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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
Selecting the target year
A Survey on the Perception of the Four Characteristics of Some Korean Dishes among Korean Children and Adolescents
Oh, Hae-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2005, Pages 3~15
This study was carried out to examine the relationship between various characteristics of Korean traditional dishes such as preference, function, occurrence and preparation, with children and adolescents' characteristics such as general characteristics and health status and health attitudes. Elementary school students had desirable health attitudes as measured using the subjectively perceived level of health status and purpose of meals. There were significant relationships between some characteristics and health concerned behaviors, which included the extent of eating healthy diets, the intake of nutritional supplements and the application of nutritional knowledge. We found out that there were significant positive correlations among four characteristics of traditional dishes and the preference for those dishes was more positively correlated with occurrence and preparation than with function. The effects of the subjects' characteristics on preference for traditional dishes differed in various ways.
The Actual Distributing States of the Fresh Wild Vegetables in the Five-Day Traditional Markets of the Southern Districts in Korea
Bae Jong Hyang ; Cho Ja Yong ; Yang Seung Yul ; Kim Byoung Woon ; Jang Hong Gi ; Chon Sang Uk ; Heo Buk Gu ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2005, Pages 17~24
This study was carried out to investigate the kinds of fresh wild vegetables, the number of street stalsl, seller's age, and the selling list of items of the street stall in the five-day traditional markets of Gyeongnam Tongyoung and Namhae, Jeonnam Naju and Younggwang, Jeonbuk Iksan and Jangsu, from March to May, 2005. The number of street stalls selling fresh wild vegetables was forty nine in Tongyoung, twenty five in Namhae, thirty in Naju, eighteen in Younggwang, one hundred and thirty in Iksan, and seventeen in Jangsu. The selling lists of items totaled forty items; thirty in Tongyoung, seventeen in Namhae, twenty in Naju, sixteen in Younggwang, twenty seven in Iksan, and thirteen in Jangsu. The main kinds were Aster scaber, Aralia elata, Pteridium aquilinum var. latusculum, Artemisia princeps, Sedum sarmentosum, Oenanthe javanica, Pla쇼codon grandiflorum, Petasites japonicus and Allium monanthum. sprouts or woody plants such as Arazia elate, Ailanthus altissima, Meliosma oldhamii, and Kalopanax pictus were also being sold. About
of the sellers were over fifty one years old. Half of the sellers were at least sixty years old. More thab
of the street stalls in the traditional markets sell fewer than four kinds of fresh wild vegetables.
The Patient Families' Diet and Health Behavior Living in Rural, Korea - Comparison of Non-Patient Families Living in Rural -
Rhie, Seung-Gyo ; Chung, Kum-Ju ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2005, Pages 25~36
Recent trends in agricultural globalization have brought on a crisis to our already impoverished Korean farmers. This study was proposed to assist in comparing the health and dietary characteristics of farmer families that have chronic disease patients to farmer families that do not have chronic disease patients. For the study, 1870 families were selected from 9 rural Korean provinces. Trained evaluators interviewed farmer housewives to collect demographic, health behavior, and dietary relative information about family members. Statistical analyses were performed using SAS (ver 8.2). Chi-square tests and General Linear Models were also used. In general, patient family members were older than non-patient family members. For patient families, the mean age was 70.4 for husbands and 64.3 for wives. For non-patient families, the mean age was 64.2 for husbands and 57.3 for wives. Therefore we analyzed the data after we stratified the subjects based on the wife's age of 65. Patient families snacked less and 'dined out' less than non-patient families. However, they consumed cookies more frequently, and milk and fruits less frequently, when compared to non-patient families. There were no significant differences in nutrient supplementation, and/or instant food intake frequencies between patient families and non-patient families. Sixty-two percent of patient family members complained about health problems such arthritis, lumbago, numbness, shoulder pain, dizziness, and others, whereas 52olo of non-patient family members complained about Farmers' syndrome. Husband cigarette smoking was not significantly different among groups. However, the smoking patterns of the wives was significantly higher in patient families. Alcohol consumption was also higher in patient families. In summary, it was determined that rural patient families had poorer dietary behavior and poorer health in general, when compared to non-patient families, and accordingly, diverse community-level health and nutritional support are suggested to solve the farmers' health problems and to improve their quality of life.
