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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Communications of Mathematical Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Society of Mathematical Education
Editor in Chief :
Sang-Gu Lee, Hye-Jeang Hwang
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Nov 2010
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 24, Issue 2 - May 2010
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
A Study on Teaching
in High School Mathematics
Kim, Dong-Hwa ; Hong, Woo-Chorl ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 283~300
It has been recognized for a long time that high school students have difficulty in properly interpreting the form
. The treatment of
was still a subject of a slight controversy among mathematicians until relatively recently. Since the mathematics curriculum in high school does not provide the definite treatment of
, some students might be inclined to ask what the value of the form is. In this research, we review materials dealing with
and analyze historically and mathematically the form, whose true meaning is an indeterminate form. We identify the reality of the mathematics education in high school by conducting simple surveys targeting some high school teachers and the students who graduated from high schools recently. Then we discuss, for teachers and pre-service teachers, how to teach the form
in high school mathematics.
The Direction to Assessment of School Mathematics in Accordance with 2009 Reformed Curriculum
Kang, Myung-Won ; Kim, Sung-Ho ; Park, Ji-Hun ; Lee, Sun-Joon ; Cha, Yong-Woo ; ChoiKoh, Sang-Sook ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 301~323
This study was to find the direction to assessment of school mathematics in accordance with 2009 reformed curriculum. As new trends in the latest reformed 2009 curriculum, creativity, multicultural education, and mathematics disposition were focused. In creativity, more items should be developed for enhancing students' ability in areas of fluency, elaborateness, and originality, besides flexibility which was mostly dealt in the formal assessments that have been done previously in school. In multicultural education. purposeful bilingual programs should be developed in mathematics education to improve not only students' language skill, but also mathematical ability. In mathematical disposition, various questionnaires including checklists along with clinical interview should be provided to evaluate students' on-going process of mathematical learning.
FACTORS INFLUENCING STUDENTS' PREFERENCES ON EMPIRICAL AND DEDUCTIVE PROOFS IN GEOMETRY
Park, Gwi-Hee ; Yoon, Hyun-Kyoung ; Cho, Ji-Young ; Jung, Jae-Hoon ; Kwon, Oh-Nam ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 325~344
The purpose of this study is to investigate what influences students' preferences on empirical and deductive proofs and find their relations. Although empirical and deductive proofs have been seen as a significant aspect of school mathematics, literatures have indicated that students tend to have a preference for empirical proof when they are convinced a mathematical statement. Several studies highlighted students'views about empirical and deductive proof. However, there are few attempts to find the relations of their views about these two proofs. The study was conducted to 47 students in 7~9 grades in the transition from empirical proof to deductive proof according to their mathematics curriculum. The data was collected on the written questionnaire asking students to choose one between empirical and deductive proofs in verifying that the sum of angles in any triangles is
. Further, they were asked to provide explanations for their preferences. Students' responses were coded and these codes were categorized to find the relations. As a result, students' responses could be categorized by 3 factors; accuracy of measurement, representative of triangles, and mathematics principles. First, the preferences on empirical proof were derived from considering the measurement as an accurate method, while conceiving the possibility of errors in measurement derived the preferences on deductive proof. Second, a number of students thought that verifying the statement for three different types of triangles -acute, right, obtuse triangles - in empirical proof was enough to convince the statement, while other students regarded these different types of triangles merely as partial examples of triangles and so they preferred deductive proof. Finally, students preferring empirical proof thought that using mathematical principles such as the properties of alternate or corresponding angles made proof more difficult to understand. Students preferring deductive proof, on the other hand, explained roles of these mathematical principles as verification, explanation, and application to other problems. The results indicated that students' preferences were due to their different perceptions of these common factors.
An Analysis of Elementary School Students' Informal Knowledge In Proportion
Park, Sang-Eun ; Lee, Dae-Hyun ; Rim, Hae-Kyung ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 345~363
The purpose of this study is to investigate and analyze informal knowledge of students who do not learn the conception of proportion and to identify how the informal knowledge can be used for teaching the conception of proportion in order to present an effective method of teaching the conception. For doing this, proportion was classified into direct and inverse proportion, and 'What are the informal knowledge of students?' were researched. The subjects of this study were 117 sixth-graders who did not have prior learning on direct and inverse proportion. A total eleven problems including seven for direct proportion and four for inverse proportion, all of them related to daily life. The result are as follows; Even though students didn't learn about proportion, they solve the problems of proportion using informal knowledge such as multiplicative reasoning, proportion reasoning, single-unit strategy etc. This result implies mathematics education emphasizes student's informal knowledge for improving their mathematical ability.
An Analysis of Elementary Pre-service Teachers' Understanding of Mathematical Concepts
Kim, Hae-Gyu ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 365~384
This paper is an analysis study where we surveyed how well pre-service teachers understand the mathematical concepts taught in elementary school. We analyzed the results focusing on the following: First, what are the pre-service teachers' understandings of the equal sign and variables? Secondly, how exact are their understandings of other elementary school mathematical concepts? The survey was done on the students in Teachers College of Jeju National University. We hope that the results of this study will help the improvement of mathematical education for elementary pre-service teachers.
