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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Optimal Design of Water Supply System using Multi-objective Harmony Search Algorithm
Choi, Young-Hwan ; Lee, Ho-Min ; Yoo, Do-Guen ; Kim, Joong-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 293~303
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2015.29.3.293
Optimal design of the water supply pipe network aims to minimize construction cost while satisfying the required hydraulic constraints such as the minimum and maximum pressures, and velocity. Since considering one single design factor (i.e., cost) is very vulnerable for including future conditions and cannot satisfy operator`s needs, various design factors should be considered. Hence, this study presents three kinds of design factors (i.e., minimizing construction cost, maximizing reliability, and surplus head) to perform multi-objective optimization design. Harmony Search (HS) Algorithm is used as an optimization technique. As well-known benchmark networks, Hanoi network and Gyeonggi-do P city real world network are used to verify the applicability of the proposed model. In addition, the proposed multi-objective model is also applied to a real water distribution networks and the optimization results were statistically analyzed. The results of the optimal design for the benchmark and real networks indicated much better performance compared to those of existing designs and the other approach (i.e., Genetic Algorithm) in terms of cost and reliability, cost, and surplus head. As a result, this study is expected to contribute for the efficient design of water distribution networks.
A Comparative Study of risk based LOS(Level of service) of the Regional Water Supply
Cho, Inuh ; Lee, Youngjai ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 305~317
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2015.29.3.305
The function failure of present major facilities is likely to lead to failure of related systems and/or whole facilities, increasing the necessity for protection of infrastructures, main structures, and major industrial facilities. In addition, safe and efficient management for urban infrastructure (waterworks and sewerage facilities, electricity, telecommunications, roads, etc) installed in the basement or on large cities grounds at various public areas is required. Recently in response to this demand, efforts for vitalizing asset management are being made such as enacting related laws and developing asset management system in the U.S., Australia, Europe and other advanced countries with the concept for a new maintenance. In our county, identifying maintenance system problems such as aging and rapid increasing of existing infrastructures and decision-making about updating maintenance is required for systematic and organizational maintenance. In this study, by comparing and observing the LOS(Level of Service) of each countries` waterworks and risk-based LOS, we suggest the direction of future urban water infrastructure management systems for more effective management.
Effects of light condition in the continuous mass cultivation of microalgae Scenedesmus dimorphus
Joo, Sung-jin ; Hwang, Hyeon-jeong ; Zhang, Shan ; Hwang, Sun-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 319~323
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2015.29.3.319
This study investigated the effects of the light conditions on the productivity of scenedesmus dimorphus in the continuous mass cultivation system. To compare the algal productivity according to the light conditions, S. dimorphus was cultivated continuously under the wide range of light intensity(200-600 PPFD) and various light wavelength(white light and red-blue mixed light). After 100 days of cultivation under the different light intensity, the productivity of S. dimorphus increased as light intensity decreased. So, the productivity was maximized as 100 mg/L/d when light intensity was 200 PPFD. In case of light wavelength, the productivity of S. dimorphus was enhanced about 20% with the white light compared to that of the red-blue mixed light. Consequently, the optimal light conditions for the continuous mass cultivation of S. dimorphus were 200 PPFD as light intensity and white light as light wavelength.
A study on comparison and analysis of chlorophyll sensor with aceton extraction for chlorophyll measurement in the Nakdong River
Park, Joo-Hyun ; Lee, Kyoung-Jin ; Cho, Jae-Won ; Jeon, Sook-Lye ; Kang, Seon-Hong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 325~335
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2015.29.3.325
Concerns about water quality in the Nakdong River have been raised because the Nakdong River will change from a lotic environment to a lentic environmental due to the installation of eight weirs to be constructed as part of the Four Major Rivers Restoration Project. The rapid urbanization and industrialization of the middle and the lower reaches of Nakdong River causes the indiscreet discharge of uncleanly living sewage and industrial wastewater. And the water quality of lower reaches of Nakdong River is getting seriously worse. Owing to the water shortage of Nakdong River and the closing of reaches because of the estuary dyke in the dry season, the velocity of a moving fluid is almost accumulated under 0.03m/sec. Then a pollutant is piled up on the bottom of the river. Polluted sediment is formed and nutrition level of water is increased more and more. The eutrophication state propagated to dark brown or green from eutrophication often comes out. Therefore in this study, we measured Chl. a of chlorophyll sensor (YSI6600V2) and aceton extraction through field observation in the Nakdong River and Samrangjin. And we evaluated the reliability of chlorophyll sensor. In correlation analysis between chlorophyll sensor and aceton extraction, it shows high relation in general. And it also shows high relation among the chlorophyll sensor and aceton extraction of the dominant diatom (Skeletonema costatum), Dinophyta (Prorocentrum minimum) in the Nakdong River estuary by laboratory analysis results.
