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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Effect of Prunus mume Extract on Dongchimi Fermentation
Choi Moo Young ; Oh Hae Sook ; Park Hee Juhn ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2004, Pages 3~10
The physicochemical and microbiological studies were conducted to examine the effect of Prunus mume extract on the Dongchimi fermentation. Dongchimi with the addition of various levels (0, 0.05, 01, 0.2 or 0.3%) of Prunus mume extract was fermented at
for 30 days. The pH of the product decreased in the course of fermentation and it was between 3.8~4.2 at 6~8 days fermentation. Total acidity was decreased by the addition of Prunus mume extract. A more rapid decrease in pH and an increase in total acidity were observed in the control Dongchimi than in that with added Prunus mume extract. The content of vitamin C increased for up to 10 days of fermentation and then gradually decreased. Reducing sugar content increased for up to 10 days, and the highest of sugar content was shown in the Dongchimi with 0.3% of added Prunus mume extract. As Prunus mume extract levels increased, the total viable cell number and the Lactobacillus cell number decreased. Dongchitni in which Prunus mume extract was added gained it,j optimum taste after 10 days of fermentation. The results of this study indicate that Prunus mume extract causes a delay in the fermentation of Dongchimi by slowing down pH drop and inhibiting the Lactobacillus cell growth.
The Screening of Antioxidant Activity in some Korean Medicinal Plants
Park Hong Ju ; Lee Sung Hyeon ; Kim Dae Ik ; Hur Eun Young ; Cho Soo Muk ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2004, Pages 11~16
This study was conducted to find the powerful free radical scavenging effect in methanol extracts from 35 kinds of Korean medicinal plants obtained from the Plant Extract Bank as natural plant products. Antioxidant activity of the plant extracts was determined by measuring the scavenging effect of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl radical (DPPH). In the screening of plant extracts tested, at 200 ppm level, almost all plantex tracts showed significantly high antionidant activity. In the reinvestigation of 15 kinds of Korean medicinal plants at 50 ppm level selected as good sources with good free radical scavenging effect at 200 ppm level, the DPPH scavenging effects were similar to those of L-ascorbic acid in whole plant extract of Fragaria yezoensis (90.4％), in the plant stems and roots extract of Gingko biloba, and the leaves extract of Rhododendron mucronulatum var. ciliatum (90％). The fruits extract of Cornus officinalis showed the strongest antioxidant activity (95％). These results suggest that the methanol extracts from Korean medicinal plants can be a potential source of antioxidants that can be used to control oxidative stress in the body, But further study is needed to measure their safety for consumption
The Study on Education Program for Rural Elderly
Park Gong Ju ; Kim Yang Hee ; Park Jeong Yoon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2004, Pages 17~32
The proportion of the elderly in rural area(21.7％) is four times more than that of the urban area (5.4％) in Korea. With this rapid aging of the population in rural Korea there has been growing concern about the quality of life of rural elderly. Compare to urban elderly, rural elderly experience many disadvantages, especially in terms of limited offering of social/educational programs. Their social/educational needs are rarely assessed and there are few programs geared to the needs of rural elderly. In this regard, this study aims (1) to identify education and activity program needs of the rural elderly related to three dimensions: Family life, Farming life, and Community activities and (2) to develop education and activity programs for the rural elderly based on the needs assessment. For this purpose, data are gathered from 413 rural elderly and 110 community welfare specialists, using a structured questionaire. The statistical methods used for data analysis are descriptive statistics, cross tables with SPSS wins 10.0 program. The major findings of this study are as follows: Majority(94.1％) of the rural elderly wants to participate in diverse social/educational programs. They want to have programs dealing with 'relationship enhancement with children', 'nutrition', 'health and care', 'farming skill', 'gardening', 'volunteering', etc. Based on these results, we develop eight types of education program and four types of activity program, according to the priority of their needs in each dimension. There are four sessions of Family life program, and four sessions of Community activities program. The effect of these programs will be evaluated by taking pretest and protest in local basis.
