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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 2016
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 2016
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 2016
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
Selecting the target year
Application of peak load for industrial water treatment plant design
Kim, Jinkeun ; Lee, Heenam ; Kim, Dooil ; Koo, Jayong ; Hyun, Inhwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 30, issue 3, 2016, Pages 225~231
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2016.30.3.225
Peak load rate(i.e., maximum daily flow/average daily flow) has not been considered for industrial water demand planning in Korea to date, while area unit method based on average daily flow has been applied to decide capacity of industrial water treatment plants(WTPs). Designers of industrial WTPs has assumed that peak load would not exist if operation rate of factories in industrial sites were close to 100%. However, peak load rates were calculated as 1.10~2.53 based on daily water flow from 2009 to 2014 for 9 industrial WTPs which have been operated more than 9 years(9-38 years). Furthermore, average operation rates of 9 industrial WTPs was less than 70% which means current area unit method has tendency to overestimate water demand. Therefore, it is not reasonable to consider peak load for the calculation of water demand under current area unit method application to prevent overestimation. However, for the precise future industrial water demand calculation more precise data gathering for average daily flow and consideration of peak load rate are recommended.
Variation of dissolved organic matter in 2nd treated sewage water by Al(III) coagulant
Kim, Jungsun ; Han, Seungwoo ; Kim, Suhyun ; Kang, Limseok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 30, issue 3, 2016, Pages 233~240
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2016.30.3.233
Control degree and property changes of dissolved organic matter (DOM) were conducted by coagulation of chemical treatment for 2 sewage treatment plants with different technical methods. As the result, SUVA value of the second treated water (supernatant of the second settling pond after biological treatment) was increased and DOC was reduced in comparison with supplied raw water. And, SUVA value and DOC were reduced by coagulation after coagulation treatment of the second treated water. Properties of dissolved organic matter for 2 sewage treatment plants`s DOC were divided. As the result, there was lots of hydrophilic component with hydrophilicity in case of plant A. In case of the second treated water, Plant A showed fulvic acid with little molecular weight was reduced among the hydrophobic component with hydrophobicity, but numic acide with lots of molecular weight was increased. However, in case of plant B, both fulvic acid with little molecular weight and humic acid with lots of molecular weight were increased among the hydrophobic components with hydrophilicity. Before the operation of phosphorus facility, properties of dissolved organic matter after biodegradation with effluent water showed hydrophilic components were reduced and hydrophobic components were increased. However, after coagulation treatment of the second treated water, hydrophilic components and hydrophobic components were outstandingly decreased or increased. During the biodegradation after coagulation treatment, hydrophilic components were significantly decreased and hydrophobic components were increased.
A Study on the Determination Method of TOC Effluent Limitation for Public Sewage Treatment Plants
Jeong, Dong-Hwan ; Cho, Yangseok ; Ahn, Kyunghee ; Chung, Hyen-Mi ; Park, Hoowon ; Shin, Hyunsang ; Hur, Jin ; Han, Daeho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 30, issue 3, 2016, Pages 241~251
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2016.30.3.241
As the Enforcement Ordinance of Environmental Policy Act was revised in 2013, total organic carbon(TOC) was added as an indicative parameter for organic matter in Water and Aquatic Ecosystem Environmental Criteria. Under these imminent circumstances, a regulatory standard is needed to achieve the proposed TOC limitation control water quality from the public sewage treatment plants(PSTWs). This study purposes to present the determination method for TOC effluent limitation at the PSTWs. Therefore we investigate the TOC effluent limitation of foreign countries such as EU, Germany and USA, and analyse the effluent water qualities of PSTWs. In using these TOC data, we review apprehensively the statistics-based, the technology-based, and the region(water quality)-based determination method of TOC effluent limitation for PSTWs.
