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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Dec 2003
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Sep 2003
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jun 2003
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Maternal Parenting Stress of the Preschool Children's Mother: Focused on Rural Housewives
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~12
The purpose of this study was to investigate the maternal parenting stress and related variables through early childhood in rural areas (Iksan and Kimpo). The subject were 134 mothers who have less than 5-year old children. The statistics used for this data were freguency, percentile, t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis. The main results obtained from this study were as follows. The degree of maternal parenting stress differed according to level of mother's education, sex of the child, physical and mental health of the mother, child rearing attitudes, mother's level of self-differentiation, marital satisfaction, and father's parenting support. Results of the regression analysis that the etiologic model of this study were that father's parenting support is the most effective variables in rural areas.
Improving the Social Capital of Community Organization through Leadership
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2003, Pages 13~35
This study aims at analyzing the leadership-types that have been affecting the social capital of community organization. The methods for this study are literatures review and survey to community organizations in Daegucity and Kyungpook. The questionnaires are sent to 426 leaders who are community organization leaders, 35.%(150) of the total returned questionnaire. The statistical methods used for the data were frequency, percentile, and regression. The major findings of this study are summarized as follows: 1)Direction for improving the social capital of community organization aspect of respondent's personal characteristic (1)female members' rate of community organization should be more high. (2)leader's age is to be over fifty, and educational background of high school is resonable. (3)the leader's religious is buddhism, the leaders of community organization should take the adult education program that related to leadership. 2)Resonable leadership-types to improve the social capital of community organization as follow; (1)reformative leadership is more important than trading leadership for affecting positively the social capital of community organization. (2)the authoritative leadership of reformative leadership-types is the most important than anyone else. (3)the condition-reward leadership of trading leadership types is affecting positively the social capital of community organization. And the authoritative leadership is needed for increasing the social capital of community organizations in Daegucity and Kyungpook.
A Study on Life Management Strategy and Variables of Unmarried Men and Women
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2003, Pages 37~53
The purpose of this study was to empirically verify influence of objective variables and subjective variables of life management strategy of unmarried man and women and provide a basis for the development of time management. The subject of this study were 355 unmarried men and women and interviewed with a questionnaire. The data were analyzed by SPSS program for the frequency, mean, standard deviation, t-test and regression analysis. The major results of this study were as follows: 1. The score of time management strategy of unmarried man and women was the highest. The score of leisure management strategy of unmarried man and women was the lowest. 2. Variables that affect overall life management strategy were academic career, degree of information using, fate control orientation and perception level of living relative to others. 3. The relative contribution of subjective variables on life management strategy were higher than objective variables.
Evaluations of the Financial Status of Single Mother Households Using Financial Ratios
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2003, Pages 55~71
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the financial status of single mother households by financial ratios. Data was drawn from Labor Panel Survey Data in 1999, and 198 single mother households were selected. Major findings were as follows: 1) The levels of after-tax income, income per person, expenditure, expenditure per person, asset, pure asset, and debt of single mother households were lower than their counter-parts. 2) All financial ratios showed that both financial security and financial growth of single mother households were lower than their counter-parts. Especially, 22% of single mother households had the lower level of income that the lowest cost of living.
The Financial Structures of Women-Headed Households and Social Support -Focusing on the Studies of Single Mother Households-
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2003, Pages 73~86
This study investigates the reports about financial structures of the single mother households and women-headed households to examine their economic problems. As a result, we come to a conclusion that the single mother households and women-headed households have improper financial structures. For solving these problems, they need administrative economic support policies. Also, free education programs are very useful to settle their financial structures.