A Comparative Study on the Awareness of the Social Benefits of Rural Life among Korean Middle School Student
Kim Eun Ja ; RLee Sang Young ; Kim Young ; Yang Hee Eun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2004, Pages 33~44
The characteristics of social and cultural life in agricultural regions in Korea encompass several positive external effects: quality of food services, awareness of environmental conservation, aesthetic enjoyment of nature and so on. The objectives of this study were (1) to measure the awareness among Korean youth of the benefits of rural life; (2) to delineate the differences between rural and urban youth; and (3) to promote an awareness of the importance of the social benefits of living in the country. To fulfill these purposes, a field survey method was used. The subjects were 211 third grade students from middle schools in rural and urban regions in Korea. The statistical methods used for this data included frequencies, percentages, 1-tests, etc. The study generatedconclusive findings about viewpoints toward the natural environment, urban and rural social culture, and perceptions of economic status. It showed significant differences between rural and urban youth's awareness of ideas such as'green field supply','labor power supply'and 'biodiversity conservation'.
A Study on Leadership Measurement based on New Trend Theory for Effective Community Development - Focused on Transformational and Transactional Leadership -
Kim Nam Shun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2004, Pages 45~60
The purpose of this study was to set related variables for leadership measurement in the leader of a community organization as an effort to Community development constantly. Therefore, in this study, first, various theories on leadership were reviewed. Second, approaches and variable relationships were reviewed by leadership theory study. Third, leadership measurement variables were set based on Bass's Transformational theory, one of new trend theory, to measure the leadership of the community organization leader. As a follow up, clear and scientific analysis, through empirical analysis, based on the variables set in this study will be made to measure leadership of a community organization after creating investigation tools based on the variables set in this study A literature study was mainly used. 'Human Behavior' by Dr Han-geom Lee, 'Leadership Theory' by Eung-seop Shin, many other related books, articles of the Human Relation Organization Association, and theses and Bass's writings. Major findings of this study, through the literature study, were as follows. As conventional leadership theories, characteristics theory, behavior theory and situational leadership theory were proposed. First, characteristics theory searches the characteristics of an effective leader. It proposes that effective leaders and ineffective leaders have different characteristics, respectively. Therefore, it proposes to study the leader's characteristics. However, there is not a flexed definition for leader's characteristics. Scholars make different definition on leader's characteristics, and they are very subjective. Thus it cannot be a valid theory. Second, behavior theory describes how the leader behaves to his fellows. It studies leader's behavior focusing on what type and what combination is the most effective in all situations. However, it has weakness in that it focuses on a leader's behavior only, and ignores the situational features. Third, situational theory describes the relationship between leadership type and situation. It suggests that there is not a single leadership style that can suit all situations. It emphasizes the relationship between leadership type and situation. Although situational theory considers more variables than characteristics theory or behavior theory, it also sees situations as static and flxed. Although Fiedler's theory tried to comply with situations, he did not analyze interactions between a leader and his fellows.
Antimicrobial Activities of Maesil(Prunus mume) Extract
Choi Moo Young ; Won Hyang Rye ; Park Hee Juhn ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2004, Pages 61~66
To develop natural food preservatives with Maesil (prunus mume), investigation of antimicrobial activities against food-related bacteria and yeast was conducted. Maesil (prunu mume) extract exhibited growth-inhibiting activities for most of the microorganisms tested. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of maesil extract for Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis were as low as 0.1mg/ml. The antimicrobial activity of the maesil (prunu mume) extract was reduced by heating or alkali treatment. Moreover, growth of Staphylococcus aureus was completely inhibited within 24 hours by the addition of at least 100 ppm of maesil extract. These findings suggest that maesil extract may play a role in the development of natural food preservatives.
Consumer Characteristics depending on Average Monthly Expense for Clothing - Korean-Chinese Female College in Yanbian, China -
Kim Soon Sim ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2004, Pages 67~78
This study was designed to understand purchase motivation for clothing, evaluation criteria for clothing, evaluation criteria for stores depending on average monthly expense for clothing among female college students in Yanbian, China. Questionnaire was used for measurement tools to study the subject of the thesis. Each question was rated in 5 point scale, where 1 means 'not at all' and 5 means 'definitely'. The main study was conducted against 300 female college students from May 17 to June 5, 2001. The data for the study were analyzed using SAS PC program for frequency distribution, percentage, t -test. The purchase motivation for clothing, evaluation criteria for clothing, evaluation criteria for stores are affected by average monthly expense for clothing. The result was showed as follows : A significant difference was showed in the purchase motivation, evaluation criteria for clothing, evaluation criteria for stores, preferred stores between lower group and higher group depending on monthly expense on clothing. A meaningful difference was showed in 4 areas'to try a new trend, impulsive buying at the store display, for a change of mood, for stylish appearance'in the purchase motivations for clothing depending on the monthly expense for clothing, in 2 areas'brand, trendy fashion'in evaluation criteria for clothing depending on the monthly expense for clothing, in 3 areas 'after service, hospitality of sales person, brand awareness' in the evaluation criteria for stores depending on the monthly expense for clothing, And Respondents of a high expense group for clothing showed higher means compared to a low expense group for clothing in all areas. A significant difference was showed among groups regarding preferred stores based on the monthly expense on clothing.
