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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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The Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 14, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 14, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 14, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 14, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 14, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 14, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
Derivation of predicting regression equations of bonding thickness and deflection of glass edge considering the interaction effects between the parameters
Kim, Youngshin ; Jeon, Euysik ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 511~516
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.511
The thickness and deflection of melting parts of the glass edge reach the biggest effect on the intensity and thermal insulation performance. During the sealing process using a hydrogen mixed gas torch, the thickness and the deflection effect of the edge part are affected by process parameters. In order to analyze the correlative relationship of the thickness prediction and the deflection of the edge part according to the process parameters, data was obtained by conducting sealing experiments. The main effects and interaction effects of process parameters for the thickness and the shape of the glass edge parts were analyzed through the design of experiment. A mathematical experiment equation that can predict the thickness and deflection of the edge part according to the process parameters was developed by conducting multiple regression equations.
Performance Analysis of the Soft Ice-cream Maker Having Two Evaporators Operating at Different Temperatures
Kim, Jeong-Sik ; Kim, Nae-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 517~522
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.517
Small size ice-cream maker has two evaporators having different evaporating temperatures of
. In such case, ice-cream maker system design becomes complicated because multiple capillary tubes affects one another. In this study, performance analysis was conducted for the soft ice-cream maker having two evaporators operating at different temperatures. The compressor was analyzed using efficiency models, the capillary tube was modeled assuming one-dimensional flow, the condenser and the evaporators were modeld based on UA-LMTD method. The refrigeration cycle simulation program was developed applying the enthalpy, pressure and mass balance on each component. Comparison of the test data with the simulated results for R404A revealed that evaporator temperatures of refrigerator and freezer agreed within
Evaluation of Heat Release Performance of Swaged- and Extruded-type Heat Sink Used in Industrial Inverter
Kim, Jung Hyun ; Ku, Min Ye ; Lee, Gyo Woo ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 523~528
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.523
In this experiment, we investigated the performance of two types of heat sink, swaged- and extruded-type, used in the inverter of industrial electricity generator. The swaged-type heat sink has 62 fins, and the extruded-type has 38 fins having the same dimension as that of the swaged-type. But the extruded-type heat sink maintains the same heat transfer area by the laterally waved surface which has 1 mm in radius. As a result, the swaged- and extruded-type heat sinks released 70.7% and 63.8% of the heat incoming to the heat sink, respectively. The other incoming heat were naturally convected and radiated to the ambient. In spite of 40% decrease in number of fins, the heat release performance of the extruded-type heat sink was lowered only 6.9% than that of the swaged-type. We believe that, this shows the increment of effective heat transfer area by the laterally waved surface of fins and the better heat transfer property of the extruded-type heat sink.
Analysis of Photosynthetic Photon Flux by Prototype of Rotational Lighting System for Plant Factory
Lee, Won-Sub ; Kim, Sung-Gaun ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 529~534
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.529
Rotational lighting system for plant factory is the way to decrease high installation cost of the existing lighting system. A few of LEDs are used at the rotational lighting system in comparison with the existing lighting system to supply artificial lights to crops. At rotational lighting system, the manufacturing cost becomes very low by comparing with the existing lighting system. In this paper, the photosynthetic photon flux (PPF) is investigated in order that plants may grow. And PPF is analyzed with the rotational speed of blade and LED output by using the rotational lighting system prototype and quantum sensor. It is confirmed that constant PPF value of
is supplied with the blade rotation speed of 20rpm and LED output of IN 73%, CENTER 37% and OUT 50%. By comparing with the lighting system of existing plant factory, there is no difficulty to supply the light needed to grow plants by rotating a few of LEDs.
Effect of Welding Parameters on Bead Shape, Microstructure and Hardness of Galvanized Steel Pipe Welds with GMAW
Lim, Young-Min ; Lee, Wan Kyu ; Kim, Se-Cheol ; Koh, Jin-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 535~541
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.535
The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of welding parameters such as current, voltage and shielding gases on the bead shape, microstructures and hardness. It was confirmed that bead height was lowered and bead depth was increased with increasing voltages while height, depth and width of beads increased with welding currents. The hardness of weld metals with Ar+10%
was low due to the formation of grain boundary and polygonal ferrites while that of weld metals with Ar+2%
was high due to the presence of acicular, bainitic and sideplate ferrites.
Analysis on the Impact of Composite by Using FEM
Kim, Sung-Soo ; Kim, Young-Chun ; Hong, Soon-Jik ; Kook, Jeong-Han ; Kim, Sei-Hwan ; Cho, Jae-Ung ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 542~547
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.542
In this study, mechanical property on the composite material of aluminum foam core is investigated by simulation analysis. Impact energies such as 50J, 70J, and 100J are applied to the specimen model. The maximum load occurs at 3.4ms for 50J, 3.2ms for 70J, and 3.2ms for 100J respectively. The striker penetrates the upper face sheet, causing the core to be damaged at 50J test but the lower face sheet remains intact with no damage. It results in occurring with the energy of 52 J. At 70J test, it penetrates the upper face sheet and penetrated the core. And the striker causes the lower face sheet with damage. And it results in occurring with the energy of 65 J. Finally at 100J test, the striker penetrated both the upper face sheet and core and even the lower face sheet. The load becomes maximum at the time when striker penetrates through the upper plate and it rapidly reduced. And then the load increases rapidly when reaching the lower face sheet. And it decreases again. It results in occurring with the energy of 95 J.
A Study on the Approximate model of the Flow rate Characteristics in External Gear pump for EHPS
Kim, Ji-Hye ; Kim, Sung-Gaun ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 548~553
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.548
EHPS(Electro-Hydraulic Power Steering) is a system to generate the steering operation force from the electric motor connected directly to the oil pump. To optimize the manufacturing cost and efficiency of the performance of the steering system is very important. Until now, the development of the hydraulic system is implemented by the field test which needs a significant time and cost. In this paper, flow measurement of an external gear pump is performed. Then using the experimental results, an approximate model expressed by flow rate characteristics is proposed to calculate the discharge flow rate. Proposed approximate model is verified by comparing with the experimental data and AMESim results. As the experimental data and AMESim results agree well, the approximate model data can be used as an alternative to highly cost experimental procedure.
The Study on a Fixing-clip of a Shield Can Shielding Electromagnetic wave
Park, Tai-Heoun ; Park, Man-Gyu ; Park, Sang-Heup ; Kim, Key-Sun ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 554~560
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.554
This study proposes an structure that fixes the shielding device to two parts of the board by its two arranged clips. Said structure evenly distributes its loading/unloading load of the board and maintains the flatness of soldering area of the board. The structure of this study comprises a base part fixed to a printed circuit board and a clip part fixing a side wall of a shield can to the board, wherein the clip part is constituted with two clips fixable to two part of the shield can. Also, the structure of this study comprises a dented groove in order to easily solder the base part of clips and the printed circuit board. A mechanism is established and a design parameter was determined by a structure analysis and a vibration mode analysis. A single purpose machine for the production of the product was developed, the final workpiece was produced and the measuring-data and the computered-data was compared and reviewed.
