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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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The Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 12 - Dec 2012
Volume 13, Issue 11 - Nov 2012
Volume 13, Issue 10 - Oct 2012
Volume 13, Issue 9 - Sep 2012
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Aug 2012
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Jul 2012
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Jun 2012
Volume 13, Issue 5 - May 2012
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Apr 2012
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Mar 2012
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
Selecting the target year
Design and Computational Fluid Dynamics of Pressure Reducing Valve
Lee, Jong-Sun ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2853~2857
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2853
In this paper, 3-dimensional designing program, Solidwork was used in designing in order to investigate structure and characteristics of a pressure reducing valve which was used as an apparatus for keeping regulated pressure of water supply equipment system and also 2-dimensional drawing was made to manufacture a pressure reducing valve in the field.
In-Plane Buckling Analysis of Curved Beams Using DQM
Kang, Ki-Jun ; Kim, Young-Woo ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2858~2864
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2858
The differential quadrature method (DQM) is applied to computation of the eigenvalues of in-plane buckling of the curved beams. Critical moments and loads are calculated for the beam subjected to equal and opposite bending moments and uniformly distributed radial loads with various end conditions and opening angles. Results are compared with existing exact solutions where available. The DQM gives good accuracy even when only a limited number of grid points is used. More results are given for two sets of boundary conditions not considered by previous investigators for in-plane buckling: clamped-clamped and simply supported-clamped ends.
Study on Fatigue Analysis of DCB Specimen Bonded
Choi, Hae-Kyu ; Hong, Soon-Jik ; Kim, Sei-Hwan ; Cho, Jae-Ung ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2865~2871
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2865
In this study, the fracture behaviour of DCB(double cantilever beam) specimen with aluminum foam composite materials is analyzed by simulation. By comparing the analysis results with two models of 25 mm and 40 mm, the model with thickness of 25 mm is weaker than 40 mm at fatigue life and damage. Two models are unfavorable at `SAE Transmission` in case of nonuniform fatigue load and rainflow matrices are weakest at `SAE Bracket history`. In damage matrices, the model with 25 mm of thickness is weaker than the model with 40 mm of thickness but the model with 40 mm of thickness relative damage possibility is higher than in case of 25 mm. As two models are safest at `SAE Transmission`, the relative damage becomes the lowest value from 1.1 to 1.8 %. The mechanical property can be investigated by applying these analyses results with the real composite structure bonded with adhesive and analyzing fracture behaviour.
Development of the Wearable Personal Cooling System
Jang, Jun-Young ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2872~2877
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2872
This paper discusses the development of the wearable personal cooling system for reducing thermal stress in hot environment. The personal cooling system is operated with the compact refrigeration system by compressing refrigerant. The compact refrigeration system is applied with the miniaturization and weight reduction for portable and wearable cooling system. The body heat is reduced by heat conduction with evaporator in direct cooling type. The cooling capacity of the wearable personal cooling system is approximately 100W and, the system could maintain the inside temperature of approximately 12-
lower than the ambient temperature. The weight of the wearable cooling system is about 3kg including vest, case, battery and all parts.
Study on the Compact MR fluid Brake for the Training and Sporting Equipment for Leg Rehabilitation
Park, Woo-Cheul ; Lee, Hyun-Chang ; Kim, Il-Gyoum ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2878~2885
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2878
In this study, the training and sporting equipment for leg rehabilitation featuring the MR fluids is proposed. The compact MR fluid brake is designed and manufactured to apply to the rehabilitation training and sporting mechanism. The resistance characteristic of the MR fluid brake is controllable by varying the magnetic field around the fluid. Under consideration of spatial limitation, design parameters which are related with the magnetic strength are determined to maximize to a torque using finite element method. The FE analysis is performed using a commercial code, ANSYS Workbench. The proposed brake device is manufactured, and its field-dependant torque is experimentally evaluated. When the electric current is supplied, the torque of the MR fluid brake is increased and the response is very fast. Depending on the strength of the current supply, torques of the MR fluid brake also increase similar to Bingham property of MR fluid.
A Study on Skin Health Knowledge and Treatment -The case of female college students major and non-major in skin care-
Choi, Sung-Im ; Kwon, Young-Nang ; Lee, Geai-Young ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2886~2894
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2886
This study is intended to research female university students` concern with beauty care, their skin condition, knowledge and treatment comparing the majors with the non-majors in Seoul. This comparative study between them focused on their educational and behavioral differences in beauty care in the same living space, and the results were as follows: The majors` average point on the concern with skin health care was higher than the non-majors(p<.01). There were more combination skin type in the major group, and more dry skin type in the non-major group. Also, there were meaningful differences among the two groups in frequency of double cleansing after makeup, exfoliating, massaging or applying mask packs, using sunscreen(p<.01, p<.001, p<.01, p<.01). Further, intake rates of instant food and moisture were meaningfully different between them(p<.001, p<.05). In addition, the majors more tended to purchase cosmetics efficiently through lots of channels, and showed more active attitude to buy high-price cosmetics with outstanding properties although they have financial burden(p<.001). It was hoped that the results of this study would be used in skin care industry and education area in the future.
A Study on Activation Strategies of Occupational Health and Safety Management System using SWOT/AHP Analysis
Son, Il-Moon ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2895~2902
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2895
The Occupational health and safety is an important factor in the competitiveness of an enterprise. In this paper, activation strategies of OHSMS(Occupational health and safety management system) were systematically and quantitatively analyzed and suggested using SWOT/AHP(Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunity, Threat/Analytic Hierarchy Process) analysis. In these results, activation strategies of this system can be suggested as followings ; Making worker safety-friendly image of enterprise, developing the quantitative indices related to management results in accreditation programs of OHSMS, constructing the relationship between OHSMS and product safety management, and developing the customized integrated accreditation system.
A Study on the Formation of Architectural Design Education
Kim, Hyoung-Jun ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2903~2908
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2903
The architectural design methodology had been changed under control of Modern life. At that time, architectural design education was formed directly by modern architects for their professional characteristics, introducing the architectural design education to our college education of architecture on various sides. The purpose of this study is to explore the formation of architectural design education and its origin meaning on the basis of subjects and learning factors in the institute of architectural design education. The spacial subjects and learning factors can be studied in the aspect of process and method that molds architectural design education. As a result of this study, two properties in the architectural design education were revealed. One property is creation that was revealed by Ecoles des Beaux-Arts` architectural design education. Another property is that rationality that was revealed by in Ecole Polytecnique`s architectural design education.
