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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Spousal Abuse by Husbands on Self-differentiation and Trait-anxiety Levels of Urban Housewives
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 3~16
The purpose of this study is to provide basic data for studying contemporary family violence, and to examine self-differentiation and trait-anxiety levels of urban-area housewives. The 207 subjects were married and living in urban areas. The statistical analyses used for this data were frequency, percentile, ANOVA, correlation, and multiple-regression. The main results obtained from this study were as follows: 1) Period of the family violence is 6-10 years, the main forms of violent behavior are kicking and punching, and the most violently abused wives want to divorce their husbands. 2) The self-differentiation level is 2.78, the verbal violence level is 2.06, the physical violence level is 2.06, and the trait-anxiety level is 2.49. 3) The degree of self-differentiation differed according to level of wife's education, husband's education, type of residence, income, wife's occupation, and husband's occupation. 4) The degree of violence differed according to level of wife's education, husband's education, type of residence, income, wife's occupation, and husband's occupation. 5) The degree of trait-anxiety differed according to level of husband's education, income, wife's occupation, and husband's occupation. 6) Wife's occupation, intellectual function vs. emotional function, family projection, verbal aggression behavior influenced on trait- anxiety.
Costume Culture and Customs of Ordinary People Appearing in Genre Painting During the Late Chosun Dynasty - focusing on Danwon Kim Hong-do's Pungsokhwachop -
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 17~26
Not much is known about Korean clothes from past centuries. Fortunately, we are able to make some inferences based on various sources of data other than the actual clothes themselves. Historical records such as Kim Hong-do's Pungsokhwa Pieces, well known to us, vividly depict features of the costume and the lifestyle of his time along with contemporary Korean humor and atmosphere. Kim Hong-do is the artist who, having accomplished pictorial refinement, recognized social change and took this into his artistic world late in the 18th century. The ruling classes, in contrast, tended to adhere to anachronistic medieval philosophies in a gradually changing society. In this study, Kim Hong-do's Pungsokhwachop, Treasure No. 527, preserved in the National Museum of Korea, was viewed from a new perspective, and it was discovered to have assorted the costume and culture of ordinary people according to their life styles. Fourteen of the pieces depicted how common citizens made their living, three described love affairs, five depicted people at play, md the rest showed elements of education, wedding ceremonies, and shamanism, respectively. Various types of clothing were observed reflecting the life styles of ordinary people, and a somewhat bold exposure of body was noticed in women's fashion in the late Chosun Dynasty. They chose clothing as they pleased to fit their jobs and functions, which produced elegant self-regulation and creativity based on practical beauty. A hat - yet to be found as a relic - appeared in Blacksmith's Workshop, and revealed the changing social customs of the late Chosun Dynasty in the 18th century. It is hoped that the results of this study will serve as a valuable reference point for the globalization of Korean clothes.
Dyeing Properties of Young Superfluous Fruits of Naju Pear Trees
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 27~33
Natural dyeing means coloring with dyes extracted from plants, minerals or animals found in nature. Natural dyeing provides calm and natural colors; it has antibacterial and deodorizing qualities; and the dyeing process is environmentally friendly. This study extracted natural dyes from young fruit by thinning out the superfluous fruits of Naju pear trees, and then examined its dyeing properties, the optimal dyeing conditions, and its color fastness for practical use. The results indicated that dyeing is ideal when it had Cu mordant treatment (5% concentration at 9
, pH 4) for 50 min. The color fastness of natural dyes with Cu mordant treatment was very excellent after rubbing and dry cleaning, and also good after exposure to perspiration, light and washing.
General Health and Eating Habits of College Students Who Commute Long Distances
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 35~47
This study investigated the health and eating habits of college students who commute long distances to and from their schools. Among ninety-eight commuters, 61.2% were females while 38.8% were males. The mean round-trip commuting time was 4.60 hours and the mean number of days of commuting was 3.68. The proportion of underweight females (26.7%) was significantly greater than that of underweight males (5.3%). Conversely, the proportion of overweight males was 34.2% while only 1.6% of the females were overweight, and the difference was statistically significant. The mean number of health-related problems was 1.47 for males and 1.90 for females. Commuting affected the eating habits (90.8%) and health status more noticeably among females. Physical discomfort such as fatigue, stomach discomfort, constipation, weight change, and insomnia appeared after commuting. Irregular meal times, skipping breakfast, frequent overeating and insufficient time to eat were the most prevalent problems indicated. The scores for dietary attitude and eating habits were 20.1/30 and 27.6145, for males and females respectively. Although self-perceived nutrition knowledge was significantly related to dietary attitude and satisfaction with meals, a correlation was not found between self-perceived nutrition knowledge or dietary attitude and the eating habits score. The more concerned the parents were about student's eating habits, the higher the score relating to eating habits. The parents' concerns about students' meals and the food expenses were significantly correlated, but no correlation was found between the food expenses and the eating habits score. Consistent parental concern and encouraging students to maintain good eating habits are recommended. University administrators should also be aware of the needs of commuters and provide a proper and adequate food-related environment for the students.