The development of hydraulic suspension system capable of vehicle height at driving and the comparative analysis of vibration characteristic
Kang, Hyung-Sun ; Baek, Jong-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 561~566
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.561
This study aims to develop the control system of vehicle height and apply this developed system to common passenger car. The vibration characteristics to affect ride comfort are examined through driving tests. The hydraulic control system of vehicle height is designed by Macpherson type used most commonly at current passenger car. Tests in this study are operated by the vehicle installed with genuine suspension system of Macpherson type, tuning suspension system and hydraulic control system of vehicle height. As vibration characteristics transmitted to vehicle become random types values of PSD(Power Spectrum Density) are compared.
A Study on Optimization of Vacuum Glazing Encapsulating Process using Frit inside a Vacuum Chamber
Park, Sang Jun ; Lee, Young Lim ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 567~572
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.567
In houses that use heating and cooling system, most of heat loss occurs through the windows, so that low-E glass, double-layered glass, and vacuum glazing are used to minimize the heat loss. In this paper, an encapsulating process that is a final process in manufacturing the vacuum glazing has been studied, and bonding in a vacuum chamber rather than atmospheric bonding was considered. For the efficiency of the encapsulating process, frit-melting temperature and bonding time were optimized with heater temperature, and the glass preheating temperature was optimized to prevent glass breakage due to thermal stress. Thus the vacuum glass was successfully manufactured based on these results and heat transmission coefficient measured was about
which indicates that the internal pressure of the vacuum glazing is
Performance Improvement Technology on a Continuous Heating Heat Pump at Frost Condition
Jeon, Chang-Duk ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 573~577
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.573
Heat pumps come into wide use because high energy efficiency can be obtained and diverse heat sources like geothermal heat, waste heat and air are available. It is necessary for an air source heat pump to defrost in order to remove frost on the surfaces of an outdoor heat exchanger. It is impossible for continuous heating if reverse cycle operation is used as defrosting method, furthermore it causes the degradation of COP. In this study an fin-tube heat exchanger with three rows was used as an outdoor coil. One row among three rows of the heat exchanger was used like a condenser in order to remove frost on it, the others were used as evaporator to accomplish continuous heating. Each row was switched in order from a condenser to an evaporator in specified time interval. Tests were carried out during minimum 180 minutes at the defrost-heating test condition(dry bulb temperature
, wet bulb temperature
) described in KS C 9306. Time-averaged COP was about 20% higher than that of conventional defrosting method.
Ice-slurry Generation of Ice Thermal Energy Storage System using Ultrasonic Vibration
Byon, Sung-Kwang ; Gong, Chun-Su ; Kim, Nam Woong ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 578~584
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.578
Ice slurry that is a mixture of fine ice crystals and liquid water is a widely used working fluid in the ice thermal energy storage system due to its flowability and large latent heat of fusion. Generally ice slurry is made from supercooled water. But the excessive supercooling causes the water to freeze even worse to block the pipe. Additionally large degree of supercooling of water degrades the efficiency of the ice thermal energy storage system. Therefore the effective method to control the phase change from supercooled water to ice slurry is needed. In this paper we experimentally studied a novel method to generate the ice slurry from the supercooled water using the ultrasonic vibration. It was found that the cavitation impact of supercooled water by ultrasonic vibration can help the generation of ice slurry.
Development of Coating Robot Automation System Based on OLP for Radiators in PPS
Kim, Seon-Jin ; Lee, Jong-Hwan ; Lho, Tae-Jung ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 585~591
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.585
A robot automation system for coating uniformly a big radiator used in PPS(Packaged Power Station), which consists of 6-axis robot with spray gun, travelling vehicle, supply device of coating paint and thinner with pressured air, HMI controller and robot path OLP(Off-Line Programming), was developed. Experimental results on an optimum operation condition show that a coating thickness is
, which is satisfied to a design reference of
. A productivity of the developed coating robot automation system based on OLP is about 12.6 times of that of manual operation.
A Study on the Thermo-Flow Analysis of Air Conditioning Electric Compressor Motor System for Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Kim, Sung Chul ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 592~597
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.592
The heat generated at the motor and inverter inside the electric compressor of inverter built-in type is mainly cooled by refrigerant and generally, there is not a thermal problem. However, the close relation of heat transfer from the motor and inverter parts to the compression part affects on compressor efficiency. Also, according to the surrounding environment and system operation condition, the increased temperature of the motor and inverter can affect the power density of the motor system, and especially, the inverter may be prevented to operate by the temperature limits. In this study, we performed thermo-flow analysis of electric compressor motor system, and investigated the heat dissipation enhancement of the motor and inverter. The motor part in the operation region of the electric compressor was generally maintained at low temperature and the inverter part at high compressor speed was lower temperature than the temperature limit of
. However, the case of the inverter at low speed harsh condition was in excess of
. Therefore, in order to solve the thermal problem, the heat reduction technology of the motor and inverter is essential as well as the improvement of flow path in the compressor.
The Effect of Tourism Service Quality on Behavioral Intentions and Loyalty
Lee, Yk-Su ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 598~604
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.598
This research the impacts of the tourism service quailty to the beahvioral intentions and loyalty to the results are as follow. Study results showed that the quality and behavior of tourist loyalty significantly affecting. Through these results, first, we could suggest one for the tourist to improve the quality of future loyalty to the new material could present on the tourist destination of Cheongbuk. Second, applied quality is important to know was intangible goods such as tourism and tourism quality as new research on the tourist destination of Cheongbuk. These results can be presented to expand the coverage associated with the quality of the tourist academically based. Tourist destination of industrial brand strategy was able to give many implications.
The Effectiveness of Peer Relation Improvement Program on Peer Relation in Children of Multi-cultural Families
Lee, Eun-Hee ; Lee, Kyung-Ok ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 605~612
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.605
The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of peer relation improvement program on peer relation in children of multi-cultural families. To test of the effectiveness of the program, this study employed pretest-posttest control group design. Total 18 multi-cultural families' children have completed the program, 9 children were in experimental group, whereas 9 ones belonged to control group, the date were analyzed by Wilcoxon singed rank test and Mann-Whitney U test. As the result, The peer relation improvement program was verified to effect on children' peer relation Improvement The limitations of the study were discussed, as well as the application of the study results and recommendations for additional exploratory research.
The Comparative Analysis for Priority Order on the Characteristics of Tourism Resources Development Plan between South and North Korea
Kim, Sa-Young ; Jang, Jun-Bok ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 613~624
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.613
The purpose of this study is to identify the priorities with respect to the characteristics of tourism resources development plan between the South and the North Korea. Through a preliminary investigation 287 lists of questions were distributed from May 14, 2012 to December 5, 2012 and from among them 252 lists were used. Expert Choice 11.5 was used to do pairwise comparisons and priorities assessment. Based upon the results of empirical analysis, the priority order sets of the domain of tourism resources development plan should be related to the development contents, the development objects, the development patterns, and the development subjects in the South Korea. Those should be related to the development subjects, the development objects, the development contents, and the development patterns in the North Korea.
