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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Communications of Mathematical Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Society of Mathematical Education
Editor in Chief :
Sang-Gu Lee, Hye-Jeang Hwang
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Nov 2009
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 23, Issue 2 - May 2009
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
The Relationships between Mathematically Gifted Students and Regular Students in Perfectionism and the Affective Traits
Whang, Woo-Hyung ; Lee, Yu-Na ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~38
This study investigates the relationships of perfectionism and the affective traits(academic self-concept, learning attitude, interest, mathematical anxiety, learning habits) in mathematics between the gifted students and the regular students in Korean Middle Schools. The findings of this study can be used for the understanding of the gifted students, and as data or resources for counsellors when they advise the gifted students on enhancing study strategies and developing future courses. This study was investigated by measuring the relationships between perfectionism and the affective traits on mathematics between two groups. Here, the correlation analysis, t-test, and regression analysis of the SPSS for Window 12.0 Program were applied to measure the differences of both groups. Therefore, there were no differences in perfectionism between the gifted students and the regular students. But the self-oriented perfectionism of the gifted students appeared higher compare with regular students. The affective traits in mathematics of the gifted students appeared more positive compare with regular students. There were a few correlations between the perfectionism and the affective traits in mathematics at two group all. however the self-oriented perfectionism and the affective traits in mathematics showed to correlation. There were several suggestions based on the results of this study. First, the results showed that professional assistance is needed for the gifted students so that their perfectionism flows positively into developing their gifts. Secondly, the results suggested that specialized mathematical program reflecting on the affective traits of the gifted students in mathematics should be offered.Lastly, tthe results of this study suggested a researcher regarding relevance with perfectionism and affective traits regarding subject shall be performed more. The result of research shall be included to contents of training for the gifted students and their parents.
Development of Gifted Educational Materials Using Tangram asInstructional Media
Shim, Sang-Kil ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 39~51
The purpose of this article is to study characteristics of tangram as instructional media in combinatorialgeometric point of view, and to present basic materials and direction for efficient tangram activities in gifted education upon systematical analysis of methods of finding solutions. We can apply x=a+2b+4c to find all possible combination of solutions in tangram activities not as trial-and-error method but as analytical method. Through teacher's questions and problem posing in activities using tangram, we systematically came up with most solution and case of all possible combinations be solution in classifying properties of pieces and combining selected pieces.
A study on the effectiveness of the mathmatically gifted program
Whang, Woo-Hyung ; Yoon, Na-Rea ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 53~72
The purpose of the study was to develop a program based on PCM(Parallel Curriculum Model) model for the gifted students, and investigate the effectiveness of the program with qualitative research methods. This program was designed to encourage the gifted students to explore mathematics that is closely related to the real world. The results of the study revealed that the program based on the PCM model had positive effect on the gifted students emotionally and cognitively. In conclusion, PCM program is considered an appropriate program for the gifted students of elementary school.
A Scheme to Diversify of Mathematics Olympiads Types
Nam, Seung-In ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 73~83
Mathematics Olympiad aims to identify and encourage students who have superior ability in mathematics, to enhance students' understanding in mathematics while stimulating interest and challenge, to increase learning motivation through self-reflection, and to speed up the development of mathematical talent. Participating mathematical competition, students are going to solve a variety of types of mathematical problems and will be able to enlarge their understanding in mathematics and foster mathematical thinking and creative problem solving ability with logic and reasoning. In addition, parents could have an opportunity valuable information on their children's mathematical talents and guidance of them. Although there should be presenting diversified mathematical problems in competitions, the real situations is that resent most mathematics Olympiads present mathematical problems which narrowly focus on types of solving problems. In order to diversifying types of problems in mathematics Olympiads and making mathematics popular, this study will discuss a Olympiad for problem solving ability, a Olympiad for exploring mathematics, a Olympiad for task solving ability, and a mathematics fair, etc.
