representative problems were chosen. The 277 students of two elementary schools solved the problems. The types of strategies and errors in solving proportion problems were analyzed. The result of this study were as follows; The percentage of correct answers is high if the problems could be solved by proportional expression and the expression is in constant rate. But the percentage of correct answers is low, if the problems were expressed with non-constant rate.
A Note on the Problems and Improvements in Statistical Education of Elementary School
Kim, Sang-Lyong ;
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 133~143
In this thesis, we conduct a comprehensive analysis of the current situation and the inherent problems found in modern statistics education in Elementary School. There are statistical curriculum, 7th textbook of elementary school level, practise of statistics class, connection of real life etc. Through analysis of these given problem, we explore the future direction of statistical education. Therefore, the statistical learning to make statistical situations and pose problems based on students' interests and students-related situations should be an effects on positive mathematical attitude and statistical thinking which could develop understanding statistical problems and thinking.