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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Education of Primary School Mathematics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Society of Mathematical Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Dec 2013
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Apr 2013
Selecting the target year
Elementary school students' Problem solving process on Problem-Based Learning Approach - Focused on drawing graphs
Jang, Eunha ; Lee, Kwangho ;
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 16, issue 3, 2013, Pages 193~209
DOI : 10.7468/jksmec.2013.16.3.193
This study was designed to identify how teachers and students solve problems and communicate with each other during the course of study through application of PBL questions that can be utilized in math ratio and graph sections of the 6th-grade elementary school curriculum in class. Therefore we haved figure it out that through pbl class student acquired a propound knowledge in math and showed self-directed learning through various communication activities, and that they finally showed positive attitude and confidence in this subject.
Case Studies for Consulting of Elementary Mathematics teaching based on Flanders's Interaction Analysis Category System
Kim, Soo Mi ; Kim, Mi Hwan ;
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 16, issue 3, 2013, Pages 211~227
DOI : 10.7468/jksmec.2013.16.3.211
This study is designed to help pre-service teachers to improve their teaching skills in elementary math class. For this, the consulting program with 5-steps was planned and applied to three elementary pre-service teachers. Each class the teachers performed was analyzed by both Flanders's Interaction Analysis Category System and participant observation. As results of consulting, the common characteristics of three pre-service teachers are shown. Firstly their teaching style is non directive, but they fail to induce their students spontaneously respond. They often ignore or don't use their students' respond they think incorrect to develop the next ideas. Simply saying, their classes are typically teacher-oriented but they are not authoritative. It is proved that consulting program is effective for improving developing non directive teaching skills, but is not much effective decreasing teachers' comment and increasing students' rolls in a math class.
Study on the Analysis and Evaluation of 'Observation and Recommendation Letter by Teacher' Which is Utilized in Mathematically Gifted Elementary Students Screening
Kim, Jong Jun ; Ryu, Sung Rim ;
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 16, issue 3, 2013, Pages 229~250
DOI : 10.7468/jksmec.2013.16.3.229
The purpose of this study is analyzing 'observation and recommendation letter by teacher', which is being submitted to screen and enhance the utilization of gifted students in accordance with recently introduced gifted students observation, recommendation and screening system. For the purpose, this study will provide with objective securing plan of 'observation and recommendation letter by teacher' by developing an optimum evaluation model. The research findings were as follows: First, the result of analysis on the mathematically gifted students behavior characteristic as appeared in 'observation and recommendation letter by teacher' suggested that the recommending teachers have the tendency of giving superficial statement instead of giving concrete case description. When it was analyzed for frequency by the 'observation and recommendation letter by teacher' analysis framework devised by the author, the teachers showed the tendency of concentrating on specific questions. Meanwhile, there was a tendency that teachers concentrate on specific gifted behavior characteristic or area for which concrete case had been suggested. The reason is believed that such part is easy to observe and state while others are not, or, teachers did not judge the other part as the characteristic of gifted students. Second, the gifted students behavior characteristics as appeared in 'observation and recommendation letter by teacher' were made into scores by Rubric model. When the interrater reliability was analyzed based on these scores, the correlation coefficient of 1st scoring was .641. After a discussion session was taken and 2nd scoring was done 3 weeks later, the correlation coefficient of 2nd scoring increased to .732. The reason is believed that; i) the severity among scorers was adjusted by the discussion session after the 1st scoring, ii) the scorers established detail judgment standard on various situations which can appear because of the descriptive nature, and, (iii) they found a consensus on scoring for a new situation appeared. It implies that thorough understanding and application of scorers on evaluation model is as important as the development of optimum model for the differentiation of mathematically gifted elementary students.
A Case Study on the Influence of the Schema of Learners Who Have Learned the Primary Concepts of the Four Arithmetic Operations on the relational Understanding of Power and Mixed Calculations
Kim, Hwa Soo ;
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 16, issue 3, 2013, Pages 251~266
DOI : 10.7468/jksmec.2013.16.3.251
With elementary school students who have learned the primary concepts of the four arithmetic operations as its subjects, this study has investigated in depth how schema and transformed schema are composed by recognition of the correct concepts and connection of concepts, that is to say, what schema learners form along with transformed schema with the primary concepts of the four arithmetic operations to understand the secondary concepts when power and mixed calculations are taken into contents. It has also investigated how the subjects use the schema they have formed for themselves and the transformed schema to approach problem solving, and how their composition of concepts and schema in problem solving ability achieve transformations. As a result, we can tell that the recognition of precise primary concepts and transformed schema work as important factors in the development from the primary to the secondary concepts. Here, we can also see learn that the formation of the schema created due to the connection among the primary concepts and the recognition of them and of the transformed schema play more important roles in the development toward the secondary concepts and the solution of arithmetic problems than any other factors.
