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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
IPA of Leadership Competency in the Rural Leader's Role
Park Eun-Shik ; Lee Chae-Shik ; Ko Jeong-Sook ; Cho Young-Sook ; Hwang Dae-Yong ; Park Duk-Byeong ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 3~10
The purpose of this study was to analyze leadership competency in the rural leader roles. The data were derived from 317 leaders in 97 rural communities by questionnaire. SPSSWIN/ver10 was adopted t-test and IPA (Importance-Performance Analysis) methods employed. The major findings of this study were as follows; Rural leaders should concentrate on developing coaching/feed back, program management skills, and presentation skills. Administrative head of village should pay attention to benchmarking, brand development and conflict resolution rather than resident management, service knowledge, and making relationships. Leaders of village development council should concentrate on brand development, benchmarking, and educating residents. Head of women's organizations should concentrate on developing assessments, educating residents, and resolving conflict skills, whereas members of Samaeul organization should try to concentrate on program management, coaching/feed back and presentation skills. Rural leaders showed different leadership competency by the IPA. Therefore, this study suggested that leadership education for rural leaders should consider leadership competency.
An Analysis of the Landscape Character in Environment Friendly Cultivated Land Based on Rural Amenity
Kim Hye-Min ; Kang Bang-Hun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 11~21
This research is focused on not only cultivated land as an important factor which represented the agricultural district, but also details of the research in the landscape of cultivated land. Moreover, we also focused on the cultivated land operating environmental friendly agriculture which took a lot of interest among the landscape of the cultivated land. The reason is, we judged environmental friendly agriculture is not only the simple purpose only for manufacturing food but also the key role for preserving their environment and landscape, and making sustainable agriculture. For this reason, our research treats the analysis that operating environmental friendly landscape has what kinds of different factors in landscape characteristic compare with other general agricultural methods. Plus we selected evaluating both the degree of citizen's presence and the degree of rural residents's importance in those factors as a mainly research matter. We drew out the landscape of cultivated land and concerning factors by analyzing policies(ESA, CSS, CTE, MFSP, ACL, etc) concerned with overseas agricultural landscape to deduct landscape Character factors in internal cultivated land. Based on eleven items of landscape factors in cultivated land deducted by documents research, we started to conduct field studies during MAY. 7th. 2004
JUL. 8th, DEC. 1th
3th reaching 32 villages and concerned institutes to deduct the factors in landscape characteristic in agricultural cultivated land in detail. We analyzed degrees of importance and preference in citizen and rural residents classified by 5 province of the whole country to evaluate the landscape Character factors in environmental friendly agriculture deducted by field research and 21 documents including extra items such as a scene of duck grazing by the duck techniques which is very popular way among internal environmental friendly agriculture, gardening space composed around farm and furrow on slope ground formed by unique topology in hilly country. The research period was progressed for 20 days from MAY. 28th. 2005
JUN. 17th. This research is the result that cultivated land landscape as a detail item holding agricultural environment especially, it is also meaningful result in environmental friendly agriculture as a basic research, because it is not only a value of simple food producing but also very effective role in both landscape and environmental parts.
Prospect of Family Day-care with regard to the National Policy of Child-rearing Support
Han You-Me ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 23~37
As the fertility rate of Korea has recently decreased to the lowest level in the world, the recognition of the needs for social support for the child-care has been increased. This resulted in the announcement of National Policy of Child-Rearing Support in 2004. This study attempted to propose the activation of the family child-care for the preparation of the introduction of the National Policy of Child-Rearing Support. Using literature review and interview, the following research questions were addressed. Firstly, the actual situation of the family child-care was compared with that of the other types of child-care. Secondly, the policies of child-rearing support and the family child-care systems in other countries such as United Kingdom, Sweden and Japan were introduced. Finally, activations of the family child-care were discussed in terms of the introduction of the National Policy of Child-Rearing Support. The results of this study implies that the family child-care in Korea is different from that of other countries as well as other types of child-care in Korea. Also, it suggests that key factors of the activation of the family child-care in Korea are to identify as the small, informal and family-like child-care, to differentiate as the infant-care and non-standard time child-care from other types of child-care, and to increase the level of professionalization. In conclusion, family child-care should become an alternative for the low fertility problem.
