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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Field Application of Least Cost Design Model on Water Distribution Systems using Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm
Park, Sanghyuk ; Choi, Hongsoon ; Koo, Jayong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 27, issue 4, 2013, Pages 413~428
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2013.27.4.413
In this study, Ant Colony Algorithm(ACO) was used for optimal model. ACO which are metaheuristic algorithm for combinatorial optimization problem are inspired by the fact that ants are able to find the shortest route between their nest and food source. For applying the model to water distribution systems, pipes, tanks(reservoirs), pump construction and pump operation cost were considered as object function and pressure at each node and reservoir level were considered as constraints. Modified model from Ostfeld and Tubaltzev(2008) was verified by applying 2-Looped, Hanoi and Ostfeld`s networks. And sensitivity analysis about ant number, number of ants in a best group and pheromone decrease rate was accomplished. After the verification, it was applied to real water network from S water treatment plant. As a result of the analysis, in the Two-looped network, the best design cost was found to $419,000 and in the Hanoi network, the best design cost was calculated to $6,164,384, and in the Ostfeld`s network, the best design cost was found to $3,525,096. These are almost equal or better result compared with previous researches. Last, the cost of optimal design for real network, was found for 66 billion dollar that is 8.8 % lower than before. In addition, optimal diameter for aged pipes was found in this study and the 5 of 8 aged pipes were changed the diameter. Through this result, pipe construction cost reduction was found to 11 percent lower than before. And to conclusion, The least cost design model on water distribution system was developed and verified successfully in this study and it will be very useful not only optimal pipe change plan but optimization plan for whole water distribution system.
Water Quality Management Measures for TMDL Unit Watershed Using Load Duration Curve
Yun, Soyoung ; Ryu, Jaena ; Oh, Jeill ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 27, issue 4, 2013, Pages 429~438
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2013.27.4.429
This study was to develop effective water quality management measures using LDC (Load Duration Curve) curves for TMDL (Total Maximum Daily Loads) unit watershed. Using LDC curves, major factors for BOD and T-P concentration loads generation (i.e. point source or non-point source) in the case study area (Geumho river basin) were found for different hydrologic conditions. Different measures to deal with the pollutant loads were suggested to establish BMPs (Best Management Practices). It was found that the target area has urgent T-P management methods especially at moist and midrange hydrologic conditions because of point source pollutants occurred in developed areas. One example measure for this could be establishment of advanced treatment facility. This study proved that the use of LDC was a useful way to achieve TWQ (Target Water Quality) on the target watershed considered. It was also expected that the methodology applied in this study could have a wider application on the establishment of watershed water management measures.
Continuous removal of phosphorus in water by physicochemical method using zero valent iron packed column
Jeong, Jooyoung ; Ahn, Byungmin ; Kim, Jeongjoo ; Park, Jooyang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 27, issue 4, 2013, Pages 439~444
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2013.27.4.439
Excessive phosphorus in aquatic systems causes algal bloom resulting in eutrophication, DO depletion, decline in recreational value of water and foul tastes. To treat wastewater containing phosphorus including effluent of wastewater treatment plant, the continuous experiments were performed by using electrochemical way. The spherical ZVI and silica sand which act as physical filter are packed at appropriate volume ratio of 1:2. Electric potential is applied externally which can be changed as per the operational requirement. The results indicate that optimum hydraulic retention time of 36 minutes (10 mL/min at 1 L reactor) was required to meet the effluent standards. Lower concentrations of phosphorus (<10 mg/L as phosphate) were removed by precipitation by contact with iron. Thus, additional electric potential was not required. In order to remove high concentration phosphorus around 150 mg/L as phosphate, external electric potential of 600 V was applied to the reactor.
Selectivity of cations in electrodialysis and its desalination efficiency on brackish water
Choi, Su Young ; Kweon, Ji Hyang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 27, issue 4, 2013, Pages 445~456
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2013.27.4.445
In this study, desalination by electrodialysis with ion exchange membranes was applied to synthetic waters with various ion concentrations and also for ground waters from coastal areas in Korea. Electrodialysis performance on the synthetic solutions showed the similar tendency in operation time and current curves, i.e., shorter operation time and higher maximum current with increasing applied voltages. The ED results of synthetic waters with different ion compositions, i.e.,
, at the similar conductivity condition, i.e.,
revealed that effects of mono- and divalent ions on water quality and performance in electrodialysis were different. The divalent ions had less efficiency in the ED compared to monovalent sodium ions and also divalent calcium ions showed better performance than Mg ions. The electrodialysis on the ground waters produced high quality of drinking water. The groundwater from SungRoe however showed a buildup of membrane resistance. Organic matter concentrations and great portions of divalent ions in the groundwater were possible causes of the deteriorated performance.
Numerical Model for SBR Aerobic Digestion Combined with Ultrasonication and Parameter Calibration
Kim, Sunghong ; Lee, Inho ; Yun, Jeongwon ; Lee, Dongwoo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 27, issue 4, 2013, Pages 457~468
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2013.27.4.457
Based on the activated sludge model(ASM), a mathematical model which represents the aerobic sludge digestion by sequencing batch reactor(SBR) combined with ultrasonic treatment was composed and performed in this study. Aerobic digestion using sequencing batch reactor(SBR) equipped with ultrasound treatment was also experimented for the purpose of parameter calibration. Most of the presented kinetic parameters in ASM or ASM2 could be used for the aerobic digestion of sludge but the parameters related in hydrolysis and decay rate needed modification. Hydrolysis rate constant of organic matter in aerobic condition was estimated at
and the maximum growth rate for autotrophs in aerobic condition was
. Solubilization reactions of particulate organics and nitrogen by ultrasonication was added in this kinetic model. The solubilization rate is considered to be proportional to the specific energy which is defined by specific ultrasound power and sonication time. The solubilization rate constant by ultrasonication was estimated at
in this study. Autotrophs as well as heterotrophs also decomposed by ultrasonic treatment and the nitrification reaction was limited by the lack of autotrophs accumulation in the digester.
