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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of the Water Purification Efficiency of Waste LCD Glass Media by Using Foaming Technology
Ahn, Tae-Woong ; Choi, I-Song ; Oh, Jong-Min ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 4, 2010, Pages 369~376
The purpose of this study is to reprocess Waste-LCD(Liquid Crystal Display), to widely increase specific surface-area by foaming agent in the process of reprocessing and to use as a substrate of water treatment which is increased the ability of biological treatment, as well as to control non-point source pollutants produced by surface run off during rainfall with using this substrate, and to improve water quality of public watershed as developing substrate for water treatment to be able to purify second treated water which is exhausted at the wastewater treatment plant. The average removal efficiency of Waste-LCD that using the foaming technology was SS 71.2%, BOD 55.7%, COD 58.4%, T-N 29.5% and T-P was 50.3%. Almost Media, early stage showed low removal efficiency of SS and BOD. However, it became high when the microorganism adhered the Media. The variation of SS removal efficiency was high by inflow concentration of SS. The reason for the Media 4 showed high SS removal efficiency is that it has wide specific surface-area, and also it has a pore. All in all, it shows floating matter treatment ability not only inside but it also works outside of the substrate.
Identification of operating parameters in auto-discharging filter system for treatment of urban storm water
Kim, Sun-Hee ; Gwon, Eun-Mi ; Pak, Sung-Soon ; Joh, Seong-Ju ; Lim, Chea-Hoan ; Kang, Seon-Hong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 4, 2010, Pages 377~386
To identify operating parameters of the up-flow filtering system, which is available to discharge filtering residue after the rain, developed for treatment of urban storm runoff, lab scale test was carried out. Removal efficiency of SS was 68.7%, 62.2%, and 58.6% at the area roading rate of 2.46m/h, 4.68m/h, and 10m/h, respectively, filtering device is desirable to operate at the lower than 4.68m/h of area roading rate to get higher level of 60% SS removal efficiency. The removal efficiency of SS was 57.1% ~ 68.7% at the raw water SS of 100mg/L ~ 600mg/L, and the SS in treated water was maintained at the constant level through the elapsed time. It is indicate that filtering device can guarantee a certain level of effluent water quality at various raw water quality. The removal efficiency of SS to the depth of filter media was 68.3%, 78.6% at the filter depth of 10 cm, 20cm respectively. The final treated water quality was showed 30.2mg/L of CODMn, 1.60mg/L of TN and 0.25mg/L of TP. The average removal efficiencies by filtering device developed in this research were recorded slightly lower levels than other research. The main reason of these results were the first, the filter depth of the media used in this test was shallow, the second, the kind of filter media in discharge port of residue. More research to kind of filter media, filter packing rate, select of media for residue discharge port should be go on to produce optimum operating condition. The result of this study would be valuable for the application of filtration device to control of urban storm water.
A Comparative Study on COD Fractionation Methods of Wastewater
Kim, Sung-Hong ; Yun, Jung-Won ; Choi, Young-Gyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 4, 2010, Pages 387~394
The influent COD of municipal wastewater has been divided into 4 fractions; readily soluble biodegradable, slowly particulate biodegradable, soluble and particulate unbiodegradable COD. The mathematical modeling of biological wastewater treatment processes and the design and operation of nutrient removal plants require a reliable and accurate estimate of the composition of influent wastewater COD. COD utilization rate is proportional to the oxygen uptake rate(OUR), so a batch biodegradation test with OUR measurement has been effectively used for the determination of COD fractionation. But the mathematical model of COD utilization and heterotrophs synthesis is essential to interpret the OUR measurement. Mamais method is another method for determining readily biodegradable soluble COD. Like the OUR test method, batch biodegradation test is necessary but it does not require mathematical model. These two methods for determining COD fractionation are introduced here in detail. Experimental results showed that COD composition by Mamais method is not different to that by OUR test method so, either of them can be used.
Study of optimal reduction plan for wastewater sludge generated from oil refinery
Choi, Jae-Woo ; Jung, Jong-Min ; Shim, Natalia ; Lee, Sang-Hyup ; Park, Cheol-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 4, 2010, Pages 395~406
In this study, anaerobic digestion, electro-oxidation and electro-fenton oxidation processes were investigated to reduce oily refinery sludge. Anaerobic digestion process was not suitable for oily activated sludge reduction because of characteristics itself and, as experimental results revealed, reduction efficiency was low for electro-oxidation process. However, 40% total suspended solid reduction of oily activated sludge was obtained by electro-fenton oxidation process, operating at pH=1, 0.5 A and
ratio = 1:30. In addition, higher reduction efficiency was obtained as reaction time was increased (30, 60, 90, 120 min) despite of low
concentration. From the results, it has been investigated that electro-fenton oxidation is efficient process for oily activated sludge reduction.