A Weighted Mean Squared Error Approach to Multiple Response Surface Optimization
Jeong, In-Jun ; Cho, Hyun-Woo ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 625~633
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.625
Multiple response surface optimization (MRSO) aims at finding a setting of input variables which simultaneously optimizes multiple responses. The minimization of mean squared error (MSE), which consists of the squared bias and variance terms, is an effective way to consider the location and dispersion effects of the responses in MRSO. This approach basically assumes that both the terms have an equal weight. However, they need to be weighted differently depending on a problem situation, for example, in case that they are not of the same importance. This paper proposes to use the weighted MSE (WMSE) criterion instead of the MSE criterion in MRSO to consider an unequal weight situation.
The Effects of Emotional Intelligence on Undergraduate Students' Personal Agency Beliefs
An, Yoon-Jung ; Seo, Ji-Yoon ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 634~643
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.634
This study purposed to examine how emotional intelligence affect undergraduate students' personal agency beliefs. For the purpose, this study conducted a questionnaire survey of 446 undergraduate students in metropolitan area. Data were analyzed by t-test, Pearson's correlation, correlation analysis, and linear regression analysis. The results were as follows. The regulation of emotion of emotional intelligence and capability beliefs of personal agency beliefs were significantly different according to sex and others' emotion appraisal of emotional intelligence and capability beliefs of personal agency beliefs were significantly different according to school level. Also, the others' emotion appraisal of emotional intelligence and capability beliefs of personal agency beliefs were significantly different according to religion existence. There was a correlation between the emotional intelligence and personal agency beliefs. The others' emotion appraisal, regulation of emotion and use of emotion of emotional intelligence have an impact on personal agency beliefs including capability beliefs and context beliefs, the explanation concerning capability beliefs(47%) and context beliefs(22%) was persuasive. Therefore, when undergraduate students have to make career decision for their future, in order to encourage personal agency beliefs which are related to motivational factors, the consequence of emotional intelligence was verified. It is necessary to establish many kinds of supporting systems to encourage the emotional intelligence and personal agency beliefs.
The Study on the Impact of the Task-Technology Fit Model and Organizational Characteristics of the Mobile Office System on the Job Performance
Koo, Sung-Hwan ; Shin, Min-Soo ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 644~654
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.644
It is required for enterprises to construct the proper information management system in order to cope with the volatile business situations. The mobile office system is introduced from the needs to provide organization members smart information and mobility. By setting the model, hence, we intend to scrutinize the impact of the task-technology fit model and organizational characteristics of the mobile office system on the job performance. As a result, system quality, information quality and mobility are revealed to affect positively the task-technology fitness and the fitness also affects the job performance positively. Organization characteristics affects the job performance positively through the task-technology fitness, too. Therefore the organization which plans to introduce the mobile office system should consider the task-technology fitness and exert organizational-level efforts to adopt and use the mobile office system in the workplace.
Study on Forecasting Factors of Baby Boomer's Social Participation Desire After Retirement
Kim, Jong-In ; Kim, Yun-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 655~664
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.655
This study aims to identify forecasting factors of baby boomer's social participation desire. For this purpose, I utilized Hyun-Jung Kang(2012)'s data whose 1,115 sample were collected based on residential area and gender. The major findings are as follows; First, 77.7% of baby boomers are actually participating in economic activities. 27.0% in volunteering activities and 79.3% in leisure activities. 80.9% of baby boomers have intention to participate in economic activities after retirement, 76.7% in volunteering activities after retirement and 82.2% in leisure activities after retirement. Second, looking at the relationship between current social activity participation and intention to participate after retirement, those who are currently having social activities turn out to have higher intention to participate social activities after retirement. Those who wish to participate in social activities, although they don't participate in social activities currently, turn out to be 55.8% for economic activities, 70.6% for volunteering activities and 66.5% for leisure activities. Third, whether they are currently participating in social activities turns out to be most compelling forecasting factor for the desire on social participation after retirement. These results were discussed in terms of the continuity theory. and proposed that you need from the preparation of Middle - aged to activate the participation of important social variables known as old age life satisfaction.
Effect of Learning Organization on Organizational Commitment and Turnover Intention in Social Welfare Organization: Focused on Senge Model
Kang, Jong-Soo ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 665~673
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.665
The main objective of this study was to investigate the effect of learning organization on social worker's organizational commitment and turnover intention in the social welfare organization. For the research, learning organization was consisted of shared vision, personal mastery, team learning and system thinking on the P. Senge's learning organization model. The results of this study were summarized as follows: Mean analyses showed that social workers perceived the level of learning organization had a higher than medium. By using a hierarchical multiple regression, shared vision, personal mastery and team learning had a positive effect on the social workers' organizational commitment. Shared vision and team learning had a negative effect on the social workers' turnover intention. This study finally discusses theoretical implications for future study and practical implications for learning organization strategies on the results.
The impact of liquidity constraints on investment expenditures: Evidences from family and non-family firms
Kim, Choong-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 674~680
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.674
This paper investigates the impact of liquidity constraints on investment expenditures of family and non-family firms. We analyze the ownership structure of family firms to determine whether family control alleviates or exacerbates investment-cash flow sensitivity in domestic firms. To examine the impact of liquidity constraints on investment expenditures of family and non-family firms, we used a financial data of 644 Korea Exchange traded companies over the 2000 - 2010 period. We estimated a time-series and cross-sectional regression model, using samples of family firms and non-family firms. The results show that cash flow is not associated with investment expenditure in family firms, whereas cash flow has a positive impact on investment in non-family firms. Our results show that lower or no investment-cash flow sensitivities in family-controlled firms are mainly attributable to lower agency costs through strong monitoring activities of family members. Higher investment-cash flow sensitivities are observed in non-family firms with more agency problems. This suggests that investment-cash flow sensitivities would be useful measures of liquidity constraints.
The Characteristics of the Learning Performance according to the Indoor Temperature of the Learning Environment and the Color of the Learning Materials
Kim, Boseong ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 681~687
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.681
This study examined whether the combination of the indoor temperature on the learning environment and the colors of the learning materials affect the learning performance. To do this, the condition of indoor temperature was divided into three conditions: the neutral condition which is the appropriate temperature condition of the learning activities (
), the high-temperature condition (>
), and the low-temperature condition (<
). In addition, colors of red, blue, black, and green were used as the warm, cold, and neutral colors, and the verbal-working memory task was used as the learning task. As a result, it was not significant differences in the response time of the learning task, whereas, in the accuracy rate of the learning task, the performance was more accurate in red- and black-color conditions. These results could be interpreted as the saliency and color-temperature of the red color, and the familiarity and specificity of the black color.
Relationship Between Additional Costs and Repurchase in Outbound Package Tour: Focused on the Role of Personal Services and Brand
Lim, Yeon-Woo ; Chun, Joo-Hyung ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 688~695
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.688
This article is focused to examine the influence of relationship between additional costs and repurchase in the outbound package tourists regard to the role of the personal service and brand. It is analysed that the additional costs don't have an effect on the repurchase. And also there is no relationship between repurchase and personal service for the tourists. However the role of the brand plays a mediated effect in repurchase in the outbound markets. Nonetheless the manager and contact employee of travel agents have an attention to the personal service quality and brand as well.
