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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
A Study on User Satisfactions and Repurchase Intention in Internet Shopping Malls
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 3~14
This study examined how product characteristics and system characteristics have affected user's economic, psychological and operating satisfaction and intention of repurchase in Internet shopping malls. The results of the study were as follows: First, it showed that product characteristics and user satisfaction have significant differences; the ability to recognize economic and psychological user satisfaction differs according to the characteristics of the product. It also showed that the degree of psychological and operating user satisfaction varies according to the convenience of order and payment as well as the convenience of the system and customer service. Second, it was found that economic, psychological and operational user satisfaction had an effect on customer's intention to repurchase. This study, focusing on particular variants of on-line shopping, found that characteristics of product and system had a great impact on user satisfaction and intention to repurchase. For the firms who run internet shopping malls, therefore more attention should be directed to the convenience of products and system problems in their services since it is so easy for customers to move to another shopping site with a simple click. The result of such an investigation may lead customers to repurchase by increasing their satisfaction with the shopping services.
The Quality Characteristics of Sauce Made with Rock Lobster
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 15~20
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sensory characteristics and investigate the nutrients composition of sauce made with rock lobster shells or heads. Rock lobster head sauce(LHS) turned out to have better appearance, color, taste, flavor, texture and viscosity than rock lobster shell sauce(LSS). The crude protein content was 1.95% in LHS and 1.56% in LSS, and the crude lipid content was 1.60% in LHS and 2.27% in LSS. The major free amino acids of LHS were urea, a-aminoadipic acid, L-alanine, taurine, and those of LSS were urea,
- and DL-
-aminobutyric acid. The major free fatty acids of both samples were palmitoleic acid and oleic acid, with a high quanitity of palmitoleic acid in LHS, and a significant amount of linoleic acid in LSS. The major minerals in rock lobster sauce were potassium and sodium.
Generational Differences in Doenjang Consumption Patterns in Gyeonggi area
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 21~28
Marketing of traditional doenjang (a kind of fermented soybean product) is now focusing on its health advantages, being proven to have anti-viral, anti-cancer and anti-oxidant effects. The purpose of this study is to investigate the consumption patterns of traditional doenjang in the households managed by different generations of women living in Gyeonggi area. Six hundred housewives answered the questionnaire. Statistical analyses were performed on 590 subjects using SAS (ver 8.1). Chi-square tests and General Linear Models were used. The age distribution of housewives was as follows: 42.9% were in their 30s; 40.9% were in their 40s; and 16.2% were in their 50s. 57.5% of subjects graduated with high school education while 72.8% of subjects did housework only. Overall, 47.2%, prepared their doenjang themselves, while the remainder purchased it or received it from relatives. This percentage differed however according to age group, as self-preparation of doenjang was found in only 22% of housewives in their 30s, but increased to 83% of subjects in their 50s. 53.4% of subjects had their doenjang donated to them by relatives, compared with only 3.1 % of subjects in their 50s. Most of dishes using doenjang were soups and stews. Those housewives in their 50s made significantly higher use of doenjang in soup, wrapping vegetables (ssamjang), seasoning, and flat cake (jangttok). Doenjang dishes were prepared for the husband in the family 59.2% of the time, followed by housewives 15.4% of the time. Annual consumption of doenjang was 5.1kg. and Kanjang was 4.4L per household; there was no significant difference between the age groups respecting annual consumption. From such results, we may assume a decrease in home-made doenjang among younger generations and an increase in the amount of purchased doenjang. We can predict an increased need for doenjang of better quality. Also the development of new products such as ready-to-eat or fast food variants would better serve the trend towards convenience.
An Analysis of Economic Effect for Women-farmer's Center
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 29~43
The purpose of this study was to calculate the economic effect of Women-Farmer's Center. Since 2001, The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry has run Women-Farmer's Centers in which women-farmers can receive the care for their pre-schooling children, after-school learning service, and city-farm exchange, education, and counseling. In other words, Women Farmer's Center provides not only improvement of ease and quality of life of women-farmer's, but also spreading economic effect to community and country. By calculation based on business plan of 14 centers that run centers, total economic income effects are 2,784 million won, which consist of 1,265 million won for counseling, 146 million won for the care of infants and children, 139 million won after-school learning, 1,020 million won for education, and 214 million won for city-farm exchange program. The Women-Farmer's Center should be managed reasonably with government support so that Women-Farmer's Center will become as a base camp for young women farmers to participate in agriculture and rural community and increase its economic effect for the nation in the future.
