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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Principles for Water Revenue in Public-Private Partnership
Kim, Jin-Min ; Choi, Suing-Il ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 685~692
Management Plan for the Control of Eutrophication in the Paldang Lake
Cho, Deok-Hee ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Jung, Yeon-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 693~699
Effects on Density and Dominant rate of Periphyton by Variation of Dissolved Silicon Concentration
Jeon, Kyoung-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 703~709
In this study, an artificial-waterway experiment was conducted, using an attachment plate, on which algae from Nanakita river was placed, to examine the influence exerted by the variation of the dissolved-silicon concentration on the river periphyton. As a result, the variation of the dissolved-silicon concentration was found to exert an influence on the density of the adhesion diatom, and the mole ratio limits of the silica were about Si/P
182 and Si/N
16.4 or less. Moreover, the mole ratio that is necessary for proliferation was found to be larger than the value of the oceanic algae. Senedesmus sp. and Ankistrodesmus sp., which used silica in adhesion chlorophyta, received the influence of the silicon concentration strongly, and the twowere found to be superior in the environment, making silica a restriction factor.
Inundation simulation in a urban drainage basin considering tidal stage effect
Kim, Dae-Geun ; Choi, Kyung-Soon ; Koh, Young-Chan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 711~717
In this study, SWMM model is used to reproduce the main storm sewer system located in the Nae-Hang drainage basin of the Mokpo city and keep track of flood discharge. Given the outlet of the reaches border the coastline, this paper has taken the dual-drainage approach to perform inundation simulation, considering both the overflows and inflows at the manholes of the sewer system, and at the same time, taking the impacts of tidal stage into consideration. The following conclusions are reached in this study: First, when planning lowland sewer system alongside the coastline or the riverside, the tidal stage or flood stage need to be considered in the planning and design processes. Second, an analysis that fails to consider overflow and inundation at the manholes may overestimate inundation depth of the flooded area. In other words, in order to estimate flood discharge and flood stage in a lowland storm sewer system, it is desirable to analyze the conveyance capacity of storm sewer system and simulate overflow and inundation at the manholes at the same time.
Evaluation of Particle Removal Rate in Inclined-pipe Settling System for Stormwater Infiltration
Kim, Sang-Rae ; Kim, Dong-Keun ; Mun, Jung-Soo ; Han, Moo-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 719~726
One of the alternative runoff management measures is on-site runoff mitigation, such as rainwater retention tank and infiltration facilities especially the latter that is possible to manage simultaneously runoff quality and quantity as a perspective of water-cycle. This study was conducted to develop a particle separator, inclined-pipe settling system, that could improve particle removal efficiency of road runoff as a pre-treatment device of stormwater infiltration. Solid particles larger than 100
are separated by simple sedimentation; however, the significant amount of pollutants with a diameter less than 100
remain in suspension. Without any treatment in that case of the runoff into infiltrate, groundwater would be deteriorated and also infiltration rate would be decreased by clogging. Therefore, we suggest optimal design parameters (inclined angle, pipe length, and surface loading rate) of inclined-pipe settling system which can be designed to effectively remove particles diameter smaller then 70
. Thus, the results showed TSS removal efficiency more than 80% with a particle diameter between 20
, 100% above particle diameter 70
for the inflow rate 0.018
hr with pipe inclined at angle 15
Preparation and Water Quality Purification of Permeable Concrete Pavement Filled with Microbial-Soil Sheet
Kang, Young-Heoun ; Hwang, Pil-Gi ; Kang, Seon-Hong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 727~733
This study was performed to investigate the physical characteristics like compressive strength, permeability, porosity and the water quality removal characteristics of permeable concrete pavement filled with microbial-soil sheet to remove SS, organic matter and nutrients in artificial rainfall. As a result, it can show the removal efficiency is SS 90
95%, COD 85
93%, BOD 80
83%, T-N 61
75%, T-P 71
78% on WAPS Ⅰ(W1) and WAPS Ⅱ(W2). Therefore, permeable concrete pavement filled with microbial-soil sheet shows higher removal efficiency(SS 10%, organic matter and nutrients 30%) than a conventional porous concrete(W3). By filling microbial-soil sheet to permeable concrete pavement, we confirm that the function and efficiency are improved significantly and that a naturally-friendly facility can be developed and applied to treat non-point sources.
