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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Assessment of applicability on Solidification/Stabilization of Arsenic in contaminated Soil According to the Revised Korean Standard Leaching Test for Soil
Hong, Seong-Hyeok ; Park, Hye-Min ; Choi, Won-Ho ; Park, Joo-Yang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 25, issue 1, 2011, Pages 1~5
Arsenic is one of the most abundant contaminant found in waste mine tailings and soil around refinery, Because of its carcinogenic property, the countries like United States of America and Europe have made stringent regulations which govern the concentration of arsenic in soil. The study focuses on solidification/stabilization for removal of arsenic from soil. Cement was used to solidify/stabilize the abandoned soil primarily contaminated with arsenic (up to 68.92 mg/kg) in and around refinery. Solidified/stabilized (s/s) forms in the range of cement contents 5-30 wt % were evaluated to determine the optimal binder content. Revised Korean standard leaching tests (KSLT), toxicity characteristic leaching procedures (TCLP), Old Korea standard leaching test and revised Korea standard leaching test were used for chemical characterization of the S/S forms. The addition of 10 % cement remarkably reduced the leachability of arsenic in contaminated soil. The concentration of As in leachate of TCLP, KSLT, and old KSLT for soil are below the standard. However that in leachate of revised KSLT is above the standard. Because of extraction fluid used in revised KSLT is very strong acid. It is arsenic in s/s with binder should be exhaustingly leached. Therefore S/S process would not be available for As treatment in soil in Korea.
Assessment of Korean spring waters using a new mineral water index
Lee, Seung-Jae ; Lee, Sang-Eun ; Kim, Jong-Gon ; Park, Hee-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 25, issue 1, 2011, Pages 7~14
This study was motivated by the purpose of improving the O-Index, currently used to quantify water tasty. The authors first develop the M-Index after normalizing Ca, K, and
concentrations in the spring water, in that the concentrations are subject to their log-normal distributions. The M-Index is then compared with the O-Index based on the results of sensory tests, revealing that sensory tests are correlated with the M-Index much more than the O-Index. Furthermore, the developed index is applied to evaluate water sampled from 53 springs in Korea. It is concluded that water, sampled from five most famous springs, has high values in M-Index. In addition, water, collected from springs that are relatively accessible, contains low values, and thus is expected not to tasty good.
Removal of Arsenic in Synthesis Method and Characteristics of Fe(III)-ettringite
Hong, Seong-Hyeok ; Park, Hye-Min ; Choi, Won-Ho ; Park, Joo-Yang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 25, issue 1, 2011, Pages 15~21
Arsenic is one of the most abundant contaminant found in waste mine tailings, because of it's carcinogenic property, the countries like United states of America and Europe have made stringent regulations which govern the concentration of arsenic in drinking water. The current study focuses on different treatment methods for removal of arsenic from waste water. Treatment method the high strength arsenic waste water is treated with Fe(III)-ettringite by co-precipitation method. Number of experiments were carried out to decide the optimal dosage of Fe(III)-ettringite to treat arsenic waste water. The Fe(III)-ettringite was synthesized by taking appropriate equivalent ratios of calcium oxide and ferric chloride in proportion to the arsenic. The best removal efficiencies of 94% were observed at a As/(Ca: Fe) ratio of 1:3. The maximum removal of arsenic was observed in pH range of 12. But as the pH increases the arsenic removal efficiency decreases as portlandite is formed in the pH above 12. The analysis of surface of precipitate conform the needle like structure of ettringite. This treatment technique has promising features such as, the chemicals required in the treatment as well as the sludge generated can be reduced. The operating pH range is in alkaline region which is advantageous over traditional treatment process which has lower pH. Also the co-precipitation not only helps in removal of arsenic but also heavy metals.
Integrated Management of Sewerage Facilities in Upstream Watersheds of Multi-purpose Dams - Focusing on Management of a Technical Support Team
Park, Kyoo-Hong ; Kim, Hyung-Joon ; Ahn, Choon-Hee ; Choi, Joo-Hang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 25, issue 1, 2011, Pages 23~29
Integrated management system (IMS) for sewerage facilities has been installed at 7 dams and 9 watersheds since 2006. However, there has been no decisive plan on how and who to manage efficiently IMS after finishing the construction. Therefore, in this study, it was suggested that a new organization, so to speak, a technical support team for integrated management that may operate and manage IMS efficiently, could need to be set up. Three scenarios were evaluated depending on the type of allocating human resources to new organization considering each levels of sewerage facilities. Economic analyses on each scenarios of human resources allocation were also carried out. As a result, establishing the technical support team for integrated management was estimated to give the net benefit from 1.3 billion to 20.6 billion won for 15 years.
