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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Biofilms and their Activity in Granular Activated Carbons Established in a Drinking Water Treatment Plant
Lee, Ji-Young ; Kim, Se-Jun ; Chung, Ik-Sang ; Joh, Gyeong-Je ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 6, 2010, Pages 661~674
Bacterial biomass and its activity were measured in two kinds of granular activated carbon (GAC), the experimental and existing biofiltration system in a drinking water plant. The bacterial biomass was around 210 to 250 nmol P/g WW with phospholipid concentration at acclimation of ozonation treatment. The phospholipid biomass shows more or less a declining gradient along filter depth and no clear seasonality in its values. On the other hand, the microbial activity of [
]-thymidine and [
]-acetate incorporation within cells increased significantly along the filter depth, showing the difference of three fold between the upper and bottom layer. These factors support the different microbial composition or metabolic activity along the depth of GAC column. Turnover rates, the rate of bacterial biomass and production of biofilm, ranged from 0.26 /hr to 0.37 /hr, indicating a highly rapid recovery itself at amature state. In the non-ozonation treatment, the bacterial biomass was lower than in the ozonation and biological activity also declined towards the filter depth. The biomass levels during cessation of ozonation in the existing GAC filters were 68% of the actively ozonated state.
Cognition on Quality and Cost of Small Drinking Water Plants in Gyungbuk Region
Kang, Mee-A ; Yang, Myeong-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 6, 2010, Pages 675~682
Groundwater is an essential drinking water source in Gyungbuk, South Korea. The primary source of nitrate in groundwater is from nitrogen fertilizers. Efficient management of a small drinking water plant requires a good understanding of its status such as the objective and the cognition of users. The objective of this study is to understand user situation and produce useful user-friendly policy based on user cognition. Most people who participated in this study, should take their groundwater from a good quality source. Even though they would like to have a good facility for getting safe water, they were reluctant to do it due to the cost used. It means that people who drink groundwater have no idea that health safety is affected by groundwater quality. The volume used depended upon personal activities such as agriculture and stockbreeding. We can easily find groundwater with nitrate that exceeds drinking water standards. Therefore, we have to carry out groundwater management with two categories ; 1) drinking water only and 2) others according to objectives in small drinking water systems.
Effect Analysis on Self-supporting Energy of Newtown Sewage Treatment Facility for Low-carbon Green City
Ahn, Soo-Jeung ; Hyun, Kyoung-Hak ; Kim, Jong-Yeob ; Choung, Youn-Kyoo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 6, 2010, Pages 683~690
Renewable and unutilized energy (biogas power generation, wind power, solar, small hydro-power, sewage heat source, etc.) seems to be suitable to install for the sewage treatment facilities. There are 357 sewage treatment plants in 2007. 17 plants among these have been operating for self-supporting energy by using solar power, small hydro-power and biogas in 2008. Newly built sewage treatment plant of 96,000
/day for a newtown is expected to get up to energy consumption of 10 GWh/yr. If solar energy, small hydro-power and biogas-equipments were applied to the new treatment plant, self-supporting energy of the new sewage treatment plant will get up to 56.1%. As a results, about 2,379ton
emission reduction can be expected by using renewable energy. These efforts for self-supporting energy will lead sewage treatment plant to new energy recycle center.
Impacts on water-cycle by land use change and effects of infiltration trenches in Asan New town
Hyun, Kyoung-Hak ; Lee, Jung-Min ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 6, 2010, Pages 691~701
As the water-cycle is transformed by increasing of the impermeable area in process of urbanization, decentralized rainwater management facilities(infiltration, harvesting and retention facilities) as source control are considered to be a method of restoring water-cycle of urban and reducing runoff. SWMM model was used to analyse the change of water-cycle structure before and after development in A new town watershed. Modified SWMM code was developed to apply infiltration facilities. The modified SWMM was used to analyse the change of water-cycle before and after infiltration trench setup in AJ subcatchment. Changes of the impervious area by development and consequent increase in runoff were analyzed. These analyses were performed by a day rainfall during ten years from 1998 to 2007. According to the results, surface runoff increased from 51.85% to 65.25 %, and total infiltration volume decreased from 34.15 % to 21.08 % in A newtown watershed. If more than 80 infiltration trenches are constructed in AJ subcatchment, the low flow and the drought flow increases by around 47%, 44%, separately. The results of this study, infiltration trench is interpreted to be an effective infiltration facility to restore water-cycle in new town.