Evaluation of the Non-point Source Treatment Facility using the porous lightweight aggregate and the recycled aggregate
Kang, Young-Heoun ; Jang, Dae-Chang ; Kang, Seon-Hong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 735~741
This study intends to evaluate the efficiency of non-point source reduction technique by using the porous lightweight and recycled aggregate which microorganism is seeded. In case of infiltration velocity 30
70 mm/hr in high concentration of influent, it is indicated that SS was 40
94%, COD 44
91%, BOD 4
91%, TN 1.2
66%, TP 7
70% of removal efficiency. Removal efficiency is good in infiltration velocity 30 > 50 > 70㎜/hr order. Therefore, the non-point source treatment facility filled with lightweight and recycled aggregate using microbial seeding shows higher removal efficiency than a conventional sand and gravel. We confirm that the function and efficiency are improved significantly and applied to treat non-point sources.
Estimation of Water Quality Variation in Sewer Network using MOUSE TRAP Model
Yang, Hae-Jin ; Bae, Jun-Hang ; Son, Dae-Ik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 743~752
One of the major problems associated with operation of domestic sewer lines involves hydraulic problems such as insufficient conveyance capacity, exceeding maximum velocity, and deficiency of minimum velocity. It has also been pointed out that influent concentration lower than design concentration of pollutants, which is mainly caused by unidentified inflow and infiltration, degrades the operational efficiency of many sewage treatment plants (STPs). A computer-added analysis method supporting a coupled simulation of sewage quality and quantity is essentially required to evaluate the status of existing STPs and to improve their efficiency by a proper sewer rehabilitation work. In this study, dynamic water quality simulations were conducted using MOUSE TRAP to investigate the principal parameters that governs the changes of BOD,
3- concentrations within the sewer networks based on data acquired through on-site and laboratory measurements. The BOD,
3- concentrations estimated by MOUSE TRAP was lower than theoretical pollution loads because of sedimentation and decomposition in the sewer. The results revealed that sedimentation is a most important factor than other biological reactions in decreasing pollutant load in the sewers of C-city. The sensitivity analysis of parameters pertaining to water quality changes indicated that the effect of the BOD decay rate, the initial DO concentration, the half-saturation coefficient of dissolved BOD, and the initial sediment depth is marginal. However, the influence of settling rate and temperature is relatively high because sedimentation and precipitation, rather than biological degradation, are dominant processes that affect water quality in the study sewer systems.
A Study on Estimation of Bottled Tap Water Market Size
Kim, Shang-Moon ; Ryu, Mun-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 753~761
Bottled water market i s growing at a rate of 10% per year in Korea. However, bottled water exhau sts ground water. Korean government proposed to provide 'bottled tap water' at a low price in 2008. This study is the estimation of 'bottled tap water' market scale using binary logit model. we calculate that 'bottled tap water' market scale is from at least 92 billion won to 154 billion won by 150, 250 won per a bottled water, respectively. This paper indicates that scale of 'bottled tap water' market is a half of 'bottled water' market in 2007. This result provides that policy-makers with available and responsible information regarding the scale of 'bottled tap water' market.
A Study on the Static mixer and Microbubble of the Sidestream Ozone Contact System to Improve Water Treatment Efficiency
Kim, Jin-Hoon ; Park, Jong-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 763~768
Ozone is a strong oxidant and a powerful disinfectant. In general, it has been used in drinking water treatment during last 100years. Ozone dissolution features are defined by the two categories of ozone contactors, bubble-diffuser and sidestream ozone contactor. Currently, sidestream-injection systems are gaining in popularity but operating cost might be slightly higher. Sidestream ozone system dissolve ozone into a sidestream flow via an injection setup or in the main process flow stream in some sidestream arrangements. The sidestream flow is subsequently mixed with the main process flow stream, which is directed to a reation tank or pipeline for oxidation and disinfection reactions. The purpose of this study is to suggest optimal operating pressure, to figure out the static-mixer effect and to understand the microbubble characteristics of ozone to improve dissolution efficiency.
