- The Textbook Analysis on Probability: The Case of Korea, Malaysia and U.S. Textbooks
- Han, Sun-Young ; Rosli, Roslinda ; Capraro, Robert M. ; Capraro, Mary M. ;
- Research in Mathematical Education, volume 15, issue 2, 2011, Pages 127~140
Abstract
"Statistical literacy" is important to be an effective citizen ([Gal, I. (2005). Towards "probability literacy" for all citizens: Building blocks and instructional dilemmas. In: G. A. Jones (Ed.), Exploring probability in school: Challenges for teaching and learning (pp. 39-63). New York: Springer]). Probability and statistics has been connected with real context and can be used to stimulate students' creative abilities. This study aims at identifying the extent that textbooks in three countries include experimental probability concepts and non-routine, open-ended, application and contextual problems. How well textbooks reflect real application situations is important in the sense that students can employ probability concepts when solving real world problems. Results showed that three textbook series did not mention experimental probability. Furthermore, all of text-books had more routine, close-ended, knowing, and non-contextual problems.