Review on the Trends of Social Sciences Research in the International Agricultural Research Institute - Focused on the International! Rice Research Institute (IRRI) -
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 45~56
The purpose of this paper is to review research evolution and achievements, major activities, research manpower, and difficulties for social scientists, using IRRI's internal web site and Social Sciences Division's research literatures. The major findings are as follows: 1) Social research started with the establishment of Agricultural Economics Division (AED) in 1966, and it was developed into the Social Sciences Division (SSD) in 1990; 2) Their research has been geared towards developing technological and policy interventions that improve food security and raise the well-being of rice farmers through sustainable increase in the productivity of a rice-based production system; 3) Major activities of social sciences research for about four decades can be classified into the identification of technology needs, technology impact assessment, policy analysis, research prioritization, and capacity building for social science research in NARS (National Agricultural Research Systems). They have become increasingly important in alleviating the poverty of the rice growing and consuming population; 4) Social researchers at IRRI include economists, anthropologists, gender specialists, geographic information specialists, and rural sociologists; 5) Finally, this paper discusses the difficulties faced by social researchers.
A Study of the Nutritional Composition of the Dandelion by Part (Taraxacum officinale)
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 57~61
Many studies have presented results about the antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of Dandelions (Taraxacum officinale). There has yet to be a study which makes comparisons of nutrients based on the parts of the Dandelion. To identify the nutrient composition by part of dandelion, nutrient contents were analyzed. Dandelions were taken from Songpa-gu in Seoul and the nutrient composition of the flower, leaf and root were measured. The nutrient content of each part was analysed by using the method developed by the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). The proximate components(moisture, protein, fat, fiber, ash, and carbohydrates), minerals and vitamins of the dandelion were analysed. The nutrient composition of the dandelions showed many significant differences among the parts when the differences were determined by using Duncan's multiple range test. The leaf contains more protein, ash, Ca, K, Mg, Zn, vitamin A, B
, and C than the other parts. The root has much more fiber, carbohydrate, P and Fe content. The results demonstrate that dandelions could be used as a food source supplement for fiber, Ca, Fe and vitamin B
which are common nutritional deficiencies in Korea. It is recommended that more research for other bio-functional factors besides nutrients composition is needed to enhance the utilization of the dandelion.
Relationships between Mothers′ Nurturing Behavior and Preschoolers′ Creativity
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 63~70
This study was performed to identify the relationships between parents' nurturing behavior and preschoolers' creativity. The differences of parents' behavior and children's creativity by children's sex were also analyzed. The subjects were one hundred and four children(54 boys and 50 girls) and their mothers. Parents' nurturing behavior was assessed by a nurturing behavior questionnaire administered to the mothers, preschoolers' creativity was rated by the author through observation of the children's responses. The reliability of observation was calculated from 10 among the 104 children. The reliability coefficient was .96. The results were as follows: First, there were significant differences in parents' behavior according to the child's sex. Girls' parents showed more affective and achievement oriented attitude compared to the boys' parents. Second, there were also significant differences in .children's creativity according to sex. Girls' originality and flexibility were higher than boys, however, significant differences between girls and boys in fluency and imagination were not found. Third, parents' nurturing behavior and children's creativity were strongly related to each other. Children's imaginations were strongly related to the mothers' behavior. Children's originality and flexibility were also significantly related to their parents' behavior, but children's fluency did not show relations with their parents' behavior.
The Fermented Soy Products Purchase Condition and Direct-deal Need Analysis in Gyeonggi-do
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 71~84
Recently the globalization of agriculture by the WTO has brought crisis to Korean farmers. Value added agricultural products is the one of the strategies to sustain fanning. The idea for the project traditional fermented soy paste production and distribution was developed by the Gyeonggi-do Agricultural Research Institute. It was necessary to know the purchase condition and consumer needs for production distribution of the soy products. This study aims to investigate the consumers' need analysis of direct-deal soy products and the conditions of a purchase. A questionnaire was administered to 590 subjects living in Gyeonggi-do, Korea. The 107 subjects procured soy paste to buy with the reason of ignorance of preparation (39.2%) and the difficulty of storage and care (31.8%). When selecting the product 95.3%, previous experience (41.1 %) and comparison of each product (34.6%) were major answers, wanted direct-deal purchase from producers if implemented. 142 subjects(24%) experienced direct deal with producers. The main direct route was government and public offices( 42.4 %). The reason for direct purchase was confidence of agricultural products(77.5%). Delivery of 4kg of soy paste and 1.8 L of soy sauce in a glass container (43.0%) was favored twice a year. The kind of soy products for consumers' needs was Doenjang(57.8%) and Gochujang(18.3%). The preferred methods direct-dealing of soy products was direct order(59.9%) after validation, delivery gate to gate (44.2%) and by the internet(4.9%). The results of the study shows that the types of production would have the kinds and quantities diversity with confidence, sanitation, and safety. To regain successful, traditional tastes it is necessary to develop reliable and tasteful products for consumers and develop promotional material.