A Study on the design of hospital budget variance analysis model reflecting efficiency and an attainable target cost
O, Dongil ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 696~706
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.696
This study aims to develop DEA model which can look into budget cost variance analysis tool based on standard cost using 68 hospital's input and output data. For accomplishing this purpose, by introducing new DEA model which can get an attainable target cost, we can decompose an actual cost difference into several meaningful sub variances. Also based on the 2008 general hospital data, this model can make variance analysis between actual cost and target cost. Total variance can be divided into technical inefficiency variance, price inefficiency variance, allocation inefficiency variance. This study introduces that by using target budget cost concept, traditional actual cost variance can be divided into a technical variance, price variance, budget variance. Finally, we can get result which confirms there does not exist favorable size effects on efficiency and cost management in running a general hospital.
Factors Associated with the Prehospital Delay in Acute Myocardial Infarction
Choi, Kyu-Chul ; Choi, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 707~712
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.707
In patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), the delay from symptom onset to hospital arrival has a critical effect on morbidity and mortality. This study examined to find out the determinants of the prehospital delay in patients with AMI. The study sample consisted of 597 patients hospitalized with AMI between Jan and Dec 2009. Demographic, medical history, and clinical data were abstracted from the hospital medical records of patients with confirmed AMI, the prehospital delay was categorized as less than or greater than 6 hours. Older age, low socioeconomic status(medical aid), and low use of Emergency medical system were associated with delays in seeking emergency care for Acute myocardial infarction. Education programs to improve patient knowledge of acute coronary syndrome symptoms and promote patient responsiveness with regard to seeking medical care should be used to reduce the prehospital delay time, especially in the low socioeconomic group.
Variation Analysis of Medical Service Utilization in Oriental Medicine Frequent Disease of Rural Area
Jang, Yong-Myung ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 713~720
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.713
The objectives of this study are to identify whether the small area variation also exists in the oriental medicine and, if it exists, what causes, to expand our boundary of research interests on the small area variation observed at the western medicine toward the oriental medicine as one of the fundamental research foundations and to provide any fundamental findings from this study results to the healthcare politicians to promote consumer's rational behaviors for the use of healthcare. This study analyzed the health insurance claim data (2010, 2011) which were the patients of western medicine and the outpatients of the oriental medicine with the top 10 most frequent diseases and looked into the variation of healthcare utilization among the areas after grouping resident area into an 86-area category. The study result shows that the small area variation was also observed at the part of the oriental medicine in which the characteristics of patients critically affect the healthcare expenditure per visit day rather than those of providers and the characteristics of both patients and providers equally affect the healthcare expenditure per patient. Therefore, this study suggests that government set up healthcare policies on the standardization of oriental medicine to prevent its over-utilization and unmet need, enforcing the roles of oriental medicine in the markets, enhancing the appropriate health care utilization, and expanding provision and sharing the health care information to reduce unnecessary health care utilization.
A Comparsion study of Phonation Threshold Pressure and Nasalance according to vowels
Lee, Inae ; Hwang, Young-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 721~727
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.721
This study sought to compare the difference of Phonation Threshold Pressure and Nasalance according to vowels. We tested 28 normal females(20~30age) who be in attendance at a school from May to August 2012. We measured Phonation Threshold Pressure through PAS(Phonatory aerodynamic system, model 6600, KAY electronics, Inc) that aero-mechanical instrument called. Phonation Threshold Pressure was measured by using the consonant /p/ and the three vowels /a, i, u/ and was analyzed the three times of Phonation the five times. Also We measured Nasalance through the Nasometer
(model 6450, KAY electronics, Inc). The vowel's phonation was recored by using the three vowels /a, i, u/. the nasalance score was measured via Nasometer. As a Result, Phonation Threshold Pressure according to three vowels show significantly difference. Also, Nasalance according to three vowels show significantly difference. Finally, Correlation coefficient of Phonation Threshold Pressure and Nasalance according to three vowels show positive relation ship. Therefore Phonation Threshold Pressure and Nasalance according to three vowels have closely relationship.
Effects of Life Stress and Depression of Health College Students on Their Suicidal Ideation : Control Effects of Social Support
Park, Dae-Sung ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 728~736
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.728
This study selected 390 students attending the three-year curriculum departments of G college in G metropolitan city including emergency medical technology, physical therapy and health administration randomly as the subjects of the research. The research was conducted from June 4 to 6, 2012 with structured self-administered questionnaire, 366 responses were used for final analysis. Data collected were analyzed with SPSS WIN(Statistical Package for Social Science Windows) 12.0 program and all tests were verified at the significance level of 0.05. As a result of the research, it was found that interaction effects between depression from suicidal ideation and social support showed negative correlation and it was statistically significant. Consequently, it was confirmed that social support had control effects in the relationship between depression and suicidal ideation. Therefore, the development and application of individual and group counseling and regular education program to prevent suicide and increase self-esteem are required, practical education program should be conducted and studies showing its results and effects are also needed.
The Effects of Balance and Trunk Repositioning Sense with Multisensorial Training using Visual Cue Deprivation in Subacute Stroke Patients
So, Dong-Hak ; Lee, Wan-Hee ; Yun, Mi-Jung ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 737~743
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.737
This study was to investigate the effects of balance and trunk repositioning sense through multisensorial training using visual cue deprivation in subacute stroke patients. Multisensorial training group practiced after visual deprivation, control group practiced in the same training except visual deprivation with thirty subjects. Both groups were conducted training programs on sixty minutes a day, five days a week during four weeks. The subjects were evaluated by static balance, dynamic balance and trunk repositioning sense in the pre-posttest. There was significant improvement by multisensorial training that static balance, dynamic balance and the trunk repositioning sense between pretest and post test (p<.05). There were significantly differences in the amount of change of dynamic balance, trunk repositioning sense between the two groups(p<.05). Through this study, multisensorial training suggest that is effective in the improvement of dynamic balance and trunk repositioning sense.
The effect of portal compression sensor on the quality of chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR): A mannequin based simulation study
Yang, Hyun-Mo ; Baeck, Kyung-Min ; Kim, Kwang-Suk ; Yoon, Byung-Gil ; Kim, Jin-Woo ; Kim, Hoon ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 744~750
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.744
This study is to collect a basic data of how Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) procedure can influence to cardiac arrest patient with and without the Depth Device during the average transport time period. The data has achieved by comparing result sheet of CPR procedure by hands only versus with Depth Device by twenty 1st and 2nd class Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) from five different fire stations in city of Chong-Ju, and twenty Emergency Rescue major students who completed the BLS provide course. The experiment participators experienced loss of compression depth and rate increase over time. However, the CPR procedure with Depth Device shows that both EMT and students to allow maintaining both the compression depth and rate. The experiment leaves a positive result for CPR operators and considers being valuable domain for cardiac arrest patient.
