Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Dec 2003
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Sep 2003
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jun 2003
Selecting the target year
Activities of and Improvements in the“NONGCHON ILGAM GATGI”Project(An Income Generation Project for Rural Areas)
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 3~11
The objectives of the study were to analyze the current conditions of the“NONGCHON ILGAM GATCI”project (an income generating project for rural areas) and to suggest possible improvements. Among the 567 business which have been supported by the project, implemented in 1990 by the Department of Rural-Home-Improvement of the Rural Development Administration, 361 (63.7%) can be categorized as being in the self-supporting stage. Another 126 (22.2%) can be said to be in the incubation stage. Data for the case study was collected from 20 project sites. The“NONGCHON ILGAM GATCI”project has been progressing successfully when compared with other rural development projects. However, there are still some problems. Among the problems are the lack of a business mindset and management abilities in individuals, and the fact that the businesses and their products are not well hewn on the market. To remedy these problems, education toward improving business and management skills, a unified public relations system, and institutional support from the government are greatly needed.
UVA radiation transmittance in Summer Hats
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 13~19
The purpose of this study was to investigate the UVA radiation protection effects of summer hats currently on the market with the purpose of making it possible to choose a hat with suitable UVA protection. Twelve different summer hats from the market were selected for the experiment. The results are summarized as follows: It is more effective to wear a hat than not wear a hat to block UVA radiation. Summer hats with the greatest degree of protection, from highest to lowest, are cotton, straw2, and straw1. In the area of the forehead, which is rarely influenced by the irradiation angle, the cotton hat was the most effective in protecting from UVA radiation because the material density was greater than that of the straw hats. A hat with a 8.5 cm brim was more effective at blocking UVA radiation on the jaw than 6 cm, 4 cm, and 0 cm wide brims, but it still couldn't block the radiation completely. Irradiation amounts at 11:00 AM on the forehead, jaw! s and left and right cheeks were lower than amounts measured on the back of the neck. This revealed that irradiation amounts depend on the shape of the hat and time of day. A hat with a brim encircling the head was found to be more effective in blocking UVA radiation than a hat with only a front or side brim.
A Study about Systematic Classification of a Female′s Contemporary Underwear
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 21~30
An underwear originated from when a human lost his purity and recognized his situation. But, it could not be sure when underwear and an outer garment were classified according to a function. An underwear has been used for a decorative and mental function, as well as a practical one. Also, it is the most fundamental medium to understand a human and a period. However, many studies on outer garments not an underwear have been done till now Therefore, this study was done to be arranged and analyzed materials scattered in order to give a correct understanding of an underwear as a clothes. The data were based on the existing fashion pamphlets, fashion magazines and other materials. The main results were as follows; Female's contemporary underwear was classified into Hosiery, Foundation and Lingerie. The Hosiery was again classified into chemise, combination, drawers and brief. The most typical hosiery was a chemise for a health and hygiene, and the drawers was adhered closely to a body. The Foundation which had a function to be well shaped was classified into Brassiere, Girdle, All in one, Body suit, Corset, Waist nipper and Garter belt. A typical contemporary foundation was a brassiere and a girdle. A brassiere had a role to support the breast up and A girdle compensate a hip area. The Lingerie which made body silhouette be vivid was classified into Slip, Panty, Wintum, Linge, Home lingerie, and so on. A slip, a panty and a lingo were typical lingeries. A slip made an outer garment be well-formed.