A Study on the Leadership of Team Leaders and the Organizational Commitment of the Followers in an Employment Service Agencies
Lee, Man-Ki ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2909~2920
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2909
The roles of public and private employment service agencies have been considered crucially important due to the increasing interest of employment services and policies since the Korean Currency Crisis. Eventually, the roles of a manager and a follower of employment service agencies have been of greater importance. In this study, several means concerning the improvement in organizational performances are suggested by studying the leadership`s influence of a team leader in employment service agency over the organizational commitment of the followers. In addition to this, influential factors exerted to the organizational performances in an employment service agency have been analysed by the justice awareness between the two groups - team leaders and followers. The analytic results have shown that the transactional leadership has nothing to do with the organizational commitment whereas the transformational leadership has the positive influence over the organizational commitment. However, the leadership of a leader surely influences both distributional and procedural justice. With these facts, it has been proven that these justice have also influenced on the organizational committment. Throughout the process, it has been identified that the distributional justice has more impact on the organizational commitment rather than on the procedural justice.
The Effects of Factors of Partnership between Suppliers and Buyers toward on Collaboration and Supply Chain Performance
Jung, Chul-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2921~2929
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2921
This study aims to empirically analyze the structural effects of partnership characteristics between buyers and suppliers on the performance in supply chains. To this end, an in-depth literature review was performed in advance and four partnership characteristics involving information sharing, participativeness, interdependence, solidarity were identified, and a research model was validated by incorporating collaboration, trust, satisfaction. To analyze data collected from 124 companies, structural equation modeling was employed to test hypotheses proposed in this study and the findings are shown as follow. First, the partnership between buyers and suppliers was confirmed to have a positive effect on collaboration, trust and satisfaction. Second, both of trust and satisfaction were found to positively influence collaboration. Third, our findings also validated that collaboration and trust between buyers and suppliers had significant influences on supply chain performance, however, we found no evidence of a statistically significant relationship between satisfaction and performance. Based on these findings, discussions on the implications of this study and suggestions for further research were given finally.
The Effects of Corporate Owner Structure on Stock Returns
Lee, Hae-Young ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2930~2936
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2930
This paper examines the effects of corporate ownership structure variables on stock returns. The dependent variables identified in this paper include the equity ratio of large shareholders, institutional investors and foreign investors, and the control variables are firm size, book-to-market ratio, and earning-to-price ratio and leverage. This paper finds that the results of regressions say that institutional investors and foreign investors, firm size, book-to-market ratio and earning-to-price ratio can explain the differences in stock returns using panel data.
An Analysis on the Current Farm Management Record Practices and Characteristics
Lee, Sang-Hak ; Choi, Se-Hyun ; Son, Chan-Soo ; Ha, Hyun-Jung ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2937~2948
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2937
Record-keeping is one of the most fundamental practices in good farm management as it shows a systemic managerial and analytic data essential for a successful farm operation. Despite such obvious benefits in record-keeping, however, today`s farmers do not take advantage of this practice for various reasons. To make the matter worse, not much research has been done to resolve this incompatibility. Therefore, it is urgent for both the government and the farmers to come up with a better method or book of record-keeping that will show the farmers where their operation has been in the past, where it is now, and where it is heading in the future. This study will survey and analyze the current status of record-keeping practice among farmers using statistic models such as logit and ordered probit model. The results showed that the majority of the farmers lack knowledge about management record. Also, appropriate record-keeping books and related education were not available. Therefore, the government should develop and provide farmers with record-keeping books that are easy to use and at the same time giving proper education about agricultural management skills. Finally, this study suggests some improvement plans about agricultural record-keeping based on the results drawn.
The Study on the relationship between the brain function of obese population and their level of obesity based on brainwave
Kim, Sun-Hyung ; Bak, Ki-Ja ; Yi, Seon-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2949~2954
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2949
This study was to examine the correlation between the brain function of adult suffering from obesity and the level of their obesity based on brainwave measurements. Based on the result of Body Composition Analysis (BCA) examination, population of 651 overweight pupils was chosen from June 2011 to December of 2012 in S city, I hospital. These patients were measured by timeseries linear analysis for their brain function and observed via brainwave activities. The results have been thus far; first, as their BMI (Body Mass Index) and level of obesity (body fat percentage) were higher, degree of mental stress and resistant to stress marked lower. These results prove that by managing the stress resistant ability and attention ability, self-controlling ability, one can expect a positive effect on finding a methods to ease the obese-related problems.
A Study on Multiple Product Dynamic Lot-sizing
Kang, Yong-Ha ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2955~2963
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2955
This study presents a column generation approach for multiple product dynamic lot-sizing problem. The basic idea of this approach is to have a master problem which allocates limited capacity among n different products and a sub-problem that performs the optimal lot sizing for each product subject to capacity allocation given by the master problem. In the sub-problem, we develop M/G/1 queuing model based clearing function which captures nonlinear relationship between the lot size, the work in process level and the throughput. A large number of test problems are randomly generated to evaluate the performance. Computational results show that the proposed model can find better solutions within reasonable CPU times.
Characteristics of Highschool Students about Choosing a University
Roh, Hyo-Lyun ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2964~2970
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2964
The objective of this paper is to understand the characteristics of highschool students in selecting a career. The subject included 750 students from, who became a university student in 2011. The most of number of students answered that they applied to 3 to 4 universities and they decided their major and university on their last year of high school. Many placed weight on the major rather than the school. Among types of selecting career, family-type received the most voted. In selecting a major, the most answered that they consider their aptitude and then career opportunity. Most students said they were equipped with information and knowledge about the major they applied for beforehand. In selecting a university, many mainly applied for the ones with the highest chance of getting accepted. Many said they learned of the university from their high school/teacher or through the internet. A very few answered that they learned of the university through media such as TV/radio and newspaper. Therefore, appropriate information should be provided to the ones who have the greatest influence on students in selecting a career, family. Also, universities need to develop a promotion strategy that utilizes high schools as well as the internet and smartsphones.