Modifications to Hydraulic Structures for Anti-submerged Vortex in a Multi Pump Intake using CFD simulation Technique
Park, No-Suk ; Kim, Seong-Su ; Jeong, Woo-Chang ; Kim, Jong-Oh ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 25, issue 1, 2011, Pages 31~39
In order to suggest the methodology for achieving anti-vortex device within multi pump intake well, CFD(Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulation were conducted for two alternative suggestions. Multi-intake sump model with anti-vortex device basins were designed and the characteristics of submerged vortex were investigated in the flow field by numerical simulation. From the results of simulations, to install the horizontal plate and vertical cross plates within basins were effective for preventing air-induction vortex.
A study on the Development and Evaluation of Sludge Occlusion Reduced Diffuser
Kim, Young-Hoon ; Kim, Kwan-Yeop ; Lee, Eui-Jong ; Nam, Jong-Woo ; Lee, Chang-Ha ; Jeon, Min-Jung ; Kim, Hyung-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 25, issue 1, 2011, Pages 41~49
The diffuser which is conventionally adapted to MBR, has problem that decreasing the cleaning effect of membrane module by inflexible air supply due to the occlusion of sludge from diffuser hole. To solve this problem, diffuser structure of submerged module should be improved to discharge sludge which is flow into the diffuser for prevent occlusion in the diffuser. In this study, the structure of the diffuser was reformed to open lower part for preclusion the blocking. And the outlet diameter of the diffuser was drawn through the condition for the depth of water and air rate, to prevent air-leak condition of improved diffuser. Moreover, application is evaluated by comparing test with occlusion effect of the conventional and improved diffuser. From the results, air-water boundary changes are steady with changes of water depth and it shows linear relation about air rate. By using this linear numerical formula, the height of diffuser's outlet can be decided. Also, it displays that it can prevent the occlusion effect during the comparing test. Hereafter, if this diffuser is applied to practical MBR process, the occlusion problem of diffuser will be disappeared.
Integrated Management of Sewage Facilities in Upstream Watershed of Dam(II) - Focusing on Organization, Human Resources Saving Effect and Economic Feasibility -
Ahn, Choong-Hee ; Lee, Kwan-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 25, issue 1, 2011, Pages 51~61
A project constructing sewerage facilities in 9 upstream areas of 7 multi-purpose dams will have been completed by 2011. After all constructing and retrofitting of the new and the existing sewerage facilities, integrated management system with operation and control functions for the each levels of facilities will also be utilized. In this study, we studied how to compose the organization taking responsibility of the integrated management system and analysed human resources saving effect against conventional method of individual management of each sewerage facility. As a result, a method estimating the human resources in employing the integrated management among several sewerage facilities at upstream areas of dams were presented and some 23% of human resources could be saved by integrated management. Commissioning to a specialized public institute showed the highest B/C ratio of 4.5 among commissioning to local public corporations, commissioning to private corporations, and role-sharing partnership, etc.
Degradation of 2-chlorophenol by Ferrate(VI)
Choi, Hye-Min ; Kwon, Jae-Hyun ; Kim, Il-Kyu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 25, issue 1, 2011, Pages 63~74
The degradation characteristics of 2-chlorophenol(2-CP) by Ferrate(VI) were studied. The degradation efficiency of 2-CP in aqueous solution was investigated at various values of pH, Fe(VI) dosage, initial concentration and aqueous solution temperature. The maximum degradation efficiencies of 2-CP were obtained at pH 7.0 and aqueous solution temperature of 25
. The degradation efficiency was proportional to dosage of Fe(VI). Also, the initial rate constant of 2-CP degradation increased with decreasing of the 2-CP initial concentration. In addition, the degradation pathway study for 2-CP was conducted with GC-MS analysis. Acetic acid, formic acid, benzaldehyde and benzoic acid were identified as reaction intermediates of the 2-CP degradation by Ferrate(VI).