Standards for Promoting Mathematical Communication in Elementary Classrooms
Kim, Sang-Hwa ; Bang, Jeong-Suk ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 385~413
The purpose of this study is to set appropriate targets for school-year levels and types of mathematical communication. First, I classify mathematical communication into four types as Discourse, Representation, Operation and Complex and refer to them collectively as the 'D.R.O.C pattern'. I have listed achievement factors based on the D.R.O.C pattern hearing opinions from specialists to set a target, then set a final target after a 2nd survey with specialists and teachers. I have set targets for mathematical communication in elementary schools suitable to its status and students' levels in our country. In NCTM(2000), standards of communication were presented only from kindergarten to 12th grade students, and, for four separate grade bands(prekindergarten through grade 2, grades 3-5, grades 6-8, grades 9-12), they presented characteristics of the same age group through analysis of classes where communication was active and the stated roles of teachers were suitable to the characteristics of each school year. In this study, in order to make the findings accessible to teachers in the field, I have classified types into Discourse, Representation, Operation and Complex (D.R.O.C Pattern) according to method of delivery, and presented achievement factors in detail for low, middle and high grades within each type. Though it may be premature to set firm targets and achievement factors for each school year group, we hope to raise the possibility of applying them in the field by presenting targets and achievement factors in detail for mathematical communication.
The Relationship between attribution styles and attitude toward mathematics of mathematically gifted students and those of regular students at elementary schools
Lim, Seong-Hwan ; Whang, Woo-Hyung ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 415~444
The purpose of this study is to provide information that will help understand unique characteristics of mathematically gifted students and that can be utilized for special programs for mathematically gifted students, by investigating difference and relationship between attribution styles and attitude toward mathematics of mathematically gifted students and those of regular students. For that purpose, 202 mathematically gifted students and 415 regular students in 5th and 6th grades at elementary schools were surveyed in terms of attribution styles and attitude toward mathematics, and the result of the study is as follows. First, as for attribution styles, there was no difference between gifted students and regular students in terms of grade and gender, but there was significant difference in sub factors because of giftedness. Second, there was not significant difference between grades. but there was significant difference in sub factors between genders. Mathematically gifted students were more positive than regular students in every sub factor excepting gender role conformity, and especially they showed higher confidence and motivation. Third, according to the result of correlation analysis, there was significant static correlation between inner tendencies and attitude toward mathematics with both groups. The gifted group showed higher correlation between attribution of effort and attitude toward mathematics and inner tendencies and confidence than the regular group. The gifted group showed higher correlation in sub factors, and especially there was high static correlation between attribution of talent and confidence, and attribution of effort and motivation. Fourth, according to the result of multiple regression analysis, inner tendencies showed significant relation to attitude toward mathematics with both groups, and especially the influence of attribution of effort was high. Both attribution of effort and attribution of talent were higher in the gifted group than the regular group, and attribution of effort had a major influence on practicality and attribution of talent had a major influence on confidence.
Change in Solving Process According to Problem Type - Centered on Reaction toward Linear Equations of Seventh Grade Students -
Seo, J.J. ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 445~474
The results of performing first survey after learning linear equation and second survey after 5 months to find out whether there is change in solving process while seventh grade students solve linear equations are as follows. First, as a result of performing McNemar Test in order to find out the correct answer ratio between first survey and second survey, it was shown as
in problem x+4=9 and
of problem type A while being shown as
in problem x+3=8 and
in problem 5(x+2)=20 of problem type B. Second, while there were students not making errors in the second survey among students who made errors in the solving process of problem type A and B, students making errors in the second survey among the students who expressed the solving process correctly in the first survey were shown. Third, while there were students expressing the solving process of linear equation correctly for all problems (type A, type B and type C), there were students expressing several problems correctly and unable to do so for several problems. In conclusion, even if a student has expressed the solving process correctly on all problems, it would be difficult to foresee that the student is able to express properly in the solving process when another problem is given. According to the result of analyzing the reaction of students toward three problem types (type A, type B and type C), it is possible to determine whether a certain student is 'able' or 'unable' to express the solving process of linear equation by analyzing the problem solving process.
An Analysis of Representation Usage Ability and Characteristics in Solving Math Problems According to Students' Academic Achievement
Kim, Min-Kyung ; Kwean, Hyuk-Jin ;
Communications of Mathematical Education, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 475~502
In this paper, the ability to use mathematical representations in solving math problem was analyzed according to student assessment levels using 113 first-year high school students, and the characteristics of their representation usage according to student assessment levels were also examined. For this purpose, problems were presented that could be solved using various mathematical representations, and the students were asked to solve them using a maximum of three different methods. Also, based on the comparative analysis results of a paper evaluation, six students were selected and interviewed, and the reasons for their representation usage differences were analyzed according to their student assessment levels. The results of the analysis show that over 50% of high ranking students used two or more representations in all questions to solve problems, but with middle ranking students, there were deviations depending on the difficulty of the questions. Low ranking students failed to use representation in diverse ways when solving problems. As for characteristics of symbol usage, high ranking students preferred using formulas and used mathematical representations efficiently while solving problems. In contrast, middle and low ranking students mostly used tables or pictures. Even when using the same representations, high ranking students' representations were expressed in a more structurally refined manner than those by middle and low ranking students.