Pear Flower Dyeing for Developing the Regional Product in Naju City
Baek Jin Ju ; Jang Hong Gi ; Cho Ja Yong ; Im Myung Hee ; Park Yong Seo ; Yoo Yong Kweon ; Park Yun Jum ; Heo Buk Gu ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2005, Pages 37~45
This study was conducted to investigate the utilization of cut pear branches for dyeing materials, and the dyeability of pear flowers for pressed flowers using red, orange, and green edible pigments. There was a significant difference of E values among 0.1, 0.5 and
diluted solutions of edible pigments for the cut pear branches coming into flowers. In the higher concentrations of dyeing solutions and the longer dyeing periods, a values with the red pigments increased from 2.37 to 31.22, b values with the orange pigments increased from 7.04 to 45.85, and a - values with the green pigments increased from -3.88 to -36. Bloomed pear branches were immersed in diluted solutions with red, orange and green pigments for forty five minutes. Pear branches immersed in
diluted solutions bloomed normally, and each of the flowers were dyed in the colors of the dyeing solutions, respectively. The dyeability of the bloomed pear branches immersed in water and dyeing solutions for one hundred and twenty minutes decreased compared with those treated with red, orange and green pigments and dyed immediately. The dyeability of flowers for the cut pear branches dyed immediately after cutting was significantly increased compared with that immersed in water and dyeing solutions.
The Effects of Economic Condition and the Parenting on Children's Social Adjustment in Divorced Families - A Comparison of Custodial Fathers and Mothers -
Kim, Young-Hee ; Son, Jeong-Yeon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2005, Pages 47~55
The purposes of this study are to examine the economic conditions and parenting of custodial fathers/mothers and to explain their impacts on the children's social adjustment after divorce. A total of 185 custodial parents divorced within the last 5 years completed a structured questionnaire. Children's social adjustment was the dependent variable in this study and was defined as their school performance and behavior problems. Results show that compared with divorced custodial fathers, divorced custodial mothers demonstrate more effective parenting, but there were no differences in economic conditions between them. In addition, children in single-father divorced families have lower school grades and more behavior problems than those in single-mother divorced families. Results also indicate that the economic conditions and parenting have different effects for children across family type. For children raised with a custodial father in divorced families, the economic conditions and the divorce duration are associated with lower school grades and behavior problems. For children with a custodial mother, however, the effective of parenting and the children's age have significant effects on the children's social adjustment after the parent divorced. Based on these results, this study proposes strategies for the improvement of children's adjustment in divorced families.
Comparison of Clothing Attitudes and Clothing Purchase Criteria between Korean and Korean-Chinese College Female Students
Kim, Soon-Sim ; Kim, Hyun-Sik ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2005, Pages 57~64
The purpose of this study was to compare clothing attitudes and the criteria for clothing selection between Korean and Korean-Chinese college female students in the Yanbian region of China. The subjects were selected as follows: 404 Korean female college students in the Choongchung area and 242 Korean-Chinese female college students in the Yanbian region of China. Questionnaires were used to collect the data and the data was analyzed by frequency, factor analysis, and t-test. The major results of this study were as follows: The clothing attitudes of the total respondents were classified into 5 factors: the fashion involving factor, the modesty involving factor, the economy conscious factor, the brand-name oriented factor, and the practical user factor. The modesty involving factor, the economy conscious factor, the brand-name oriented factor, and the practical user factor were significantly different between Korean and Korean-Chinese college female students. Korean consumers thought highly of the economy conscious factor and the practical user factor compared with Korean-Chinese college female students. However, Korean-Chinese college female students thought highly of the brand-name oriented factor and the modesty factor compared with Korean consumers.