A Comparative Study on the Nutrient Content of Rice-Based and Wheat-Based Meals in Miryang and Daegu
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 31~42
This study was conducted to compare the nutrient content of rice-based meals and wheat-based meals. The subjects consisted of elementary school children, middle school students, high school students, college students and adults living in the Miryang and Daegu area. A dietary survey was conducted using a 24-hour recall method and data were collected from 941 subjects. Nutrient contents were analyzed by CAN Pro. All nutrient contents in rice-based meals, except vitamin B2, were higher than those in wheat-based meals. But lipid and cholesterol contents of wheat-based meals were higher than those in rice-based meals. Comparing age groups, all nutrient contents obtained from rice-based meals, except vitamin B group, were higher than those in wheat-based meals in all age groups except the adult group. In the adult group, protein, fiber, vitamin A, niacin and vitamin C were consumed higher from rice-based meals, but energy, lipid, calcium, iron, vitamin B and cholesterol were consumed higher from wheat-based meals. lipid and cholesterol contents of wheat-based meals were higher than those of rice-based meals in all age groups, except elementary school children. When compared the nutrient intakes of Korean RDA, major nutritional problems of each age groups were due to the inadequate intakes of calcium and iron. And all nutrient contents, except vitamin B group, in wheat-based meals were very low in every age group.
A Study of the College Students′ Nutritional Knowledge and Eating Attitude by comparing those of Korean Oriental Medicine major students and those of Food and Nutrition major students
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 43~51
This study examined to find out the relationship between nutritional knowledge and food habit of the students majoring food & nutrition(218 students) and the students majoring Korean oriental medicine(286 students). The results of this study are as follows; 1)The intake of vegetable and dairy products is high for the students majoring food & nutrition(p＜0.01), and the intake of instant food is low for the students majoring Korean oriental medicine(p＜0.01). 2)In the value of diet, the ratio which acknowledges the importance of the relationship between the diet and the nutrients is high for the students majoring food & nutrition (p＜0.01), and the ratio which acknowledges the diet as the way to remove hunger or to enjoy eating is high for the students majoring Korean oriental medicine(p＜0.01). The ratio of the students who acknowledge taste, nutrition and preference as the important factors in selecting foods is high for the students majoring food & nutrition(p＜0.01). The ratio of regularity in each meal, consuming time, and the food quantity is high for the students majoring Korean oriental medicine(p＜0.01). 3)The total score of 20 inquiring items about nutritional knowledge is high for the students majoring food & nutrition(p<0.01), and especially the mark is high in such items inquiring the relationship between animal fat and nutrition(p<0.01), the relationship between water and obesity(p<0.05), the relationship between cholesterol and food(p<0.01), the recommended energy quantity(p<0.05), and the vitamin B group (P<0.01). According to this study, it is hard to determine that there is inevitable positive relationship between diet habits and nutritional knowledge. The students majoring food and nutrition know better than the students majoring Korean oriental medicine about the relationship between diet, health and nutrients however they can not practice what they blow when selecting foods. On the other hand the students majoring Korean oriental medicine show lower marks in food habits and nutritional knowledge than those of the students majoring food and nutrition; however, they show higher marks in practicing regular diet. According to this result it is necessary to increase the subjects related nutrition in the curriculum not only lot the students majoring food & nutrition to practice their nutritional knowledge in their actual life but also for the students majoring Korean oriental medicine to obtain correct nutritional knowledge and information.
Studies on the Characteristics of Noodles Using Allium fistulosum L. Flour
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 53~58
This study on the processing of noodles was carried out to increase utilization of Allium fistulosum L., In the areas of total solids in residual liquid, swelling volume, and water absorption, a mixture of 10.0% dried Allium fistulosum L. flour and wheat flour, and a mixture of 25.0% raw Allium fistulosum L. flour and wheat flour both perform similarly to noodles made with just wheat flour. In the area of texture- the gumminess, cutting factor, and chewiness increase as the percentage of dried Allium fistulosum L. flour increases. There is no great difference in these factors between the 10.0% dried and the 25.0% raw mixtures. The color of the noodles with a mixed Allium fistulosum L. flour is green-yellow. As the quantity of Allium fistulosum L. flour increases the color gets darker The over all perception of the noodles made with a mixed Allium fistulosum L. flour was rated higher in color, taste, and smell than regular noodles. This study shows that mixing wheat flour with 10.0% dried Allium fistulosum L. flour or 25.0% raw Allium fistulosum L. flour produces a better noodle product.