Analysis of Elementary School Children's Stress and Coping Behavior in Urban and Rural Areas
Jang Young-Ae ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 39~53
The purpose of this study was to examine the relation of elementary school children's stress and coping behavior in urban and rural areas. The subject included 286 children selected from 4 elementary schools in urban and rural areas. The instruments included the children's stress index and coping behavior questionnaire of the elementary school children. The statistics used from this data were t-test, one-way ANOVA(Duncan test), correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. This study showed significant differences between urban and rural children's stress in school attainment domain, teacher-school domain, home environment domain and surroundings domain. And urban and rural children was different in active, passive/avoidant and aggressive coping behavior. The stress of urban's children was influenced significantly by the grade and school attainment variales, and the rural children's stress was influenced significantly by the gender variable. The coping behavior of urban's children was influenced by the gender, grade and school attainment variables, and also the rural children's coping behavior was influenced by the above variables. Correlation analysis indicated that children's stress and aggressive coping behavior were relative positive high correlation in urban areas, and children's stress and passive/avoidant coping behavior were positive high correlation in rural areas. It was also found that school attainment, aggressive coping behavior and passive/avoidant coping behavior were significant predictors of urban children's stress, and gender, passive/avoidant coping behavior and aggressive coping behavior were significant predictors of rural children's stress.
The Functional Change of Rural Society in Korea: from Food Supply to Balanced Development
Lim Hyung-Baek ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 55~65
The major purposes of this paper are (1) to explore korean rural planning as subplanning of nation planning and regional planning, (2) to explore functional change of korean rural areas, (3) and suggest appropriate policy for functional change of rural society in Korea. I divided korean rural planning into five periods according to its paradigm shift. In the first period of rural planning lay emphasis on food self-supply, antipoverty and improvement of living condition. In the second period of rural planning lay emphasis on food self-supply, green revolution and income gap mitigation between urban and rural areas. In the third period of rural planning lay emphasis on integrated rural development. In the fourth period of rural planning lay emphasis on multifunctionality of agriculture. In the fifth period of rural planning Korea government announced a new policy and lay emphasis on balanced national development. Food supply used to be most important function of rural areas, but it is weakened in recent days. The role as axis for balanced national development become another important function of rural areas.
Visitors' Expectation and Satisfaction with Foodservice Qualities in the Rural Theme Villages of Gyeongsangbuk-do
Kim Yang-Suk ; Lee In-Seon ; Kim Haeng-Ran ; Choe Jeong-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 67~77
This study was conducted to investigate the degree of visitors' expectation and satisfaction with foodservice qualities in the rural theme villages. The subjects were 210 participants in the rural theme villages of Gyeongsangbuk-do. The results of this study consisted of three major parts: sociodemographic characteristics, visitors' visiting behavior, the analysis of visitors' expectation and satisfaction. 98.8% of the subjects were accompanied by children and most respondents had the intention of revisiting. The foodservice qualities with the highest expectation scores were 'food freshness' (3.76 point) and those with the highest satisfaction scores were 'friendly employee' (4.14 point). According to the overall attributes, visitors' satisfaction was higher than expectation. 'Food taste' and 'Local food' were the relatively most important attributes for overall satisfaction in the rural theme village.
A Study on Dyeability and Antibiotic Activities of Natural Dyeing with Artemisia
Song Kyung-Hun ; Baik Cheon-Eui ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 79~86
This study purposes to find the best one for dyeing with artemisia in order to develop a more efficient method of dyeing with artemisia and investigates the antibiotic activities of artemisia. After dyeing cotton, rayon, silk, wool and nylon fabrics with dyebath extracted from artemisia, observation on dyeability by temperature, concentration and time has been carried out. And I took an observation on color change, color fastness to washing and color fastness to light after mordanting treatment. Also observation on the antibiotic properties of non-dyed fabrics, artemisia-dyed fabrics and artemisia-dyed fabrics with post-mordant has been performed to investigate the antibiotic activities of artemisia. And the following results have been obtained. 1. The dyeability of artemisia was better for protein fabrics such as silk or woo and amide-based synthetic fabrics like nylon than for cellulose fabrics such as cotton and rayon. 2. For all tested fabrics, the dyeability was increased as the concentration of artemisia dyebath, dyeing time and dyeing temperature was increased. Especially the dye ability for protein fabrics was most affected by the temperature, and high dyeability was obtained at high temperatures. 3. For the color fastness of artemisia-dyed fabrics with mordanting treatment, the color fastness to washing was good with grade of 4-5 while the color fastness to light ranged from grade 2 to grade 3, which requires improvement for practical use. 4. The artemisia-dyed fabrics were shown to have much higher antibiosis than the non-dyed fabrics, and the artemisia-dyed fabrics with mortanting treatment showed the following result; Cu 99.9%, Al 64% and bittern 64.7%.