The Research on the Cyber Dating Violence of Korean High School Students
Park Ok Im ; Bae Yeong Suk ; Kim Jeong Sook ; Kim Jong Seong ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2005, Pages 65~73
The purpose of the research was to investigate the characteristics and related factors of cyber dating violence. The subjects were 548 adolescents in high schools. The gathered information was analyzed by frequency, percent, 1-test, ANOVA, and Correlation by using SPSS 10.0 program. The results were as follows: (1)
of the answerers experienced cyber dating, and
of the students have experienced cyber dating violence. (2)
of the students were damaged by psychological violence, and
of the students have caused psychological violence. (3)
of the damaged students and
of the perpetrating students were included in the total answerers, but among 244 experienced students,
were damaged students and
perpetrated sexual violence, so it is concluded that experienced students experience sexual violence. (4) Looking over the social demography factors and cyber dating violence, boys rather than girls, and vocational school students rather than academic school students have more cyber violence experiences. (5) The relationship between psychological and sexual violence has a significant relationship with all cyber violence experiences.
A Study on the Relationships of Mother's Empathy in Mother-Child Play with Parenting Stress and with Other Variables
Choi, Young-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2005, Pages 75~85
This study was performed to clarify which variables affected a mother‘s empathic behavior shown in a mother-child play session. Mother’s empathy was videotaped and recorded during mother-child twenty minute play sessions. The variables considered in the research were the mother‘s parenting stress, age and education level, and the child’s sex and birth order. Twenty four mothers volunteered to participate in this study. The age of their children was restricted to 5 years. The results were as follows; First, mothers were verbally more accepting to their second or third child, and allowed their second of third child to lead more than their first child. And older mothers were more likely to accept their children's lead. Seconds, the mothers' parenting stress for acceptance of their children and stress of depression were higher in college graduate mothers than high school graduate mothers. Third, the mother's empathy and level of parenting stress did not show any significant relationships.
Perceptions on Hazards and Washing Behavior of Vegetables at Home
Choe Jeong-Sook ; Chun Hye-Kyung ; Moon Eun-Hye ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2005, Pages 87~96
This survey was conducted to assess the perception of hazards and washing behavior of vegetables of 500 housewives in Korea. The subjects were selected by the stratified random sampling method. The survey was performed using a structured questionnaire through telephone interviews by skilled interviewers. Most people have bought vegetables and fruits in the supermarket or (traditional) markets rather than stores, department stores, or direct transactions. Eighteen percent of the subjects felt vegetables were secure and were not concerned about safety. But
were concerned about vegetable safety. The perceptions of vegetable-related hazards differed significantly by the respondent's socioeconomic characteristics. Higher concern about vegetable safety was reported by subjects with higher income, children, and who usually buy vegetables in supermarkets or department stores. Most subjects (
) perceived that residues of chemical substances such as pesticides were the most significant potential vegetable risk factor, followed by heavy metal, and pathogens. Housewives mainly rinsed vegetables in flowing-water (
of subjects), 3
4 times (
of subjects), and without detergent (
). Subjects believed that hazards decreased by blanching or boiling vegetables rather than washing. Subjects realized more or less correctly the removal rate of pesticide and pathogen through the washing and cooking processes. However, the removal rate of heavy metals was less than subjects thought it would be. Therefore, the scientifically assessed results on safety in the washing and cooking process should be opened to the public to provide the right-to-know and assure confidence in consumers.
