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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Empirical Analysis of Sexuality among Girls' High School Students by Course
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 3~15
This study examines the various types of consciousness about sexuality exhibited by girls' high school students. The analysis was carried out utilizing two subject groups with the first being academic course students and the second being vocational course students. A 51 question questionnaire was prepared based on a literature review and previous research. The questionnaire was developed based on the results of two preliminary surveys, a reliability test, and a correction. A total of 721 questionnaires were distributed to students of 3 vocational and 3 academic courses. The analysis of the results was carried out using by means of SPSS 10.0. The study generated conclusive findings about each groups' viewpoint toward sex, the actual condition of their relationship with members of the opposite sex, the passages of knowledge about sex, the content of current sexuality education at school and the ideal type of sexuality education. This study shows that the current standardized content of sexuality education is ineffective. Sexuality education at schools in South Korea has reached a point, where research for more effective sexuality education is required.
A Preliminary Study on the Development of Parenting Education Programs for College Students and Adolescent Workers
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 17~28
This research explored parenting education programs for be college students and adolescent workers, and it was focused on determining whether different parenting education programs were needed for college students and adolescent workers. The participants were 254 college students in Suncheon and 135 adolescent industrial workers in Ulsan. Data were gathered via questionnaires and two-way ANOVA analyses of parenting effectiveness by sex and social status(college student, versus adolescent industrial worker), and by age and social status were performed. There were no significant differences based on sex, age, or social status, and no interaction effect. However, there were significant differences in adolescents' parenting effectiveness depending on childhood parenting experiences, parenting knowledge, and parenting education program experience. Among the predictors(sex, age, social status, childhood parenting experience, parenting knowledge, and parent education experiences) adolescents' childhood parenting experiences was the strongest variable for predicting parenting effectiveness. In this regard, the results confirmed Bronfenbrenner's Ecological System's Theory that family influences children's belief systems about parenting effectiveness in the microsystem. Furthermore, the results indicate that a different parenting education program is not needed for college students and adolescent industrial workers, respectively; instead, a more comprehensive parenting education program for all adolescents - regardless of social status is needed. And based on the present study's results, the importance of child development knowledge, and parent-child relationships in parenting education programs was also confirmed. From a broader social perspective, all adolescents are encouraged to participate in parenting education programs.
A Study of Female Farmers' Experiences and Needs in Educational Program Participation
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 29~42
Women are unlikely to receive an equal education, compared to men, in rural Korean society despite the equality in labor sharing. To address this issue this research aims to (a) analyze the educational needs for farming skills and daily life management in rural communities, and (b) develop a model for educational programs reflecting regional characteristics for the female farmers in order to make them experts in agriculture. A structured questionnaire was administered, using a group interview method, to 366 female farmers from the Jeonnam, Chungbuk, and Gyeonggi provinces with help of agricultural agents. The major components of the questionnaire dealt with individual peculiarities, educational environment, and curriculum and training subjects wanted by the female farmers. Educational program content was classified as daily life management, scientific farming and agricultural management skills to create systematic and effective programs. It was found that the critical factors for developing educational programs for the female farmers are as follows: a. It is necessary to develop a program combining daily life management skills and farming skills to make the female farmers experts in agriculture. b. Statistically significant differences were found in the female farmers' educational program participation and needs based educational level, age, educational expenditure, farm type, farming experience, and farm scale. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a program considering the fore-mentioned socioeconomic status and farming characteristics. c. It is important to establish an educational system for the female farmer to improve their quality of life as a minority group in Korean society. In addition, it is also necessary to develop public relations program to ensure that female farmers recognize the importance and necessity of the education.