Relationship between Physical Health and Self-Care Behaviors of Rural Elderly in Korea: Focused on Living Arrangement Differences
Yoon Soon-Duck ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 87~99
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between self-rated health and Activity of Daily Living (ADL) and self-care behavior of rural elderly in Korea, focused on the difference among three distinctive living arrangements; living alone, living only with his/her spouse, and living with their married children. For this purpose, data were gathered from a nationwide survey, a total of 586 elderly aged 65 or older and living in rural area, using the structured questionnaire. Also, self-care behavior were categorized into 4 groups; life-style practice, medical self-care, adaption to functional limitation, and emotional management. The major findings are as follows; 1) Rural elderly perceived their health little and more 'bad' but their ADL capacity were 'not difficult', especially among elderly living with spouse. 2) The level of 20 items in self-care behavior (
score) was ranged from 2.51 to 3.81 score. The behavior level of regular exercise, setting up additional phone, taking a nutrient, and testing BP or pulse regularly were low but that of taking a medicine according to prescription, close contact with other people, and regular eating were proportionally high. 3) The majority of self-care behavior were correlated with subjective health positively but medical self-care behavior were correlated with subjective health or ADL negatively. Based on these results, policy implications are discussed.
Cold Storage of Cut Branch of Aralia elata cv. 'Jeongkwang' and Regulation of Optimal Harvest Stage of New Sprout by Cutting in Water
Heo Buk-Gu ; Yang Seung-Yul ; Kim Byoung-Woon ; Park Yong-Seo ; Cho Ja-Yong ; Park Yun-Jum ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 101~108
This study was conducted to develop the regulating methods for the optimal harvest stage of new sprout for woody plants, and to clarify the effects of storage condition and period on the growth of new sprout formed of Aralia elata cv. 'Jeongkwang'. Japanese angelica tree were collected in the Jangheung district of Jeonnam on 20. March, 2005, and those cut branches were stored at
and 80 to 90% of the relative humidity, and were cut in water. Survival rate of cut branches for Aralia elata cv. 'Jeongkwang' was significantly increased when that was used for the cutting after the collection with no storage. And those survival rate was much more increased when that was stored at 80 to 90% of relative humidity than 40 to 50% of relative humidity. Number of new sprouts formed which were not stored immediately after the collection 3.2 to 3.4, and that were stored at cold storage room before cutting and cut on 1. June and 1. August were 5.1 to 5.3. Leaf growth of cut branches cut in water on 20. March started at ten days after cutting, and that on 1. June and 1. August at one to two days after cutting. Slow and mature sprout growth of Aralia elata cv. 'Jeongkwang' which were cut in water were different by the cold storage periods. Nineteen days were needed for the mature growth of sprout when cut in water on 20. March, and thirteen days on 1. August.
A Probe for Local Community Centered Lifelong Learning Movement's Course of Action
Yang Heug-Kweun ; Choi Sang-Keun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 109~122
As we encounter the global and localized era, the development operations on a regional level are in active promotion. This manuscript has been completed with the purpose of probing for course of action in lifelong learning movement in terms of activating and developing of local communities. For this, the comparative analysis of practiced cases in America's community school movement, Japan's movement for establishing lifelong learning village and Sweden's study circle movement have been made. For the analytical frame of the comparison, the actual results on background of promotion, themes for practice, details of practice, methods for practice of local community centered lifelong learning movement have been applied. As a result of analysis, the local community centered lifelong learning movement has been promoted to break each country's social and economic crisis and to activate the local community. The promotion of each operation has been accomplished with the support of specific organization and the participants were the citizens of the local community. Also, the details of practice are composed of operating the people-centered lifelong learning program, cooperative learning by local citizens and local community realization activity. The details of education is closely related with the life of learners. Therefore, the lifelong movement for the activation of local community hereafter should be promoted based on the coherence of local community, should be able to contain the actual life of the citizens and should be practiced as a process of forming the lifelong learning group at concerned local community through a democratic learning process.
