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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Prospect and strategies of seawater desalination plant in Middle East major countries
Sohn, Jin-Sik ; Han, Ji-Hee ; Kim, Suk-Hwa ; Sheen, Dong-Woo ; Lim, Jae-Han ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 135~139
Evaluation of calcium carbonate scale formation on system design of seawater reverse osmosis plants
Kang, Nam-Wook ; Choi, Yang-Hun ; Lee, Hye-Ju ; Lee, Seock-Heon ; Kweon, Ji-Hyang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 143~155
Fouling by inorganic scales needs to be prevented to effectively operate sea water reverse osmosis(SWRO) membrane systems. The extents of inorganic scaling with different array designs including one-pass, two-pass and several hybrid designs were evaluated using seawater from southern sea near the city of Chang-Won. The used methods for evaluation were Stiff and Davis Index(S&DSI) calculation and several laboratory experiments. The formation potential of inorganic scale fouling was quite great under the examined conditions, which was confirmed by the laboratory experimental results. The inorganic scale was not avoidable fouling if any anti-scaling measures were not applied. The RO showed decreased flux under the scale formation conditions. The increases in S&DSI from 1.43 to 5 made small decreases in flux, which indicated that formation of inorganic scales had more substantial effects on RO flux than amount of inorganic scales.
Prospect and strategies of seawater desalination plant in Asia major countries
Sohn, Jin-Sik ; Han, Ji-Hee ; Kim, Suk-Hwa ; Sheen, Dong-Woo ; Lim, Jae-Han ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 157~164
Seawater desalination has vest interest in terms of ultimate water resources for the countries suffering lack of water supply. Water demand is steadily increasing due to the population growth and industrialization in Asia. The objectives of this study are to prospect the desalination market in Asia countries including China, India and Singapore, and to propose possible strategies of getting through Asia water market. Water supply in China is increasing up to
/d in 2015. Northeast coastal areas such as Tianjin, Shandong, Hubei, and Liaoning are expected rapid increase for water demand. The investment of water supply in India would be 1.74 billion dollars during 2006 to 2015. Chennai, Kutch, and Pondicherry have possibility in introducing seawater desalination plants. Singapore is focusing on water reuse, and operating three NEWater plants (water reuse plants). BOT with total solution providing financing, construction, operation etc. is an adequate strategy to getting through China water market, while desalination plant project connecting with power plant is desirable in India. The cooperative system with Korea and Singapore creates synergy effect regarding planning and operating experience of Singapore and EPC ability of Korea.
A Test of Two Models for the Bacteria Flux across the Sediment/Water Interface in an Effluent-dominated Stream
Ahn, Jong-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 165~172
Treated sewage could enable growth by providing key nutrients or seeding the sediments with enterococci strains that can grow in the environment. This study is to test the hypothesis that the flux of bacteria into the water column is rate-limited by the transfer of bacteria across the sediment/water interface. Two conceptual models are derived for the transfer of bacteria to the water column from the sediment/water interface: convective diffusion of isolated bacteria and resuspension of particle-associated bacteria. The model predictions are directly tested together with field measurements of bacteria and sediment in an effluent-dominated stream where high concentrations of enterococci in this stream originate primarily from growth of the bacteria in stream sediments. The results reveal that high concentrations of enterococci in this stream are transported primarily by resuspension of particle-associated bacteria accumulated at the sediment/water interface, either in the form of bacterial aggregates or in the form of inorganic particles.
Feasibility Study on the Construction of Small Hydro-Power Plants in Gumi Sewage Treatment Plant Discharge Point
Nah, Dong-Hun ; Lee, Seung-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 173~181
This study was conducted to investigate the possible installation of small hydro-power plant at the discharge point of Gumi sewage treatment plant (STP) using treated wastewater. Sufficient amount of water to transfer to electric power and the selection of proper location are two essential elements for the construction of small hydro-power facility. Preliminary analysis based on site visit and existing data in Gumi STP were made. Capacity of the small hydro-power plants and exact location were determined by geomorphological condition and flow duration characteristics. Flow duration characteristics and its duration curve were identified using monthly rainfall data in Gumi STP. Relevant facts of small hydro-power system in other STP were referred to adopt to Gumi STP situation. Flowrate of treated effluents and effective head between flow chamber and the location of hydraulic turbine in Gumi STP are found to be
/sec and 3.5m respectively. Electric generation rate based on this feasibility study was estimated to be 86.3kW/h. Yearly electric generation rate was expected to be 932.4MMh. Proposed small hydro-power plant construction in Gumi STP is to be reasonable.