A Comparative Study on the Job Satisfaction of Teachers in Day Care Centers - Urban vs. Rural Areas -
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 43~54
The purpose of this study is to examine the job satisfaction of teachers in urban and rural day care centers. The subjects of this study were 134 teachers in urban(n=68) and rural(n=66) areas. Participants completed an early childhood job satisfaction survey. The statistics used for this data were t-test, one-way ANOVA (Duncan's test), and multiple regression analysis. The study showed significant differences between urban and rural teachers' job satisfaction in the job itself, human relationships, and working environment. The job satisfaction of the teachers in urban day care centers was influenced significantly by the related variables: age of teacher, marital status, education level, educational career, capacity, number of classes, class size, working hours, and the age of the children in class. The job satisfaction of the teachers in rural day care centers was influenced significantly by the above variables. The important factors on predicting the job satisfaction of the urban day care teachers were found to be the age of teachers, educational career, education level, and number of classes. The important factors for predicting the job satisfaction of the rural day care center teachers were found to be the age of teacher, educational career, education level, number of classes and working hours.
Differences in Skin Temperature and Perceived Thermal Comfort Based on Age, Sex and Clothing Weight of Participants in a Room at Recommended Room Temperature
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 55~64
The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in skin temperature and thermal comfort of participants in a
room (the recommended room temperature in the winter) depending on age, sex and clothing weight. Subjects were divided into four groups (6 young males, 5 young females, 6 old males, 6 old females) and experimental trials consisted of three conditions: wearing underwear in a
room (19CUW), without underwear in a
room (19C), and without underwear in a
room (24C). The results indicated the following: 1) There were no significant differences in mean skin temperature based on age or sex, and the mean skin temperatures of the four groups were in the range of 32.4∼
. 2) In the 19C condition, the skin temperatures of the hands and feet of old females were higher than those of the other three groups. 3) In terms of perceived thermal comfort, young females showed a tendency to feel the most uncomfortable. Both old and young groups agreed that the 24C condition was the most comfortable. 4) Relational coefficients between thermal comfort and skin temperatures were higher in the young group than in the old group. Furthermore, the perceived thermal comfort had a stronger relationship with mean skin temperatures than with local skin temperatures. 5) The mean skin temperatures of subjects who indicated they were 'comfortable' were in the range of 31∼
regardless of age or sex.
The Supplementary Effects of Harvesting Lentinus edodes at Different Times on Treating Blood Pressure and Serum Lipid Levels in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 65~71
Many studies have shown that Letinus edodes has some effect on reducing blood pressure and lipid levels of animals with high pressure and hyperlipidemia. The cost of Letinus edodes varies depending on when it is harvested, and yet there has been no data collected on the bio-functional effects of Letinus edodes harvested at different times. This study was conducted to investigate the supplementary effects of Letinus edodes harvested at different times on blood pressure and blood lipid levels of hypertensive rats. Three kinds of experimental diets - control (CO), early harvested Lentinus deodes (EL), and late harvested Lentinus edodes (LL) - were supplied to spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) for eight weeks. The diet intake, body weight, organ weight, and serum lipid levels were subsequently measured. No significant difference was observed in diet intake and in the respective weights of the body, liver, and epididymal fat pad among experimental groups. The levels of systolic and disastolic blood pressure were significantly lower in the LE and LL groups than those in the CO group; and the concentration of serum total cholesterol was also lower in the LE and LL groups than in the CO group. These results confirm that Lentinus edodes reduces blood pressure levels and serum total cholesterol concentration in spontaneously hypertensive rats. But the effects of Lentinus edodes did not differ significantly based on whether the Lentinus edodes was harvested early or late.
Drinking Status and Dietary habits of Middle School Students in Chungcheong Area
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 73~82
There are many concerns about the use and abuse of both licit and illicit substances among adolescents. This study was performed to understand the drinking status and drinking behaviur of middle school students. Self reports on drinking behaviur, dietary habits and one-day dietary records were obtained from 213 boys and 202 girls using anonymous questionnaires. One hundred and forty five of 415 students(34.9%) have experienced drinking and 48.3% of them initiated it at primary school. The motivation for first drinking was different between boys and girls; ' after sacrificial rite' for boys, ' curiosity' for girls. The most plausible reasons for drinking were ' boredom' and ' stress reduction' , and they felt the strongest desire to drink when they felt ' anger or frustration' Drinking behavior was not significantly different between male and female student except in the motivation for first drinking. But interestingly, the girls drank with friends mostly, while the boys drank with their parents. Drinking-experienced students showed significantly high rates of skipping meals and in particular skipping breakfast. DVS was found as
in non-drinking and drinking, respectively. This study showed that the drinking experience of middle school students were initiated earlier in primary school, and that drinking behavior of female students was not different with that of male student.
