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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - 00 2006
Volume 20, Issue 5 - 00 2006
Volume 20, Issue 4 - 00 2006
Volume 20, Issue 3 - 00 2006
Volume 20, Issue 2 - 00 2006
Volume 20, Issue 1 - 00 2006
Volume 16, Issue 3 - 00 2006
Selecting the target year
Considering Factors for Operating Residuals Treatment Facilities in Water Treatment Plants
Moon, Yong-Taik ; Kim, Byung-Goon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 20, issue 5, 2006, Pages 653~659
The Complement of Total Culturable Virus Assay Using RT-PCR and IFA for Detection of Enteroviruses
Jee, Youn Sook ; Lee, Gyu Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 20, issue 5, 2006, Pages 661~664
Evaluation of the Effect of Sedimentation Basin Structure on Hydrodynamic Behavior using CFD(I): The Effect of Longitudinal Baffle
Park, Se-Jin ; Park, No-Suk ; Lim, Jae-Lim ; Kim, Sun-Kyu ; Kim, Sug-Goo ; Mun, Yong-Taek ; Bang, Ki-Woong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 20, issue 5, 2006, Pages 667~676
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of longitudinal baffle on hydrodynamic behavior within a certain full-scale sedimentation basin (flow rate per basin;
). Comparative experimental investigations have been carried out on the sediment removal efficiencies and the sludge deposit distribution in the baffled and un-baffled sedimentation basin, respectively. From the results derived in the baffled and un-baffled sedimentation, the turbidity removal rate in the baffled sedimentation basin is about 38% higher than that in un-baffled. Also, the height of sludge deposit in the baffled sedimentation basin is approximately 20% lower, and the sludge concentration is 10% higher than those in un-baffled sedimentation basin. In order to explain the experimental results and investigate the effect of longitudinal baffle in more detail, we conducted Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation. From the results of CFD simulation, the flow, especially in the near of outlet orifice, was more stable in the case of longitudinal baffled sedimentation basin than that in un-baffled basin. Also, it could be concluded that the longitudinal baffle made a fully developed flow more effective for sedimentation.
Improvement of Activated Sludge Dewaterability by Electro-flotation
Choi, Young-Gyun ; Park, Byung-Ju ; Park, Min-Jung ; Kim, Yun-Jung ; Chung, Tai-Hak ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 20, issue 5, 2006, Pages 677~684
Electro-flotation(EF), a novel sludge thickening method, could improve the dewaterability of activated sludge. The gas(microbubbles) generated during EF decreased the solid-liquid separation time below 1/5 of the time required for gravity sedimentation. In addition, over 90% of the sludge volume reduction could be achieved by EF although the settling characteristics of the sludge was very poor. The SRF(specific resistance to filtration) of the thickened sludge by EF was much lower than that of the sludge thickened by gravity sedimentation. The SRF of the thickened sludge decreased exponentially with increase of gas generation rate of the EF system. Gas generation rate could be controlled by varying the current density of the electrode. Degasing of the microbubbles by vigorous mixing of the thickened sludge layer deteriorated the dewaterability of the sludge. Therefore, it is obvious that the gas bubbles entrapped in the thickened sludge play a key role in the observed dewaterability improvement.
Analysis of Microbial Community Structure in River Ecosystem Using Quinone Profiles
Lim, Byung-Ran ; Lee, Kisay ; Ahn, Kyu-Hong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 20, issue 5, 2006, Pages 685~690
The differences in microbial community structures between planktonic microorganism and biofilm in rivers were investigated using respiratory quinone profiles. The compositions of microbial quinone for 4 tributaries of the Kyongan Stream located in/flowing through Yongin City, Gyeonggi-Do were analyzed. Ubiquinone(UQ)-8, UQ-9, menaquinone(MK)-6 and Plastoquinone(PQ)-9 were observed in all samples of planktonic microorganism and biofilm for the sites investigated, Most planktonic microorganism and biofilm had UQ-8(15 to 30%) and PQ-9(over 30%) as the dominant quinone type. These results indicated that oxygenic phototrophic microbes(cyanobacteria and/or eukaryotic phytoplankton) and UQ-8 containing proteobacteria constituted major microbial populations in the river. The quinone concentration in the river waters tested, which reflects the concentration of planktonic microorganisms, increases with increasing DOC. Further research into this is required. The microbial diversities of planktonic microorganism and biofilm calculated based on the composition of all quinones were in the range from 4.2 to 7.5, which was lower than those for activated sludge(ranging from 11 to 14.8) and soils(ranging from 13.4 to 16.8). The use of quinone profile appears to be a useful tool for the analysis of microbial community structure in river.