Research on democratic civic education for young children recognized by childcare teacher
Kim, Yong-Sook ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2971~2982
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2971
This study aimed at analyzing teachers` perception of democratic civic education. A total of 200 childcare teachers participated in the survey, and frequency analysis and cross-tabulation analysis were performed to analyze the survey data. According to the results of the study, first, the childcare teachers were significantly different in the teachers` factors on necessity and difficulty of democratic civic education. The childcare teachers perceived the necessity of democratic civic education, and attributed the cause of the difficulties in democratic civic education to parents` attitudes. Second, there weren`t significant differences in the teacher`s factors on the content and methods of democratic civic education. Therefore, in this study, it is emphasized that democratic civic education is related to young children`s homes and communities, and reorganization of democratic civic education programs based on development of young children is suggested.
A Study on Eco-systemic Factors that affect the independent will of the female single parent householder
Lee, Eun-Hee ; Choi, Gwang-Seon ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2983~2990
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2983
The purpose of this study is to examine the eco-systemic factors that affect the independent will of female single parent householder The subjects were 176 female single parent householder who reside in public facilities for single mother family. Collected date were analyzed through frequency, percentage, correlation and hierarchical regression analysis. The results are as follow. The factors that affect the female single parent householder`s independent will are the age, duration of living in public facilities, levels of self-efficacy, the ability to cope with problem-solving, and the levels of support received from extended family. According to these findings, intervention strategies that focus on increasing the female single parent householder`s independent will are suggested.
The Effects of Attitudes toward Disabled Children on Integrated Childcare Attitudes in Regular Parents
Kang, Young-Sik ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 2991~2999
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.2991
In this study, a survey was carried out on 150 parents who have regular children attending integrated childcare centers in J area, through March 2 to March 10, 2012, with the purpose of figuring out the Effects of Attitudes toward Disabled Children on Integrated Childcare Attitudes in Regular Parents. The results are summarized as follows. First, the effect of attitudes toward disabled children on regular integrated childcare attitudes showed that cognitive and emotional factors had a statistically significant positive effect on regular attitudes. Second, the effect of attitudes toward disabled children on children`s activities and teachers` concerns for integrated childcare showed that cognitive and behavioral factors had a statistically significant positive effect on children`s activities and teachers` concerns. Third, the effect of attitudes toward disabled children on behavioral problems of integrated childcare showed that cognitive, emotional and behavioral factors had a statistically significant positive effect on behavioral problems. As for findings stated as above, there was a difference in integrated childcare attitude depending on regular parents` attitude toward disabled children. This implies that there is a difference in cognitive and emotional attitudes toward disabled children in regular parents, acting as positive factors that raise the integrated childcare attitude for the improvement of perception on these factors. Consequently, for the integrated childcare, both disabled children and regular children should admit each other`s diversity and accept different each other`s existence, and the perception change of parents, who try to respect and learn together, should be preceded.
The Relationship Between Belief In Luck of Stock Traders and Satisfaction and Loyalty of Stock Trading Services
Joo, Jae-Woo ; Kim, Bo-Young ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3000~3006
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3000
We investigate whether the belief in good luck of stock traders influences their satisfaction with and their loyalty to a stock trading service. In particular, we tested whether the online stock traders who have irrational beliefs in good luck (e.g., I am a lucky person) (1) are satisfied with their online stock trading service more strongly and (2) stay with it longer than the online stock traders who have rational beliefs in good luck (e.g., luck does not exist). We have tested satisfaction, loyalty, and belief in good luck among 412 online stock traders and tested our two hypotheses. Our findings contribute to the academic research on service satisfaction and loyalty as well as provide implications to online stock trading service providers.
Longitudinal and short term effects of senior life plans of the middle aged employee on life satisfaction
An, Gi-Seon ; Kim, Yun-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3007~3015
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3007
This study gave an insight into senior life plans and life satisfaction of the middle aged employee over 45 and under 60 years of age, listed in the KLIPS data for 2001 (4th year) and 2008 (11th year), so as to grasp levels of senior life plans of the middle aged employee as well as the longitudinal and short term effects of senior life plans on life satisfaction. The study findings showed as follow: First, For the period of years, the middle aged employees` health got worse and jobs got instable. Second, economic and physical senior life plans of the middle aged employee turned out below an average of three points which means preparations made below the normal level, whereas senior life plans in terms of relation and leisure and social activities came out with more than an average of three points, respectively, which means preparations made above the normal level. Third, as a result of looking into longitudinal effects of the 2001 senior life plans on life satisfaction, the level of senior life plans for leisure and social activities got higher, life satisfaction stayed higher in the year of 2001. In 2008, however, the higher level of economic plans for senior life came out with a higher rate of life satisfaction. From a short-term perspective, therefore, leisure and social activities to enjoy life impose a great impact on life satisfaction, whereas from a long-term viewpoint economic plans for senior life is regarded to be of greater importance.
Children Pain Using Four Pain Assessment Tools - Faces, Glasses, Chips, Colors
Kim, Kyeong-Uoon ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3016~3022
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3016
The purpose of this study is to measure and evaluate the degree of the pain using tools such as faces, glasses, chips, and colors for 96 children in three general hospitals. The children preferred faces, glasses, chips and colors in order, and they preferred orange color for pain-free and black for intense pain. The pain score was significantly high with the children who did not have experience in hospital except colors tool in the difference by means of general characteristics(faces, glasses, chips; p<0.05). Faces, glasses, chips, colors tools are pain assessment tools which are easy simple to handle by children including family and medical personnel. We expect these tools will be used in many ways to assess pain according to a child`s age in a clinical setting.
Effects of Home-based Virtual Reality on Upper Extremity Motor Function for Stroke - An Experimenter Blind Case Study
Lee, Jung-Ah ; Hwang, Su-Jin ; Song, Chiang-Soon ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3023~3029
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3023
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the home-based virtual reality (VR) on upper extremity motor function in hemiparetic stroke patients. Two matched subjects with left hemiplegia were volunteered to participate in this study. One subject received the home-based VR whereas the other subject recovered a modified home-based constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT). Both interventions were given for 4 hours x 5 times a week for 4 weeks. Outcome measures included Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA), Motor Activity Log (MAL), and Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT). The VR-trained subject showed considerable improvement in all the tested motor functions when compared with the home-based CIMT. Specifically, the FMA measure demonstrated that the VR subject showed 17% enhancement whereas the CIMT subject showed 5% increase. Similarly, Amount of Use (AOU) and Quality of Movement (QOM) of the MAL scores of the VR subject showed 40% and 20% increase whereas the CIMT subject showed 0% and 20% increase, respectively. The WMFT scores of the VR subject and CIMT subject showed 20% increase. Our home-based VR was effective in upper extremity motor recovery of chronic hemiparetic patients even when compared with the well-established CIMT approach in stroke victims.