Comparison of the Psychological Well-Being of Married Men and Women in Busan
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 85~95
The purpose of this study was to empirically verify the influence of certain variables on the psychological well-being of married men and women and to provide a basis for promoting the quality of life. The subjects of this study were 366 married men and women in Busan. The data was obtained through administering a self-reported questionnaire. Statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS/WIN 10.0 and included frequencies, means, standard deviation, Chronbach'a, $
^2$, t-test, and regression analysis. The major results of this study were as follows: First, the scores for degree of income propriety, fate control orientation and material orientation of married men was higher than those of married women. The scores for degree of stress recognition and perceived equity showed no significant difference between men and women. The score for psychological well-being of married men and women was relatively low. The score of psychological well-being of married women(2.94) was higher than that of married men(2.67). Second, variables that affect the psychological well-being of married men were degree of income propriety(p>.001), degree of perceived stress(p>.001), fate control orientation(p>.001) and material orientation(p>.001). Variables that affect psychological well-being of married women were degree of income propriety(p>.001), degree of perceived stress (p>.001), fate control orientation(p>.001) and perceived equity(p>.01). The variable of perceived equity didn't affect psychological well-being of married men. The variable of material orientation didn't affect the psychological well-being of married women. Third, the influence level of the degree of income propriety of married men and women was the highest among the variables.
A Study on The Comparison of Housewife′s Clothing Management Behaviors in Rural & Urban Community
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 97~106
This study was carried out to offer basic research data to increase rural housewife's clothing management ability and to guide their behaviors clothing- related reasonably. For this purpose, the interview-investigation by the questionnaire was conducted as the samples of 500 housewives under 60 at 8 villages located in Seoul, Gwangju and Daegu and 8 villages located in some rural communities we randomly extracted. This questionnaire was made up the standardized measuring scales of clothing management behaviors and related variables. As a result, in a part of storage and disposal the rural housewife got 3.68 and 3.16, whereas the urban housewife got 3.59 and 3.03, respectively, indicating a significant difference, which meant that the rural housewife managed those of clothing better than the urban housewife. Generally, rural wives were better in doings in the part of management, storage, disposal, than urban wives. They, however, knew the knowledge of clothing less than urban wives, evaluated the importance of clothing lower and applied clothing-related mass media to their life lower. Therefore, the rural wives need educational guides and materials for improving of the clothing behaviors because they are older and lower education lever than urban wives and they have a little information, too.
Component Comparions of the Nutrient Composition of Lentinus Edodes based of Harvest Period
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 107~112
Many studies have showen that Letinus edodes have a reducing effects on blood pressure and lipid levels in animals with high blood pressure and hyperlipidemia. But the only cap has been on the market as goods and the stipe has been wasted. The price is very variable and is based on harvest time and the part of the plant currenty, there is not much information about the nutritional composition and bio-fuctional effects of Letinus edodes based on harvest time and part. Some farmers have been selling the powder seasoning by drying and pulverizing Letinus edodes including stipe to develop value added, late harvested Letinus edodes and its stipe these days. This study was conducted to investigate and compare the nutritional composition of Letinus edodes harvested at different times (early: E, late: L) and separated by part (cap: C, stipe: S). The 4 kinds of materials were named as early harvested cap (EC) and stipe (ES), and late harvested cap (LC) and stipe (LS) samples were obtained from Mungyeong City Agricultural Technology & Extension Center. The composition analysis of the nutrients in the 4 materials was conducted by using the AOAC method. The proximate components (moisture, protein, fat, fiber, ash, and carbohydrates), minerals and vitamin content were measured. Nutritional composition of Lentinus edodes did not show any significant difference between early and late harvested mushrooms. Nutritional compositions were different according to part. The results demonstrate that the late harvested stipe can also be used as a quality food material.