Role of Crossflow Module Media in Gas-liquid-solid Separation and Biomass Retention in Hybrid Anaerobic Filter
Chang, Duk ; Chae, Hee-Wang ; Bae, Hyung-Suk ; Chung, In ; Han, Sang-Bae ; Hur, Joon-Moo ; Hong, Ki-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 769~778
Performances and internal behaviors of the upflow hybrid anaerobic filters treating a dairy wastewater were analyzed to identify the functions and roles of the modular crossflow media and sludge bed layer and to discover their interrelationship in the filter. The media could perform independent biological and physical separation role without buildup of sludge bed, while the role of sludge bed was dependent on the function of the media. The filter packed with the crossflow media did not necessarily require the formation of sludge bed when treating a dairy wastewater. Biological contribution of the media was controlled by that of biologically active sludge bed complementing mutually each other. The gas-liquid-solid separation capability of the media was indispensible to ensure the active biological role of sludge bed, since sludge bed buildup without the media had no independently effective biological function. It was believed that the filter in itself could also function as a selector for physical gas-liquid-solid separation resulting in selectively concentrating particles with superior settleability in sludge bed. The sludge bed in the filter played a key role in the physical solids capture from influent as well as biological organics removal.
The Characteristics of Sediment and a Design Method for Preventing Sediment in domestic sanitary sewers
Hwang, Hwan-Kook ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Han, Sang-Jong ; Lee, Jung-Min ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 779~788
This study is the result of a field survey of four sewer networks selected from in domestic sanitary sewers. The main purpose of this study is to understand the characteristics of sediment in domestic sanitary sewers and to verify sewer design criteria using minimum Shear Stess for preventing sedimnet. This investigation was carried out at a total of 22 points in the four areas. The characteristics of the sanitary solids that were sampled for suspended solids and bedload matter showed a specific gravity of 1.09, a median particle size of 1.26mm, and 88.9% organic contents. On the other hand, deposited sediment was found at 6 points out of the 22 monitoring points. The analysis results of disposed sediment showed a specific gravity of 2.16, a median particle size of 1.31mm, and 15% organic contents. In flow velocity, the majority of deposited sites have under 0.6m/s. However, one-site which was in large-diameter collector sewers, has recorded over 0.6m/s. The analysis results of tractive force showed that the ability of tractive force has to be 1.5
to prevent sediment in domestic Sanitary sewers. In conclusion, to prevent sediment it is necessary to apply a design velocity criteria higher than 0.6m/s in the large diameter collector sewer.
The Characteristics of Sediment and a Design Method for Preventing Sediment in the beginning Lateral Sewer
Hwang, Hwan-Kook ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Han, Sang-Jong ; Jung, Ho-Chan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 789~797
The flow in the beginning lateral sewer can be characterized as intermittent and unsteady, and a moment maximum flow energy is required to transport fecal solids in the sewer. It is thus difficult to design to satisfy a minimum velocity criteria (0.6m/s), because of the substantially lower discharge in the beginning lateral sewer. This study is the result of a field survey, and aims to determine a design criteria for the minimum slope to prevent sediment in a lateral sewer. The survey performed on the two flat small catchments in Goyang-si consisting of D400mm hume-pipe, aimed to understand the manner in which the scope of a sewer slope has an effect on sediment in the beginning lateral sewer. The survey showed that the sewer slope below 3
had sedimentation of 88.7%, while the sewer slope of 3
had sedimentation of 47.8%. In addition, the minimum design slope was estimated to refer to the result of hydraulic experiments from Public Works Research Institute in Japan. Analysis showed that the D400mm hume pipe should be installed with a slope of 6.5
to prevent sediment in the beginning lateral sewer. For future installations, the study results showed that a D300mm plastic pipe requires a minimum slope of 3.5
, and a D250mm plastic pipe requires a minimum slope of 3.3
in the beginning lateral sewer.