Optimal Design of Orifice typed Distribution Channel using Step Method Program
Park, No-Suk ; Park, Sangcheol ; Kim, Sung-soo ; Lee, Seonjoo ; Jeong, Nam-Jeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 20, issue 5, 2006, Pages 691~700
This study conducted to optimize the design and operation of orifice typed distribution channels which were generally constructed to link the rapid mixing process and flocculation/sedimentation basin. To accomplish the goal of this study, programming step method using FORTRAN 90, was applied it to simulate the performance of existing distribution channel in the selected S DWTP (Drinking Water Treatment Plant). The proposed step method program was validated in terms of the feasibility with comparison between the measurement and prediction value in each orifice. From the evaluation results of the current conditions with the design and operation, it was revealed that the existing gradient of the tapered channel is not appropriate. Also, we suggested that in the case of the inlet width being 3.5m, reducing the downstream width by about 0.5m would make more equitable distribution flow in the channel. Consequently, dealing with various conditions of the design and operation with distribution channel, we could conclude that for the parallel typed channel, as the width is wider and the diameter of orifice is smaller, the more equitable distribution occur. In addition, the inlet flowrate and the number of orifice can affect the flow velocity in the channel.
Application of Rechlorination for Adequate Disinfection Ability in Water Distribution System
Lee, Doo-Jin ; Kim, Young-Il ; Lee, Jong-Min ; Jung, Nam-Jung ; Kim, Yong-Woon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 20, issue 5, 2006, Pages 701~707
Disinfectant residual should be maintained to achieve biological stability during distribution of treated water. The wide distribution of retention times associated with storage and transport of water in a network and the reactivity of disinfectants make it difficult to maintain adequate residuals at critical locations. Rechlorination at some intermediate locations may reduce the total disinfectant dose while keeping residuals within specified limits throughout the water distribution system. In order to select the adequate location of rechlorination for achieving to maintain of residual chlorine throughout the distribution system, EPANET was used in this study. EPANET was well predicted chlorine transport and residual loss in the distribution system. Location of rechlorination was selected to maintain 0.4mg/L of residual chlorine throughout a water distribution system by field investigation and model simulation. The quantity of chlorine may reduced 36.7% and provided smooth residual between 0.42 and 0.60mg/L, when rechlorination would be used continuously at strategic location within the distribution system.
Feasibility Study with Several Sorption Materials to Treat Road Runoff Pollutions
Park, Sangwoo ; Oh, Jeill ; Choi, Younghwa ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 20, issue 5, 2006, Pages 709~717
This research was conducted to figure out the feasibility of several sorption materials to treat various pollutants in road runoff. In advance of the major feasibility test with various sorption materials, the separation process with
filter was conducted and showed that slight portion of pollutants was removed(Orgamic pollutant - 20%, Nutrient salt - 50%, Heavy metals - 0~30%). To remove dissolved pollutants in runoff, various materials were tested through an isotherm sorption experiment. As a result, GAC showed most effective material among them to lessen most contaminants such as organic compounds and nutrients. On the other hand, ion-exchange resin and Zeolite showed limited usefulness on the some heavy metals. Freundlich model was most suitable for the current experiment data, and the amount of adsorbent (GAC) could calculated based on this model.
Effect on Particle Size of Activated Carbons for Coagulation and Adsorption
Kim, Young-Il ; Bae, Byung-Uk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 20, issue 5, 2006, Pages 719~726
Adsorption isotherms and kinetics for taste and odor (T&O) compounds and natural organic matters (NOMs) were performed to evaluate the impacts of activated carbon particle size on coagulation and adsorption. Adsorption capacities for iodine, T&O compounds, and NOM of all the activated carbons under #325 mesh were more excellent than those of virgin activated carbons. Small activated carbon particles were more rapidly adsorbed low molecular weight T&O compounds in the water, while those were slowly adsorbed high molecular weight NOM. When the activated carbon and alum were added simultaneously, the adsorption capacity for organics was better than alum was added alone.
Removal of Dissolved Organic Matters in Drinking Water by GAC adsorption using RSSCT
Kim, Young Il ; Bae, Byung Uk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 20, issue 5, 2006, Pages 727~736
Granular activated carbon (GAC) has been identified as a best available technology (BAT) by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) for removal disinfection by-product (DBP) precursors, such as dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and dissolved organic nitrogen (DON). Rapid small-scale column test (RSSCT) were used to investigate four types of carbon (F400, Norit1240, Norit40S, and Aquasorb1500) for their affinity to absorb natural organic matter (NOM). DOC,
, and Total dissolved nitrogen (TON) concentrations were measured in the column effluent to track GAC breakthrough. DOC and
breakthrough occurred at around 3500 bed volumes (BVs) of operation for all GACs investigated. The
breakthrough curves showed 33% to 48% at 8000 BVs, when the DOC was 48% to 65%. All GACs showed greater removal in DOC than
. The NORIT1240 GAC was determined to have the highest adsorption capacity for DOC and
. The removal of nitrate (NOTN) had not broken through over BVs. The initial TON breakthrough curves were started around 50%, when the DOC breakthrough was only 10 % at 500 BVs. The curves were gradually increased after 3500 BVs and approximately 69% through 81% of TON breakthrough occurred at 8000 BVs. All of the GACs were able to remove TON, in the case of this investigation the majority of the TON was present as DON. Because nitrate nitrogen was seldom removed and ammonium nitrogen (
) was not detected in the effluent from RSSCTs even though raw water. The carbon usage rate of DOC was from 2 to 6 times less than that of TON. The NORIT1240 GAC demonstrated the best performance in terms of DOC removal, while the F400 GAC was best in terms of TON removal. Excitation emission matrix(EEM) analysis was used to show that GAC adsorption successfully removed most of Humic-like DOC and Fulvic-like DOCs. However, soluble microbial product(SMP)-like DOC in the absence of raw water were detected in the NORIT40S and Aquasorb1500 GAC. The authors assumed that this results is due probably to the part of GAC in the RSSCT which was converted into biological activated carbon(BAC). To compare with organics removal by GAC according to preloading, the virgin GACs had readily accessible sites that were adsorbed DOC more rapidly than preloaded GACs, but the TDN removal had not showed differences between those GACs.