The Efficacy of Pulmonary Rehabilitation Using Mechanical In-Exsufflator in Stroke Patients with Tracheostomy Tube
Jang, Sang-Hun ; Lee, Yean-Seop ; Kim, Jin-Sang ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3030~3036
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3030
The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of mechanical in-exsufflator (MI-E) with on pulmonary rehabilitation in stroke patients with trachostomy tube. Methods： We studied ten stroke patients who had neither history nor radiologic finding of pulmonary disease. The pulmonary function was evaluated by measuring forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume at one second (FEV1) and forced expiratory ratio (FEV1/FVC) The capacity of cough was evaluated by measuring manual assisted peak cough flow (MPCF). Data were analyzed statistically using repeated ANOVA test. Results：The results were as follows : 1) There are significant improvement of FVC and FEV1 according to training period (p<.05). 2) There are significant improvement of MPCF according to training period (p<.05). Conclusion：These results suggest that MI-E training can be used as an effective therapeutic modality for improvement of pulmonary function and capacity of cough in stroke patients with tracheostomy.
The Study on Computer Workstation, Rest and Musculoskeletal Symptoms in High School Students
Yoon, Tae-Hyung ; Cha, Tae-Hyun ; Hwang, Sang-Hui ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3037~3047
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3037
This study is the investigation research to look into rest, computer work environment and muscle and bone symptom of high school students in some area. With high school students in K area as the object the questionnaires of self-writing type were distributed and the final 685 copies were collected and material analysis was carried out. In the differences between work posture and environment evaluation score following whether or not of pain existing of the each part of pain, the score of the persons who do not have pain was significantly higher than the score of the persons who have pain. The negative correlation between the part of pain and work environment was in desk(shoulder), chair(neck, shoulder, back, and ankle/foot), monitor(shoulder, back) keyboard (neck, shoulder, and ankle/foot) appeared as the result. Controling monitor and chair environment is help to alleviate neck pain and ankle/foot pain respectively. Therefore, computer work environment and bone and muscle symptom have relations and as the use of computer increases, prevention program which can relieve muscle and bone symptom by improving computer work environment is necessary.
VHI, V-RQOL, and vocal characteristics of teacher and singer
Hong, Ju-Hye ; Hwang, Young-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3048~3056
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3048
The purpose of this study was to investigate VHI, V-RQOL, and vocal characteristics of a teacher and singer. 56 subjects were participated in this study (20 subjects are a teacher with vocal nodule, 20 subjects are a singer with vocal nodule, and 16 subjects are normal speakers). All subjects completed the VHI, V-RQOL, and vocal characteristics were measured using CSL 4500(Kay Pentax. USA). 21 subjects completed the VHI, V-RQOL, and vocal evaluation using CSL 4500 twice to assess test-retest reliability. A statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences 18.0 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL). The VHI and V-RQOL showed that the teacher and singer group were significantly higher than those of the control group in functional, physical and emotional aspects(p<0.05). the acoustic analysis using CSL 4500 showed the teacher and singer group were significantly higher than those of the the control group in fundamental frequency related variables, fundamental perturbation related variables, amplitude perturbation related variables, noise related variable, and tremor related variables(p<0.05). Conclusionally, the teacher and singer group recognized their voice problems as a serious physico-functional aspects.
The relationship between the patient`s health beliefs and the implementation of functional movement rehabilitation and ability to perform ADL in stroke patients
Mun, Byeong-Mu ; Lee, Yeon-Seop ; Lee, Byung-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3057~3064
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3057
In this study, we have tried to identify the relationship between the patient`s health belief and the implementation of functional movement rehabilitation and ability to perform ADL in stroke patient, and have done this study to use this as evidence in treating stroke patients in clinical trials by providing a basis data of stroke patients` successful rehabilitation program. We targeted stroke patients who were diagnosed with stroke and are hospitalized in D hospital in J City, Jeollabuk-do, South Korea. More over, we distributed a total of 150 questionnaires to patients who understand the purpose of the research and agreed to participate. We were able to collect 132questionnaires at the end. However, 11 had insufficient data so we only analyzed and evaluated 121 of the said questionnaires. We did frequency analysis to understand the general characteristics by using SPSS for Windows(ver.12.0) program and we used Pearson`s Correlation Coefficient and regression analysis to know the relationship between the patient`s health beliefs and the implementation of rehabilitation and ability to perform ADL in stroke patients. The results of this study shows that patients with higher perceived sensitivity, perceived benefit and perceived severity equates to an implementation of the rehabilitation better, however patients with a lower perceived disability equates an implementation of functional movement rehabilitation better than those with a higher perceived disability.
Well-Being Levels and Well-Being Behavior, and Its Related Factors Among Women in Daegu City
Yoo, Su-Jung ; Cho, Sung-Hyoun ; HwangBo, Gak ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3065~3073
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3065
The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of well-being behavior of women living in Daegu and analyze their well-being levels according to their socio-demographic variables, thereby determining the effects of each variable on well-being behavior. A survey of 320 women was conducted and T-test, ANOVA was conducted for the well-being levels and well-being behavior based on socio-demographic variables. Multiple regression analysis was analyze the factors affecting well-being behavior. The major findings of this study were as follows. A higher level of education led to a higher level of well-being. Moreover, educational or counseling workers, those with higher monthly incomes, those with higher expenses spent on self-management, those who considered their physical condition good, and those who drank once or twice a week showed higher levels of well-being. According to the analysis of the variables influencing well-being behavior, those with an older age, a higher level of education, and higher expenses for self-management and non-smokers revealed higher degrees of involvement in well-being behavior. We need to maintain women`s identity by establishing values of and beliefs in well-being and inspiring them with healthy consciousness of well-being so that we can encourage them to participate in sound well-being behavior.