Analysis of Infiltration/Inflow at Dry and Rainfall Periods in Separated Sewer System of Nakdong River Basin
Gu, Joung-Eun ; Lee, Hong-Shin ; Son, Gun-Tae ; Lee, Sung-Eok ; Lee, Seung-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 25, issue 1, 2011, Pages 75~84
This study was conducted to provide a basic information for the establishment of operation and treatment processes in sewer system of Nakdong river basin to minimize the overall pollutants loading to water body. Sewage flowrates were regularly measured and monitored at various sampling points of newly-built separated sewer system located in G City GA sites. To assess the inflow sewage flowrate, various calculating methods such as water-use evaluation, average-minimum daily flow quality evaluation, minimum daily flow evaluation, night water-use evaluation were used. Average I/Is were calculated except water-use evaluation. Average I/Is were found to be 6.5
at GA-1, GA-2, GA-3 points respectively. I/I ratios of three areas were found to be 4.8 %, 2.0 % and 2.7 % respectively and were obviously lower than those of the other separated sewer systems as shown in the previous studies.
Production of Extracellular Polymeric Substances by Sporulation of Bacillus sp. and Activated Sludge
Lee, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 25, issue 1, 2011, Pages 85~93
The structural components of microorganism are quite related to the toxin and environmental conditions. The vegetative and dormant cells are quite affected by the physical and chemical environments to survive and they will be dormant when they are in the extreme environment. The mechanism to activate the microorganisms however, is not well defined yet in the area of activation state and sporulation state through the analysis of EPS. Other than that even the main mechanism of prior to acquisition of analysis values is not well understood. Therefore, what kind of specific environment to affect the activation and sporulation will be discussed through the analysis of the extracellular polymeric substances(EPS). EPS are a high molecular weight mixture of polymers presenting both outside of cells and interior of microbial aggregates. They are a major complex materials in microbial aggregation for sustaining them together in a three dimensional matrix. Three commonly used extraction methods were applied to this study their effectiveness and quantification in extracting EPS from several Bacillus microorganisms and activated sludge. Three extraction methods used for this study are regular centrifugation with formaldehyde (RCF), Steaming, and EDTA extraction. The results of EPS contents such as the quantitative proteins, carbohydrates and the ratio of protein versus carbohydrate from the several species with the several specific methods showed in this research. This study aims to get comparable results of the quantitative production of EPS and the effectiveness of sedimentation for Bacillus microorganisms and activated sludge from several wastewater treatment plans. The results revealed that the protein amount extracted was the highest by the Steaming method of three extraction methods before sporulation and the carbohydrate amount extracted was the highest by the RCA method of three extraction methods after sporulation. The higher amount of protein compared with carbohydrate from Bacillus microorganisms affected higher sedimentation efficiency, however it could not be found the relation between the EPS production and sedimentation efficiency for the activated sludge.
A Study on the high-flux MBR system using PTFE flat membrane and coagulant(Alum) for removal of phosphorus
Lee, Eui-Jong ; Kim, Kwan-Yeop ; Kwon, Jin-Sub ; Kim, Young-Hoon ; Lee, Yong-Soo ; Lee, Chang-Ha ; Jeon, Min-Jung ; Kim, Hyung-Soo ; Kim, Jung-Rae ; Jung, Jin-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 25, issue 1, 2011, Pages 95~106
Even though MBR processes have many advantages such as high quality effluents, a small footprint and convenience for operation compared to conventional activated sludge processes, there are some shortcomings in terms of the cost and potential fouling incident that keeps MBR (Membrane bioreactor) processes from being widely applied. To reduce these problems, PTFE (Polytetrafluoroethylene) flat sheet membranes that have excellent permeability and durability were tested instead of PVDF (Polyvinylidene fluoride) membrane which is being used widely in water treatment. Low concentration of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) was also added into the membrane modules in order to prevent the membrane fouling as well as to provide the alkalinity. With conditions mentioned above, a pilot-scale MBR system based on the MLE (Modified Ludzack Ettinger) process was operated at flux of 40
and over 15,000 mg/L MLSS concentration for about 8 months. And coagulant(alum) was added into the membrane tank to remove phosphorus. Although the more coagulant is added the more effectively phosphorus is removed, that can lead to fouling for a long operation(Ronseca et al.,2009). By the way there is a research that fouling grow up after stopping injection of coagulant(Holbrook, 2004). Stable operation of MBR systems was achieved without major chemical cleaning and the effluent quality was found to be good enough to comply with the treated waste water quality regulations of the Korea.