Prevalence of Diabetes and Impaired fasting glucose according to Food frequency Similarity in Korea
Jeon, So-Hye ; Kim, Nam-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 751~758
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.751
In order to estimate risk of diabetes by analyzing dietary patterns, we examined prevalence of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose among Korean adults who are similar in food frequency to diabetes and impaired fasting glucose. The mean of food frequency of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose was calculated for analyzing the prevalence using the food frequency data from 2007, 2008 and 2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES). Also the most frequent food was estimated for each group by using the mean difference of food frequency. As the results shows that the similar food frequency groups have significant prevalence rate, we expect that this study will contribute to the relations between dietary intakes and prevalence of diabetes.
Clinical Practice Satisfaction in the Department of Emergency Medical Service Students
Choi, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 759~767
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.759
This study analysed Emergency Medical Technology(EMT) students' satisfaction in clinical practice. It was discovered that satisfaction was a means of 3.61(
) and the factor which had a significant influence on satisfaction was desired job area (F=3.98, p=0.004). The factors which were significant to satisfaction were practice beginning grade(t=0.43, p=0.038), period of practice(F=2.82, p=0.025), and departments(F=11.81, p=0.000) In respect to significant positive correlations between practice procedures and satisfaction, observation frequency (r=0.221, p=0.000) and practice frequency(r=0.170, p=0.002) had significantly positive correlations with satisfaction. Based on the results above, it is suggested that to enhance EMT students' satisfaction in clinical practice, students should have clear points of view on their job and practice beginning grade and practice period should be properly considered according to characteristics of students. Also, effective practice programs which carefully consider peculiarity of Emergency Medical Technology should be developed further.
Relationship between Job Characteristics and Turnover Intention·Organizational Commitment in EMT(Emergency Medical Technicians) within Medical Institution
Park, Sang-Sub ; Park, Jae-Seong ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 768~777
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.768
The purpose of this study is to be conducive to work improvement through analyzing turnover intention and organizational commitment of EMT within medical institution. The subjects of this study were randomly extracted 188 EMT. The survey period was conducted from May 3, 2011 to May 19 (May 3rd-4th in G Province, May 14th in B Metropolitan City, May 18th-19th in D Metropolitan City). An analytical method was made with SPSS WIN program(Version 12.0). As a result of research, the turnover intention was high in women(p<.001), in under 30 years old(about 4.9 times, p<.001), in the unmarried(about 4.3 times, p<.001), and in junior college graduate(about 4 times, p<.001). Also, the turnover intention was high in income with under 1,500,000 won(about 3.3 times, p<.001), in working career with under 5 years(about 3.2 times, p<.001), in feeling the legal work limit(about 1.8 times, p<.05), and in group with low job satisfaction(p<.001). In correlation between organizational commitment and job variable, the variables in age, marriage, academic background, turnover intention, income, career, and legal work limit except gender and job satisfaction showed positive correlation with organizational commitment(p<.01). As for the factors affected on the organizational commitment, the turnover intention(p<.01), the legal work limit(p<.01), and the job satisfaction(p<.001) had significant effect on organizational commitment.
A Study of Relations Between a Health Promoting Behaviors and Self-efficacy of Conscripted Policemen
Kim, Young Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 778~785
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.778
In Korea, the enactment of National Health Promotion Act 1995 gradually increased considerable attention on not only the quality of life, but also the desire for health. Health Promoting Behaviors have been considered as significant factors in determining the quality of life. The purpose of this study was to examine health promoting behaviors of conscripted policemen, to analyze the relationship between such behaviors and a sense of self-efficacy, and finally to provide some basic data which can be utilized for developing health promotion programs of conscripted policemen. For this study, a total of 251 conscripted policemen in Daegu city and Kyongbuk Province were sampled. The data were collected for 7 days from August 20 to August 27 2012 by employing a questionnaire. The collected data were then processed by using the SPSS PC 18.0 program for Frequencies, Percentages, Means, Standard Deviations, and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient. This study measured 2.52(
) points in the health promoting behaviors, and 3.74(
) points in the extent of a sense of self-efficacy. Therefore, this study clearly demonstrated that health promoting behaviors are strongly correlated with a sense of self-efficacy in Korean conscripted policemen. Considering the results of this research, it is highly recommended that programs for improving health promoting behaviors of conscripted policemen should be developed.
A study of contrast agent peak time using biomechanics factors experimental contrast medium infusion test using at contrast enhanced magnetic resonance angiography
Son, Soon-Yong ; Kim, Yoon-Shin ; Choi, Kwan-Woo ; Seo, Sung-Mi ; Min, Jung-Whan ; Yoo, Beong-Gyu ; Lee, Jong-Seok ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 786~792
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.786
In this study was explored minimize side effects due to the additional injection of contrast medium and maintaining a high resolution imaging applied to the inspection and analysis of the contrast medium that affect the peak time biomechanics factors. Included 48 patients using the test bolus method, after measuring a patient's biomechanics factors of inspection before and during the test, correlation between contrast medium peak time and learn, matches the regression equation calculated and measured contrast medium peak time was assessed by the Bland Altman plot. Research result, inspections of SBP, HR contrast medium peak time and a significant negative correlation was, step 1, every increase, the contrast medium peak time significantly to -0.018 and -0.159 decreased, a fairly high concordance no difference between the two method. In conclusion, the regression equation using the existing methods, while maintaining excellent image quality that contrast medium is reduced to a patient, it can conclude that the alternative to the existing methods.
Web Usability Testing by Using Scanpath Similarity Analysis
Kim, Youngjun ; Kim, Youngjin ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 793~803
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.793
This study was performed to determine the usefulness of scanpath similarity analysis as one of new web usability testing. The 5 websites of public institutions were used and 15 students participated. First of all, eye movements were tracked and visual appeal ratings were measured as participants freely viewed each website for 3 seconds. Subsequently in continuously tracking the eye movements we asked the participants to perform 17 missions. Finally, in interview the participants rated on satisfaction, awareness, and mission difficulty. Results of this study showed that scanpath similarity had a significant relationship with both the visual appeal ratings(first impression) and the satisfaction. In other words, higher the visual appeal ratings were related to higher scanpath similarity. This result showed that measurement such as scanpath similarity of eye movements could become an objective index for usability testing instead of subjective evaluation such as the satisfaction. We discussed possibility that the usability testing by using the scanpath similarity with both fixation and duration on eye movements will find more appropriately inference on observers' experiences in websites.
The Effect of Balance and Function in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy using Motor Learning training with Treadmill
Choi, Hyun-Jin ; Lee, Dong-Yeop ; Kim, Yoon-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 804~810
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.804
The purpose of this study was to apply treadmill training through motor learning to cerebral palsy children and examine its effects on their motor Functions and balance. The subjects of this study were 16 spastic diplegia children who had difficulty in independent gait, and GMFCS level III, IV. The participant's were allocated randomy to 2 groups: a motor learning group(n=8) and the control group(n=8), Both groups received muscle strengthening exercise for 3 session, 30 minutes per week over 7 weeks period. Data collected from the 16 spastic diplegia children the results were as follows. The motor learning group showed significant increase in motor function(p<.05). The motor learning group showed significant increase in balance(p<.05). Between motor learning group and control group, motor functions and balance was a statistically significant difference(p<.05).