Effect of Sling Lmubar Stabilization Exercise Program on the Balance of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients
Bae, Young-Hyeon ; Park, Sun-Hee ; Lee, Hye-Lim ; Lee, Suk-Min ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3074~3084
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3074
The purpose of this study lies in examining how sling lumbar stabilization exercise affects static standing balance of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. The subjects were forty patients who were diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis. They were randomly assigned either to a experimental group (n
Knowledge, Attitude, and Performance Competence on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Football Players
Moon, Tae-Young ; Park, Sun-Mun ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3085~3093
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3085
The purpose of this study is to examine difference in knowledge level, attitude and performance competence on CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) in football players. For this, questionnaire survey was carried out from October 5, 2011 to October 19 targeting 234 football players of high schools and universities where are located in Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Gangwon-do Province. The collected data was carried out frequency, t-test ANOVA, and correlation analysis by using SPSS/PC 19.0 for Windows. All the statistical analyses were set for significance level in p<.05. The results are as follows. Knowledge level, attitude and performance competence on CPR according to football players` general characteristics were indicated to have influence upon gender, academic background, and the appearance of educational experience in CPR. It was indicated that there is difference between CPR-related characteristics, and knowledge level, attitude & performance competence. Also, it was indicated that there is correlation among knowledge level, attitude and performance competence on CPR in football players. Based on these results, it accurately grasps experience and knowledge level on CPR in football players, thereby making a place available for having a game with security, resulting in being considered to possibly make the better sports.
A study of inpatient satisfaction levels at general hospitals
Jung, Sang-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3094~3101
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3094
This study provides fundamental data in order to obtain improved medical services and competitiveness by analyzing the satisfaction level of patients receiving inpatient services at general hospitals. Data from self-administered surveys distributed to inpatient subjects at local general hospitals was collected from 09/19/2011 to 09/30/2011. Firstly, the results of 320 surveys show that the average level of satisfaction from inpatient services was 3.25 (maximum 4.0). Secondly, the results from general characteristics and satisfaction from medical care provider services showed that there is a statistical significance regarding medical treatment, health condition, the number of times admitted to the hospital, and hospital environment including hospital admittance/release proceeders. Also the satisfaction with other services is statistically significant with regards to age, medical treatment, health condition, and the number of times admitted to the hospital. Thirdly, there is a statistically significant positive correlation between inpatient services and levels of satisfaction. Finally, from the analysis of factors influencing inpatient satisfaction showed that physician services and other services significantly affect satisfaction. In conclusion, in order to increase inpatient levels of satisfaction the workforce involved medical treatment of patients need to be retained and a variety of programs need to be in operation that will satisfy patients while they stay in the hospital. Further research is expected.
Contraceptive Knowledge and Contraceptive Attitude of Female Nursing Students of a College
Lee, Inn-Sook ; Cho, A-Young ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3102~3111
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3102
This study was conducted in order to investigate the contraceptive knowledge, contraceptive attitude and the relationship of the two variables of female nursing students of a college. In this study, 254 female nursing college students by a convenience sample method were studied. Data were collected from October, 17 to November, 11, 2011 and analysed using SPSS/PC Win 12.0 program. Results: The contraceptive knowledge of the subjects significantly differed according to the grade, school record, premarital sexual intercourse, premarital residence, experience of hugging, kissing, and petting. The contraceptive attitude of the subjects significantly differed according to contraceptive education at home, experience of hugging, kissing, and petting. Contraceptive knowledge and contraceptive attitude showed significant positive relationship. The factors influencing contraceptive knowledge were grade, school record, opinion on premarital cohabitation, and the experience of petting. The factors influencing contraceptive attitude were the experience of hugging and contraceptive education at home. College should provide nursing students adequate contraceptive education program according to their general and sexual behavior characteristics.
Job Satisfaction and Related Factors Among Nursing Officers
Kim, Eun-Hye ; Cho, Young-Chae ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3112~3122
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3112
This study was performed to determine the job satisfaction and its association with sociodemographic and health related characteristics, job-related factors and job stress among nursing officers. The survey was administered to 350 nursing officers working at military hospitals of the ROK Armed Forces, from May 30 to June 15. The structured self-administered questionnaires were delivered and they were collected without respondents` personal information. As a results, The job satisfaction of respondents turned out to be significantly higher in the group of elder, current drunker, higher positional status, a longer job career, department of general wards, satisfied with their work, fit to the job, haven`t considered quitting the job, lower job demand, higher decision latitude and higher support from supervisor. Especially, job stress is highly correlated with job satisfaction. Therefore, to initiate inner motives leading to higher job satisfaction to provide a better working environment for nursing officers, serious effort is necessary to improve the factors related with job stress.
A study of factors influencing precocious puberty
Kim, Me-Wha ; Lee, Sung-Kook ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3123~3131
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3123
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the timing of precocious puberty and the factors inducing precocious puberty in elemental school girls students of low grades. The 1st, 2nd, and 3rd grade 253 elemental girls students from the Goryong province were randomly selected, G and D elemental school. sexual maturation rate was assessed physical examination by the parents. After obtaining an informed consent, a questionnaire was administered to the parents; sexual maturation rate was assessed by self physical examination, eating habits, lifestyle and home background were evaluated to determine the factors that induced precocious puberty. The data were statistically analyzed. We selected 253 girls: The total percentage of the precocious puberty was 26.1%. 7(7.8%) 6-year-old girls, 9 (13.2%) 7-year-old girls, 50 (52.6%) 8-year-old girls were in breast stage 2 and over. The main factors influencing precocious puberty were obesity scale, frequency of eating instant food, TV watching time, stress levels and broken family. A high rating on the obesity scale and high frequency of eating instant food, too much time in front of TV, high stress and broken family indicated advanced stage of puberty. This study show that prevalence ratio of the precocious puberty was 26.1%. The significant influencing factors in advanced puberty were obesity scale and frequency of instant food, TV watching time, high stress and broken family.
Effect of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy on Pain and Function in Patients with Rotator Cuff Tendinitis
Seo, Hyung-Seok ; Sung, Youn-Bum ; Lee, Jung-Ho ; Park, Young-Han ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3132~3139
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3132
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether extracorporeal shock wave (ESWT) is an effective treatment for rotator cuff tendinitis. Study subjects included 32 patients (16 in the experimental group and 16 in the control group). The patients were evaluated by assessing pain and function using visual analog scale (VAS), pressure pain threshold (PPT), Constant and Murley Scale (CMS), and simple shoulder test (SST). The results of this study indicated that ESWT after the subjects in the experimental group experienced significant changes in pain, range of motion, muscle strength, and function when compared to the control group. These results indicate that ESWT could be considered as an effective and efficient treatment for rotator cuff tendinitis.
