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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Education of Primary School Mathematics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Society of Mathematical Education
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Sep 1999
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
Sociomathematical Norms of Elementary School Classrooms: Crossnational Perspectives between Korea and U .S. on Challenges of Reform in Mathematics Teaching
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~36
The case of four classrooms analyzed in this study point to many commonalities in the challenges of reforming mathematics teaching in Korea and the U. S. In both national contexts we have seen the need fur a clear distinction between implementing new student-centered social practices in the classroom, and providing significant new loaming opportunities for students. In particular, there is an important need to distinguish between attending to the social practices of the classroom and attending to students conceptual development within those social practices. In both countries, teachers in the less successful student-centered classes tended to abdicate responsibility fur sense making to the students. They were more inclined to attend to the literal statements of their students without analyzing their conceptual understanding (Episodes KA5 and UP 2). This is easy to do when the rhetoric of reform emphasizes student-centered social practices without sufficient attention to psychological correlates of those social practices. The more successful teachers tended to monitor the understanding of the students and to take proactive measures to ensure the development of that understanding (Episodes KO5 and UN3). This suggests the usefulness of constructivism as a model (or successful student-centered instruction. As Simon(1995) observed, constructivist teachers envision a hypothetical learning trajectory that constitutes their plan and expectation for students learning from the particular if the trajectory is being followed. If not, the teacher adjusts or supplements the task to obtain a more satisfactory result, or reconsider her or his assumptions concerning the hypothetical learning trajectory. In this way, the teacher acts proactively to try to ensure that students are progressing in their understanding in particular ways. Thus the more successful student-centered teacher of this study can be seen as constructivist in their orientation to student conceptual development, in comparison to the less successful student-centered teachers. It is encumbant on the authors of reform in Korea and the U. S. to make sure that reform is not trivialized, or evaluated only on the surface of classroom practices. The commonalities of the two reform endeavores suggest that Korea and the U. S. have much to share with each other in the challenges of reforming mathematics teaching for the new millennium.
A Study of Situated Cognition and Transfer in Mathematics Learning
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 37~45
This paper investigates the comparative effectiveness of two kinds of instructional methods in transfer of mathematics learning: one based on the situated cognition, ie. situated learning and the other based on traditional learning. Two classes of second graders studied the instruction about 3-digit addition and subtraction. After that, they completed two written tests and a real situation test. As a result. no significant differences were found between the two group's performance on the written test 1 and real situation test. But the situated learning group performed significantly better on the performance of story problem than traditional group. This result indicated that the situated learning made improvement in transfer of mathematic loaming. As a result of interviews with 12 children, the situated loaming group's children were able to use contextual resources in solving real situation as well as story problems.
Primary School Mathematics Using GSP
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 47~54
The development of computer software accelerates the change of teaching-learning method in primary school mathematics. In this paper, we discuss how to apply the software GSP to teach mathematics in primary school and suggest some examples fur the creative and active loaming. Moreover, we give the efficient teaching method for the primary school mathematics.
A Study on Teaching Measurement in Grade 4
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 55~62
Through our elementary school mathematics, measurement is a critical topic since measurement helps connect ideas within areas of mathematics and between mathematics and other disciplines. In grade 4, students should understand angle, time, perimeter and area of figures by active involving. The paper gives ten ideas about teaching these concepts.
A Study on Problem Solving in Elementary School Mathematics I
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 63~77
We introduce what is the meaning of problem and problem solving and also different type of problems and problem-solving strategies were discussed in this paper, with suggestions for teaching both Polya's four-step strategy and specific problem solving strategies. Many real and concrete examples of routine and nonroutine problems in elementary school mathematics are introduced. Especially, we have researched on the actual condition how children in elementary school think about multiplication of fraction for the routine problem. As a result, we have noticed that children have diverse thinking in their own way and also concrete expressions are much better effective than algorithm showing in textbook.
The Effects of Teacher's Beliefs about Mathematics on the Method of Class and the Performance of Problem Solving
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 3, issue 1, 1999, Pages 79~88
This paper shows how the social tradition and belief of korea on education affects teachers and students and learning. 1 Interview with teacher. During surveying this teacher's class, we knowed that the teacher have accentuated algorism loaming and preparation fur external examination in math class. Teacher's beliefs about mathematics have a strong effect on the method of class and the performance of problem solving 2. Interview with students and short test. 1) Students usually had fine ability of calculation for number. But Many pupils didn't know the meaning of the operations. 2) The most of pupils are good at routine math problem solving but when the question whose the condition don't meet was given, they experienced difficulties.3.Korean sociocultural specialty on education: The korean place high emphasis on education and think of education as the means of success. This emphasis can be traced to the Confucian view. 1) tradition on examination culture. 2) the traditional convention of the learning method. Korean sociocultural specialty on education play role of strengthen role learning and algorism class. The important things to education reformation are getting a balance between practice and understanding. we should make changes not only in national dimension but also in math class.