Determinants Affecting Rural Women's Participation on Community Organizations in Rural Korea
Park, Duk-Byeong ; Cho, Young-Sook ; Lee, Hye-Hyun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2005, Pages 97~107
This study aims to examine the determinants affecting rural women's participation in community organizations in rural Korea. The data was collected through interviews with 958 rural women among 1,870 respondents who have lived in Up and Myen as an administrative unit of a rural community, and analyzed by the SPSS/PC Win V.10 program. The statistical method utilized for this study was the hierarchy multiple regression model. The major findings of this study were as follows. First, rural women with a high income, a larger farm, or a fruit farm are more likely to participate in agricultural cooperatives. Second, rural women with a high income, a larger farm, who are engaged in full time forming, and grow fruit and special crops, are more likely to participate in cooperative firms. Third, rural women who are educated and have a larger farm, a fruit farm, and high community attachment are more likely to participate in learning organizations. Fourth, rural women who were educated and have small households are more likely to participate in religious groups. Fifth, rural women with a small farm are more likely to participate in civic organizations. Sixth, there was no significance between all of these variables and participation in political parties.
A Study on the Educational Program of Seasonal Customs for the 4th Grade Students in the Elementary School in Yangju City - Focused on the Seasonal Customs in Summer -
Choi, Bae-Young ; Kim, Mi-Sik ; Kim, Mi-Heui ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2005, Pages 109~125
The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences in the understanding level of the Korean traditional seasonal customs during summer (i.e. Buddha's birthday, Dano festival, Yudu festival and Chilseok) before and after the execution of a educational program concerning seasonal customs and determine if elementary school teachers recognize a need for this kind of educational program. The subjects of this study were 168 students in the 4th grade at two elementary schools (84 students each for the experiment group and the control group) and 249 teachers at the elementary schools in Yangju city. The major results of this study are as follows : First, it was shown that there is no significant difference in the understanding level of seasonal customs between the experiment group and the control group in the pre-test, but after carrying out the educational program, it was indicated that there is a statistically significant difference between the experiment group and the control group in the post-test. Second, in addition to strongly pointing out the necessity of seasonal customs education, the teachers recognized that it is desirable to teach seasonal customs to students through the discretionary activity class corresponding to the seasonal divisions in the year and that it is especially important to perform the educational activity through traditional plays and to utilize audio-visual media. Also, teachers hoped that a seasonal customs program suitable for elementary school students would be required, along with the development of instructional materials, and finally that the schools need to further develop teacher training through field inspections and practice.
Effect of Hot Water Soluble Extract from Angelicae Radix on the Lipid Metabolism and Antioxidant Defense System
Won, Hyang-Rye ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2005, Pages 127~132
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radix on the components of serum and liver and the effects on the antioxidant system. For this purpose, five experimental groups were set up. And for fat source, perila oil enough with unsaturated fatty acid and beef tallow enough with saturated fatty acid were supplemented to the rats together with hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radixs. Five experimental groups kept eight Sprague-Dawley rats respectively. They were CO group supplemented with basic diet of AIN-93, PO group supplemented with perila oil, POA group supplemented with perila oil and hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radix, BT group supplemented with beef tallow, and BTA group supplemented with beef tallow and hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radix. The results were; 1) Final weight, weight gain, fluid intake and FER were not different significantly among the experimental groups, 2) Significant difference of food intake was observed(p<0.05) in BTA group only, 3) No significant difference was observed in serum total lipid, serum triglyceride and HDL cholesterol among experimental groups. Serum total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol were significantly low(p<0.05) in the group supplemented with beef tallow which was with hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radix (BTA group). 4)Liver total cholesterol in liver was low in groups supplemented with perila oil and hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radix. In summary, hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radix did not affect the weight gain, fluid intake and food efficiency ratio among the experimental groups, but had an effect of lowering food intake, serum total cholesterol and serum LDL cholesterol significantly in the groups which were supplemented with beef tallow and hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radix. The effect of lowering liver total cholesterol with the supplementation of hot water soluble extract from AnRelicae Radix was observed in perila oil group only. The effect of lowering cholesterol with the supplementation of hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radix was observed both in serum and in liver.
Clothing Purchase Motivation by Clothing Attitudes for Korean-Chinese College Female Students
Kim, Soon-Sim ; Kim, Hyun-Sik ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2005, Pages 133~141