A study on the teaching of proofs based on Freudenthal's guided reinvention principle
Han, Hye-Sook ; Moon, Su-Jin ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 85~108
The purposes of the study were to develop instructional materials based on Freudenthal's guided reinvention principle for teaching proofs and to investigate how the teaching method based on guided reinvention principle affects on 8th grade students' ability to write proofs and learning attitude toward proofs. Teaching based on guided reinvention principle placed emphasis on providing students opportunities to make a mathematical statement and prove the statement by themselves throughout various activities such as exploring, conjecturing, and testing the conjectures. The study found that students who studied proving with instructional materials developed by guided reinvention principle showed statistically higher mean scores on the posttest than students who studied by a traditional teaching method depending onteacher's explanation. Especially, on the posttest item which requested to prove a whole statement without presenting a picture corresponding to the statement, a big difference among students' responses was found. Many more students in the traditional group did not provide any response on the item. According to the results of the questionnaire regarding students' learning attitudes, the group who studied proving by guided reinvention principle indicated relatively more positive attitudes toward learning proofs than the counterparts.
A Case Study on Students' Problem Solving in process of Problem Posing for Equation at the Middle School Level
ChoiKoh, Sang-Sook ; Jeon, Sung-Hoon ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 109~128
This study aimed to investigate students' learning process by examining their perception process of problem structure and mathematization, and further to suggest an effective teaching and learning of mathematics to improve students' problem-solving ability. Using the qualitative research method, the researcher observed the collaborative learning of two middle school students by providing problem-posing activities of five lessons and interviewed the students during their performance. The results indicated the student with a high achievement tended to make a similar problem and a new problem where a problem structure should be found first, had a flexible approach in changing its variability of the problem because he had advanced algebraic thinking of quantitative reasoning and reversibility in dealing with making a formula, which related to developing creativity. In conclusion, it was observed that the process of problem posing required accurate understanding of problem structures, providing students an opportunity to understand elements and principles of the problem to find the relation of the problem. Teachers may use a strategy of simplifying external structure of the problem and analyzing algebraical thinking necessary to internal structure according to students' level so that students are able to recognize the problem.
Third grade students' fraction concept learning based on Lesh translation model
Han, Hye-Sook ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 129~144
The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of the use of RNP curriculum based on Lesh translation model on third grade students' understandings of fraction concepts and problem solving ability. Students' conceptual understandings of fractions and problem solving ability were improved by the use of the curriculum. Various manipulative experiences and translation processes between and among representations facilitated students' conceptual understandings of fractions and contributed to the development of problem solving strategies. Expecially, in problem situations including fraction ordering which was not covered during the study, mental images of fractions constructed by the experiences with manipulatives played a central role as a problem solving strategy.
First to Third Graders Have Already Established
Oh, Yu-Kyeong ; Kim, Jin-Ho ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 145~174
Based on the thinking that people can understand more clearly when the problem is related with their prior knowledge, the Purpose of this study was to analysis students' informal knowledge, which is constructed through their mathematical experience in the context of real-world situations. According to this purpose, the following research questions were. 1) What is the characteristics of students' informal knowledge about fraction before formal fraction instruction in school? 2) What is the difference of informal knowledge of fraction according to reasoning ability and grade. To investigate these questions, 18 children of first, second and third grade(6 children per each grade) in C elementary school were selected. Among the various concept of fraction, part-whole fraction, quotient fraction, ratio fraction and measure fraction were selected for the interview. I recorded the interview on digital camera, drew up a protocol about interview contents, and analyzed and discussed them after numbering and comment. The conclusions are as follows: First, students already constructed informal knowledge before they learned formal knowledge about fraction. Among students' informal knowledge they knew correct concepts based on formal knowledge, but they also have ideas that would lead to misconceptions. Second, the informal knowledge constructed by children were different according to grade. This is because the informal knowledge is influenced by various experience on learning and everyday life. And the students having higher reasoning ability represented higher levels of knowledge. Third, because children are using informal knowledge from everyday life to learn formal knowledge, we should use these informal knowledge to instruct more efficiently.