Evaluation of the mixing and Hydrodynamic Behavior in rapid mixing stage on using Computational Fluid Dynamics
Cho, Young-Man ; Yoo, Soo-Jeon ; Yoo, Pyung-Joung ; Kim, Dae-Young ; Hwangbo, Bong-Hyeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 799~810
With time, the stable management of turbidity is becoming more important in the water treatment process. So optimization of coagulation is important for the improvement of the sedimentation efficiency. we evaluated the mixing and hydrodynamic behavior in the coagulation basin using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). The items for evaluation are a location and the speed of agitator and angle of an injection pipe. The results of the CFD simulation, the efficacy of mixing in the coagulation basin was not affected according to one or two injection pipe and angle of an injection pipe. If there is a agitator near outlet of coagulation basin, the efficacy of mixing don't improve even though the speed of agitator increase. So location of agitator is perfect when it locate center at the inlet stream. The coagulation basin at this study, the proper speed of agitator is form 20rpm to 30rpm.
An Overview of the Pretreatment Processes in Seawater Desalination Plants using Reverse Osmosis Membranes
Ahn, Chang-Hoon ; Lee, Won-Il ; Yoon, Je-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 811~823
Seawater desalination process using a reverse osmosis (RO) membrane has been considered as one of the most promising technologies in solving the water scarcity problems in many arid regions around the world. To protect RO membrane in the process, a thorough understanding of the pretreatment process is particularly needed. Seawater organic matters (SWOMs) may form a gel layer on the membrane surface, which will increase a concentration polarization. As the SWOMs can be utilized as a substrate, membrane biofouling will be progressed on the RO membrane surface, resulting in the flux decline and increase of trans-membrane pressure drop and salt passage. In the middle of disinfection, an optimal chlorine dosage and neutralizer (sodium bisulfite, SBS) should be practiced to prevent oxidizing the surface of RO membranes. Additional fundamental research including novel non-susceptible biofouling membranes would be necessary to provide a guide line for the proper pretreatment process.
Experimental Study on the Velocity Structure of 2-D Density Current Induced by Selective Withdrawal
Lyu, Si-Wan ; Kim, Young-Do ; Cho, Gil-Je ; Kwon, Jae-Hyun ; Lee, Nam-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 825~832
A series of laboratory experiments has been performed to investigate the flow characteristics of 2-dimensional density currents induced by selective withdrawal, which is commonly suggested as a measure for removal of high turbid water from reservoirs. Saltwater has been used to simulate the density stratification over depth and PIV(Particel Image Velocimetry) for observing the velocity structure. Experimental conditions have been established according to Richardson number, which is the dimensionless number that expresses the ratio of potential to kinetic energy. From the experiments, the patterns of longitudinal decay of centerline axial velocity induced by the withdrawal have been distinguished from other experimental cases. The rate of longitudinal decay increase as the Richardson number increases. The variations of volumetric and momentum flux along the longitudinal axis have also shown to be dependent on Richardson number.
Experimental Study on the Behaviour of Interfacial Layer in Saltwater Wedge
Lyu, Si-Wan ; Kim, Young-Do ; Choi, Jae-Hoon ; Seo, Il-Won ; Kwon, Jae-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 833~842
A series of laboratory experiments has been performed to investigate the behaviour of interfacial layer of saltwater wedge in estuary. Experimental conditions have been established according to densimetric Froude number, which is a dimensionless number comparing inertia force with buoyancy due to the density difference. To observe the behaviour of saltwater wedge, conductivity meter has been used to detect salinity. Time averaged and temporal variation of observed properties have been analyzed to determine and investigate the interfacial layer. The location and profile of interfacial layers have shown the dependency on densimetric Froude number. The thickness of interfacial layer has been also dependent on the variation of densimetric Froude number.