Study of Rehabilitation Priority Order of Pipes for Water Distribution Systems using Utopian Approach
Yoo, Do-Guen ; Jun, Hwan-Don ; Kim, Joong-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 183~193
Well planned rehabilitation order of pipes is essential for efficient maintenance and management of Water Distribution Systems. In this study, not only deterioration rate of pipes but also structural and nonstructural failure which causes abnormal condition of WDS is considered to determine rehabilitation order. Probabilistic Neural Network is used for calculating deterioration rate at present and the importance of pipes is computed under structural and nonstructural failure by using Pipe by Pipe Failure Analysis and Effect Index. Utopian Approach, one of the Multi-Criteria Decision Making methods, is used for assessment of final rehabilitation order based on distance measure between utopian point and alternative one. Developed model in this study shows that it gives more reliable results than existing methods considering hydraulic relative importance does in application to real networks. In this point, the newly developed model, which gives advantages over existing models, can make a credible decision and simple application.
Evaluation for the simultaneous Removal of Organic Matters and Nutrients by the RBC and tapered Aeration Processes with Bacillus sp. for the high Strength of Dairy Wastewater
Lee, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 195~202
The evaluation of organic matters and nutrients removal was investigated for the synthetic wastewater and the high strength of dairy wastewater. Two different systems were performed for this research. System A composing of a single RBC with tapered aeration was fed with the synthetic wastewater for 74 days with 173L/day of influent, 200% of internal return and 100% of sludge return for the period 1 and 2. The feed conditions were maintained 346L/day of influent, 50% of internal return and sludge return for the period 3. The dairy wastewater was introduced to evaluate treatment efficiency for system B composing of dual RBCs and tapered aeration tanks for 50 days of experimental run time, in which hydraulic rates were maintained at the constant ratios of 346L/day, 50% of internal return and 50% of sludge return. The spiral string media made of nylon fibre was attached by Bacillus sp. in RBC for both systems. The specific area of string media was
/m and biomass was maintained at the concentrations of 23g/m. The synthetic wastewater was supplied by 1,800mg/L of glucose, 500mg/L of
, and 500mg/L of
to system A. The dairy wastewater was supplied to system B from dairy production plant. The average influent concentrations were 1,334mg/L of BOD, 2,014mg/L of CODcr, 160mg/L of T-N, and 12mg/L of T-P in system A. The average influent concentrations of parameters were 1,006 mg/L for BOD, 1,875mg/L for
, 51.6mg/L for T-N and 8.9mg/L for T-P in system B. Results indicated that removal efficiencies of BOD and
were more than 90% however, the removal efficiency of T-N was 87%, and that of T-P was 82% for system A. Removal efficiencies were 98.5% of BOD, 91.3% of nitrogen and 89% of phosphorus for system B. The removal efficiencies of organic matters, T-N and T-P were higher in system B than in system A. The effluent quality issued by the stringent national legislations for the discharge of the high strength of dairy products wastewater can be improved using sequential RBCsand tapered aeration reactors rather than a single RBC and tapered aeration reactors with Bacillus sp.
Increase of treatment amount of thermophilic oxic process considering calorie/water (C/W) ratio
Jeon, Kyoung-Ho ; Choi, Dong-Yoon ; Song, Jun-Ik ; Park, Kyu-Hyun ; Kwag, Jung-Hoon ; Kim, Jae-Hwan ; Kang, Hee-Sul ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 203~210
The signification of calorie/water (C/W) ratio was investigated in the treatment of highly concentrated organic wastes by thermophilic oxic process (TOP). Swine waste was used in this study. When C/W ratio was 1.6, most of swine waste was decomposed and all water was evaporated in the 24-h injection cycle. To improve treatment efficiency of TOP treating swine waste, the effect of shortening the swine waste injection cycle was examined. The shortening of injection cycle was conducted to stimulate the activity of thermophilic bacteria. A high temperature in the reactor was maintained by shortening of the injection cycle. When the swine waste injection cycle was shortened, the C/W ratio was fixed at 1.6. As a result, by shortening the swine waste injection cycle from 24-h to 12 and 6-h, the maximum loading rate of swine waste per day could be improved 1.9 and 3.5 times, respectively.