Fundamental Experiment for the Development of Water Pipeline Locator
Park, Sang-Bong ; Kim, Jin-Won ; Oh, Kyeong-Seok ; Kim, Min-Cheol ; Koo, Ja-yong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 30, issue 3, 2016, Pages 253~261
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2016.30.3.253
A variety of methods for detecting the location of an underground water pipeline are being used across the world; the current main methods used in South Korea, however, have the problems of low precision and efficiency and the limitations in actual application. On this, this study developed locator capable of detecting the location of a water pipe by the use of an IMU sensor, and technology for using the extended karman filter to correct error in location detection and to plot the location on the coordinate system. This study carried out a tract test and a road test as basic experiments to measure the performance of the developed technology and equipment. As a result of the straight line, circular and ellipse track tests, the 1750 IMU sensor showed the average error of 0.08-0.11%; and thus it was found that the developed locator can detect a location precisely. As a result of the 859.6-m road test, it was found that the error was 0.31 m in case the moving rate of the sensor was 0.3-0.6 m/s; and thus it was judged that the equipment developed by this study can be applied to long-distance water pipes of over 1 km sufficiently. It is planned to evaluate its field applicability in the future through an actual pipe network pilot test, and it is expected that locator capable of detecting the location of a water pipe more precisely will be developed through research for the enhancement of accuracy in the algorithm of location detection.
Transport behavior of PVP (polyvinylpyrrolidone) - AgNPs in saturated packed column: Effect of ionic strength and HA
Heo, Jiyong ; Han, Jonghun ; Her, Namguk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 30, issue 3, 2016, Pages 263~270
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2016.30.3.263
Recent Engineered nanoparticles were increasingly exposed to environmental system with the wide application and production of nanomaterials, concerns are increasing about their environmental risk to soil and groundwater system. In order to assess the transport behavior of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), a saturated packed column experiments were examined. Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry and a DLS detector was used for concentration and size measurement of AgNPs. The column experiment results showed that solution chemistry had a considerable temporal deposition of AgNPs on the porous media of solid glass beads. In column experiment, comparable mobility improvement of AgNPs were observed by changing solution chemistry conditions from salts (in both NaCl and
solutions) to DI conditions, but in much lower ionic strength (IS) with
. Additionally, the fitted parameters with two-site kinetic attachment model form the experimental breakthrough curves (BTCs) were associated that the retention rates of the AgNPs aggregates were enhanced with increasing IS under both NaCl and
Effect of Membrane Module and Feed Flow Configuration on Performance in Pressure Retarded Osmosis
Go, Gilhyun ; Kim, Donghyun ; Park, Taeshin ; Kang, Limseok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 30, issue 3, 2016, Pages 271~278
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2016.30.3.271
Recently, reverse osmosis (RO) is the most common process for seawater desalination. A common problem in both RO and thermal processes is the high energy requirements for seawater desalination. The one energy saving method when utilizing the osmotic power is utilizing pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) process. The PRO process can be used to operate hydro turbines for electrical power production or can be used directly to supplement the energy required for RO desalination system. This study was carried out to evaluate the performance of both single-stage PRO process and two-stage PRO process using RO concentrate for a draw solution and RO permeate for a feed solution. The major results, were found that increase of the draw and feed solution flowrate lead to increase of the production of power density and water permeate. Also, comparison between CDCF and CDDF configuration showed that the CDDF was better than CDCF for stable operation of PRO process. In addition, power density of two-stage PRO was lower than the one of single-stage. However, net power of two-stage PRO was higher than the one of single-stage PRO.
Scalants removal from synthetic RO brine using natural zeolite
Jeong, Seongpil ; Chung, Hayoon ; Yoon, Teakgeun ; Lee, Seockheon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 30, issue 3, 2016, Pages 279~284
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2016.30.3.279
Membrane distillation (MD) is the thermally driven water separation process based on the vapor pressure difference across the membrane. In order to increase the water recovery of the conventional RO process, the additional MD-PRO pocess was suggested. In this study, the syntheric RO brine was used as a feed solution of the MD process. Due to the high salinity of the RO brine, the MD membrane could be fouled by the scalants. In order to mitigate the scaling on the MD membrane surface, the pre-treatment process using the column filled by natural zeolite was applied. The roughing filter was installed between the pre-treatment process and MD system in order to prevent possible particulate fouling by the debries of the natural zeolite. Moreover, in order to enhance the CEC of the natural zeolite, the NaCl soaking was conducted. The flux and electronic conductivity were monitored under given experimental conditions. And the membrane morphology and the chemical compositions were analyzed by using the SEM-EDX.