Characteristics of Sulfides Distribution and Formation in the Sediments of Seonakdong River
Park, Seong-Yeol ; Hwang, Kyung-Yup ; Lee, Nam-Joo ; Yoon, Young-Sam ; Lee, Sang-Ho ; Kim, Il-Kyu ; Yu, Kwon-Kyu ; Hwang, In-Seong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 843~853
The sediment samples were collected from Seonakdong River and were analyzed for sulfide species such Acid Volatile Sulfide(AVS) and Elemental Sulfur(ES) and Chromium Reducible Sulfide(CRS). Then characteristics of the formation of sulfide species were investigated for six selected samples. Finally the relationship between environmental factors and sulfate reducing rate(SRR) was investigated using two selected samples. Concentrations of AVS and CRS were relatively high, which suggests that organics input to the sediments has been continued until recently and that potential of heavy metals leaching from the sediments is low. SRR in the sediments was closely related to fraction of fine particles(silt+clay) and also to dissolved organic carbon content of the sediment(DOCsed). The dependences of environmental factors such as organic content, temperature, sulfate concentration on the SRR was relatively strong in the selected experiments conducted with the samples from Noksan gate and Daejeo gate samples. The environmental factor dependencies were stronger in the Noksan gate samples than in the Daejeo gate samples, which is probably due to higher surface area of the Noksan gate sediments.
The Effect of Chemical Backwash on Filtration Performance of Batch Membrane Filtration System
Kim, Kwan-Yeop ; Lee, Eui-Jong ; Kwon, Jin-Sub ; Kim, Hyung-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 855~864
The main object of this work was to determine the influence of periodic chemical backwash on filtration resistance in membrane filtration system. In this work Hermia's models were used to investigate the fouling mechanisms involved in the microfiltration of 0.45
filtered sewage feed. Batch microfiltration experiments were performed at transmembrane pressure 0.4 bar and different feed SCOD concentration (9
67 mgSCOD/L). The results showed that the best fit to experimental data corresponded to the intermediate blocking model followed by the standard and complete blocking model for all the experimental conditions tested. From the simulation results of filtration performance, it was found that in order to maintain sustainable operation of membrane filtration system, irreversible foulant component accumulated continuously on membrane surface and/or pore must be effectively removed. In addition, it was verified that periodic chemical backwash using NaOCl or NaOH effectively improved filtration performance of membrane.
Evaluation of Hydrodynamic Behavior in Horizontal Settling Basin with Archimedes number
Park, No-Suk ; Lee, Sang-Uk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 865~870
In this study, the adequacy of Reynolds numbers and Froude numbers derived from about sixty domestic water treatment plants (WTPs) were analyzed in order to estimate the characteristics of hydraulic behavior within the rectangular shaped sedimentation basins used widely. From the results of analysis, most of domestic WTPs have satisfied the criteria regulated as that Reynolds number should less than 1,000(dimensionless). On the other hand, they have not been able to satisfy the Froude number criteria, which should be higher than 1.0
. The reasons why most of domestic WTPs could not satisfy the criteria are that its criteria basis has been not only inadequate, but also the concept of external flow occurred around a settling particle has been ignored. Accordingly, this study proved the feasibility of Archimedes number, which indicates the ratio between particle Reynolds number and Froude number, to evaluate the hydraulic efficiency and its function of scale factor.
Study on the characteristics of night flow components for leakage management in district metered area
Koo, Ja-Yong ; Jang, Kwang-Ho ; Kim, Min-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 23, issue 6, 2009, Pages 871~879
The Korea has high population density, so the precipitation per capita is only one tenth to world average. The water resource in Korea is insufficient. But the leakage in the water distribution system is about 25%, and it is lower than other countries where water utilities are managed well. The pipelines' management also is getting worse because the leakage in the pipelines lower the ground density surrounding pipes. So, managing the leakage in the water distribution system is very important in the view of increasing the water resources and doing the efficient management of the pipeline system. Accordingly this study aimed to conduct a cause-analysis with scientific approaches considering key local factor related to water loss of distribution system and derive better performance indicators which are able to evaluate the real state of water loss management reasonably. Also this research aimed to develop a methodology capable of judging condition of infrastructure of water distribution system.