Effects of Dietary L-Carnitine Supplementation on Lipid Metabolism in Rats fed with Different Types Protein
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 113~120
This study is to investigate the effect of dietary L-carnitine supplementation on lipid metabolism in rats fed with isolated soy protein and casein for their source of protein. Four experimental groups were organized and each group had eight Sprague-Dawley male rats with the initial weight of around 180g. The four groups were CO (casein only supplemented group); CC (casein and 3% L-carnitine supplemented group); ISO (isolated soy protein only supplemented group); ISC (isolated soy protein and 3% L-carnitine supplemented group). All groups were supplemented with the experimental diet for four weeks and carnitine comprised 3% of. their diet. The results were as follows; 1. There was no significant difference in food intake among the groups. 2. Final weight gain was significantly lower in the groups supplemented with isolated soy protein than in the groups supplemented with casein (P<0.05). The groups with supplemented casein and carnitine showed the effect of weight reduction (p<0.05). 3. Food efficiency ratio was lower in the groups supplemented with isolated soy protein than in the groups supplemented with casein (p<0.01). The groups supplemented with casein and carnitine showed low food efficiency ratio. 4. The serum total lipid was higher in the groups supplemented with casein than in the groups supplemented with isolated soy protein (p<0.05). 5. Serum total cholesterol was higher in the groups supplemented with casein than in the groups supplemented with isolated soy protein. 6. There was no significant difference in triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol in serum among the groups. 7. Out of the groups supplemented with isolated soy protein the total cholesterol level in liver was low in the groups to which carnitine was supplemented (p< 0.05). However, there was no significant difference of liver total lipid and triglyceride among the groups. 8. There was no difference in TBARS levels and GSH-Px activities in liver among the groups.
Korean Centenarians and the Meanings of "Living at Long-Life"
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 121~135
'Long-life' which has been the perennial interest to human beings also carries the risk of multiple losses such as the death of the family members and friends, the loss of physical and cognitive functions. In that regards, living a long life to be the 'oldest-old' could mean not only a 'symbol of successful aging' but also a hardship and low quality of life at the same time. Therefore, the issue of the quality of life of the oldest old has been the subject of the much of the public and research concern in recent days. While there has been increased awareness about the importance of the subjective aspects of the quality of life and meanings attached to the extended life, most researches on the quality of life of the oldest-old have focused only on the objective conditions of the quality of life such as health, economic status and housing conditions. To overcome these limitations this study aims to explore the subject meaning of 'living a long life' in Korean society by investigating centenarians and their caregivers' interpretations of aging experiences. Qualitative data were gathered from the forty-nine Korean centenarians and their caregivers through in-depth interview. Each interview was tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Researchers read each transcript a number of times to get some emerging themes. Most striking result was the fact that most of the centenarians express the 'guilty feelings' and try to offer the 'excuses' about their long life. This results were quite contrary to the results of the studies, done in Japan and western countries like Sweden, United States and Germany, where most of the oldest-old express quite positive interpretations about their long-life and take pride in their longevity. Lack of social support, cohort characteristics of the Korean oldest-old and the cultural interpretations linking the death of children to the long life of older generation are given as possible factors to these unique findings of Korean study. The policy implications of the results are discussed.