A Study of Chestnut-Noodle Utilizing Recovered Chestnut Powder from Inner Layer
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2003, Pages 87~96
This study was to examine the possibility of making use of the edible portion on the inner layer of chestnut, which is produced as wastes in the chestnut processing, into chestnut-noodle. To conduct this study, the chestnut powder, which is separated and collected from the inner layer, was used to examine the possibility of making chestnut-noodle. The structure of chestnut-noodle was observed by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and the sensory quality was conducted to examine usability of the chestnut-noodle as compared to wheat flour noodle by Quantitative Descriptive Analysis (QDA). The ten sensory qualities : appearance, color, flavor, hardness, elasticity, cohesiveness, adhesiveness, chewiness, gumminess, and acceptability, were evaluated by 10 point Likert type scale with 10-50% of different ratio of chestnut powder. The chestnut-noodle made by 50% of the chestnut powder got higher points than 10 % of chestnut powder mix in color. However, the chestnut-noodle made by 50% of the chestnut powder got lower points than wheat flour noodle in flavor. Finally, there was no significant difference in hardness, elasticity, cohesiveness, adhesiveness, chewiness and gumminess between the chestnut-noodle made by 30% of the chestnut powder and wheat flour noodle.
Comparison of Sexuality Education of Home Economics and Technology .Home Economics in 6th, 7th Middle School Curriculum
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2003, Pages 97~105
This study was to examine the contents of sexuality education in the 6th Home Economics 1 and in the 7th Technology.Home Economics 1 of Middle school curriculum by comparing those two text books. The result of the study was that: 1) the 7th TechnologyㆍHome Economics 1 has more sexuality education contents than in the 6th; 2) the 7th TechnologyㆍHome Economics 1 used much more vivid and realistic pictures to catch students' attention and bring educational effect; 3) the 7th Technology \ulcornerHome Economics 1 included more detailed information for the young students such as pregnancy, birth control, masturbation, artificial abortion, and prevention of sexual violence than the 6th; 4) although the 7th TechnologyㆍHome Economics 1 showed more developed contents for the sexuality education, it had still only theory based information that lost students' attention on this important issue.
A Study on the Nutrients Intake and Blood Pressure of Korean Farmers in Summer
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2003, Pages 107~117
This study was carried out to investigate the nutrients intakes, blood pressure, and correlations between these two factors in Korean rural adults(60 men, 60 women). Nutrients intakes were measured by analyzing with CAN Pro after weighing the each diets of the subjects had for 24 hours. We measured body mass index(BMI), waist to hip ratio(WHR), and fat content in the body besides blood pressure, and considered their relationship with blood pressure. This examination includes collections and analysis of serum and urine, and considers the correlations between blood pressure and serum or urinary factors. These results were as follows ; 1) The mean ages of men and women were 50.
12.6 and 46.0
12.5, respectively. The percentage of hypertensive was higher in men(43%) than in women(37%). 2) The values of WHR, body water and lean body mass were higher in men and the value of body fat was higher in women. Weight, BMI, waist or hip circumferences, and WHR were correlated with blood pressure in these subjects. 3) Though the levels of serum triglyceride, sodium, potassium and iron levels were higher in men and urinary Na was higher in women, these factors didn't showed any significant correlations with blood pressure in both sexes. 4) The values of calcium and vitamin B
intake in men and women, and of iron intake in women didn't meet the Korean recommended allowances(RDA). Animal protein and Na intakes were negatively correlated with blood pressure. These results showed that the levels of calcium and vitamin B
intake in both sexes and iron intake in women were lower than those of RDA, and weight, BMI, waist or hip circumferences and WHR were significantly correlated with blood pressure. Therefore we suggest that the farmers of this research need to increase intake of nutrients like calcium and vitamin B
and control the weight.
The Determinants of Appearance Management Behaviors
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 1, 2003, Pages 119~134
Recently 'lookism' is prevalent in Korean society. Lookism is a thought that one of causes of unequality of the mankinds is the appearance. The appearance is not only endowed but is made by efforts. Korean market related beauty including cosmetics occupied over $15billion. The purpose of this study is to find the determinants of the appearance management behaviors. Considering social characteristics of Korea and previous literatures, Collectivism, body image were chosen as an explaining variables. And self-esteem, attitudes toward sex roles and the shopping orientation and some demographic variables were selected. For the data analysis, 514 questionnaire for male and female in Daegu were collected. The determinants of appearance management behaviors were perceived level of living, concerns toward thinness, shopping orientation, appearance evaluation, female, family oriented thinking, belief in appearance power, attitude toward sex roles.