Numerical Analysis on the Flow Vortex in a Multi Pump Intake using a Pump Sump Model
Park, No-Suk ; Kim, Seong-Su ; Hyun, Sang-Rak ; Park, Jong-Ho ; Ahn, Young-Seog ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 211~217
In order to suggest the methodology for achieving anti-vortex within multi pump intake well, the field test and CFD(Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulation were conducted. The filed test were carried out for domestic W_multi pump intake well according to usual operation condition through the naked observation. From the results, operating #4, #5, #8 and 9# pumps, the vortex and swirl occurred above #4 and #9 intake pipe within two wells. For qualitative analysis, a commercial CFD code, using sump model, was used to predict the vortex generation within the selected pump intake facility accurately. The analysed results by CFD show that the vortex structure and location are in accordance with the results of the field test.
Defining optimum configuration for secondary clarifier using computer simulation
Lee, Byong-Hi ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 219~230
Computer simulation has been widely used to design and optimize the operation of wastewater treatment plants since 1980. For secondary clarifiers, the simulation has been a tool to optimize the performance by providing dimensions for flocculation well. However, there has been no attempt to find the optimized geometrical parameters in circular secondary clarifier using simulation tools. In this study, three SVIs (Sludge Volume Indexes), two well types (feed and flocculation wells), 8 SWDs (Side Water Depths) and 9 bottom slopes were variables for simulation. Diurnal inflow and associated MLSS (Mixed Liquor Suspended Solid) concentrations were used for input loadings. When flocculation well was installed, 48% less concentration at lowest ESS (Effluent Suspended Solid) concentrations was produced and the diurnal ESS concentration range had been reduced by 52%. From these results, flocculation well must be installed to produce lower and stable ESS from circular secondary clarifiers. Under same loading conditions with
/g of SVI, The lowest ESS was produced when SWD was 4.5m with 4% of bottom slope. Therefore, SWD and bottom slope must not be deeper than 4.5m and must be near 4%, respectively, in circular clarifier with flocculation well to produce the lowest ESS concentration.
Performance of fiber media filter device for combined sewer overflows treatment
Son, Sang-Mi ; Warangkana, Jutidamrongphan ; Park, Ki-Young ; Park, Chul-Hwi ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 231~236
A compressible media filtration process with synthetic fiber media was studied for combined sewer overflows (CSOs) treatment. Since the operation performance of fiber media filtration was dependent on the pattern of CSOs, the flow rate of CSOs was investigated and it was characterized by a big fluctuation. Thus, in this study, the fiber media filtration process was tested with wide range of filtration velocity. The removal efficiency was proportion to the increase in compressibility. As the filtration velocity was increased, the treatment efficiency was decreased and consequently leveled off when the velocity exceeded 750
/d. An exponential equation was introduced to express the relationship between the removal efficiency and up-flow velocity. At columm test, six repetition of filtration and backwash cycle did not after the filtering velocity under the constant pressure condition.
A study on the fouling characteristics of low-pressure membranes and NOM with coagulation pretreatment
Park, Sang-Hyuk ; Hong, Jong-Hyun ; Yu, Myong-Jin ; Koo, Ja-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 237~246
This study was carried out to compare the performances of hydrophobic and hydrophilic membranes in the filtration of the pretreatment waters using coagulants such as PAC and PAHCs, and to investigate the influence of NOM characteristics on the fouling of membranes. As a result, the hydrophobic fraction was more effectively removed by PAHCs, however the transphilic and hydrophilic fraction were more effectively removed by PAC on NOM removal. Raw water showed the highest response in the range of humic substances, and pre-coagulated waters with PAC and PAHCs followed. It was also observed that the fouling effect for a hydrophobic membrane was greater than that of a hydrophilic membrane with a similar pore size, due to fouling caused by adsorption. Foulants causing significant flux decline were alcoholic compounds (polysaccharide-like) and humic substances including aromatic groups. Especially, it appeared that alcoholic compounds such as polysaccharide-like substances which mostly remained after coagulation pretreatment had most influence on fouling. It was found that fouling were influenced by each fraction NOM components depending on coagulants used. And PAHCs was more efficient for membrane fouling than PAC.