Influence of Affectionate Child-Rearing Behavior on Primary School Children's Self Esteem
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 83~92
The purpose of this research is to determine the influence of affectionate child-rearing behavior on children's self esteem. The sample group was composed of 200 forth and sixth grade elementary school students. The statistics used for this data were frequency, percentile, averages, standard deviation, Cronbach's alpha, t-test, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression analysis. The major findings of the research were as follows: First, the scores of affectionate child-rearing behavior(3.60), global self-worth(3.58), social acceptance(3.46) and behavior conduct(3.28) were higher than the mean scores. On the contrary the scores of cognitive ability(2.95), physical ability(2.94) and physical appearance(2.85) were lower than the mean scores. Second, there were significant differences in cognitive ability based on gender(p＜.01) and global self-worth based on grade(p<.05). Third, the influence of affectionate child-rearing behavior on children's self esteem was found to be significant due to the sub-areas of self-esteem. Affectionate child-rearing behavior affects all sub-areas of self-esteem. Affectionate child-rearing behavior affects cognitive ability(p<.001), physical ability(p＜.01), physical appearance(p＜.01), social acceptance(p＜.001), behavior conduct(p＜.01) and global self-worth(p＜.001). In addition, gender(p＜.01) affects cognitive ability and grade(p＜.05) affects global self-worth.
Relation of Adaptability to Air Temperature and Wearing Behavior between Obese and Normal Weight Elementary School Children and Their Mothers
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 93~99
This study was conducted to investigate the relation of adaptability to the temperature and wearing behavior in both obese and normal weight children and their mothers' guidance. A questionnaire was used and the subjects were elementary school children in the 4th to the 6th grade (1,501) and their mothers (1,459) living in Seoul, Busan, Daegu, Gwangju, and Andong cities. The children were divided into two groups: a normal weight group (NWG, 1,192) and an obese group (OG, 309). There was no relation between children's adaptability to temperature and their mothers'. OG's mothers were more affirmative than NWG's mothers in purchasing children's clothing which suited them. The more NWG's mothers purchased children's clothing which suited them, the more NWG chose clothes that were conscious of body figure, while OG's mothers chose children's clothing which suited them regardless of OG's consideration of the body figure. It is suggested that an educational program of wearing behavior of obese children and their mothers as well as various measurements for the questionnaire should be developed for more intensive studies in this field.
Comparison of the Antioxidative and Antimicrobial Activity of different Varieties and Parts of Dandelions
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 101~107
Many studies have presented results about the antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of Dandelions(Taraxacum officinale). There has yet to be a study which makes comparisons based on the variety or parts of the Dandelion. To compare the physiological activity, antioxidative and antimicrobial activities were measured by using methanol extracts of Korean and Western Dandelions. The Dandelions were taken from Uiryeong in Kyungnam province, and antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of the flower, leaf and root were measured. Antioxidative activities of the methanol extracts were examined with a DPPH test. Antimicrobial activities were examined against 5 microorganisms. Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cereus served as G(+) microorganisms, while Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus, and Eschrichia coli served as G(-) microorganisms. There was no significant difference in the antioxidative activity of the methanol extracts from leaves and roots between varieties. The antioxidative activity of the flower extracts was higher in the Korean than in the Western samples but the highest level of antioxidant was lower than 70%. No significant difference in antimicrobial activities between the varieties was observed. More research using physiological factors other than antioxidative and antimicrobial activities is needed to identify physiological functions and enhance the utilization of Dandelions.
