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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Dec 2003
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Sep 2003
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jun 2003
Selecting the target year
The Situations and Challenges for Enhancing Participation in Social Welfare Activities of the Rural Women′s Organization in rural Korea : Case Study of Kimpo Living Improvement Group
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 3~13
This paper studied the present condition of social welfare activities of Living Condition Improving Committee of Kimpo City in order to activate the social welfare services of women agricultural organizations. The main results are as follows; First, the general characteristics of the respondents in this study are forty or fifty years of age with above high school education with main income source of agriculture and middle class women living in agricultural communities more than 10 years. Second, considering the present and future planned activities of the Living Condition Improving Committee of Kimpo City this study finds that there is high expectation of helping poor people and joining voluntary services. Third, the members of the Living Condition Improving Committee of Kimpo City have actively participated in the local welfare service programs however, there is significant difference among people according to the age, living standard and joining period. Fourth, out of social welfare activities managed by the Living Condition Improving Committee of Kimpo City the welfare service activities for old people and local community are most active and the participants in the welfare service activities for women and the youngsters are small. Thus, according to this study the Living Condition Improving Committee of Kimpo City should consider the following three points in order to activate the social welfare service activities; First, as the members are expecting to expand the individual activities and to enhance the private improvement, the social welfare service activities should meet with the demands to improve self satisfaction of the participants. Second, new programs should be developed after reviewing the current programs in order to meet with the need of the members. Third, as the committee has not established a network system with government administrative organizations and relating institutions, and as its activities are concentrated in particular areas the committee should establish a new system to provide more efficient services in line with the cooperation with public organization and welfare resource suppliers.
A Study on the Financial Program Development for Farm household - farm household financial management and financial information needs
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 15~27
This study investigates the reports about financial management and financial information needs in farm household, to development financial education program for farm household. The results were as follows: 1) Financial management was carried of husband (49%), husband and wife (31.0%) and wife (15.2%) 2) Farm households demand of financial information was selling for farm products(66.5%), farm management(65.1), keeping budget(52.6%) and consumer information(42.6%). 3) The variables (sex, age, Education, farming type) have statistically significant on test of financial knowledge. 4) On the basis of results, for the stabilization of rural economy it is necessary to maximize and stabilize the rural house hold income however, it is also necessary to educate the rural people by providing the ways and means to efficiently manage the income. Thus various financial management programs and educational resources should be developed and provided to the agriculture household finance managers and the instructors in Agricultural Technology Development Center. Specially, according to the financial knowledge test as the demand of financial information in the group of respondents who answered ‘don’t know’ is higher than the demand in the group of right or wrong answers it is quite urgent to develop and provide the financial education programs and financial resources for these people.
A Study on the Gender Equality Consciousness Improvement Education Program for rural area people.
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 29~40
The purpose of this study were to enhance the gender equality in rural area through develop Gender Equality Consciousness Improvement Education Program for rural couples. For these purposes, procedures conducted and results were as follows; 1) This study was conducted through the literature review and research data for gender equality of people in rural area. Based on the review and research data, It was developed gender equality consciousness improvement education program and evaluated sex-role complex through structured questionnaires. 2) This program was consisted of 4 sessions, namely, understanding on the concept and necessarity of gender equality, understanding on the man and woman, gender equality consciousness evaluation, and establishing on the equal man and woman role in rural community. Using program materials for educators, this program will be used effectively by professional worker in rural community.
Effects of Hot Water Soluble Extract from Angelicae Gigantis Radix on the Lipid Metabolism and Antioxident Defense System in rats fed Hypercholesterol Diet
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 41~47
To investigate the effects of hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Gigantis Radix on lipid metabolism and antioxidant defense system in rats fed hypercholesterol diet, Sprague-Dawley male rats were fed either hypercholesterol diet with water or hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Gigantis Radix. Hypercholesterol diet contained 18 % beeftallow and 5 % cholesterol. After 4 weeks of experimental periods serum and liver obtained. The level of serum lipid and the activities of GOT and GPT was measured. The level of lipid and TBARS and the activity of GSH-Px was measured also. The results obtained were: 1) Food intake in the experimental group supplied hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Gigantis Radix was low significantly. 2) In the experimental group supplied hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Gigantis Radix of serum total lipid and total cholesterol was significantly low. 3) Serum GOT activity was significantly low in the experimental group supplied hotwater soluble extract from Angelicae Gigantis Radix. There was no difference of serum GPT activity between control and experimental group supplied hot water soluble extract from angelical Gigantis Radix. 4) There was no difference of lipid composition, TBARS level and GSH-px activity in liver between control and experimental group. The result of this study indicates that the hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Gigantis Radix was effective in decreasing the food intake of the experimental animals in the hypercholesterol diet and also effective in decreasing the levels of serum total lipid, total cholesterol and GOT activity. However it was not effective to change the level of lipid, TBARS and GSH-Px activity of liver.