Evaluation of Hydraulic Behavior within Parallel arranged Upflow Sedimentation Basin Using CFD Simulation (I) - The influence of feed water inequity-
Park, No-Suk ; Kim, Seong-Su ; Choi, Jong-Woong ; Sung, Youl-Boong ; Kang, Moon-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 27, issue 4, 2013, Pages 469~477
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2013.27.4.469
In order to investigate the influence of feed water inequity on the settling performance for parallel arranged upflow sedimentation basin in domestic G_WTP(Water Treatment Plant), CFD(Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulation were employed and ADV(Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter) measurements were carried out. From the results of both CFD simulations and ADV measurements, the differences among inlet flow rates to each inlet structure make turbulent energy dissipation uneven overall sedimentation basin. Especially local velocities in the near of both side wall were observed over the design overflow rate(74.4 mm/min). Also, it was confirmed that this inequity of inlet flow would exert an serious influence on the turbidity of settled water which is out from 8 troughs. Even though experimental velocities in full scale basin about 20% higher than the simulated, the results of ADV measurement were in good accordance with those of CFD simulations.
Study on a Multi-pipe Water Hammer Phenomenon by using CFD of Rapid Valve Closing
Park, No-Suk ; Kim, Seong-Su ; Kang, Moon-Sun ; Choi, Jong-Woong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 27, issue 4, 2013, Pages 479~487
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2013.27.4.479
This study was to investigate characteristics for the pressure wave propagation and the maximum pressure near a rapid closure valve which was installed the end of multi piping network. The multi piping network consists of one inlet and three outlet with straight pipes. The diameter of the pipes including the valve was 100 mm, 80 mm, 80 mm respectively. The valve was rapidly closed with the instantaneous time which was 0.023s in the level for the water hammer. For the simulation, the influence of the pipe thickness and deformation due to pressure-wave-propagation was not considered. CFD was conducted under the following condition : the initial pressure was 1bar in the inlet and the mass flow rate was 7.83 kg/s in the outlet(the velocity in the pipe with 100 mm diameter was 1 m/s). As the valve have conditions that were status with and without fluid flow in the pipe after valve closing, the maximum pressure change and the frequency analysis were examined. As the results, the case that was status with fluid flow appeared the higher maximum pressure than another`s, the maximum frequency band was about 10 ~ 11 Hz.
Effects of operating parameters on the performance of continuous flow microbial fuel cell
Chung, Jae-Woo ; Choi, Young-Dae ; Lee, Myoung-Eun ; Song, Young-Chae ; Woo, Jung-Hui ; Yoo, Kyu-Seon ; Lee, Chae-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 27, issue 4, 2013, Pages 489~494
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2013.27.4.489
Effects of operating parameters such as hydraulic retention time(HRT), recycle ratio and influent COD concentration on the performance of a continuous flow microbial fuel cell(MFC) were investigated. Decrease of HRT improved mass transfer of substrate to electrogenic microorganisms, therefore resulting in increased electrode voltage and power generation of MFC. Increase of HRT promoted COD removal by elongating retention time for COD removal in MFC. Recycling of effluent increased the COD removal and coulombic efficiencies by returning suspended microorganisms into MFC. Increase of influent COD enhanced COD removal due to the improved mass transfer of substrate. Decrease of coulombic efficiency by the increase of the HRT and influent COD concentration indicated that they enhanced the activities of fermentative bacteria.
Evaluation of hydraulic dead-zone and particle removal efficiency in the base frame of a constructed wetland using computational fluid dynamics
Choi, Young-Gyun ; Park, Min-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 27, issue 4, 2013, Pages 495~502
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2013.27.4.495
Hydraulic dead-zone and particle removal efficiency in the base frame of a constructed wetland was evaluated with computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The fraction of hydraulic dead-zone was estimated to be 1.2-2.1 % (v/v) and it was attributed to the artificial islands developed in the constructed wetland. Solids deposition rate could be increased with higher hydraulic retention time (HRT, ranged from 2.2 to 4.2 hr) of the wetland and larger particle size (ranged from 10 to
) in the influent. Experimental results showed that the volume concentration of the particles smaller than
in diameter was varied from
(HRT 12.8 hr) to
(HRT 2.2 hr) in the influent of the constructed wetland. With the effluent volume concentration data, removal efficiency of those particles was calculated to be 71.2 and 24.7 % when the HRT was 12.8 and 2.2 hr, respectively. Similar trend with the HRT variation could be identified with CFD analysis.
Evaluation of power density in microbial fuel cells using expanded graphite/carbon nanotube (CNT) composite cathode and CNT anode
Han, Sun-Kee ; Lee, Chae-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 27, issue 4, 2013, Pages 503~509
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2013.27.4.503
Electrochemical redox capacity of a microbial fuel cell (MFC) electrode is an important factor in the power density. This study was conducted to investigate the redox capacity of surface modified anode and cathode electrodes by measuring their conductivities. An anode electrode was modified with nitric acid and a cathode electrode was modified with heat treatment. The anode electrode modified with 20 % of the nitric acid concentration showed the highest conductivity of
and the maximum power density of
when used in a MFC. The cathode electrode modified at
for 18 min showed the highest conductivity of
and the maximum power density of
when used in a MFC. On the other hand, an MFC using both the electrodes showed the highest maximum power density of
. Meanwhile, a control MFC without modified electrodes generated very small voltage (0.014 mV), so the power density could not be measured.