A Study on the Working Mother's Parental Attitude and the Psychological Well-being of Children
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 109~121
This study is about the working mother's parental attitude and the psychological well-being of children. This investigation also analyzed the differences in the psychological well-being of children according to socio-demographic variables and whether there was a percieved affective nurturing attitude and monitoring of the mother. To study such differences, 437 second and third grade children with both parents working were chosen as the subjects of this investigation. The data was analyzed according to frequency, percentage, averages, standard deviation, Cronbach's alpha, t-test, one way ANOVA, and Duncan's mutiple comparison. The major finding were as follows: First, the results of examining the differences of the psychological well-being of children according to socio-demographic variables showed significant differences in the area of anxiety with respect to children's genders, maternal educational levels and maternal occupations. In the area of loneliness, the differences came only from the differences in the grade levels. Second, there were significant differences between loneliness and self-perceived competence in the psychological well-being of children according to the subjects' perception of an affective nurturing attitude and monitoring of mothers. In other words, it revealed that the group of children that strongly perceived an affective nurturing attitude and monitoring by their parents showed a lower level of loneliness and a higher level of self-perceived competence.
The Relations between the Family Functioning and Interpersonal Relation Disposition - Focused High School Students in Gyeonggi South Area -
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 123~135
The purpose of this study was to examine the relations between family functioning and the interpersonal relation disposition of high school students in southern Gyeonggi province. The subjects of this study were 360 high school students. The scale of family functioning was measured using the Family Adaptability Cohesion Evaluation Scale(FACES Ⅲ) developed by Olson, et al.(1985). To measure the interpersonal relation disposition, Ahn's Interpersonal Relation Disposition Scale(IRDS) was used. The data was analyzed by using t-test, ANOVA, and multiple comparison(Duncan test). The major findings were as follows: There were significant differences in student's family functioning and interpersonal relation disposition according to school department and family economy level. There were significant differences in the interpersonal relation disposition according to gender. Where family functioning was higher, the students' interpersonal relation dispositions were more sympathetic, accepting and socially friendly, while being less rebellious and distrustful. As a result of this study, it is found that family functioning has effects on high school students' interpersonal relation disposition.
Geographical Distributions of the Aged population in Korea - Rural-specific approach with GIS -
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 137~150
The aged population in Korea, especially in rural areas, has been growing rapidly. The welfare for the rural elderly has become a major concern, however we don't have enough information about that population; we don't even have detailed demographics of it. The present research is aimed at; 1) investigating the tendency and changing geographical distributions of the rural elderly, and 2) introducing GIS(Geographic Information Systems) as a useful tool in analyzing geographical distributions of the aged. The General Census Data from 1960 to 2000 was used to carry out this study. The major findings are; 1) There has been a gradual decrease in the rural population over the past 40 years, but this tendency has slowed down more recently; 2) It was observed that the 'oldest-old' group aged 85 years old and over has actuality increased in rural areas faster than any other age group; 3) The changing patterns of the elderly population were different in metropolitan areas and rural areas. In brief, there are far more aged people, especially of the 'oldest-old' group and females in rural areas than those in urban areas. These population, the 'oldest-old' or females, are the most vulnerable and have the greatest need for social welfare and social services of different kinds.
A Comparison of Clinical Nutrition Knowledge and Nutritional Behavior of College Students Majoring in Korean Oriental Medicine vs. College Students Majoring in Food and Nutrition
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 151~157
This study examined two groups of students Korean Oriental Medicine majors and Food and Nutrition majors and compared their knowledge of clinical nutrition as well as their tendency to follow healthy lifestyles. In all, 204 college juniors and seniors majoring in Food ＆ Nutrition, and 324 sophomores majoring in General Korean Oriental Medicine were given a questionnaire. Overall, knowledge of clinical nutrition(out of twenty questions) was significantly higher among the students majoring in food and nutrition (p<0.01). Specifically, these students obtained a higher score in the questions pertaining to the following topics: nutritional support(p<0.05), the relationship between menopause and blood cholesterol(p＜0.01), the relationship between weight control and carbohydrates(p＜0.01), the relationship between gout and protein(p＜0.10), the relationship between hyperlipidemia and carbohydrates(p＜0.01), the relationship between trans fatty acids and atherosclerosis(p＜0.01), the relationship between blood potassium levels and kidney disease(p<0.01), and the relationship between weight control and diet and water(p＜0.05). Conversely, students studying General Korean Oriental Medicine had a better knowledge of the relationship between malnutrition and the mortality rate and health complications(p＜0.01). The questions relating to a healthy diet and lifestyle indicated that students majoring in Food and Nutrition had higher incidences of diet irregularity and a higher missing rate (p<0.01); they were more interested in calorie content and nutrients in their diet(p＜0.05); and they were more likely to study about nutritional knowledge during their leisure time (p＜0.01). The results also indicated, however, Korean Oriental Medicine students consumed proportionally more vegetables(p<0.05); and they were more likely to take the stairs than the elevator(p＜0.01).