Development of pre-treatment for the injection water into the aquifer storage and recovery(ASR) in Korea: The two-step rapid filter to reduce physical clogging and secure the volume of the injected water
Park, Byeong-Joo ; Do, Si-Hyun ; Hong, Seong-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 337~345
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2015.29.3.337
Two step rapid filter system as a pre-treatment for the injected water into aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) in Korea was developed to reduce physical blockage and secure the volume of the injected water. First, single rapid sand filters with three different media sizes (0.4~0.7, 0.7~1.0 and 1.0~1.4 mm) were tested. Only two sizes (0.4~0.7 and 0.7~1.0 mm) satisfied target turbidity, below 1.0 NTU. However, they showed the fast head loss. To prevent the fast head loss and secure the volume of the injected water, a rapid anthracite filter with roughing media size (2.0~3.4 mm) were installed before a single rapid sand filter. As results, both the target turbidity and reduction of head loss were achieved. It was determined that the media size for a rapid sand filter in two step rapid filter system (i.e. a rapid anthracite filter before a rapid sand filter) was 0.7~1.0 mm. In addition, the effects of coagulant doses on the removal of natural organic matter (NOM), which might cause a biological clogging, were preliminarily evaluated, and the values of
, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and SUVA were interpreted.
Quantification of Baseflow Contribution to Nutrient Export from a Agricultural Watershed
Kim, Geonha ; Yoon, Jaeyong ; Park, Kijung ; Baek, Jongrak ; Kim, Youngjoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 347~357
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2015.29.3.347
Baswflow is defined as short term discharge through groundwater caused by rainfall events. Impacts of baseflow is significant on water quality especially where pervious agricultural watershed as groundwater is more vulnerable to the contamination. In this study, the Cheongmicheon watershed was subjected to study to assess the impacts of baseflow on surface water quality, where more than 90% of pollutant load is originated from the livestock raising area, and very high probability of surface water contamination due to the baseflow. To estimate nutrient loading cased by baseflow, NI (Numerical Integration) model and LOADEST (LOADing ESTimation) model were used.
A study on application of eco-friendly follow-up process connected with livestock wastewater treatment plant using the upflow constructed wetland
Choi, Hanna ; Cho, Eunha ; Kang, Hogeun ; Park, Joohyun ; Kang, Seonhong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 359~370
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2015.29.3.359
This study developed an up-flow wetland providing either an eco-friendly follow-up process of medium-sized public treatment facility for livestock manure or a non-point source pollution controller near livestock farms. The four bench-scale up-flow wetlands were operated with four different bed media sets. The removal efficiencies of the wetland effluent for CODCr, TN, TP, SS were 35.2 %, 29.5 %, 31.2 % and 52.2 % for set 1(Blank, without reed, with bio-ceramic), 40.6 %, 43.4 %, 42.2 % and 55.4 % for set 2(with bio-reed & without bio-ceramic), 45.2 %, 48.7 %, 46.6 % and 66.3 % for set 3(with bio-reed & bio-ceramic), 32.9 %, 27.3 %, 29.3 % and 54.1 % for Set 4(with reed & bio ceramic), respectively. The set 3 condition having a mixture of bio-reed and bio-ceramic showed the highest efficiency in the bench-scale evaluation. This study suggests a mixture of bio-reed and bio-ceramic as suitable bed media in the construction of artificial wetlands near livestock farms. Soils including the bed media were monitored during the evaluation for trace elements. Soil analysis results were satisfied with the Korean Soil Contamination Standard. This study showed that the up-flow constructed wetland was feasible to treat the effluent livestock wastewater treatment facility.
A study on the removal of particulate matters using unidirectional flushing
Kim, Dooil ; Cheon, Subin ; Hyun, Inhwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 371~380
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2015.29.3.371
Particulate matters in a water distribution system are main causes of turbidity and discoloration of tap water. They could be removed by conventional or uni-directional flushing in a water distribution system. The behaviors and required flow velocity of particles are not well known for their flushing. A model water main and hydrant were made from transparent acrylic pipe of 30mm and 16mm in diameter, respectively. We analyzed the effect of flushing velocity, particle density, and particle diameter. We found that the existence of break-though velocities at which particles begin to be removed, and which are affected by their physical properties. The removal efficiencies seemed to be influenced by resuspension capabilities related to their upward movement from the bottom. Heavy particles like scale were hard to remove through upflow hydrant because the falling velocity, calculated using Stokes` law, was higher. Particle removal efficiencies of upward hydrant and downward drain showed minor differences. Additionally, the length between hydrant and control valve affected flushing efficiency because the particulate matters were trapped in this space by inertia and recirculating flow.