Performance of Night Soil Treatment Plant using B3(Bio-Best-Bacillus) System
Seo, Yun-Ha ; Lee, Jung-Bong ; Choi, Sung-Yong ; Kim, Deug-Ho ; Kim, Jin-Hwan ; Byeun, Jeung-Bok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 4, 2010, Pages 407~412
The purpose of this study was to investigate removal efficiencies of contaminants in night soil treatment plant using the B3 system. The samples were collected from retaining tank and settlement tank in Yechon night soil plant. We experimented concentrations of BOD, COD, SS, TN and TP. Concentration data were processed using removal efficiencies by season and correlation analysis with pilot running parameters. Removal efficiencies of total organic carbon was over 96%, TN was 98% during summer, 80.9% during winter. In the case of TP, the highest removal efficiencies was 94.1% during fall and the lowest removal efficiencies was 82% during spring. Results of correlation analysis showed two positive correlation groups and one negative group. Positive correlations were among temperature, BOD and TN. The others were pH, BOD, COD, SS, TN and TP. Negative correlation were among MLSS, BOD, COD, SS, TN, TP.
Characteristics of Phosphorus Adsorption on Titanium Meso-structure Synthesized under Various Conditions of Surfactant
Choi, Jae-Woo ; Choi, Ji-Youn ; Lee, Seung-Yeon ; Lee, Sang-Hyup ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 4, 2010, Pages 413~423
Eutrophication caused by the excessive supply of phosphorus to water has been considered as one of the most important environmental problems. In this study, the titanium mesostrcture, which was prepared with the template of different surfactant, was tested to confirm the applicability as an adsorbent for phosphorus removal and evaluate the phosphorus removal efficiency. X-ray diffraction analysis, phosphorus adsorption istotherm and kinetic test were performed for the titanium mesostructure, synthesized at various base material/surfactant molar ratio and with different surfactant templates. From the results, we found that mesostructure was synthesized at the base material/surfactant molar ratio of 1/0.25 was most uniformly and clearly formed and thus the adsorption capacity was also maximized.
Case study on Remodeling Clearwell Hydraulic Structure using Transient CFD Simulation Technique
Kim, Seon-Jin ; Kim, Seong-Su ; Park, No-Suk ; Cha, Min-Whan ; Wang, Chang-Keun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 4, 2010, Pages 425~432
From the results of tracer test for the existing clearwell in Y water treatment plant,
and T10/T were calculated as 150 min and 0.24, respectively. Therefore it required the modification schemes for improving hydraulic efficiency, surrogated by
/T, and disinfection performance. In this study, using transient CFD(Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulation technique, tracer tests on dynamic condition for the suggested schemes were simulated. From the results of simulation, it was revealed that 8~6 baffles are necessary to guarantee the disinfection ability in the existing clearwell. Also, installing orifice baffle in the vicinity of inlet could increase plug flow fraction within clearwell.
The effect of HRT, current density, and packing ratio on nitrate nitrogen removal efficiency and current efficiency in BRM-BER
Whang, Gye-Dae ; Lee, Sang-Keun ; Sung, Hae-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 4, 2010, Pages 433~442
BER at different packing ratios of bio-ring media(BRM) was tested to investigate the effect of varying hydraulic retention time (HRT) and current density on the nitrate removal and current efficiency. In the preliminary batch mode experiment of BERs, current density was applied at 2.0 A/
, 4.0 A/
, 4.8 A/
, which correspond to the designation of reactor #1, #2, #3, respectively. The reactor #2 showed a highest nitrate removal rate of 162.0 mg
-N/L/d, and the kinetics of nitrate removal rate was defined as the Zero order reaction. In the primary experiment of BERs, four BERs packed with BRM were operated in varying HRT and current, and the packing ratios of reactor #1, #2, #3 and #4 were 0%, 8%, 16%, 24%. respectively. This results of the experiments indicated that the nitrate removal rate and current efficiency were increased significantly cause of growing of autotrophic denitrification microorganisms on the surface of cathode and media by increasing of the current density and decreasing of HRT. However, The decreasing of nitrate removal rate and current efficiencies were observed in the condition of HRT of 5.25 hr and 4.8 A/
of current density. With more increasing current density and decreasing of HRT, the hydrogen inhibition occurred at the surface of cathode. Moreover, nitrate removal rate by autotrophic denitrification microorganisms attached on the media surface was observed to be limited by no longer increasing dissolved hydrogen concentration of each reactor. In conclusion, the highest nitrate nitrogen removal and current efficiency could be achieved when the BER was operated at the conditions of 7 hr HRT, current density of 4.0 A/