CPW-fed Compact Slot Antenna Matched by T-shaped Stub
Lee, Jong-Ig ; Yeo, Jun-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3140~3145
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3140
In this paper, a design method for a compact slot antenna fed by a coplanar waveguide (CPW) is studied. A T-shaped tuning stub is inserted inside a narrow rectangular slot and the slot is impedance matched to the CPW feedline by adjusting the width, length, and position of the stub. The resonance frequency is adjustable by the slot length and the antenna size can be reduced by bending the slot. The resonance frequency and impedance matching property of the compact slot antenna are similar to those of the half-wavelength slot antenna, which enables one to design compact antenna of this type with ease. A compact slot antenna for 2.45-GHz ISM band is designed, fabricated on an FR4 substrate (dielectric constant of 4.4 and thickness of 0.8 mm), and experimentally tested. The measured results agree well with the simulations, which confirms the validity of this study. The fabricated compact slot antenna shows an impedance bandwidth of 200 MHz(2.32-2.52 GHz) for a VSWR < 2, which is suitable for 2.45-GHz ISM band (2.4-2.48 GHz). The measured radiation patterns show
-shaped directional pattern in the E-plane and nearly omni-directional pattern in the H-plane with a peak gain of 2.0 dBi, which are similar to those of a monopole antenna. The proposed antenna is expected to be suitable for the applications as antennas for WLAN, RFID, and mobile handset.
The Fabrication and Design of Driving Circuit for LCD panel using the high efficiency LED
Ryu, Jang-Ryeol ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3146~3151
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3146
For using them as a optical source of inspections equipment for LCD panel, the design ofexcellent backlight system, brightness uniformity and high power and good protection against heat is essential.In this paper, backlight system which is built in the 45 inch side emitting LCD backlight by LED arraystructure and driving circuit were designed and developed. After that, their performances were measured. Itshowed the luminance from 3,000 to 25,000[
], the mean value x:0.3144, y:0.3076 of x-y chromaticity,dimming range of 27~515[
], free flicker noise in the 80kHz and black level of 0.7~0.1[
], thermaltest of cooling system in 20,000[
] over values.
Instruction-level Power Model for Asynchronous Processor
Lee, Je-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3152~3159
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3152
This paper presents the new instruction-level power model for an asynchronous processor. Until now, the various power models for estimating the power dissipation of embedded processor in SoC are proposed. Since all of them are target to the synchronous processors, the accuracy is questionable when we apply those power models to the asynchronous processor in SoC. To solve this problem, we present new power model for an asynchronous processor by reflecting the behavioral features of an asynchronous circuit. The proposed power model is verified using an implementation of asynchronous processor, A8051. The simulation results of the proposed model is compared with the measurement result of gate-level synthesized A8051. The proposed power model shows the accuracy of 90.7% and the simulation time for estimation the power consumption was reduced to 1,900 times.
CharacteristicProperties of Low-k Thin Film Deposited by Sputtering
Oh, Teresa ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3160~3164
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3160
To obtain available process at low temperature, SiOC thin film was prepared with various flow rates by using the rf magnetron sputtering, and AZO thin film was also deposited on SiOC film by rf magnetron sputtering system. The optical electrical properties of the SiOC film and SiOC/AZO were analyzed by the uv visible spectrometer and PL spectra. SiOC film on n type Si showed various type emission according to the deposition condition. The SiOC film showed the blue shift with increasing the thickness in PL spectra. AZO/SiOC/Si film had a broad emission characteristic, which is enhanced the efficiency in solar cell.
Development of the auto leveling mechanism for side-by-side refrigerator doors
Weng, Lei ; Yun, Jae-Deuk ; Jung, Yoong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3165~3174
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3165
Recently the increasingly common large refrigerator is the side by side(SBS) refrigerator whose freezing chamber and refrigerating chamber are set side by side. But one of the biggest dissatisfaction of customers about SBS refrigerator is that the two doors don`t meet the same height when they are closed. It is called door height difference(DHD). The main cause of DHD is the unevenness of floor on which a refrigerator is placed or the cabinet deformation caused by long time use. When the DHD is confirmed, the customer or maintenance personnel use wrench to adjust the support screw to make the refrigerator to reach the horizontal position. But for big refrigerator, it is not only difficult for women and old people who don`t have enough force to adjust it, but also inappropriate to require customers to do this job. In order to resolve this problem, this research proposes a new mechanism which can detect the DHD and adjust two doors to the same height automatically. The adjustment would be completed during opening and closing the doors, avoid needing hard operation with wrench by hand.
A QoS Adaption Model on the Policy-Based Network Management in the IMS
Han, Seok-Jun ; Lee, Jae-Oh ; Kang, Seung-Chan ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3175~3181
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3175
The need of multimedia based application service is increasing as the number of smart mobile devices such as smart phone, tablet PC, and netbook is increasing rapidly and the development of application service like IPTV. There are various proposed policies to control the limited network resources. The IMS is used to control wired and wireless aggregation network to support multimedia services that are suitable to the user`s need and the policy based models using the PDF of the IMS have emerged. In this paper, we propose the QoS adaption model using various protocols with the PDF of the IMS and the user scenario.
A Mashup Customization Technique of Mobile Service based on RESTful
Kim, Chul-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3182~3187
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3182
Business needs of companies to require smart work have been increased use of mobile services and the research for the mobile service architecture to respond to the diverse needs of business operations is required. For providing variety of mobile services, customization research for the mobile platform should be performed. Mobile service to provide integration services and device continuity should be able to integrated(Mashup) among services using open interface(Open API). This paper provides the mashup customization technique that can meet a variety of requirements by integration among such services.
An Algorithm on Improving a Pitch Searching by Energy Compensation in a Frame for Vocoder
Baek, Geum-Ran ; Min, So-Yeon ; Bae, Myung-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3188~3193
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3188
It is important to search a pitch for vocoder. The major drawback to vocoders is their large computational requirements in searching a pitch and a codebook. In this paper, a simple method is proposed to improve the pitch searching process in the pitch filter almost without degradation of quality. The period of speech signal is emphasized by using Dual Pulse technique, the same type of autocorrelation method, in pitch search. Sometimes the incorrect pitch can be obtained by halving, doubling and trifling, To solve it, before searching a pitch, we estimate energy rate in a frame and compensate envelop of signal with it. By using the proposed algorithm in pitch search, its required computation are reduced and searching pitch is improved.