Study on the Single Feed Antenna for 2.64 GHz
Park, Yong Wook ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 811~815
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.811
In this paper, we proposed and fabricated the single feed microstrip patch antenna with slot for S-DMB(Satellite-Digital Multimedia Broadcasting). In order to improve of frequency properties, patch size, feed length, and slot size were investigated by HFSS simulation program. The manufactured single feed microstrip patch antenna with slot showed that the measured center frequency, the minimum return loss and -10dB bandwidth were 2.64GHz, -34.67dB and 180MHz, respectively.
The Design of Low-Cost Vector-Controlled Inverter for Induction Motor Using ARM Cortex-M4 Microcontroller
Kim, Dong-Ki ; Yoon, Duck-Yong ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 816~821
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.816
This paper proposes the design method of low-cost vector control system for induction motor using the ARM Cortex-M4 microcontroller. This MCU can be used instead of expensive DSP to control the home appliances such as refrigerator, air conditioner, washing machine and so on. This paper explains the major features of Cortex-M4 for motor control and how to realize a vector-controlled inverter using it. The developed system is applied to 3-phase induction motor of 200[W] and experimental results show good performance similar to the system using TMS320F28335 DSP.
The Development of Miniature Propelling System for Electric Brake at Extreme Low Speed
Kim, Young-Choon ; Cho, Moon-Taek ; Joo, Hae-Jong ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 822~827
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.822
In this paper, how to stop a moment to experiment with stop function, electric brake type scale model propulsion system is designed and fabricated by control of the braking torque is proposed. Scale model system for motor-driven, inertial load, the structure of the load for the motor and the inverter system was constructed with two sets of converters, the actual range of the rotational speed of the vehicle DDM experiments to be able to. In Additional, observer to estimate the rotor position and speed of using resolver, and the pole at low speed, speed detection methods have been developed. As a result of this study, first, stop the moment Second, the reduction of braking torque, and how to initiate the operation of the air brake blending by using the braking, improve braking methods that only use the electric brake to stop brought.
TMC (Tracker Motion Controller) Using Sensors and GPS Implementation and Performance Analysis
Ko, Jae-Hong ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 828~834
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.828
In this paper, TMC (Tracker Motion Controller) as one of the many research methods for condensing efficiency improvements can be condensed into efficient solar system configuration to improve the power generation efficiency of the castle with Concentrated solar silicon and photovoltaic systems (CPV)experiments using PV systems. Microprocessor used on the solar system, tracing the development of solar altitude and latitude of each is calculated in real time. Also accept the value from the sensor, motor control and communication with the central control system by calculating the value of the current position of the sun, there is a growing burden on the applicability. Through the way the program is appropriate for solar power systems and sensors hybrid-type algorithm was implemented in the ARM core with built-in TMC, Concentrated CPV system compared to the existing PV systems, through the implementation of the TMC in the country's power generation efficiency compared and analyzed. Sensor method using existing experimental results Concentrated solar power systems to communicate the value of GPS location tracking method hybrid solar horizons in the coordinate system of the sun's azimuth and elevation angles calculated by the program in the calculations of astronomy through experimental resultslook clear day at high solar irradiation were shown to have a large difference. Stopped after a certain period of time, the sun appears in the blind spot of the sensor, the sensor error that can occur from climate change, however, do not have a cloudy and clear day solar radiation sensor does not keep track of the position of the sun, rather than the sensor of excellence could be found. It is expected that research is constantly needed for the system with ongoing research for development of solar cell efficiency increases to reduce the production cost of power generation, high efficiency condensing type according to the change of climate with the optimal development of the ability TMC.
A Study on the Optical Communication Channel using Forward Error Correcting Technique
Kang, Young-Jin ; Kim, Sun-Yeob ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 835~839
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.835
In this paper, We operate at a relatively low BER or using forward error control coding techniques on ways to increase the capacity of optical communication systems research. Coding gain is defined as the ratio of the probability of the coded signal and coding of error signal. Coding gain is increased, partly because of the period, to reduce the value of the optimal coding of the signal error probability decreases because of the effective bit binary symbol duration is longer than can be ignored. Transmission capacity on the coding gain for various code rates, which show the extent of up to 75Gb/s transmission capacity to get through it was confirmed that these coding techniques.
Design and Implementation of Double Down-Converter for Satellite TV
Lee, Seung-Dae ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 840~845
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.840
In this paper, the broadband frequency double down-converter based on LC filter technologies has been designed and implemented, and its performances are introduced. The Designed frequency double down-converter is consisted with a low-noise amplifier, mixer, IF amplifier, LC filter, DC-block capacitor and RF-bypass capacitor. Especially, instead of active devices of a typical converter, the suggested converter designed using passive devices to provide both low-power consumption and low-cost model. As results of the measurement, the implemented frequency double down-converter realizes the broadband performance with the bandwidth of 100MHz (13~113MHz) at the center frequency of 63MHz, and its gain is approximately 40dB.
Photo-catalytic Characteristics of Sol-Gel Synthesized TiO
Choi, Kyu-Man ; Kim, Yeo-Hwan ; Lim, Hae-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 846~849
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.846
Thin film of
was obtained by the sol-gel dip method on the brosilicate glass substrate. It was found that the film was about
thick as obtained by 4 successive coatings and annealed at varied temperatures ranged from
for 2 hrs. The substrate used was having the surface area of
. Increasing the annealing temperature caused to change in mineralogical phase of titanium oxide i.e., amorphous, crystalline antase to rutile phases. The particle size of the titanium oxide film were ranged from
estimated by the SEM analysis. The material showed an absorbance maximum at the wavelength 390nm obtained by UV-visible spectrophotometer. These results therefore, indicated that the
film obtained relatively at low annealing temperature consisted predominantly with anatase phase; possessed higher photocatalytic behavior i.e., 2.4 times higher than that of only UV lamp irradiation.
Supporting Service Continuity in OFDMA Systems
Lee, Jong-Chan ; Park, Sang-Joon ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 850~857
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.850
The objective of this paper is to provide service continuity based on an efficient subchannel allocation in OFDMA systems. The resource management for handover are necessary to maintain the QoS requirements of different multimedia applications because the service continuity may be defected by some delay and information loss. Therefore we propose two subchannel management schemes applied to OFDMA systems. Firstly, a superposition allocation of interference subchannels is achieved by modifying a frequency reuse scheme, using co-subchannel interference principle. Secondly for handover applications, we suggest a novel subchannel reservation scheme to adjust the number of allocated channels, depending on the different characteristics and diverse quality of mobile multimedia applications. Simulation results show that the total throughput for the proposed method is increased up to 20% at average and peak arrivals and the handover failure rate is decreased to about 25%, as compared to the conventional method.