Supplementary effect of the rice germ oil on Lipid Metabolism in Diabetic KK Mice
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 59~65
This study was carried out to investigate the supplementary effects of the rice germ oil compared with soy bean oil on lipid metabolism of non-insulin dependent diabetic mice. Forty diabetic KK mice were fed two kinds of experimental diets with 20% lipid from soy bean oil as a control(CO) and rice germ oil(RG) for 8 weeks, respectively. Diet intake, body weight, organs weights and lipids levels of serum, liver and feces were measured. There was no significant difference in food and water intake, body weight gain and organs weights between experimental groups. But the concentrations of serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol were lower in RG group than in CO group. The hepatic total lipid and total cholesterol levels of RG group were significantly lower than those of CO group. The contents of total lipid, triglyceride and total cholesterol excreted in feces of RG group were higher than those of CO group. These results suggested that rice germ oil can reduce serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol and hepatic total lipid concentration of non-insulin dependent diabetic mice compared with soybean oil due to increasing fecal lipid excretion. But we need to investigate the hypolipidemic effect of this oil by supplementary level and period.
Supplementary effect of the rice germ oil on blood glucose in Diabetic KK Mice
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 67~73
This study was carried out to investigate the supplementary effects of the rice germ oil compared with soy bean oil on blood glucose level of non-insulin dependent diabetic mice. Forty diabetic KK mice were fed two kinds of experimental diets with 20% lipid from soy bean oil as a control(CO) and rice germ oil(RG) for 8 weeks, respectively. Diet intake, body weight, organs weights and lipids levels of serum, liver and feces were measured. There was no significant difference in food and water intake, body weight gain and organs weights between experimental groups. The concentrations of fasting and random blood glucose were similar between CO and RG groups. There was no significant difference in blood glucose levels after glucose treatment during the glucose tolerance test between two groups. The levels of
as the index of blood glucose status, and insulin were similar in two groups. These results suggested that rice germ oil can't reduce blood glucose concentration of non-insulin dependent diabetic mice compared with soybean oil. But we need to investigate the hypoglycemic effect of rice germ oil by changing supplementary level and period.
A Survey on the Number of Meals Skipped and the Types of Main Meals in Miryang and Daegu
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 75~87
This study was conducted to find the number of meals skipped and the types of main meals consumed by people in Miryang and Daegu. The subjects consisted of elementary school students(ES), middle school students(MS), high school students(HS), college students(CS) and adults, divided into below the age of 40(AU) and above the age of 40(AA). Data were collected through a 7-day dietary record from 941 subjects. The definition of rice-based meal(RM) and wheat-based meal(WM) depends on the type of grain eaten in the main dish, rice or wheat flour, respectively, regardless of the menu. Out of all the meals consumed by the subjects during 7 days before the survey, 71.5% of the meals consumed were RM, 13.1 ％ of the meals consumed was WM and 12.5% of the meals was skipped. Of the meals skipped, breakfast-skipping was the highest with 27.1%. There's no difference by region and sex. But there were several differences by age. The rates of skipped meal were high for CS, AU, HS, and MS in order. Especially the breakfast-skipping for CS was highest as 47.9%. In the types of main meal, the rates of RM was highest at breakfast and lowest at lunch. The rates of RM was higher in Miryang than Daegu, and there was no difference by sex. The rates of RM was high for AA, HS, ES and AU in order. ES and HS, who had highest rates of WM, had the highest WM consumption at lunch. It is because of school food service at lunch. Since the younger population consumed more RM compared to the older population, it can be speculated that more WM will be consumed in the future. Also efforts need to be made to discourage skipping meals.