Inactivation of various bacteriophages in wastewater by chlorination; Development of more reliable bacteriophage indicator systems for water reuse
Bae, Kyung-Seon ; Shin, Gwy-Am ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 30, issue 3, 2016, Pages 285~291
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2016.30.3.285
There has been an accelerating increase in water reuse due to growing world population, rapid urbanization, and increasing scarcity of water resources. However, it is well recognized that water reuse practice is associated with many human health and ecological risks due to numerous chemicals and pathogenic microorganisms. Especially, the potential transmission of infectious disease by hundreds of pathogenic viruses in wastewater is one of the most serious human health risks associated with water reuse. In this study, we determined the response of different bacteriophages representing various bacteriophage groups to chlorination in real wastewater in order to identify a more reliable bacteriophage indicator system for chlorination in wastewater. Different bacteriophages were spiked into secondary effluents from wastewater plants from three different geographic areas, and then subjected to various doses of free chlorine and contact time at
in a bench-scale batch disinfection system. The inactivation of
was relatively rapid and reached ~4 log10 with a CT value of 5 mg/L*min. On the other hand, the inactivation of bacteriophage PRD1 and MS2 were much slower than the one for
and only ~1 log10 inactivation was achieved by a CT value of 10 mg/L*min. Overall, the results of this study suggest that bacteriophage both MS2 and PRD1 could be a reliable indicator for human pathogenic viruses for chlorination in wastewater treatment processes and water reuse practice.
Research for the production of blast furnace cement mortar using an alkaline activation method
Shin, Jae-Ran ; Lee, Ju-Yeol ; Park, Byung-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 30, issue 3, 2016, Pages 293~297
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2016.30.3.293
This study was performed in order to obtain the effect of the compressive strength of the cured product with manufacturing conditions (amounts of fine aggregate and different types of alkali activator). Material which is the basis of the cured product was used for the blast furnace slag, which has a latent hydraulic activity. Consequently, when using sodium hydroxide as the alkali activator, it is possible to obtain a higher compressive strength than using the calcium hydroxide. And also, it can be added a 10% of fine aggregate with blast furnace slag to improve the compressive strength.
Development of SWRO-PRO hybrid process simulation and cost estimation program
Choi, Yongjun ; Shin, Yonghyun ; Lee, Sangho ; Kim, Seung-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 30, issue 3, 2016, Pages 299~312
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2016.30.3.299
The main objective of this paper is to develop computer simulation program for performance evaluation and cost estimation of a reverse osmosis (RO) and pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) hybrid process to propose guidelines for its economic competitiveness use in the field. A solution-diffusion model modified with film theory and a simple cost model was applied to the simulation program. Using the simulation program, the effects of various factors, including the Operating conditions, membrane properties, and cost parameters on the RO and RO-PRO hybrid process performance and cost were examined. The simulation results showed that the RO-PRO hybrid process can be economically competitive with the RO process when electricity cost is more than 0.2 $/kWh, the PRO membrane cost is same as RO membrane cost, the power density is more than
and PRO recovery is same as 1/(1-RO recovery).
Analysis of Effect on Freshwater Production of Vacuum Membrane Distillation Module according to Housing Leak
Joo, Hongjin ; Kwak, Heeyoul ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 30, issue 3, 2016, Pages 313~319
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2016.30.3.313
In this study, the performance experiment was conducted to compare the permeate flux of hollow fiber Vacuum Membrane Distillation module according to leak problem between module housing and membrane bundle. For the permeate flux performance experiment of the two Vacuum Membrane Distillation modules, the Lab-scale experimental equipment was built in the capacity of
. The performance test of the two Vacuum Membrane Distillation modules were analyzed according to the feed water conditions. As a result, it was analyzed that the leak VMD module decreased about 14% of permeate flux than normal VMD module.