Antimutagenic and Antioxidative Effects of Water Dropwort and Small Water Dropwort
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 49~55
The purpose of this study is to research the antimutagenic and antioxidative effects of water dropwort and small water dropwort by Ames test and by measuring malondialdehyde(MDA) production. Water dropwort and small water dropwort were extracted with methanol and then further fractionated to hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol and water, stepwise. The methanol extracts from both samples reduced the mutagenicities by aflatoxin
in Salmonella typhimurium TA 98. The production of MDA also decreased when the methanol extracts were added to the system. The hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate fractions revealed higher antimutagenic activities against
than the butanol and water fractions. Among the five fractions, the ethyl acetate fraction showed the highest level of antioxidant activity. From the results of the experiment, water dropwort and small water dropwort seem to be good antimutagenic and antioxidative sources of food.
Fathering Activities Patterns
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 57~65
The purposes of this study are to identify types of fathers who engaged in different patterns of interaction with their children and to examine the characteristics by different fathering patterns. Data are collected from 323 married men with the oldest child under 12 years old, using the structured questionnaire survey method. The major findings of the study are as follows: First, the fathering activities are composed of four factors, which are affective involvement, caretaking, social involvement and discipling. The respondents tend to exhibit the level of fathering activities higher than middle point. Second, using cluster analysis, three types of fathers are categorized: The affective type fathers scored significantly high on dimensions of affective involvement. Whereas the engaged fathers scored the highest on all domains of fathering, the disengaged fathers demonstrated significantly limited involvement. Third, the characteristics which are associated with fathering activities patterns are father's age, job type, work hour, frequency of meetings after work hour, job satisfaction and child rearing attitude. The results of this study suggest several implications to develop parent education program for fathers and their children.
Effect of Edible Flower Extracts on Antioxidative and Biological Activities
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 67~76
In order to promote the value of the flowers as new agricultural products, we investigated the biological activities of rape, arrowroot, and rose extracts. Biological activities investigated included antioxidant activity and the effects on 3T3-L1 fibroblast cells. When each flower was extracted with methanol, the antioxidant index and electron donating activity of roses was the highest
of rose extract was
). When 3T3-L1 fibroblast cells were treated with extracts made with hexane, ethyl acetate, and ether, the rape extracts had a cytotoxic effect on the cells. 12.2% of cells survived when treated with a 3mg/
ether extract while those treated with the same concentration of hexane and ethyl acetate had survival rates of 76.2% and 78.6% respectively. In contrast to rape, the ether extract of arrowroot and rose stimulated the growth of 3T3-L1 cells. The effect of rose extracts was much bigger than those of other extracts. Although every rose extract stimulated the growth of the 3T3-L 1 cells, the ether extract stimulated growth up to 168.6% compared to the control at the concentration of
, and 148.3% at the concentration of
. The toxicity on cells treated with
was decreased with the addition of rose extract. The survival rate after treatment with rose extract at the concentration of
was increased to 71% compared to the 32% survival rate of control. From these results, it can be concluded that the extracts of arrowroot and rose seem to stimulate cells, whereas the extract of rape has a cytotoxic effect. Biological activities of ether extract were the strongest compared to those of other extracts at the tested concentrations.
Effect of Dietary L-carnitine Supplementation on Serum and Liver Lipid Composition and Antioxidant Defense System in Rats fed with Different Types of Fat
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 77~83
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of L-carnitine on the components of serum and liver and the effects on the anti-oxidant system. For this purpose, five experimental groups were setup. For fat source, perilla oil enough with unsaturated fatty acid and beeftallow enough with saturated fatty acid were supplemented together with L-carnitine to the rats. Five experimental groups kept eight Sprague-Dawley rats respectively, They were co group supplemented with basic diet or AIN-93, PO group supplemented with perilla oil, POC group supplemented with perilla oil and L-carnitine, BT group supplemented with beeftallow, and BTC group supplemented with beeftallow and L- carnitine. The results are. 1) Weight gain, food intake and FER were not different significantly among the experimental groups. 2) Significant difference was observed in serum total lipid(P<0.05), serum triglyceride(P<0.05), serum total cholesterol (P<0.05)and serum LDL cholesterol(P<0.05). Serum total lipid and serum triglyceride were significantly low in the groups supplemented with L-carnitine. Serum total cholesterol showed difference with the supplementation of L-carnitine in BTC only. LDL cholesterol showed no significant difference with the supplementation of L-carnatine, but total values of LDL-cholesterol were high in groups supplemented with beeftallow. 3) Total cholesterol in liver was low in POC group with the supplementation of L-carnitine however, there was no difference in BTC group with the supplementation of L-carnitine. In summary, dietary L-carnitine did not influence the weight gain, food intake and food efficiency ratio among the experimental groups, but had an effect of lowering the serum total lipid and triglyceride significantly in both groups which were supplemented with L-carnitine. The effect of lowering of sew total cholesterol with the supplementation of L-carnitine in beeftallow group(BTC) only. The effect of lowering of liver total cholesterol with the supplementation of L-carnitine in perilla oil group(POC) only.