Assessment of Depression in Chronic Back Pain Patients in Urban-rural areas
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 159~166
This study was undertaken to investigate the severity of depression and to analyze various factors related to depression in chronic back pain patients in urban-rural areas. In this study, 30 patients who suffered from back pain more than 6 months, and 30 normal subjects who had similar demographic characteristics as the patient group were evaluated using the Back Depression Inventory(BDI). Various factors such as age, sex, causes of back pain, vocational history, pain continuity, visual analogue scale(VAS), duration of pain, type of management, and urban or rural residence were recorded for the study group. The results are 1) The study group revealed higher BDI scores than the control group(p＜0.05). 2) The patients who were older and had higher VAS, longer duration of pain, or previous history of surgical management for back pain, and an urban 033residence revealed higher BDI scores(p<0.05). 3) The BDI scores were not significantly influenced by the subjects' sex, causes of back pain, pain continuity, and vocational history in the study group(p>0.05). From this study, we concluded that a Psychosocial approach is required for the management of chronic back pain patients. Also, it is necessary to assess the factors, which are making depression worse in other chronic diseases for comprehensive rehabilitation.
Estimation of the Number of Salmonellosis Using Microbial Risk Assessment Methodology
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 167~177
The number of foodborne salmonellosis was estimated by using microbial risk assessment(MRA) methodology and the possibility of application was studied through comparison with previous results. The contamination levels of Salmonella sp. were estimated by using published domestic studies(1997∼2000) and monitoring data (1999∼2001) from food-safety related institutes. Data on food consumption came from the 2001 National Health and Nutrition Survey, and dose-response models from studies in other countries. Simulation results showed that there were 753,368 cases of salmonellosis in Korea in 1 year, which is about 115 times that reported in previous years and lower than the WHO's estimation increase. From these results, microbial risk assessment is likely to be available for estimation of the number of foodborne illnesses and determination of the order of priority in food-safety management. Butthe verification methods are not established and most of the data on contamination levels of foodborne bacteria, food consumption, and dose-response relationships have not been established. In addition, the actual conditions of circulation, storage and cooking must be studied further.
The Study on Storage Stability according to Packaging Material of Traditional Sesame Dasik
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 2, 2004, Pages 179~187
The purpose of this study is to investigate the preservation of traditional sesame dasik when stored in different packaging material by comparing its physical and sensorial characteristics. The quality and sensory characteristics of sesame dasik that were evaluated were moisture content, water activity, number of microflora, texture profile, Hunter color different value, and sensory properties (color, chewiness, overall acceptability, etc) during the storage at
relative humidity. And the packaging materials were paper boxes (coated 0.02mm thickness polyethylene film), plastic boxes, and oriented polypropylene laminated film. Traditional sesame dasik is made from sesame powder 100g, honey 25g, rice syrup 25g, and table salt 0.5g. During the storage period, the changes in water content and water activity of sesame dasik with different packaging material showed a slight decline. On the other hand, it increased in hardness, and "a" and "b" value of Hunter color difference during the storage. Texture profile analysis data change in hardness was the greatest after the third day in a paper box, and it was affected by the moisture content of dasik and the temperature and relative humidity of the air. Therefore plastic boxes or oriented polypropylene laminated film was found to be better suited than paper boxes for storing sesame dasik.