Actual Condition and Sensitivity Analysis of Sexual Harassment in Campus by Gender
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 137~148
The purpose of this study is to prevent and review counter-action for the sexual harassment in campus by revealing current state of sexual harassment in campus relatively weak in sexual discrimination with regard to sexual harassment emerged as social problem serious in our nation. The targets of study were students and assistants in three schools located at
area, a questionnaire made by pre-researcher was applied to student vs. assistant with regard to sexual consciousness and recognition, and current state of sexual harassment, with analysis of material processed through statistical analysis using SPSSWIN 10.0 for verification of $
^2$ for identification of difference vs. family and student vs. assistant. The result of this research with regard to sexual harassment is under following: Firstly, the recognition of concept of sexual harassment was proved to be aware of be more than half a responders above average, lack of recognition showed significant number requiring establishment of concept of sexual harassment, the responders stated that they could do it alone should be treated in the counseling room in school. Secondly, 28.7% of students and assistants answered that they have suffered from sexual harassment now and. before, even a great number of males have experienced such sexual harassment. In case of female assistants, more than half of them suffered from sexual harassment suggesting us significant level of sexual harassment to female assistants. A depth of sexual harassment to assistants should be investigated in a further way by preparing for and establishing concrete preventive actions and researches, mostly suffered by males; In this respect, a preventive training of sexual harassment should be deemed to be provided to males. Thirdly, as a result of investigation of sex education and preventive action against sexual harassment in college, most of elementary, junior, junior high school hardly provide no or inefficient sexual harassment, and they responded that the campus needs its education. As a way to educate campus with sexual harassment efficiently, a special lecture or regular class might be designed for systematic education or sexual harassment through schools counseling room might be effective emphasizing upon role of the room according to opinions of responders. The college is required to install such offices or centers as can exclusively manage and take charge of sex education program operation, legal system of anti-sexual harassment, or personnel arrangement for such activities in school by reflecting such result into school for appropriate and efficient education of or counseling to sex.
The Study of Community-oriented Welfare Service for the Rural Elderly - Focused on ′Villages Supported by Special Programs for the Rural Elderly′ -
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 149~165
In Korea, as the elderly population is growing, the quality of life of the rural elderly is becoming a major concern. By the way, social welfare services is less available and accessible to the rural elderly. And we have very limited information about community -oriented welfare services for the elderly. The lack of social welfare services in rural area resulted from mainly geographic isolation and economic deprivation. So, the present research aimed at; 1) to explore what the social welfare service is benefited from governmental or local assembly. 2) to explore what kind of community services is provided for the rural village and elderly. 3) to appear the political propose for the rural elderly. In South Korea, The Rural Development Administration currently operate 'villages which is supported special programs for the improvement of QOL of rural elderly' in 110 villages. It is a model governmental welfare service for rural area. For the purpose, the survey data is gathered from community level data per village (107 villages), individual survey data(881people) who live in the village and qualitative data. Two kinds of quantitative data is combined to form a data. The statistical methods used for data analysis are descriptive statistics, t-test and ANOVA. The major findings of this study were as follows : It was founded that the majority family type of the rural elderly is elderly-only households(75%). In case of poor elderly, they have very limited social insurance benefit and they can not get medical services with satisfaction. The result show that the welfare facilities per village and welfare service for the elderly is extremely low while the needs of welfare service is greate high. A distinctive characteristics in rural villages is that they receive a lot of services from private sectors, like as Women Farmers Union, Adult Union. They operate voluntary welfare services related to food supporting, education for the elderly, free haircut services and so on. In conclusion, the community care services from private sector has specialty in rural area. We conclude it is a distinguishing characteristic of rural community.
Purchase Motivation for Garment of Korean-Chinese College Students in Yanbian, China
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 167~177
This study is designed to understand purchase motivation for garment depending on demographic factors among college students in Yanbian, China. Questionnaire was used for measurement tools to study the subject of the thesis. The main study was conducted against 450 college students from May 17 to June 5, 2001. The data for the study were analyzed using SAS PC program for frequency distribution, percentage, t -test, and one way ANOVA. The purchase motivation for garment are affected by demographic factors such as gender, average monthly household income, monthly expense for clothing. The result was showed as follows: A meaningful difference showed in 3 areas 'to try a new trend, impulsive buying at the store display, discount advertising' depending on the gender in terms of purchase motivations, and in all the three areas, male students showed a higher ranking. But in other motivation areas, no difference was noticed in terms of gender. In terms of purchase motivation based on monthly income, only one area 'impulse buying from a store display' showed a meaningful difference. Respondents with an average monthly household income above 2,000 yuan showed a higher tendency of 'impulse buying' compared to those with below 500 yuan or those with between 500-2,000yuan. Those with the average monthly household income below 500 yuan showed the lowest ranking in the impulse buying. In other areas of purchase motivation, average monthly household income was not an important element. A meaningful difference showed in 4 areas, 'to try a new trend, impulse buying from a store display, discount advertising', and 'for a change of mood' in the product motivation based on expense on clothing. Respondents with an average monthly expense for clothing above 100 yuan showed a higher ranking in all 4 areas than those with less than 100 yuan. In other areas, the average monthly clothing expense didn't give any impact.
Trends in Traditional Food Research
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2004, Pages 179~191