Effect of the Temperature and Pressure on Pressure Retarded Osmosis Performance
Sim, Jin-woo ; Nam, Sook-Hyun ; Koo, Jae-Wuk ; Kim, Eun-Ju ; Yoon, Young Han ; Hwang, Tae-Mun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 30, issue 3, 2016, Pages 321~325
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2016.30.3.321
The Pressure Retarded Osmosis (PRO) is the next generation desalination technique and is considered as a eco-friendly energy. This was conducted to evaluate the effect of the temperature and pressure on the PRO performance. The flux of the permeation was measured under different operating conditions and estimated the power density. An improvement of PRO performance is depend on increasing solution temperature and optimum pressure. The effect of increasing feed solution temperature has stronger impact on the PRO performance comparing to the draw solution temperature. The reason of the results was due to the change of osmotic power, viscosity, water permeability and structure parameter(s).
Effects of various foulants on flux changes in membrane distillation process
Park, Chansoo ; Lee, Chang-Kyu ; Kim, Jong-oh ; Choi, June-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 30, issue 3, 2016, Pages 327~334
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2016.30.3.327
The effects of dissolved inorganic and organic matter in seawater and the characteristics of fouling on the membrane surface were investigated within membrane distillation (MD) process. The changes of the membrane flux of PE and PVDF hollow fiber membranes under natural and synthetic seawater were compared with given variances of temperature. The flux of both membranes under the synthetic seawater, without any organic matter, were higher than that of the natural seawater, indicating the organic fouling on the membrane surface. The surface of the membrane was analyzed using scanning electron microscope (SEM) to examine the fouling. The experiment with organics has shown the formation of thin film over the membrane surface, while the experiment with inorganics has shown only the formation of inorganic crystals. The results indicated the organic matter as the major foulants and that the organics affected the formation of the crystals. Permeate water conductivity of all conditions verified the quality of the water to be better if not similar to that of RO.
Study of MF membrane as pretreatment option using various backwash process from wastewater reuse pilot plant
Park, Kwang-Duck ; Park, Chansoo ; Lee, Chang-Kyu ; Kim, Jong-Oh ; Choi, June-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 30, issue 3, 2016, Pages 335~341
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2016.30.3.335
Various studies have forwarded an outstanding wastewater effluent treatment systems toward securing sustainable supply of water sources. In this paper, a broad overview of the performance of MF membrane as pretreatment option for wastewater reuse will be presented based on the literature survey and experiments conducted over the wastewater reuse pilot plant. The pilot plant was operated with a continuous data acquisition for about 300days under various chemical enhanced backwash (CEB) system with subsequent treated water quality analysis. Accordingly, assessment of the effluent revealed that the pretreated water is suitable enough to be used as an input for Reverse Osmosis (RO) unit and significant effect of CEB and concentration of NaOCl is also conceived from the analysis. Moreover, it`s also observed that the application of various CEB condition over long operational hours induced a constant declination of overall performance of MF membrane.
Effect of ultrasonic irradiation on membrane fouling and membrane wetting in direct contact membrane distillation process
Jang, Yongsun ; Choi, Yongjun ; Lee, Sangho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater, volume 30, issue 3, 2016, Pages 343~350
DOI : 10.11001/jksww.2016.30.3.343
Membrane distillation (MD) is a novel separation process that have drawn attention as an affordable alternative to conventional desalination processes. However, membrane fouling and pore wetting are issues to be addressed prior to widespread application of MD. In this study, the influence of ultrasonic irradiation on fouling and wetting of MD membranes was investigated for better understanding of the MD process. Experiments were carried out using a direct contact membrane distillation apparatus Colloidal silica was used as a model foulants in a synthetic seawater (35,000 mg/L NaCl solution). A vibrator was directed attached to membrane module to generate ultrasonic waves from 25 kHz (the highest energy) to 75 kHz (the lowest energy). Flux and TDS for the distillate water were continuously monitored. Results suggested that ultrasonic irradiation is effective to retard flux decline due to fouling only in the early stage of the MD operation. Moreover, wetting occurred by a long-term application of ultrasonic rradiation at 75 kHz. These results suggest that the conditions for ultrasonic irradiation should be carefully optimized to maximize fouling control and minimize pore wetting.