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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Dec 2001
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jun 2001
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An Exploratory Study on the Adolescents' Conception and Practice of Hyo
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 1~14
This study was performed to explore the adolescents\` conception and practice of Hyo(filial piety). Fifteen teams of 500 adolescents were allowed to discuss about Hyo for two hours and the team leaders presented what they had discussed. The subjects were 330 elementary school students, 130 middle school students, and 40 high school students. The findings from the discussion and presentation were as follows: First, the adolescents\` conceptions of Hyo were different in the stages of schools. Elementary school students thought that they should do Hyo because they got lots of mercy from parents. Middle and high school students both thought that Hyo came from mutual(parent-children) understanding, but they showed somewhat different view about what disturbed the mutual understanding. Middle school students pointed the deficiency of parents'self-disclosure as a disturbing factor while high school students pointed the deficiency of adolescents'understanding of their parents. Second, the behavioral items that the subjects suggested as Hyo were analysed by the 12 Subvirtues of Adolescent's Hyo which was classified by Chung et al.(1996a). Adolescents could not propose any behavioral items for Thanks, Ancestor Worship, and Ecological Equilibrium, and some items for Advising Parents and Thrift. A lot of items were suggested for Moral Training, Supporting (Parents), Consorting (Parents), Respecting (Parents), Establishing Oneself, and Following Parents.
Blindness to and evaluation of the condition of the nu turing environment at infant/toddler child care centers by principals, teachers and mothers
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 15~32
This research was performed to examine the ratio of blindness to the child care environment and compare the evaluation of it among principals, teachers and mothers. Data were collected from questionnaires completed by respondents of this research were 37 principals, 37 teachers and 261 mothers of infants and toddlers at child care centers in Incheon, Korea. Cross tabulation, one-way ANOVA and Duncan's Multiple Range Test were utilized to analyze the data. In almost all of the items about the child care environment, mothers showed higher degrees of blindness than principals and teachers. In most of the items, mothers'evaluations were higher than those of principals and teachers. As a result, the researchers recognize a pressing need far programs far parents to improve the quality of child care.
The Comparison of dietary behavior and nutrients intakes with different kinds of Stress at university students of outer region of Seoul
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 33~45
This study was performed to investigate the degree of different stresses in university students of outer region of Seoul and to search the influence of food habit and nutrient intakes in stress. The data was collected by questionnaire method for self-diagnosed different stresses, dietary habit, and physical status and 24 hours recall for nutrient intakes. The subjects were 282 students attended at the lecture Food and Health. Diet balance was no difference with gender but food intakes were more diverse in female. Nutrient intake of male students was lower in vitamin A and riboflavin, but that of female was low in vitamin A and iron. The university students outer region of Seoul had more stress situation in frustration, deprivation and self-efface than in the stress of the noise and Type-A behavioral stress. Total self-diagnosed dietary habit score was better in the group of no susceptive overload stress than that of the high susceptive group. Same trend of dietary behavior score was in the group of no noise and anxiety-response stress than that in the susceptive groups. The quantity of nutrient intakes was correlated with different kind of stress. Niacin intake was positively related with the stress from life-events, and food induced stress. Thiamin intake was positively related with food induced stress. But the intake of iron, calcium, niacin and riboflavin were negatively related with the stress of noise. Therefore, we could concluded that different kind of stresses were influenced in dietary behavior and vitamin-mineral nutrient intakes. More research would be needed at the aspects of health promotion in the stressful situation of modern society.
A Study on the Financial Problems and Satisfaction of rural Housewives - Focused on middle-class households -
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 47~59
The purpose of this study was to examine the factors affecting financial satisfaction of rural housewives. Data for this study were collected from 202 households living in 8 provinces. The results were as follows; 1) The most frequent financial problems experienced from expenditures on clothes(82.1%), lack of expense for social intercourse (61.47), and difficulty in purchasing durable goods(60.1%) in the order. 2) 44.6% of the respondents said they were satisfied with their net worth, and 21.6% of them confessed they had difficulties in debt redemption while 52.5% of them said they felt pressure about monthly payments of installments, which reveals that farm households find it hard to pay back short-term debt. 3) The path analysis was adopted to see the causal relations among the variables influenced the financial satisfaction. The variables of experiences of economic problems, educational background(graduated from middle school), saving, income, and age appeared to be important in the order of effectiveness. Among them, the variables of saying and experiences of economic problems showed a direct effect, and those of age and saving displayed an indirect effect with the experiences of economic problems as the parameter. From this findings, it is suggested that rural extension workers and educators should emphasize the importance of the financial plan in their educational programs.