Effects of Mathematical Justification on Problem Solving and Communication
Jeong, In Su ;
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 16, issue 3, 2013, Pages 267~283
DOI : 10.7468/jksmec.2013.16.3.267
Mathematical justification is the process through which one's claim is validated to be true based on proper and trustworthy data. But it serves as a catalyst to facilitate mathematical discussions and communicative interactions among students in mathematics classrooms. This study is designed to investigate the effects of mathematical justification on students' problem-solving and communicative processes occurred in a mathematics classroom. In order to fulfill the purpose of this study, mathematical problem-solving classes were conducted. Mathematical justification processes and communicative interactions recorded in problem understanding activity, individual student inquiry, small and whole group discussions are analyzed. Based on the analysis outcomes, the students who participated in mathematical justification activities are more likely to find out various problem-solving strategies, to develop efficient communicative skills, and to use effective representations. In addition, mathematical justification can be used as an evaluation method to test a student's mathematical understanding as well as a teaching method to help develop constructive social interactions and positive classroom atmosphere among students. The results of this study would contribute to strengthening a body of research studying the importance of teaching students mathematical justification in mathematics classrooms.
The Fourth Graders' Visual Representation in Mathematics Problem Solving Process
Kim, So Hee ; Lee, Kwangho ; Ku, Mi Young ;
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 16, issue 3, 2013, Pages 285~301
DOI : 10.7468/jksmec.2013.16.3.285
The purpose of the study is to analyze the 4th graders' visual representation in mathematics problem solving process and to find out how to teach the visual representation in mathematics problem solving process. on the basis of the results, this study gives several pedagogical implication related to the mathematics problem solving. The following were the conclusions drawn from the results obtained in this study. First, The achievement level of students and using visual representation in the mathematics problem solving are closely connected. High achieving students used visual representation in the mathematics problem solving process more frequently. Second, high achieving students realize the usefulness of visual representation in the mathematics problem solving process and use visual representation to solve mathematical problem. But low achieving students have no conception that visual representation is one of the method to solve mathematical problem. Third, students tend to especially focus on 'setting up an equation' when they solve a mathematical problem. Because they mostly experienced mathematical problems presented by the type of 'word problem-equation-answer'. Fourth even through students tried visual representation to solve a mathematical problem, they could not solve the problem successfully in numerous instances. Because students who face a difficulty in solving a problem try to construct perfect drawing immediately. But generating visual representation 2)to represent mathematical problem cannot be constructed at one swoop.
Spatial Ability and Mathematical Achievement of Elementary School Students
Park, Sungsun ;
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 16, issue 3, 2013, Pages 303~313
DOI : 10.7468/jksmec.2013.16.3.303
Spatial ability has been valued as one component of intelligence and associated with the achievements in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines and important in STEM education. The purpose of this study is to assess elementary school students' spatial ability and analyze the relationship with mathematical achievement, gender and grade level. This study explored the spatial visualization ability of 1288 elementary school students (grade 4-6) in Seoul and Gangwon province and investigated association between spatial ability and students' mathematics achievement, the students' spatial ability according to their gender and grade level. As a result, this study showed that there were significant correlations between spatial ability and mathematical achievement. And also, boy students were better than girl students in spatial ability and higher grader were better than lower graders in spatial ability. According to these results, spatial ability should be included as one of the important components in identifying students for gifted education programs. Furthermore, more research is needed on how to effectively structure educational opportunities to students both who have high spatial ability and have low spatial ability.
An Analysis of Using TI-73 Calculator for the 5th Grade Students in an Elementary Math Gifted Class
Kang, Young Ran ;
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 16, issue 3, 2013, Pages 315~331
DOI : 10.7468/jksmec.2013.16.3.315
In this study, lessons on coordinate, percentage, and factorization in prime factors were taken with TI-73 calculator for 20 elementary school students in the 5th grade math gifted class in Pohang city. Through these lessons, the researcher examined with cases how using the calculator would influenced the lessons for the gifted students, and attempted to obtain implications on using calculators as learning tools in class. Activity sheets were made for this study and a 80-minute lesson was held three times for three weeks. In order to collect data, the class was recorded on videotape, the students were interviewed, and documents used in the class were collected. Then all the data were transcribed. Data analysis was completed through several readings of transcripts and main themes were derived by classifying, comparing, and contrasting coding. As a result of the study, the calculator played a role the tool as the mediation to communicate and the challenge their solvable tasks beyond the limitation of paper and pencil environments. But, in using the calculator, there was differences in gender between boys and girls. Above all, to enter commands into the calculator resulted in obstacles for learning process.