The Effect of Working Mothers′on the Dietary Behavior of Middle and High School Students
Jung Eun Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2004, Pages 79~88
The purpose of this study was to compare the dietary behavior of middle school and high school students who had working mothers with students whose mothers were not employed. Self-reports on their dietary behavior and one-day dietary records were obtained from 396 middle school students and 364 high school students using anonymous questionnaires. The results were summarized as follows; the students with working mothers were more likely to not to eat properly and their dietary behavior was generally inadequate, showing a greater irregularity for meals, more of a tendency to skip breakfast, less diversity of food intake, and a higher incidence of drinking and smoking. One-day dietary records obtained by 24k recall methods showed less diverse food intake and a higher rate of skipped meals in students with working mothers. Drinking and smoking were more prevalent among middle school students whose mothers were working than among those students with unemployed mothers, but in the case of high school student the difference was not significant. With more and more housewives seeking jobs, more attention needs to be given to the dietary and nutritional intake of their children, especially among middle school students. High school students seem to be less affected than middle school students by their mother's employment.
Effects of Dietary Mixed Protein and L-Carnitine Supplementation on Lipid Metabolism in Rats fed High Fat Diet
Won Hyang Rye ; Kim Min Sun ; Rhie Seung Gyo ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2004, Pages 89~96
This study is to investigate the effect of dietary mixed protein and L-carnitine supplementation on lipid metabolism in the rats fed high fat diet. Six experimental groups were organized and each group had eight Sprague-Dawley male white rats with the initial weight of around 180g. The six experimental groups were CO(supplemented with casein), CC(supplementedwith casein and cartinine), ISO(supplemented with isolated soy protein), ISC(supplemented with isolated soy protein and cartinine), CIM(supplemented with casein and isolated soy protein), and CIC(supplemented with casein, isolated soy protein and cartinine). Each group was supplemented with the experimental diet for four weeks, and carnitine contained 3efo of the diet. The results were as follows; 1. There was no significant difference in food intake among the experimental groups. The weight increased more significantly in the group supplemented with the mixed protein than in the group supplemented with casein(p<0.05).2. There was weight reduction effect by the supplementation of carnitine(p<0.05), however no weight reduction effect by the supplementation of carnitine was observed in the group supplemented with the mixed protein and isolated soy protein. 3. Food efficiency was lower in the group supplemented with the mixed protein than in the group supplemented with casein (p<0.05), however it was similar in the group supplemented with isolated soy protein.4. Serum total lipid and se겨m total cholesterol were lower in the group supplemented with mixed protein than in the group supplemented with casein(p<0.05). 5. There was no significant difference of serum triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol among the experimental groups. 6. Liver triglyceride was the highest in the group supplemented with mixed protein (p<0.05), and there was no significant difference of liver total lipid and total cholesterol among the experimental groups. 7. In the groups supplemented with mixed protein, the level of liver TBARS showed the lowest when casein was supplemented(p<0.05), and there was no significant difference of GSH-Px activities among the experimental groups. In summary, when mixed protein was supplemented to the rats weight gain and food efficiency were similar with those in the group supplemented with isolated soy protein, however they were lower than those in the group supplemented with casein. The effect of carnitine on weight was not observed in the group supplemented with mixed protein and isolated soy protein, however it was observed in the group supplemented with casein. Serum Total lipid and total cholesterol were lower than those in the group supplemented with casein. Liver total triglyceride was high in the group supplemented with mixed protein, and the antioxidant effect was observed in the group supplemented with mixed protein.
An Empirical Analysis of Sexual Awareness in Urban and Rural High School Girls
Park Ok Im ; Sin Hye Suk ; Kim Jeong Sook ; Chung Young Hae ; Hang Hee Soon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2004, Pages 97~111
This study examines the different degrees of sexual awareness shown among high school girls in urban and rural areas. The analysis was carried out by dividing these students into urban and rural groups. A questionnaire of 51 questions based on previous studies and a review of the literature was prepared for students in the two groups after two preliminary surveys, a reliability test, and correlation. There were 721 copies of the questionnaire in total which were distributed to students of 2 urban and 4 rural girls' high schools. The analysis of the results was carried out using by means of SPSS 10.0, and it became clear that girl's students' viewpoints toward sex, the actual circumstances of their acquaintance of the opposite sex, the access to information about sex, the content of current sex education at school and the ideal type of sex education, tended to show differences between the two groups. This study showed that the standardized and uniform content and methods of current sex education in public schools does not work properly. Sex education at schools in South Korea has reached a limit of their effectiveness to a point where research into more effective sex education is required.