, and 16% packing ratio. And it was found that the amount of nitrate removal by microorganisms attached on the surface of cathode and media (BRM) was 178.2 mg/L and 52.2 mg/L respectively. and the amount of nitrate removal per MLVSS was 0.435 g
A Study on Treatment of CSOs by Vortex Separator and Continuous Fiber-Filter System
Lee, Bum-Joon ; Na, Ji-Hoon ; Kim, Jin-Sung ; Joo, Jae-Young ; Bae, Yoon-Sun ; Jung, In-Ho ; Park, Chul-Hwi ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 4, 2010, Pages 443~451
This study was conducted to confirm the CSOs characteristics, and to estimate treatment efficiency of CSO treatment process. Flowrate was average
/d during dry season, but after rain-fall, the flowrate was increased more than twice that of the dry season. And, water pollution concentrations, such as
, TN and TP of after rain-fall, were also increased. Thus, for more efficient treatment of pollutants during rainy season, The vortex separator and continuous fiber filter devices were used. From the results on particle range, removal efficiency of particle was 99.7% at the particle size range of
but decreased as 55-80% at the below
. The removal efficiencies of
, SS, TN and TP were approx. 70, 60, 70 and 50, respectively during the dry season and approx. 50, 50, 8 and 18% during the rainy season. Also, when compared with the primary sediment basin,
, SS, TN and TP removal efficiencies were high. especially, at the case of TN and TP, TN was more removed than TP because of higher conversion factor value. But we needed more study for the injection of a coagulants to get more stable treatment efficiency for soluble pollutants. Consequently, This process can be used for CSOs treatment as well as replace the primary sedimentation basin during the dry season.
Characteristics of soil and eco-friendly media for improving the filterability and water quality in soil filtration
Ki, Dong-Won ; Cho, Kang-Woo ; Won, Se-Yoen ; Song, Kyung-Guen ; Ahn, Kyu-Hong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 4, 2010, Pages 453~462
Nowadays, the challenges of ensuring good water quality and quantity of river are becoming more important for human society, but there has been troublesome for purifying river water. In this study, we performed the fundamental study of a river water treatment system using riverside soil and eco-friendly optimal media for improving river water quality and can also treat a large amount of river water. As the results of the physical and chemical characterization of the two different soils (Kyungan and Chungrang, The Republic of Korea), which were collected from real stream sides in the Han River basin, and five kinds of media (zeolite, perlite, steel slag, woodchip and mulch), both soils were all classified as a sand, and effective size (
) and uniformity coefficient (U) of the soil were about 0.2 mm and 4 or so, respectively. Through the batch and column experiments with the soil and eco-friendly media, zeolite and mulch were found to be efficient for decreasing nitrogen. In addition, steel slag was especially superior to the other media for phosphorus removal. From soil reforming tests volume ratios were 2.8, 1, and 1 of Kyungan soil, zeolite, and steel slag hydraulic conductivity of mixed soil was increased
of Kyungan soil, and the removal efficiencies of nitrogen and phosphorus were also improved. These results show that reforming of the soil enhanced the purification of a large amount of water, and zeolite, mulch, and steel slag might be facilitated as proper functional media.
Chemical Coagulation Conditions and Efficiency of Sewage with Al(III) and Fe(III) Coagulants
Park, June-Gue ; Tian, Dong-Jie ; Park, Noh-Back ; Jun, Hang-Bae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 4, 2010, Pages 463~474
In this study, chemical coagulation conditions for treating combined sewer overflow(CSO) occurred during rainy season were evaluated by jar tests with aluminum sulfate[
] and ferric chloride[
]. The raw domestic sewage sampled from the primary sedimentation tank at a local sewage treatment plant was filtered through
sieve before using. Point of zero charge(PZC) for various dose of aluminum sulfate occurred at pH 5.8-6.5, while for ferric chloride occurred at pH 5.3-6.0 in term of streaming current(SC) values. Charge neutralization ability of aluminum sulfate was bigger than that of ferric chloride. Optimum pH and dose of aluminum sulfate and ferric chloride were 6.2, 0.438mM and 5.8, 0.925mM, respectively. Removal efficiencies of TCOD, turbidity, SS and TP were 75, 97, 95, 96% with aluminum sulfate and 74, 96, 98, 99% with ferric chloride at their optimum coagulation conditions. More efficient removal of SS, TP and small particles was possible with ferric chloride at optimum coagulation conditions. Both SC values and COD removal started to increase where soluble phosphorus was completely removed.