The Breakfast Type and Rice Preference in students and workers living in Kyeonggi Province, Korea
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 49~62
Breakfast consumption is important for nutritional balance in all population groups. The objective of this study is to seek healthy Korean with continuous traditional breakfast consumption of rice. One thousand participants who go to work or school every morning were selected by stratified method and interviewed by regional home extension workers in 24 cities, Kyeonggi province, Korea. The questions included breakfast eating habits, perceived health status,and food preferences for breakfast. The students (70.5%) were composed with elementary (17.2%), middle school(15.7%), high school(16.5%), and university(21.l%)students. The rest 29.5% were workers. The recognized importance of eating breakfast was negatively correlated with the perceived health status. It means that lowering health status made them recognize the importance of breakfast. Workers had more boiled rice with side dishes for breakfast(58.6%) than students (40.2%). The reasons of selected items for breakfast were habit (28.5%), and health (14.6%). The propensity of convenience and preference was more frequent in male workers than male students. For breakfast, ready-to-eat food (rice-roll or rice ball, retort rice, and fast-food) preferred more in middle & high school students, but boiled rice with side dishes was preferred more in workers. Boiled rice with divers cereals was selected for main dish in workers, however boiled rice only in students if obliged. We suppose the problem in next decade would be skipped breakfast in regular attendance position. For breakfast with ready-to-eat rice or something to eat in short time, students and workers should be educated to those who are too busy to eat breakfast for the enhancement of human resources.
A Study on the Changes of Physicochemical Characteristics of Soybeans Curd with Cow's Milk According to the Adding Levels of Mulberry Leaf Powder
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 63~70
In this experiment, the curd was made from soybean and cow's milk in the ratio of 7 to 3, and coagulated with Glucono-delta-lacton(GDL) and
in the 1:1 ratio. During the procedure, the mulberry leaf powder was added. The amount of the added powder varied from 0.1 % to 0.5 %. This experiment aimed to show the change of yield, general components, minerals, amino acid, changes of pH, sensory properties of these products. As mulberry leaf powder addition increased, crude protein, crude fat, crude ash content, minerals and amino acids increased. Whereas moisture content decreased, and in particular,
increased. On the other hand, in the sensory properties, the levels of satisfaction about the color, appearance, flavor, texture and savory were lower in mulberry leaf powder added than under control.
A Study on the School Milk Program among Elementary, Middle and High School Students in Korea
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 71~81
This study was carried out in order to facilitate the consumption of milk which tend to decrease in recent years and to improve the school milk program. The survey by means of prepared questionnaire was conducted to investigate a perception and satisfaction of school milk program, and milk intake at home and school with elementary, middle, and high school students. Most of the subjects thought drinking milk is important for their health but only 50.2% of them were actually drinking milk everyday. In particular, the frequency of consuming milk at home was significantly lower in students being provided with school milk program than the students without school milk program. Most of the students commonly drunk plain milk rather than flavored milk, however actually they preferred flavored milk to plain milk. The frequency of consuming milk and the degree of satisfaction for milk being served in the school milk program was lowered. The major reason of disliking milk being served in school milk program was ‘poor taste’. And to promote milk consumption in school milk program, the subjects anticipated the serving of various milk and dairy products, flavored milk and yogurt etc. Thus, it was suggested that to improve the school milk program and promote milk consumption among the students, serving various products that can satisfy their preferences and demands and the proper food guide and education on nutrition are called for.
Supplementary effect of Soybean oil and Rice germ oil on Lipid Metabolism in Insulin dependent Diabetic Mice
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 83~92
This study was carried out to investigate the supplementary effects of soybean oil and rice gem oil compared with lard on lipid metabolism of insulin dependent diabetic mice. Streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice were fed three kinds of experimental diets with 20% lipid from lard(L), soy bean oil(SBO) and rice gem oil(RGO) for 7 weeks, respectively. Diet intake, body weight, organs weights and lipids levels of serum, liver and feces were measured. There was no significant difference in diet intake, body and organs weights among experimental groups. But the concentrations of serum triglyceride of SBO and RGO groups, and of serum total cholesterol were lower in RGO group than in the other groups. The hepatic total lipid and total cholesterol levels of RGO group were significantly lower than those of the other groups. The contents of total lipid and total cholesterol excreted in feces of SBO and RGO groups were higher than those of L group, and the significance was shown only in RGO group. These results suggested that soy bean oil and rice germ oil can reduce serum triglyceride and total cholesterol levels and hepatic total lipid concentration of insulin dependent diabetic mice compared with lard as a animal fat source by increasing fecal lipid excretion of these groups. But the significant reducing effects on serum and liver lipid levels were shown only in RGO group, and we need to investigate the hypolipidemic effect of this oil by supplementary level and period.