Study on Bio-H2 Production from Synthetic Food Waste and Activated Sludge from Industrial Waste Water Processes using Dark-fermentation
Kim, Tae-Hyeong ; Kim, Mi-Hyung ; Lee, Myoung-Joo ; Hwang, Sun-Jin ; Eom, Hyoung-Choon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 6, 2010, Pages 703~712
This study performed to extract operation factors of major organic wastes, which were food wastes and waste activated sludge generated in industries in order to use them as a substrate for bio-H2 production. According to the results of experimental analysis for hydrogen production capacity by various organic concentrations, the hydrogen production yield was the highest at 80 g/L, and the efficiency was improved by the pretreatment of waste activated sludge (acid treatment, alkali treatment). Hydrogen production efficiency was improved by mixing food wastes and waste activated sludge if waste activated sludge was below than 30%, however, it was decreased when it was more than 50%. The impacts of heavy metals on the hydrogen production shows that the inhibition level depends on the concentration of Cr, Zn, and Cu, Fe was able to enhance the hydrogen production.
Numerical analysis of flow and settling efficiency in a sedimentation basin
Kim, Dae-Guen ; Kim, Sung-Man ; Park, Won-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 6, 2010, Pages 713~722
This paper has assessed the flow patterns and settling efficiency in the sedimentation basin using the particle tracking method of the CFD code and has reached the following conclusions: In the original design where no baffle is installed in the sedimentation basin, a large recirculating area where the flow stagnates is created in the right side of the sedimentation basin, with most of the particles moving to the left side of the sedimentation basin following the flow. This biased flow structure in the sedimentation basin reduces the residence time of particles and thereby undermines settling efficiency. The biased flow toward the left side of the sedimentation basin is alleviated by installing a baffle in the sedimentation basin, promptly reducing the fast flow of over 0.7 m/s in the inlet of the sedimentation basin to the rate below 0.2 m/s. In this paper's simulation conditions, if a one-sided baffle is to be installed in the sedimentation basin, placing it 15 meters away from the basin's inlet leads to the best settling efficiency; it has also been analyzed that installing a two-sided baffle-rather than a one-sided one-is a better option in terms of settling efficiency. The highest settling efficiency of 96.2% is achieved when the underwater length of the two-sided baffle is set at 8 meters.
Treatment Characteristics of Sand Filtration and Microfiltration (MF) in Advanced Water Treatment
Kim, Hyung-Suk ; Lee, Byoung-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 6, 2010, Pages 723~734
With a belief of high water quality production and less chemical usage, membrane technology including Microfiltration (MF), Ultrafiltration (UF), and Nanofiltration(NF) is being employed more and more in drinking water treatment process. However, due to higher energy consumption of UF and NF, MF is normally used for drinking water treatment especially in a plant of large scale. In this investigation, performance ofsand filtration and membrane filtration was compared regarding removal of various water quality parameters, such as TOC, DOC, KMnO4 consumption, THMFP, and HAAFP. Two lines of pilot plant have been operated, one of which line is a traditional advanced water treatment process which includes sedimentation, sand filtration, ozonation, and activated carbon, and the other line is an alternative treatment process which includes sedimentation with inclined plate, MF membrane, ozonation, and activated carbon. For the first about 4months of period, MF filtration showed similar or little bit higher performance than sand filtration. However, after about 4month later, sand filtration showed much higher performance in removing all parameters monitored in the investigation. It was found that sand filtration is a better option than MF filtration as far as microbial community is fully activated in sand filter bed.
Long Term Operation of Microfiltration as a Pretreatment for Seawater Reverse Osmosis Processes
Kim, Su-Han ; Kim, Chung-H. ; Kang, Suk-H. ; Lim, Jae-L. ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 6, 2010, Pages 735~741
A pilot test was carried out to investigate the long term operation characteristics of Microfiltration (MF) system as a pretreatment for seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) processes for two years. A commercialized MF module with pressurized operation type was used to filter seawater to remove particles which can foul reverse osmosis (RO) membrane. Silt Density Index (SDI) values of filtered seawater by the MF system were ranged from 0.14 to 1.79, which meet the SDI standard for RO feed water as depicted in previous literatures. Although the tested seawater is quite clean (i.e., dissolved organic cabon (DOC) concentration and turbidity were about 1 mg/l and less than 1 NTU, respectively) enough not to foul the MF membrane, steep increase in trans-membrane pressure (TMP) with a constant flux were observed over a whole operation period. A set of operation and water analysis data implies that the steep increase in TMP was resulted from iron and maganese fouling by the combination of metal corrosion by seawater and oxidation state by aeration and residual chlorine.