Rural Resident′s Community Life Satisfaction and Consciousness of Rural Community
Cho Young Sook ; Hwang Dae Yong ; Park Eun Shik ; Ko Jeong Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2004, Pages 113~125
The objective of this study was to analyze the evaluation of the rural resident's on their community at view of community life satisfaction. The specific purposes of this study were to identify the degrees of community life satisfaction, consciousness of rural community according to the individual variables. The data were gathered from 1,870 rural residents by the structured interview in the 187 communities sampled by multi-staged cluster stratified sampling method in November, 2003. The major findings of this study were as follows; first, the degree of the rural residents'community life satisfaction was generally low, especially the rural residents were dissatisfied with the opportunities of leisure and education environment in their communities, and by half were satisfied with housing environment. Second, as consciousness of rural community, the degree of rural resident's joining at community meeting was high, and openness to the outside residents' was high. third, the most important factor for consciousness of rural community were community organization, good neighbor. As result of this study, the following conclusion and recommend can be drawn. First, the level of rural resident's community life satisfaction is overall low. Especially it is needed policy efforts and priority investment for advancing satisfaction on leisure and education environment in rural community. Second, to foster rural resident's community consciousness, community orgaruzatlon Is first of all supported and activated. Through viability of these community organization, rural resident's participation in community welfare will be enhanced
Promoting the Sales of Regional Specialty Products through Local Festivals in Rural Korea
Kim Mi Heui ; Park Duk Byeong ; Ahn Yoon Soo ; You Myoung Nim ; Jeong Hyun Young ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2004, Pages 127~136
Local fairs are often part of the economic development strategy of rural areas. This study aims to find out marketing strategies for promoting the sales of regional specialty products through local festivals in rural Korea. The data were collected in late 2003 (from a sample of interviews and surveys from 351 visitors. The data were analyzed using the SPSS computer program. The results were as follows; First, the factors that visitors were considered in purchasing were quality (49.5％), commemorative value (36.9％), and reliability (33.0％). And the top reasons cited for not buying were lack of distinction (45.1％) and high prices (26.6％). The discount rates expected in markets was 16.8％. Second, 49.8％ of visitors has spent over 10,000 won and their purchase pattern has been for themselves and their family. Third, the public organizations for certi(ication for visitors were the National Agricultural Cooperative Fedration (37.9％) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) (22.5％). In conclusion, it was important for local stakeholders to provide more locally-manufactured, seasonal and traditional food, and to plan more locally characteristic events for their fairs. Further recommendations have included having a guide showing pricing and quality standards for products bought at rural fairs, developing product ideas for inducing impulse purchases, active promotion and marketing at event sites, and setting a standard system of warranties on products under the certification of the local authorities and with the financial support of the MAF Such recommendations were aimed at increasing the sale of traditional and regional specialty products at local festivals.
A Comparison of Two Types of Commuting Family′s Child-rearing
Han You Me ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2004, Pages 137~148
Due to the changes of modern society, alternative types of nuclear family so called as commuting family have appeared. Also, with the increase of women's economic participation and their needs of self-actualization, dual-career commuting family have increased. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is any difference between the traditional commuting family and dual-career commuting family in terms of family relation, types of child-care and social support. Also, this study qualitatively analysed parenting-guilty of the mothers of commuting family. One eight seven mothers of three to eight year-old participated the survey. The main results were as follows : (1) In case of traditional commuting family, children cohabit with the mother and usually fathers move between two houses. But among the dual-career commuting family, there are some children who cohabit with the father and some mothers who move. Dual-career commuting family relied on the more types of child-care than traditional commuting family. (2) While traditional commuting family get more support for child-rearing from the husband's family of origin than dual-career commuting family, wife's family of origin provide more support to the dual-career commuting family. The more support the husband's family of origin provide, the more stress both types of commuting family experience. However, there was no significant relationship between the support from the wife's family of origin or friends and the stress of the mothers of both types of commuting family. (3) Mothers of two types of commuting families were different regarding the motives of parenting-guilty Difficulty of caring the children for their job as well as father-absentness makes mothers of dual-career commuting family feel parenting-guilty more.