Actual Production Conditions of Fermented Soybean Products on the Level of Farmhouses
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 89~98
To assess the actual status of businesses selling fermented soybean products, this study surveyed 130 Farmhouse style small size soybean sauce processing sites supported by the Rural Development Administration nationwide. The sex composition of the businesses representatives of 2% male and 98% female showed that a farmhouse soybean processing business is generally operated by rural women as a non-filming business. The percentage of co-worked sites was 71.2 and that of sites with permits was 39.2. The main products were meju, doenjang, and kanjang. Total production volume was found to be 523 tons, 256 tons, and 135 k
s, respectively. The number of years of experience of the manufacturers of the kanjang and doenjang was found to be 25.7 on average which shows that long-experienced, skilled manufacturers are participating in this project. The traditional measuring unit differed greatly depending on the region. This difference in the measuring unit of soybeans resulted in a large difference in the volume of doenjang and kanjang produced Per Province. For one kg of raw soybeans, the weight of Doenjang produced also varied from 2.14 kg in the Gyeongbuk area to 1.62 kg in Jeju. In the aspect of salt use, 1.75
(translated by volumetric unit 0.704 due) of salt pet kg of meju, in Jeju, was the highest in Korea. Government supervision would be beneficial in the areas of raw material products, standardization of measuring units and production methods, organization and operation of a conference for the different groups of producers, and in construction of a nationwide database.
Business Management and Marketing for Fermented Soybean Products on the Level of Farmhouses
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 99~109
This study was conducted to collect basic marketing and management data from businesses run by farmers producing traditional Kanjang and Doenjang, fermented soybean products. The actual conditions of the fermentation processing sites at farmhouses participating in the production of soybean fermentation products were investigated. The subjects of this survey were 130 small size farmhouse Kanjang and Doenjang processing sites nationwide. The frequency, percentage, t-value, chi-square, and ANOVA were used for statistical analysis. The farmhouse business surveyed were generally operated by rural women for non-farming business income. The percentage of co-worked sites was 71.2 while the percentage of sites operating with permits was 39.2. Generally, the the facilities, size, number of working people, and output were very small. The areas in which the products were sold, site-located regions and region metropolises, were equally weighted. Sales volumes in region metropolises for sites with permits were a little higher than sites without permits. Without regard to operation type, the percentage of sales was highest in cases of direct sale by customer order. Co-worked sites have been found to have more experience in publicity than individually operated sites. As for methods of publicity, co-worked sites use mass media such as newspapers and broadcasting. Individually operated sites usually use social organizations and acquaintances. It was found that the average sales of each site totaled 25 million Won. The average income of each site was 12 million Won, and average income per participant was 3 million Won. Total sales income for sites with permits was significantly higher than sites without permits. But personal income was much higher at individually operated sites without regard to whether the site had a permit or not. This kind of business was found to contribute to an individual's time management skills as well as instill a sense of pride.
Clothing Store Selection behaviors of College Students in Yanbian, China
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2003, Pages 111~124
This study is designed to understand demographic characteristics, store selection factors, difference in preferred stores which are considered to be related to store selection behaviors for clothes by college students in Yanbian, China. Questionnaire was used for measurement tools to study the subject of the thesis. Questions used for the evaluation criteria for store selection were primarily based on those previously used by the other researchers with some revision and supplementation. Each question was rated in 5 point scale, where 1 means 'not at all' and 5 means 'definitely'. A total of 50 copies of the questionnaire was passed out to college students in Yanbian from March 20 to March 25, 2001, for the preliminary study. The main study was conducted against 450 college students from May 17 to June 5, 2001 The data for the study were analyzed using SAS PC program for frequency distribution, percentage, 1 -test, and one way ANOVA. A significant difference was showed in the preferred stores between male and female students. In total, underground markets were preferred most with 41.6%, followed by markets with 40.3%. A significant difference was showed among groups regarding preferred stores based on an average monthly income, monthly expense on clothing. Three areas of 'product price', 'display and mood of the store' and 'royal store' showed a significant difference in terms of selecting stores based on an average monthly income. A significant difference was showed in only one areas(brand awareness) in selecting stores based on monthly clothing expense.