Antioxidative and Antimicrobial Qualities of Different Pare of the Dandelion Plant (Taraxacum officinale) from Different Habitats
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 85~90
To classify the physiological activity by habitat and part of Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), antioxidative and antimicrobial activities were investigated from methanol extracts of Dandelion. Dandelion was taken from Uiryeong (in Kyungnam province) and from Seoul, and antioxidative and antimicrobial activities were measured for three different parts of the dandelion: the flower, leaf and root. Antioxidative activities of methanol extracts from Dandelion were examined by a DPPH test, and antimicrobial activities were examined against 5 microorganisms: Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cereus as G(+) microorganisms, and Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus and Eschrichia coli as G(-) microorganisms. No significant differences were found in terms of antioxidative and antimicrobial activities between the dandelions in Uiryeong and the dandelions in Seoul. Antioxidative activity, however, was higher in the flower of the dandelion, irrespective of habitat. Further research with other physiological factors (besides antioxidative and antimicrobial activities) is necessary to shed light on dandelion physiological function and to enhance the utilization of dandelion.
Evaluation of Long-term Dietary Intakes of Housewives
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 91~104
This study was designed to investigate and evaluate the dietary intake of 30 housewives, aged 35 to 59. The subjects kept daily diet records lot a period of one year. Their mean daily nutrient intakes met or exceeded the RDA (recommended dietary allowance) for all categories except energy, calcium, iron, vitamin A, and vitamin B
. Mean daily calorie intakes were 81.2% of the RDA. The subjects received about 19% of their energy from fat and 15% from protein. Nutrient adequacy ratios (NAR) were 0.60 for calcium, 0.62 for iron, 0.71 for vitamin A, and 0.76 for vitamin B
. The mean adequacy ratio (MAR) was 0.79. Subjects received various nutrients from rice, pork, eggs, and Kimchi. Rice was a major contribute. to many subjects' nutrient intake due to the high amount of consumption. Pork, rice, and vegetable oil greatly contributed to fat intakes while eggs, pork, and beef supplied a high level of cholesterol compared to other foods. Kimchi, anchovies, and milk were the major contributors of calcium, while rice, pork, and Kimchi were the major contributors of iron. These results indicate that the major nutritional problem of middle-aged housewives is an overall inadequate intake of energy, calcium, and iron.
Effect of Rot Water Soluble Extract from Eleutherococcus and Senticosus and Dietary Carnitine on the Lipid Metabolism and Antioxidant Defense System of Rats on Hypercholesterol Diet
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 105~113
This study investigated the synergy effects of hot water soluble extract from Eleutherococcus senticosus and dietarty carnitine on the lipid metabolism and antioxidant defense system of rats on hypercholesterol diets. Sprague-Dawley male rats were fed either a hypercholesterol diet with water or a hot water soluble extract from Eleutherococcus senticosus and dietarty carnitine. The experimental groups consisted of the control group (CO), the group supplied with hot water soluble extract from Eleutherococcus senticosus(ES), and the group supplied with hot water soluble extract from Eleutherococcus senticosus and dietarty carnitine(ESC). Eleutherococcus senticosus was extracted, made into 0.5% solution, and fed to the ES and ESC groups. A 3% carnitine diet was supplied to the ESC group. Hypercholesterol diets contained 18% beef tallow and 5% cholesterol. After 4 weeks of administering these diets, serum and liver were obtained and the level of serum lipid and the activities of GOT and GPT were measured. In addition, the level of liver lipid and TBARS and the activity of GSH-Px were measured. The results were as follows: 1) Weight gain and FER in the group supplied with hot water soluble extract from Eleutherococcus senticosus and dietarty carnitine(ESC) was low significantly(P<0.05). 2) In the groups supplied with hot water soluble extract from Eleutherococcus senticosus(ES) and the group supplied with hot water soluble extract from Eleutherocorcus senticosus and dietarty carnitine(ESC), total serum cholesterol levels were both significantly low (P<0.05,P.0.01). 3) Serum GOT activity was significantly low(P<0.05) in the group supplied with hot water soluble extract from Eleutherococcus senticosus(ES) and in the group supplied with hot water soluble extract from Eleutherococcus senticosus and dietary carnitine(ESC). There was no difference between serum GPT activity in the control group and the groups supplied with hot water soluble extract from Eleutherococcus senticosus or dietary carnitine. 4) Liver triglyceride was low (P.0.05) in the group supplied with hot water soluble extract from Eleutherococcus senticosus and dietarty carnitine(ESC). No difference was observed in other lipid composition, TBARS level, and GSH-px activity in liver between the control group and the experimental groups. In summary, the effects of hot water soluble extract from Eleutherococcus senticosus and dietarty carnitine on the lipid metabolism and antioxidant defense system (such as weight gain, FER, total serum cholesterol and liver triglyceride) were low when Eleutherococcus senticosus and dietarty carnitine were supplied simultaneously.
Changes of Food Consumption Pattern in America
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 115~125