Assessment of Soil Characteristics on External Corrosion of Water Pipes
Bae, Chul-Ho ; Kim, Ju-Hwan ; Park, Sang-Young ; Kim, Jeong-Hyun ; Hong, Seong-Ho ; Lee, Kyoung-Jae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 20, issue 5, 2006, Pages 737~745
The goal of this study is to present an external pit corrosion rate(
) model with considering both the age of pipe and the soil characteristics. The correlation of nonlinear exponential model among conventional empirical models was a little higher than other empirical models in the prediction of
according to the age of pipe. However, there has been a limit to predict Peer with the model by using only a pipe age since installation as a variable. The soil analysis results from sixty nine samples showed that all of the samples were non corrosive in the assessment of ANSI/AWWA scoring system. The correlation of soil corrosion factors and
was also low. The application result of linear and nonlinear regression models that soil characteristics only showed a low correlation with
Proposed nonlinear regression model in this study, with considering both the age of pipe and the soil characteristics, showed a little higher correlation (
) than conventional model.
Thickening Characteristics of Activated Sludge by Air Flotation Process
Park, Chanhyuk ; Hong, Seok-won ; Maeng, Juwon ; Lee, Sanghyup ; Choi, Yong-su ; Moon, Seong-yong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 20, issue 5, 2006, Pages 747~753
Air flotation is a solid-liquid separation process that utilizes up-flow microbubbles to thicken activated sludge and enhance clarification efficiency. Continuous air flotation experiments were performed to investigate the effect of operation parameters such as initial MLSS (mixed liquor suspended solid) concentration, air pressure, surface loading rate, air to solid (A/S) ratio, and flotation time on thickening efficiency. An initial activated sludge concentration ranged from 3,000 to 12,000mgSS/L and thickened sludge concentration varied from 6,400 to 28,100mgSS/L. The result showed that the thickening efficiency was mainly dependent on surface loading rate, A/S ratio, and flotation time. The pressure did not affect the thickening efficiency when it kept in the range of 1.6 to 1.8 bar. Experimental results showed that the thickening efficiency of activated sludge was increased only when the feed sludge concentration exceeded 5,000mgSS/L and the thickened concentration was over 20,000mgSS/L. At this time, SS concentration in the clarified liquid was ranged from 5 to 10mg/L.
Investigation of Potential Photoreactivation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa after LP or MP UV Irradiation
Mun, Sung-Min ; Cho, Min ; Yoon, Je-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 20, issue 5, 2006, Pages 755~761
Recently, there is growing interest in ultraviolet (UV) irradiation as a disinfection technic in drinking water production due to its effectiveness to inactivate microorganisms such as Crytosporidium parvum without forming disinfection byproducts. However, UV disinfection is known for its drawback such as photoreactivation. Despite many works concerning the photoreactivation, most of works were focused on indicator or non pathogenic microorganisms. The objective of this study is to examine the photoreactivation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa which is an opportunistic pathogen as UV radiation by LP and MP UV lamp was applied. The result showed that P. aeruginosa had high photo repair efficiency regardless of the type of UV irradiation. Both of the effective log repair values of LP and MP UV irradiation were found approximately 2.6 log. In addition, photo repaired P. aeruginosa was not significantly different in forming biofilm in comparison with non treated P. aeruginosa.
Sludge Reduction by Mechanical Solubilization in the Aerobic Digestion
Youn, Sang Hyun ; Jang, Hyun-sup ; Hwang, Sun-jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 20, issue 5, 2006, Pages 763~770
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of mechanical(ball-mill) solubilization of excess sludge especially focused on the TSS(total suspended solid) reduction during the conventional aerobic digestion of sewage sludges including primary and/or excess sludge, HRT was examined at the 10 days and 20 days. According to the results of this study, TSS removal efficiency of solubilized excess sludge was almost two times higher than that of non-solubilized excess sludge. And as the proportion of the primary sludge increased, TSS removal efficiency became worse because primary sludge rarely contained microbial cells which could be easily solubilized physically. It was also proved that by the application of proper solubilization techniques to the excess sludge, HRT for the aerobic digestion could be lessened(above 50%) dramatically keeping the same or better digestion performance. The fact that between primary and excess sludges, only the excess sludge is quite effective in the sludge solubilization and in it's reduction says that excess sludge releasing sources are key-point in the sludge cake reduction field as a source control.
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 20, issue 5, 2006, Pages 771~772
논문 투고 요령
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 20, issue 5, 2006, Pages 773~773