A Study on Advanced Frame of Core-Banking Model
Weon, Dal-Soo ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3194~3200
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3194
The aim of the paper is systematically to organize the historical facts of financial IT development process through various tracking and proved knowledge, it is to propose the direction and the advanced frame of core-banking model in next generation for the year 2020s. To achieve it, this study variously analyzed the meaningful pattern of development process of financial IT by backtracking life-cycle of Core-Banking model and it presented new model of Core-Banking for the past 40 years. In research findings, the life cycle of financial IT system and core-banking model have been analyzed about 10 years and the longest model of life cycle is about 33 years. As a result, It proved to be desirable that the advanced frame of the Core-Banking model adds the functions of business hub and product life cycle management to basic frame of its existing model in the future. In addition, big bang development method of new next generation system must be sublated. Also, They need to be initiated more business-oriented than IT-oriented. Along with this, the financial IT should be developed into the convergence industry, and it needs to extend the systematization of Core-Banking model studies and more professionals. Finally, this study has arranged the financial IT development process in domestic and presents new frame through analyzing intensively the Core-Banking model for the first time Therefore, it can be contributed to serve the guideline regarding the direction in new next generation system.
Analysis and Design of Waveguide Iris Polarizer for Rotation of Polarization Plane
Yang, Doo-Yeong ; Lee, Min-Soo ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3201~3206
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3201
In this paper, the simplified design methodology for rotation of polarization plane using a square waveguide is proposed. In order to optimize the characteristics of
polarizer operating from 14.3GHz to 14.8GHz in Ku-band, the modified mode matching method and piecewise power tower interpolation are applied to the polarizer design. The optimized results show that the frequency bandwidth in VSWR<2 has covered 500MHz in the Ku-band and phase difference between two orthogonal modes
in the range of 14.3GHz~14.8GHz. The cross polarization loss has obtained below 40dB and the insertion loss has 0.1dB in the passband. Therefore, the proposed polarizer is suitable for practical Ku-band system requiring the low VSWR and compact size.
Nonlocal elasticity theory for bending and free vibration analysis of nano plates
Lee, Won-Hong ; Han, Sung-Cheon ; Park, Weon-Tae ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3207~3215
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3207
In this paper, we study the bending and free vibration analysis of nano plate, using a nonlocal elasticity theory of Eringen with a third-order shear deformation theory. This theory has ability to capture the both small scale effects and quadratic variation of shear strain and consequently shear stress through the plate thickness. Analytical solutions of bending and vibration of a laminated composite nano plate are presented using this theory to illustrate the effect of nonlocal theory on deflection of the nano plates. The relations between nonlocal third-order and local theories are discussed by numerical results. Further, effects of (i) nonlocal parameters, (ii) laminate schemes, (iii) directions of the fiber angle and (iv) number of layers on nondimensional deflections are investigated. In order to validate the present solutions, the reference solutions are used and discussed. The results of anisotropic nano plates using the nonlocal theory may be the benchmark test for the bending analysis.
Case Study of Stress Concentration Ratio of Composite Ground Improved by Deep Cement Mixing Method
Yoo, Wan-Kyu ; Kim, Byoung-Il ; Kim, Young-Uk ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3216~3223
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3216
Deep cement mixing method (DCM) is one of the most effective improving methods for deep soft ground. The strength of soft soil can be increased in a short period of time with less noise and vibration. However, it is necessary to determine the stress transferring and concentration ratio of the composite soft ground for estimating the settlement behaviors. In this study, a model test was undertaken to investigate the stress distribution of the improved soil. Results of the model test shows that stresses were concentrated mainly on the improved areas by DCM and the concentration ratios (35.4, 28.6, 27.02) were obtained using several different techniques. These were well in accordance with other previous research results (26.52, 32.5).
A Study on the Urban Compactness Evaluation of Korean Metropolises
Lee, Il-Hee ; Lee, Joo-Hyung ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3224~3231
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3224
It is necessary to study more integrated and objective method of urban compactness evaluation. Accordingly, the author examined precedent study and references related to the theory of compact city with the aim of deducing the urban planning factors from them. And then, these factors are objectified through the survey and interview with experts, and each of the factors is given a weighting by the AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) Method. Based on these evaluation model, the urban compactness of Korean Metropolitan Cities such as Busan, Incheon, Daegu, Gwangju, Daejeon, Ulsan, are analyzed their relative gap. The result of this study, as a foundational data for decision-making on the urban policy, could be useful for compact city planning such as regeneration of old town center etc.
Slope Stability due to Additional Embankment
Lee, Seung-Hyun ; Jang, In-Sung ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3232~3236
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3232
Consolidation and remedies for slope stability were considered for the slope with additional embankment. Transferred stresses due to additional embankment were assessed by the derived formula based on elasticity theory. Available remedies for slope stability with additional embankment including JSP method, stone column method and EPS method were studied. Caution needed for using JSP method is high pressure which can result in heaving of adjacent soils. Shortages of used case and noise of construction of stone column method are also considered for the safe remedy for slope stability.
A Study on the Correlation between City`s Built Environment and Residents` Health -A Case study of small and medium-sized cities in korea
Lee, Kyung-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3237~3243
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3237
The purpose of this study is to analyze city`s built environment that have influence on residents` health in the 40 small and medium-sized cities. In the study, landuse, urban form and facility accessibility of cities and other socio-demographic variables were used as explanatory variables, and a statistical analysis was carried out by applying multi-level analysis. Analysis shows that a high level of population density lower the obesity, and a high level of landuse-mix have a positive effect on EQ-5D & hypertension. In terms of urban form and facility accessibility, residents show a high level of obesity in an environment where roads are closely connected and access to bus service is bad. Finally, as more access to open space have a positive effect on EQ-5D. Therefore, landuse-mix, access to public transportation and open space should be used for planning factors to make a health improvement plan in cities.