A Study on the Plans for Expanding Sustainable Consumption
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 61~73
The purpose of this paper was to study the plans for expanding sustainable consumption. Three plans for expanding sustainable consumption were discussed. That is, 1) the plans for expanding consumer awareness of sustainable consumption, 2) for constructing green infra-structure over the country, and 3) for driving economic motives of sustainable consumption were discussed in detail.
A Study on Marital Conflict, Conflict-Coping Type and Marital Satisfaction of the Rural Married Couple
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 75~87
This study examines the impact of marital conflict and conflict-coping type on the marital satisfaction of rural married person. Data were obtained from 476 who married living in rural area. The major finding of this study are as follows. First, marital conflict were shown to be low, while in terms of degree of seriousness, envirnmental, interpersonal and intrapersonal are in descending order. Also, husband perceived marital conflict higher than wife. On the whole husband and wife used more reasoning coping type. And marital satisfaction was higher in husband's side. Second, living standard and conflict-coping types influence on marital satisfaction of rural men and women who married. That is, the higher husband perceived living standard and the less they used verbal aggression behavior and physical violence behavior and then the higher they perceived marital satisfaction. And the higher wives perceived living standard, they used more reasioning behavior and then the higher they perceived marital satisfaction.
Childern's Sex, Age, Self-Esteem and Entertainers Idolization
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 89~104
The current study was designed to expand oar understanding of children's entertainer idolization phenomenon by investigating the relationship between Korean teens'entertainer idolization and their self-esteem. Four hundred and fifty five children (244 11 year-olds, 211 14 year-olds) were randomly selected from 4 elementary schools and middle schools located in Inchon and Seoul, Korea. A set of reliable and valid self-reporting questionnaire was used: Adolescent Idolization of Pop Singer (Raviv, 1996 translated into Korean), which include questions about how children express their entertainer idolization, the reason for the idolization and the influence of the idols on children's lives, was selected to measure children's entertainer idolization and Self-Esteem Questionnaire for Korean Children and Adolescence (Kyung-Yeun, 1999 Korean) was used to measure children's self-esteem in academic achievement, peer-related, physical-appearance, family-related. and personality dimensions. The major results of the study were: (1) The singers and male entertainers were the most popular among Korean teens. (2) The results of two sample comparisons showed that 14-year olds and girls expressed their entertainer idolization more actively than their counter paras (11-year olds and boys, respectively). (3) Entertainers'personal characteristics were found to be the most important factor that influence idolization. (4) The relationship between entertainer idolization and self-esteem was stronger in the case of 11-year olds than in the case of 14-year olds.
Survey on the practical rose of traditional living appliances
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 105~117
The purpose of this study is to figure out the actual situation of possession and use of traditional living appliances in the rural area, so as to provide plans for preservation and succession of traditional living appliances. The data were collected from 200 households in 8 rural areas classified by geographical zone. Traditional living appliances were divided into clothing.food.housing living appliances, play tools, and the others. As a result, the degree of using the traditional living appliances is 46.5%(in respect of "often use"). The need for preserving and using the traditional living appliances in modern society was 68.5%(in respect of "a little need"). The level of preservation and use of the traditional living appliances was relatively low except for food living appliances. In conclusion, the suggested directions for developing traditional goods to preserve and succeed traditional living appliances are as follows;
Developing traditional living goods peculiar to a certain locality
Developing goods with various uses; display, ornament, living appliances, memorial, etc.
Developing goods on the process and technique of making traditional living appliances.
Providing information and education on excellance of traditional living appliances.
International Comparison of Food Composition Table
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 119~135
This study was conducted to compare the composition table of Korean food with that of foreign food. Analysis was made for Korean food composition table(
revision), Korean food composition table in Appendix of Recommended Dietary Allowances for Korean(6
th/ edition), Standard tables of food composition in Japan(
revised edition) and USDA Composition of Foods - Raw, Processed, Prepared. The method of content analysis was applied for this study and such differences were pointed out as the classification of food items, food items enlisted, the content unit of food and food components presented etc. To improve Korean food composition table, new food items and components should be added and old food items be eliminated based on the change of people's food consumption pattern. Also analysis for the domestic foods consumed by local people should be accomplished rather than borrowing foreign country's data.