Development of Evaluation Methodology on the Performance of BTL Sewer Rehabilitation Projects
Song, Ho-Myeon ; Cho, Jeong-Il ; Ahn, Choong-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 6, 2010, Pages 743~751
It requires an interim performance assessment for BTL business of the sewerage rehabilitation which continues from 2005 till now. Means, It is necessary to make an interim performance assessment and an analysis of an business effect of the sewerage rehabilitation BTL projects which still continues, and we presented an improvement method of the new sewerage rehabilitation project in future. This paper has conducted an analysis of the business effect for 3 local government BTL projects which are completed and under operation as of now in Jincheon-Gun, Cheongju-Si and Gangjin-Gun. As a method of business effect analysis, we conducted a business effect of the 3 places using the index set which we previously set for the business effect analysis. The index set in this research was sectionalized to an improvement effect of operating wastewater treatment plant, an benefit effect of the direct cost, an benefit effect of the indirect cost and an environment friendly effect. We, in this paper, conducted an business effect analysis for 3 sewerage rehabilitation BTL projects which are completed or under operation recently as a demonstration, however we judge that an business effect analysis shall be conducted in a stage that a significant time for operation has passed since the completion of the construction in order to induce an actual business effect of the sewerage rehabilitation BTL project.
Decision of Backwashing frequency and method on the GAC adsorber
Chae, Seon-Ha ; Cho, Chang-Hyun ; Lee, Hee-Dae ; Wang, Chang-Keun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 6, 2010, Pages 753~762
The objective of this study was to evaluate the backwashing frequency and method on the Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) in G WTP. A backwashing period was determined as 50 days and 60 days, respectively. Prior to Backwashing by head loss build, biomass concentration in effluent as constant and DO concentration was maintained more than 11.5 mg/L in GAC bed. Peak turbidity of backwashing water was 73.6~303 NTU. Mean turbidity of backwashing water at initial 9 minute of backwash operation was 50.7~82.8 NTU. After 30 minute backwashing operation, final turbidity reaches approximately 10 NTU. The frequency of backwashing and turbidity of backwashing water overtime were evaluated. At 20days of backwashing frequency, the peak turbidity was 73 NTU and 42 NTU respectively when 10% and 25% of expansion of GAC were applied. At 14 minute of backwashing time, it was observed that turbidity of 10% expansion of GAC was higher than that of 20% expansion.
Treatment of Food Waste Leachate using Pure-Oxygen Jet Loop Reactor(JLR)
Yoon, Ae-Hwa ; Park, Noh-Back ; Bae, Jong-Hun ; Jun, Hang-Bae ; Kwon, Young-Bae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 6, 2010, Pages 763~773
The removal efficiencies and a total oxygen transfer coefficient for food waste leachate(FWL) were estimated by using Jet Loop Reactor(JLR). Pure oxygen was used instead of air to improve oxygen concentration in the JLR for high total chemical oxygen demamd(TCOD) in FWL. In JLB, in order to examining the oxygen transfer characteristic, the circulation flowrate and oxygen flowrate were controlled with 7~10 L/min(1.5 L/min interval) and 0.2~0.5 L/min (0.1 L/min interval) and we experimented according to the each condition. As a result, Oxygen uptake rate(OUR) and oxygen transfer rate could be maximized than the oxygen flowrate to increase the circulation flowrate. In addition, it determined that JLR using the pure oxygen which can obtain the greatest oxygen transfer rate as it was the high-concentration organic wastewater like the food waste leachate through the continuous experiment was appropriate.
Photo-decomposition Characteristics of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene in a UV/
Kwon, Bum-Gun ; Choi, Won-Yong ; Yoon, Je-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 24, issue 6, 2010, Pages 775~788
The decomposition of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and the mass balance of nitrogen (N) species as products were investigated in a UV/H2O2system by varying pH, concentrations of
. All experiments were conducted in a semi-batch system employing a 50 mL reaction vessel and a coil-type quartz-tube reactor. In contrast with previous studies employing batch mode, TNT decomposition in the semi-batch mode was proportionally enhanced by increasing
concentration to 10 mM (0.034%), indicatingthat an inhibitory effect of excess
on hydroxyl radical (
) can be negligible. N compounds are released as
in the early stages of the reaction, but
is rapidly oxidized to
by means of
was also detected in this study and showed gradually the increase with increasing reaction time. In this study,
production can involve the reduction of nitro group of TNT concurrent with the production of
. Of the N species originating from TNT decomposition, 12 ~ 72% were inorganic forms (i.e. [
] + [
] + [
]). This result suggests that the large remaining N portions indicate that unidentified N compounds can exist.