Risk Assessment of Submerged Floating Tunnels based on Fuzzy AHP
Han, Sang-Hun ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3244~3251
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3244
In the construction and operation of large marine structure, hazard risk analysis is one of important factors. Therefore, this paper investigates the hazard risk indexes and evaluates the risk level in the construction and operation of SFT on the basis of expert survey and Fuzzy analytic hierarchy process. Hazard risk is divided into natural hazard risk (earthquake, typhoon, tsunami, and ice collision) and human factor hazard risk (fire, explosion, traffic accident, ship or submarine collision). Also, the influence of hazard risk indexes on SFT was evaluated in tunnel tube, supporting system, ventilation tower, foundation, and connection part. As the hazard risk level of SFT is compared with those of bridge, underwater tunnel, and immersed tunnel, the intrinsic risk level of SFT was evaluated. Tsunami and earthquake had higher risk level in natural hazard risk, and the risk levels of fire and explosion were higher in human factor hazard risk. Hazard risk level of SFT was 1.4 times higher than immersed tunnel, and 3.2 times higher than bridge.
A Study for Mechanism and Oxidation Reaction of Substituted Benzyl Alcohols by 2,2`-Bipyridinium Chlorochromate
Kim, Young-Sik ; Park, Young-Cho ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3252~3260
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3252
] was synthesized by the reaction of 2,2`- bipyridine with chromium(VI) trioxide in 6M HCl. The structure was characterized by IR and ICP analysis. The oxidation of benzyl alcohol using 2,2`-bipyridinium chlorochromate in various solvents showed that the reactivity increased with the increase in the order of the dielectric constant(
), in the order: cyclohexene< chloroform
, H, m-Br,
) in N,N`-dimethylformamide. Electron-donating substituents accelerated the reaction, whereas electron acceptor groups retarded the reaction. The Hammett reaction constant(
) was -0.64(303K). The oxidation reactivity of alcohols can be a useful factor to study about physical properties such as thermal stability, when the polysilsesquioxane solution is ready for an applying coating agent. The observed experimental data was used to rationalized the hydride ion transfer in the rate-determining step.
Catalytic Hydrolysis of Sodium Borohydride on LiCoO
- Supported Pt, Ru Catalysts
Ahn, Jong-Gwan ; Choi, Seung-Hoon ; Lee, Su-Chol ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3261~3266
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3261
) known as the material of hydrogen generation and storage can produce the hydrogen via catalytic hydrolysis. This protide chemical could be used in the hydrogen supply system for residential and mobile fuel cells, and thus many researches and developments regarding to these chemicals and decomposition reactions have been implemented. We experimented the hydrolysis of
alkaline solution by metal oxide-supported PGM(platinum group metal) catalysts and measured the generation rate of hydrogen which is product of decomposition reaction. We compared oxides as catalyst supports, and the precious metals, Pt and Ru for the catalysts and studied the effects of amounts of catalyst added and
concentrations on the hydrogen generation rates and patterns.
Isolation and Identification of Marine Bacteria with High Removal Efficiencies for Nitrogen-Phosphate In Gwangyang bay
Lee, Gun-Sup ; Moh, Sang-Hyun ; Chung, Young-Jae ; Kim, So-Jung ; Kim, Young-Jun ; Lee, Sang-Seob ; Lee, Taek-Kyun ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3267~3274
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3267
371 strains of marine bacteria were isolated from Gwangyang bay in Korea. The dominant species were identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Aeromonas hydrophila, P. fluorescens, P. paucimobilis, Chryseomonas luteola and P. vescularis. To screen marine bacteria capable of removing nutrients and organics, marine bacteria was inoculated in 10 mL of marine broth 2216 (DIFCO) with
(100 mg/L), and
(10 mg/L) with 1.0% (v/v), and incubated for 12 h. Results from the screening test, showed that the removal efficiencies for
, ammonia niterogen, nitrate nitrogen, and phosphate were over 25% for 16 strains, 15% for 9 strains, 50% for 63 strains, and 15% for 80 strains, respectively. Aeromonas hydrophila, Chryseomonas indologenes, Pseudomonas diminuta, Vibrio parahaemolyticus were selected for nutrients removal experiments. For the batch test, 4 species of marine bacteria were inoculated in modified marine broth containing with nutrients(
10 mg/L, respectively), incubated for 10 hr and the removal efficiencies were measured.
A Study on 3-Dimensional Advection-Diffusion Model Operating Density Current Generator in Agriculture Lake
An, Jae-Soon ; Lee, Young-Shin ; Oh, Dae-Min ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3275~3284
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3275
This study analyzed a 3D hydrodynamic advection diffusion using the EFDC model (Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code) in the agriculture lake to prevent stratification when we install a water circulator. EFDC model was predicted the range of the water circulator and various operational parameters ware derived for minimize the impact of the internal lake. Through EFDC simulation, water circulation is started overall circulation after 30days and a lake overall circulation showed that it was possible operated the water circulator after about 100days. Also, advection diffusion concentration was low in a lake when water circulator operate intermittent condition than continuous condition. And the entire circulation was stable in this condition. The S/B (Surface/Bottom) ratio can reduce the impact of lake as the surface water mixing a lot of. When the same condition (S/B ratio(3:1)), Case 8 (50days operation: 50days stop) of condition were able to minimize the impact of lake.
A Field Research on Mud Flat Remediation by Biological Treatments
Cho, Dae-Chul ; Bae, Hwan-Jin ; Kwon, Sung-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 13, issue 7, 2012, Pages 3285~3294
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.7.3285
A field test on mud flat remediation was carried out in order to observe the effects of the treatments such as microbial dose and an oxygen releasing compound like
. The size of each treatment site was
and the dosage was 3.6 kg per site. The 6 week monitoring showed that pH on two sites was below 7 and ORP increased from .178~-188 mV to .121~-142 mV. In Ignition loss and COD there were no significant changes. Meanwhile nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations changed: ammonia concentration decreased both on control and treatment sites. Nitrate nitrogen decreased more on combined treatment site than on single microbial treatment (11.3% vs. 7.3%) probably because the extra oxygen supplied by
formed more oxic environment so that the facilitated nitrification might produce more nitrate but the nitrate would be much rapidly released into the water layer out of the sediment. That also explains the total nitrogen reduction(6.1%). Similarly, T-P and
reduced by 29% and 31.8%, respectively on combined treatment sites, resulting from the phosphorus release effect though the initial concentrations of the two factors were considerably high.