Analysis on the Characteyistics of Consumer′s Consumption Types of Environmently Friendly Agricultural Products
Bae Sung Eui ; Yoon Jun Sang ; Lee Jong Sang ; Kim Chang Ho ; Yoon Gil Sun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2004, Pages 149~163
The purpose of this study is to present a plan to activate the production and consumption of environmently friendly agricultural products through an analysis on the understanding degree, the level and inclination of consumption, the satisfaction degree of consumption, and the comprehension degree of production and circulation process of the environmently friendly agricultural products. 1 reviewed the literature and did survey In this study. The results are as follows : (1) As a result of an analysis on the understanding degree of the environmently friendly agricultural products, it is shown to get 6.37 points out of 10 and also, there is a difference between age, educational background, and income level. (2) In the case of research on the method to distinguish the environmently friendly agricultural products from others, it is proved that consumers have a strong faith on quality guarantee marks and there is a difference between gender, income level, and consumption period. (3) It is also shown that consumers purchase environmently friendly agricultural products for the family member's health in the survey on the motivation for purchasing them. And also, there is a difference between men and women. (4) The result of the survey on the consumption scale of the environmently friendly agricultural products shows that 94 people(60.3％) spend more than 50％ of their gloss foodstuffs cost purchasing them and 20 people(12.8％) spend 30-50％. (5) In the survey on the amount and the frequency of the purchasing items of the envirounently friendly agricultural products, respondents count livestock products mostly in amount while point out main cereals and a kinds of soy and pastes in frequency. (6) Consumers ask that the price of environmently friendly agricultural products is a little expensive or reasonable and there is no differences between individual groups. (7) In the case of the purchase of foreign environmently friendly agricultural products, there are more people who want to purchase domestic ones than those who want foreign ones. Therefore, it is shown that environmently friendly agricultural products have a counterpower after the market-open to import. (8) As a result of the analysis on the quality of environmently friendly agricultural products, it is proved that they have better quality than general agricultural products and also, it is found out that women feel larger differences than men in quality. (9) In the analysis on the satisfaction degree of the environmently friendly agricultural products, it is proved that respondents trust the safety and nutrition of them whereas they are not satisfied with the external shape of them. (10) It is analyzed that tile conversion of consumer's consciousness is the most critical factor for development of environmently friendly agriculture. (11) The factors to activate the consumption of environmently friendly agricultural products are proved in order of the enlargement of direct transaction, the conversion of consumer's consciousness, the easiness of purchase, activating consumers'unions, and publicity.
Community Approach to the True Food
Kim Jong Duk ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2004, Pages 165~175
Food is very important for human being. It is not easy for us to enjoy good life because the situation of food is not good in Korea. The self-sufficient food rate is very low and most of food which we take was produced by industrial agriculture. Food of this kind has some problems with respect to the health of consumer, agriculture, environment and community. In order to secure the true food which is safe and environmentally sound, producers, consumers and community have to work together. Producers must engage in environmental agriculture. They must produce the true food and need to know regional consumers. Consumers must pay attention to the regional agriculture and must participate the production of true food. Local government must open farmers' markets for direct marketing between farmers and consumers. NGOs should educate and organize the producers and consumers.
Comparison of Nutrients Contents in Genetically Modified Herbicide-tolerant Dried Red Pepper and Its Parental Cultivars
Lee Sung Hyeon ; Park Hong Ju ; Cho Su Mook ; Kim Yeong In ; Chang Soon Ok ; Lee Gun Soon ; Kim Dong Hern ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 15, issue 4, 2004, Pages 177~184
This study performed compositional analyses of a genetically modified herbicide-tolerant red pepper (GMHT), developed by the Rural Development Administration, and a parental red pepper cultivar 'Subicho', and compared the nutrient composition of them. Using the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) methods, the study measured the concentration of nutrients, including the proximate components (protein, fat, fiber, ash, and carbohydrates) and minerals (Ca, K, Na, Fe, Mg, Zn) of GMHT and 'Subicho'. Nutritional composition of GMHT and 'Subicho' were compared with the nutritional composition of conventional red peppers. The nutrient composition of GMHT and 'Subicho' were found similar, and GMHT's nutrient contents were in the range of those of the conventional red peppers. These results showed that GMHT's nutrient contents were equivalent to those of the parental red pepper and other conventional red peppers.