The Development of Socioeconomic drought Risk Assessment Methodology with a Focus of Residential Water Scarcity
Lee, Sangeun ; Yoon, Sun-Kwon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 381~393
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2015.29.3.381
This study is carried out in order to propose a drought risk assessment methodology. This methodology is required to deal with practical questions that a variety of stakeholder often raise in the course of discussions on mitigation measures. With a focus on the socioeconomic aspect of drought, more particularly, residents` hardship from water scarcity, it suggests basic concepts and a system of methods in order to assess hazard, exposure, vulnerability and risk. The case study shows a considerable possibility of the methodology in evaluating potential levels of damages in a certain area, in identifying the boundary of districts where risk is disproportionately concentrated, and also in understanding the underlying risk factors of those districts. The authors think that the proposed methodology is able to offer risk information in terms of socioeconomic damages, and therefore contribute to reducing information gaps that policy-makers are currently encountered with.
A Study on Cost Benefit Analysis Optimization Model for Water Distribution Network Rehabilitation Project of Taebaek Region
Kim, Taegon ; Choi, Taeho ; Kim, Kyoungpil ; Koo, Jayong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 395~406
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2015.29.3.395
This research carried out an analysis on input cost and leakage reduction effect by leakage reduction method, focusing on the project for establishing an optimal water pipe network management system in the Taebaek region, which has been executed annually since 2009. Based on the result, optimal cost-benefit analysis models for water distribution network rehabilitation project were developed using DEA(data envelopment analysis) and multiple regression analysis, which have been widely utilized for efficiency analysis in public and other projects. DEA and multiple regression analysis were carried out by applying 4 analytical methods involving different ratios and costs. The result showed that the models involving the analytical methods 2 and 4 were of low significance (which therefore were excluded), and only the models involving the analytical methods 1 and 3 were suitable. From the result it was judged that the leakage management method to be executed with the highest priority for the improvement of revenue water ratio was installation of pressure reduction valve, followed by replacement of water distribution pipe, replacement of water supply pipe, and then leakage detection and repair; and that the execution of leakage management methods in this order would be most economical. In addition, replacement of water meter was also shown to be necessary in case there were a large number of defective water meters.
Effects of Activated Carbon Particle Sizes on Caffeine Adsorptions
Kim, Tae-Yang ; Do, Si-Hyun ; Hong, Seong-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 407~414
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2015.29.3.407
The effect of activated carbon particle diameter (i.e. US sieve No.
) on caffeine adsorption is investigated. BET surface area was increased with decreasing particle diameter (
), and caffeine adsorption rates increased with decreasing
. Moreover, pseudo-second order model is predicted the experimental data more accurately than pseudo-first order model, and the fastest rate constant (
was 0.081 mm. Surface diffusion coefficient (Ds) was decreased with decreasing
based on the minimum sum of square error (SSE). Practically, certain ranges of Ds are acceptable with high reliability (
) and it is determined that the effect of
on Ds is unclear. The effect of pH on caffeine adsorption indicated the dependency of m/L ratio (mass liquid ratio) and
) was not affected by
. The higher caffeine adsorption at pH 4 and pH 7 than at pH 10 is due to
Determining the Time of Least Water Use for the Major Water Usage Types in District Metered Areas
Park, Suwan ; Jung, So-Yeon ; Sahleh, Vahideh ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 415~425
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2015.29.3.415
Aging water pipe networks hinder efficient management of important water service indices such as revenue water and leakage ratio due to pipe breakage and malfunctioning of pipe appurtenance. In order to control leakage in water pipe networks, various methods such as the minimum night flow analysis and sound waves method have been used. However, the accuracy and efficiency of detecting water leak by these methods need to be improved due to the increase of water consumption at night. In this study the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) technique was applied to the night water flow data of 426 days collected from a water distribution system in the interval of one hour. Based on the PCA technique, computational algorithms were developed to narrow the time windows for efficient execution of leak detection job. The algorithms were programmed on computer using the MATLAB. The presented techniques are expected to contribute to the efficient management of water pipe networks by providing more effective time windows for the detection of the anomaly of pipe network such as leak or abnormal demand.
Development of Wastewater Treatment Process Simulators Based on Artificial Neural Network and Mass Balance Models
Kim, Jungruyl ; Lee, Jaehyun ; Oh, Jeill ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 427~436
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2015.29.3.427
Developing two process models to simulate wastewater treatment process is needed to draw a comparison between measured BOD data and estimated process model data: a mathematical model based on the process mass-balance and an ANN (artificial neural network) model. Those two types of simulator can fit well in terms of effluent BOD data, which models are formulated based on the distinctive five parameters: influent flow rate, effluent flow rate, influent BOD concentration, biomass concentration, and returned sludge percentage. The structuralized mass-balance model and ANN modeI with seasonal periods can estimate data set more precisely, and changing optimization algorithm for the penalty could be a useful option to tune up the process behavior estimations. An complex model such as ANN model coupled with mass-balance equation will be required to simulate process dynamics more accurately.