Diffusion of software innovation: a Petri Net theory perspective
Han, Jiyeon ; Ahn, Jongchang ; Lee, Ook ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 858~867
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.858
Hardware and software field are developed by environment of MPSOC. Also it is still working with economic world and academic world. This study focus on software side and try to classify from parallel programming design world. It can be divided by three; Data, Tasks, and Data flow model. Then we used Petri Net to CUDA and HOPES programmer and found how much they understand parallel programming for each side. We focus on two sides and what is different between their experience. Petri Net is easy to descript parallel program or parallel design pattern for Task, Data, and Hybird. This research can explain how they know and how much they know about parallel programming.
A Integration Research of Cloud Component based on PaaS for Enhancing Software Reusability
Kim, Chul-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 868~877
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.868
This paper will provide the cloud service based on PaaS that can enhance reusability of development in the cloud computing environment. The cloud service based on PaaS is the cloud service of platform in the side of development, which provide the reusable framework service that is beyond the existing development tool or management tool service. This reusable framework service will be enhanced reusability using a variety of distributed services.
A MAC Protocol for Transmission Power Control in Ad Hoc Networks
Hwang, Sungho ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 878~884
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.878
This paper presents a transmission power control MAC protocol that allows terminals to vary transmit power level on data frame basis in ad hoc network. Unlike the IEEE 802.11 approach, we do not use the RTS/CTS packets to silence the neighboring nodes. Instead, channel gain and distance information between transmitter and receiver terminal are inserted in the RTS/CTS packets. These informations are used to dynamically bound the transmission power. Simulation results indicate that, compared to the GMAC, the proposed MAC protocol achieves a increase in the average frame delivery ratio and a decrease in the average frame delay.
Character Region Extraction Based on Texture and Depth Features
Jang, Seok-Woo ; Park, Young-Jae ; Huh, Moon-Haeng ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 885~892
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.885
In this paper, we propose a method of effectively segmenting character regions by using texture and depth features in 3D stereoscopic images. The suggested method is mainly composed of four steps. The candidate character region extraction step extracts candidate character regions by using texture features. The character region localization step obtains only the string regions in the candidate character regions. The character/background separation step separates characters from background in the localized character areas. The verification step verifies if the candidate regions are real characters or not. In experimental results, we show that the proposed method can extract character regions from input images more accurately compared to other existing methods.
A proposed image stitching method for web-based panoramic virtual reality for Hoseo Cyber Museum
Khan, Irfan ; Soo, Hong Song ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 893~898
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.893
It is always a dream to recreate the experience of a particular place, the Panorama Virtual Reality has been interpreted as a kind of technology to create virtual environments and the ability to maneuver angle for and select the path of view in a dynamic scene. In this paper we examined an efficient method for Image registration and stitching of captured imaged. Two approaches are studied in this paper. First, dynamic programming is used to spot the ideal key points, match these points to merge adjacent images together, later image blending is used for smooth color transitions. In second approach, FAST and SURF detection are used to find distinct features in the images and nearest neighbor algorithm is used to match corresponding features, estimate homography with matched key points using RANSAC. The paper also covers the automatically choosing (recognizing, comparing) images to stitching method.
An Investment Strategy for Construction Companies using DEA-Markowitz's Model
Ryu, Jaepil ; Shin, Hyun Joon ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 899~904
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.899
This paper proposes an efficient portfolio selection methodology for the listed construction corporations in KOSPI and KOSDAQ. For the construction industrial sector classified by KRX(Korea Exchange), the proposed method carries out an efficiency analysis using DEA (Data envelopment analysis) approach and for the efficient corporations filtered by DEA, construct portfolio using Markowitz's Model. In order to show the effectiveness of the proposed method, we constructed annually portfolios for 5 years (2007-2011) out of 53 listed corporations in KOSPI and KOSDAQ, and proved that our portfolios are superior to benchmark portfolios in terms of rate of returns.
Road Facility DB Improvement Using DGPS Camera
Lee, Je-Jung ; Lee, Jong-Sin ; Kim, Min-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 905~910
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.905
Road facility has the high possibility of being damaged or destroyed due to continuous pass of the vehicles, overloaded vehicles, traffic accidents and so on and stormwater manhole, sewerage manhole that are installed on the road may cause the functional degradation in case of periodic pavement of the road. So management through establishing DB of road facility and efficient updating plan are required. Thus, this study used DGPS camera for efficient establishment and improvement of road facility DB. Applicability of DGPS camera could be suggested by satisfying the allowable accuracy required for establishing DB of road facility through the comparative analysis with the result of establishment of existing road facility DB and the process of DB establishment by existing total solution could be improved through process analysis. And the existing DB of road facility was improved so that the present conditions of surrounding topography and road facility can be grasped by developing the module that can add the images of road facility to digital map and Google Earth-based KML Builder. It is expected that road facility service that provides various information can be available if the spatial data of each local self-governing body and study of automation that utilizes DGPS camera images are accomplished hereafter.
Two - Dimensional analysis in Dam Downstream due Spill Condition
Lee, Jong-Hyeong ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 911~918
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.911
Two - dimensional numerical analysis model(RMA2), is mainly applied to analyze the flood water levels, velocities and change of river bed at the downstream of Dam. The analysis result be able to influence to Gwangchon bridge from Juam dam, freeboard be insufficient 0.7m to left bank 300m section of dam downstream. Bank overflow is appear to all section of Bosung river to PMF spill condition. Inundated district is appear to river confluence to 200year frequency and is expand to bank overflow to PMF spill condition. Velocity in the channel was simulated high velocity to the bridge and narrow reach and appear to riverbed degradation.
A Study on the Urban Contextual Interpretation and Admitting Methods in Neo-Rationalism
Lee, Seon-Hye ; Song, Dae-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 919~926
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.919
The relation of City and type caused by Neo-Rationalism often posed a subject in the modern urban architectural design and is treated by essential concept and methodology. The purpose of this study was that Neo-Rationalism architecture recognized and treated by metaphysical form and singular image examined on the urban viewpoint. In other words, interpretation concept of city and architecture considered through typological architectural theory and work analysis of Neo-Rationalism architect. Accordingly, the urban contextual characteristics of Neo-Rationalism architecture were aimed to analyze by examining the acceptance mode.
Transverse Reinforcement for Circular Internally Confined Hollow RC column
Won, Deok Hee ; Han, Taek Hee ; Park, Woo Sun ; Park, Jong Sub ; Kang, Young Jong ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 927~935
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.927
Recently, bridge structures has progressed the researches about seismic performance by occurrence of earthquake increased compared with the past. In the substructure of bridge, confining transverse reinforcement has arranged in plastic hinge region to resist the lateral load which increased the lateral confining effect. Columns are increased the seismic performance through secure of the stiffness and ductility The design specification for arrangement of confining transverse reinforcement same specification of domestic and international that suggested to solid reinforced concrete column(RC). This design specification have limits for Internally Confined Hollow RC(ICH RC) column because of different the component and performance characteristics of column. In this paper suggested the modified equation for economics and rational design through investigation of displacement ductility when applied the existing specification at the steel composite hollow RC column.