A Study on the Actual Utilization of Traditional Knowledge Resources
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 93~106
The main purpose of this research was to study and analyze the actual utilization of traditional knowledge resources and to search for methods to activate local communities through utilization of traditional knowledge resources best suited for us. For this study, data listed on the internal web sites during August 2002 to October 2002 were searched and analyzed. In terms of statistical analysis, frequency, percentage, and x
-test were operated using the SPSS 10.0 program. The major results of this study are as follows: 1) Traditional knowledge resources utilized throughout the nation totaled to 8,906 cases. These utilized resources composed of 48.0% of tangible resources, 32.3% of environmental resources, and 19.8% of intangible resources and such utilized resources were in order of life-skill, scenery, ruins and relics, community activity, exhibition, and folklores. 2) Tourism, merchandising, and festival were the major types of utilization of traditional knowledge resources, while education was the relatively minor portion in utilization type. 3) Compound linking of traditional knowledge resources, utilization type, and utilizing body showed links such as life skill-merchandising-civilian, ruins and relics-tourism-government, folklore-festival-civilian, scenery-tourism-government, and exhibition-education-civilian.
An Application of Ecological Family Welfare Model on Stress Coping Strategy and Psychological Wellbeing
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 107~117
The purpose of this study was to investigate university freshmen' stress coping strategy and psychological wellbeing to appling ecological family life welfare model. Based on Bronfenbrenner's ecological perspective, “ecological family welfare model”, which includes person(individual attributes), context(family backgrounds), process(mechanism of development), and time (the specific period), was suggested as a new research paradigm for family welfare life research. The questionnaire study was done for 171 freshmen of an university in Pusan. The results show the suggested research model was significant and effective to explain the mechanism of stress coping strategy and psychological wellbeing. Individual attributes(i. e., attachment style) and family context have an impact on family cohesion and adaptability which in turn affect stress coping strategies which then affect individual psychological wellbeing.
Studies on Development of Bread Mixed with Wheat Flour and Aallium fistulosum L Flour
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 119~124
To increase the utilization of the Allium fistulosum L., the main crop of Jindo-kun, Jennam, Korea, the study about the way of process utilization is carried. The condition of swelling volume of mixing wheat flour and Allium fistulosum L flour is similar to 7.5% of the drying Allium fistulosum L. flour, and 25% of the raw Allium fistulosum L flour is similar to the bread made with just wheat flour. In the texture of mixing wheat flour and Allium fistulosum L., the hardness, adhesion, gumminess and tough chewiness is higher, as the rate of mixing drying Allium fistulosum L. is higher. There is no wide difference in 7.5% to 25% but it is higher in more than 20%. The color of bread mixed with Allium fistulosum L. is green-yellow. The more the mixing quantity is, the darker as we con see. The taste of bread mixed with Allium fistulosum L. is evaluated to 7.5% better than normal one in color, taste and smell and that of the bread mixed with raw Allium fistulosum L. is to 25% betterthan normal one in color, taste and smell. Mixed wheat flour and dryed Allium fistulosum L. flour is 5%, and raw Allium fistulosum L. is 15%. As a result, the bread mixed with Allium fistulosum L. is evaluated as the best.
Dyeability and Colorfastness of Fabrics Dyed in Dyebath Extracted from Wisteria
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 125~130
To develop natural dyeing materials from the unused plant materials, we had several dyeing experiments to investigate the optimum conditions of dyeing fabrics with the dyebath extracted from wisteria. Dyeing experiments were done under different dyeing conditions of dyeing temperature, pH of dyebath, dyeing time, concentration of dyebath and mordant treatment which were treated after dyeing. Experimental fabrics were silk, wool, cotton, ramie and hemp. Color difference(ΔE) and Munsell's HV/C of the dyed fabrics and color fastness of silk and cotton fabrics to dry cleaning, washing, rubbing, perspiration and light were measured. In silk and wool fabrics(non mordant, dyeing time-20min), color differences increased in case of dyeing temperature of
, but in cotton, ramie and hemp fabrics, color differences did not increase. Without mordant treatment, color differences of all experimental fabrics were about 10-20, so in wisteria dyeing mordant treatment was necessary. Color differences were increased by the mordant treatment; the color of dyed fabrics with Al mordant is dull yellow, Cu mordant is gold and Fe mordant is olive tone. Color difference was not affected by pH of dyebath in all experimental fabrics. On the whole, the color fastness of dyed silk and cotton fabrics were good, but color fastness to washing and perspiration in Fe mordant was weak and improved in Cu mordant.