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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Education of Primary School Mathematics
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Journal DOI :
Korea Society of Mathematical Education
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Nov 2003
Volume 7, Issue 1 - May 2003
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An Analysis on Teachers′ Role in Teaching Mathematical Problem Solving
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 7, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~14
The purpose of this research is to explore teachers' role actions in teaching mathematical problem solving and to analyze the influences of the teachers'role actions on their students' activities and beliefs about problem solving. The results obtained in this study suggested that the teachers' role actions brought qualitative differences to students' activities, and students' beliefs about mathematical problem solving were consistent with the perspective held by their teachers. Therefore, teachers should help students build up desirable beliefs about problem solving. They should understand teaching mathematical problem solving and play proper roles in various situations of teaching mathematical problem solving.
Mathematical Creativity and Mathematics Curriculum: Focusing on Patterns and Functions
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 7, issue 1, 2003, Pages 15~29
The present study examined the 7th national elementary school mathematics curriculum from a perspective of mathematical creativity. The study investigated to what extent the activities in the Pattern and Function lessons in the national elementary school mathematics textbooks promoted the development of mathematical creativity. The results indicated that the current elementary school mathematics curriculum was limited in many ways to promote the development of mathematical creativity. Regarding the activities in Pattern lessons, for example, most activities presented closed tasks involving finding and extending patterns. The lesson provided little opportunities to explore the relationships among various patterns, apply patterns to different situations, or create ones own patterns. In regard to the Function lessons, the majority of activities were about computing the rate. This showed that the function was taught from an operational perspective, not a relational perspective. It was unlikely that students would develop the basic understanding of function through the activities involving the computing the rate. Further, the lessons had students use exclusively the numbers in representing the function. Students were provided little opportunities to use various representation methods involving pictures or graphs, explore the strengths and limitations of various representation methods, or to choose more effective representation methods in particular contexts. In conclusion, the lesson activities in the current elementary school mathematics textbooks were unlikely to promote the development of mathematical creativity.
An Analysis on the Elementary Preservice Mathematics Teachers′ Representation about Fraction
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 7, issue 1, 2003, Pages 31~41
Representation has been main topic in teaching and learning mathematics for a long time. Moreover, teachers' deficiency of representation about fraction results in teaching algorithms without conceptual understanding. So, this paper was conducted to investigate and analysize the elementary preservice mathematics teachers' representation about fraction. 38 elementary preservice mathematics teachers participated in this study. This study results showed that, the only model of a fraction that was familiar to the preservice teachers was the part of whole one. And research showed that, they solved the problems about fraction well using algorithms but seldom express the sentence which illustrates the meaning of the operation by a fraction. Specially, the division aspect of a fraction was not familiar nor readily accepted. It menas that preservice teachers are used to using algorithms without a conceptual understanding of the meaning of the operation by a fraction. This results give us some implications. Most of all, teaching programs in preservice mathematics teachers education have to devise to form a network among the concepts in relation to fraction. And we must emphasize how to teach and what to teach in preservice mathematics teachers education course. Finally, we have to invent the various materials which can be used to educate both preservice teachers and elementary school students. If we want to improve the mathematical ability of students, we will concentrate preservice teachers education.
On the instruction of concepts of groups in elementary school
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 7, issue 1, 2003, Pages 43~56
In late 19C, German mathematician Felix Klein declaired "Erlangen program" to reform mathematics education in Germany. The main ideas of "Erlangen program" contain the importance of instructing the concepts of functions and groups in school mathematics. After one century from that time, the importance of concepts of groups revived by Bourbaki in the sense of the algebraic structure which is the most important structure among three structures of mathematics - algebraic structure. ordered structure and topological structure. Since then, many mathematicians and mathematics educators devoted to work with the concepts of group for school mathematics. This movement landed on Korea in 21C, and now, the concepts of groups appeared in element mathematics text as plane rigid motion. In this paper, we state the rigid motions centered the symmetry - an important notion in group theory, then summarize the results obtained from some classroom activities. After that, we discuss the responses of children to concepts of groups.of groups.
A Note of the Serpinsky Triangle Program
Education of Primary School Mathematics, volume 7, issue 1, 2003, Pages 57~64
This article is that we develop a learning Serpinsky Triangle using on the internet by the domain of regulations and function in elementary school mathematics. We construct the learning operation of zoom Serpinsky Triangle that can be used on the internet and develop the java program for understanding the concept of the Serpinsky Triangle.