An Experimental Study on the Behavior of Composite Ground Improved by SCP and GCP with Low Replacement Ratio
Kim, Byoung-Il ; Yoo, Wan-Kyu ; Kim, Young-Uk ; Moon, In-Jong ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 936~942
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.936
This paper presents the results of laboratory tests conducted to investigate the effectiveness of applying methodology of a sand compaction(SCP) and a gravel compaction pile(GCP) on soft ground. The test conditions involved relatively low replacement ratios (=10, 20, and 30%) of a pile to unit cell at 1g (gravity acceleration) level. Results revealed that GCP significantly enhanced bearing capacity, settlement reduction, and consolidation rate compared with SCP.
A Study on the Strength and Durability of Polymer-Modified Mortars using Eco-friendly UM resin
Kwon, Min-Ho ; Kim, Jin-Sup ; Park, Su-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 943~948
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.943
In this study, the characteristics of polymer-modified mortar which include UM resin, eco-friendly resin, was studied for improving the durability of concrete. UM and cement mortar were mixed with a certain percentage. Eco-friendly UM resin polymer-modified mortar was evaluated by compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, flexural strength, water absorption and chemical resistance experiments. The characteristics of eco-friendly UM resin polymer-modified mortar were evaluated by experiments. Performance of compressive strength and splitting tensile strength were decreasing. On the other hand, performance of flexural strength, water absorption and chemical resistance were increasing. Eco-friendly UM resin polymer-modified mortar reinforced concrete durability performance is excellent.
Evaluation of Local Buckling Strength of Stiffened Plates under Uni-axial Compression due to Closed-section Rib Stiffness
Choi, Byung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 949~954
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.949
Generally, structural plates under axial compression should be stiffened by longitudinal stiffeners in order to enhance the buckling strength. Though U-shaped ribs would be more efficient for the stiffened plate system, there is in the absence of a proper design guides or relevant research results. Thus this study is aimed to examine the local buckling behavior of stiffened plates with U-section ribs. 3-dimensional analysis models which include 3 types of U-shaped longitudinal stiffeners were simulated by using the finite element code ABAQUS. The bifurcation analysis were conducted and then the buckling analysis results are compared with the theoretical equation values. It is found that the rotational constraint effect provided by the U-ribs should increase the local buckling strength. Some features drawn from a series of parametric study results are summarized.
A Study on the Thermal Environment Evaluation of 'Hanok' considering Solid Model of Building Elements
Park, Tong-So ; Sheen, Dong-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 955~961
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.955
This study aimed for the scientific approach of Korean traditional house, so called Hanok, by analyses of structural elements and thermal environmental performance. Hanok is a very unique vernacular architectural style of the Middle East Asia that fits with climate conditions of the Korean Peninsular, designed to withstand high temperature and humidity in summer and cold and dry in winter seasons. In order to evaluate thermal environment of Hanok, its sectional structure such as floor, wall, roof structure and Ondol which is Korean traditional floor heating system, was built in 3D, as well as heat transfer mechanism of its composing elements was analyzed through 3 dimensional steady state analysis. The results of the thermal environmental performance of Hanok will be used as a basic datum of design guidelines for accomplishing ecologic housing fitted with local climate.
Improvement of Capturing Velocity in the Fume Hood using Computational Fluid Dynamics(I) - Uniform flow
Jung, Jong-Hyeon ; Lee, Sang-Woon ; Lee, Sang-Man ; Shon, Byung-Hyun ; Lee, Jung-Hee ; Jung, Yu-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 962~969
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.962
This study used Computational Fluid Dynamics(CFD) to assess the properties of the air current inflow and the flow velocity distribution in the fume hood. In order to verify the effect of improvement, it was also predicted the characteristics of the flow pattern in case the hood face is structurally improved. The assessment of the capture velocity with the existing fume hood confirmed maximum 23 to 30% difference as compared to the root mean square (RMS). And the hood face showed great difference in flow velocity, with the flow velocity in the upper part is 58 to 68% faster than that in the lower part of the hood. So, as a result of the improvement of the hood designed to maintain a steady exhaust at the hood face (that is, installing a baffle on the inner wall and designing the slot type face), a difference of maximum 7% as compared to RMS appeared while maximum 12% differentiation in flow velocity through sections was predicted, showing mitigation of much of the difference in control velocity as compared to the previous structure.
Effect of Advanced Wastewater Treatment by Variations Operating Conditions of 4-stage Intermittently Aerated Activated Sludge process
Choi, Yong-Bum ; Lee, Jeong-Gyu ; Han, Dong-Joon ; Kwon, Jae-Hyouk ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 970~976
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.970
An evaluation of the organic matter removal efficiency showed high removal efficiencies of 91.1~96.3% and 91.4~97.5% for TCODcr and TBOD5, respectively, for 9hr or longer of HRT. However, the removal efficiencies decreased to 86.9~90.5% and 88.0~90.9%, respectively for 6hr of HRT.
-N showed a high removal efficiency of 95% or higher for 9hr or longer of HRT. The total nitrogen removal efficiency was 67.6~76.7% for 9~12hr of HRT, and it decreased to 50% for 6hr of HRT, which seems to be due to the insufficient carbon source required for denitrification. The T-P removal efficiency was 32% on average. To comply with the legal standards, a chemical phosphorus removal process is needed after the reactor.
The Effect of Water Activation on Chemical Modification of Cellulose and Characterization
Kim, Hae-Ri ; Nam, Byeong-Uk ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 977~982
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.977
Cellulose mixed esters (CME), substituted by various fatty acyl chains, are renewable bio-based polyesters. It has lots of potential due to the biodegradable property. In this study, Alpha cellulose was activated for 2h at
in deionized water prior to synthesis. Homogeneous esterification of CME was accomplished with water-activated alpha cellulose, various saturated fatty acids and acetic anhydride in lithium chloride/N,N-dimethylacetamide (LiCl/DMAc) medium. CME was obtained after 5 hr at
. The filtrated products were characterized using TGA, FT-IR, 1H-NMR and FE-SEM, and the influence of water activation on the total degree of substitution was investigated.
A Numerical Study on an Optimum Design of a Hybrid Collector Coupled with the Principle of Cyclone, Baffle and Bag-Filter
Hong, Sung-Gil ; Jung, Yu-Jin ; Lim, Ki-Hyuk ; Yoo, Jeong-Kun ; Shon, Byung-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, volume 14, issue 2, 2013, Pages 983~989
DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.2.983
The current research reviewed the design conditions that would maximize the efficiency of the hybrid collector that combines in one unit "cyclone-inertial impaction-bag filter". The computational analysis for the shape of cyclone entry predicts that a design that installs the guide vane at the entry of the tangential type cyclone brings a high-rpm and powerful vortex, very effective in promoting the deflection of coarse particles from the streamline at the cyclone. As the lower part of the cyclone is venturi-shaped, however, a strong flow downward of 4 to 5 m/sec persists through the lower part of the hopper, revealing the likely reentrainment of collected dust. And the removal of the venturi at the lower part of the cyclone would solve the problem of the reentrainment of collected dust. The acceleration of the flow velocity through the adjustment of the gap of the collision baffle would increase the effect of collision, but as the interference with the dust separation is expected, the original design should be kept for the baffle.