The Elderly Health and Dietary Management in Gyeonggi Province - Comparison with Gender Difference -
Won Hyang-Rye ; Rhie Seung-Gyo ; Choi Mi-Yong ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 123~139
The purpose of this study is to search how to promote health and improve nutrition and health care of the elderly people in rural area. Behaviors for health promotion and habits against health risk were surveyed. Dietary management was analyzed for surveyed nutrient intake by 24 hr -recall method. 242 subjects were collected in 12 cities or counties in Gyeonggi Province and 20 elderly people (10 male and 10 female) were selected out of 1 village in each district. Questionnaire for health behavior and dietary management was carried out by trained interviewers. Statistical analyses were made by SAS (version 8.1) and Chi-square tests and General Linear Models were used. Characteristics of the elderly people were 61-74 year-olds (68.2%), elementary school educated (78.4%), with spouse (51.7%), monthly living cost of 500-1,000 thousand won(43.4%), and monthly pocket money of 50-100 or 100-200 thousand won(33.5%, 26.5%). 41.4% of the subjects checked up medical examination regularly. The alcohol drinking status was significantly different according to gender: high no-drink rate of female (52.5%) and low no-drink rate of male (25.6%). Kinds of disease were different according to gender: higher proportion of cardiovascular disease(46.3%) and diabetes mellitus(8.1 %) in male and joint lumbago neuralgia(44.4%) and osteoporosis(8.6%) in female. Gastrointestinal complaints were nausea (69.0%) and chronic indigestion (17.8%). Constipation (12.0%) and vomiting (4.3%) were more frequent in female. Dietary management was good (3 meals per day: 93.4%., dining with family: 72.4%, regular mealtime: 72.4%, and 3-4 times of snacks per week: 44.9%) except side dish taking of 3-4 kinds only. However, almost one-third of the female elderly ate alone (30.6%) which was well compared with one-fifth of the male (19.7%). And food and nutrients intake were not significantly different according to gender except that male elderly's intake of energy and protein was lower than that of female's. The surveyed subjects had no difficulties in Activities of Daily Living (ADL), but some female elderly had some difficulties with Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) like working at home, using transport, and going shopping. These results suggest that low quality of life linked with low economic status of the rural elderly and that congregate meal at village hall would be required for the female elderly eating alone. For the undernourished male elderly, it would be needed to provide snacks and to establish nutrition and health surveillance system.
The Elderly Health and Dietary Management in Gyeonggi Province II - Comparison with Younger Old and Older Old -
Rhie Seung-Gyo ; Choi Mi-Yong ; Won Hyang-Rye ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 141~154
The purpose of this study is to provide the information of the aged olds for which basic data are almost no available. The subjects were divided on the base of age 75. The elderly under 75 were named 'the young olds' and over 75 were 'the aged olds'. The aim of this research is to promote health and to improve nutrition, and the survey was made for health promotion behaviors, habits against health risk, dietary management status and diet intake. And it was conducted by 24 hr-recall method and analyzed by nutrients intake. 242 subjects were collected in 12 cities or counties in Gyeonggi Province and 20 elderly people (10 male and 10 female) were selected out of 1 village in each district. Questionnaire about health behavior and dietary management was carried out by interview method through regional home extension workers. Statistical analyses were made by SAS (version 8.1) and Chi-square tests and General Linear Models were used. Out of the subjects the aged olds over 75 was 31.9%, elementary school educated (93.5%), with spouse (40.3%), with adult children(28.6%), monthly living cost of 500-1,000 thousand won(40.3%). Mean age was 78.82 years compared with 69.75 years of the young olds. 46.8% of the aged olds used monthly pocket money over 1000 won and it was lower than 63.3% of the young olds. Only half of the aged olds had regular exercise of walking (77.8%) or with athletic equipment (17.8%). However, the young olds did more frequent walking (82.1 %) and less exercise with athletic equipment (4.8 %), which was significantly different. Kinds of disease were different with the young or the aged olds, as more proportion of cardiovascular disease(37.9%) for the young olds and joint lumbago neuralgia(41.6%) for the aged olds. Dietary management was good (3 meals per day: 93.4%, fixed mealtime: 72.4%, and regular amount: 79.9%). But there was significant difference in side dish varieties and kinds of snacks; for the aged olds only 8% had over 5 sorts (compared with 18.8% of the young olds) and the kinds of snacks were cookie, candy, juice, carbonated beverage for the aged olds (compared with noodle, milk, soybean-milk for young olds). The ratio of nutrients intake (energy, riboflavin and niacin) with RDA was significantly higher for the aged olds than that of the young olds. The surveyed subjects had no difficulties in Activities of Daily Living (ADL), but some of the aged olds had difficulties in Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) like housekeeping, using transportation, going shopping and making phone calls. These results suggest that low quality of life is linked with low economic status of the rural elderly and congregate meal at village hall would be required because of the lack of side dishes variety for the aged olds. And nutrition education program about good snacks and exercise practice would be needed for the aged olds. By operating nutrition education program the aged olds would enjoy better quality life maintaining or ameliorating IADL abilities.
Aesthetic Characteristics expressed on the Prada Sports Fashion
Kim Sun-Hwa ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 155~163
The study was conducted to investigate the aesthetic characteristics expressed on the Prada Sports Fashion which has been strongly affected to fashion trend of domestic sports wear since the mid of 1990th, and to contribute to make domestic sports brand be competitive. The qualitative method using the materials such as fashion magazines and journals, information from the domestic fashion research center and internet, relating fashion books and journals etc, was used for the study. The results were as follows: First, use of heterogeneous design factors or coexistence of the past and the present were expressed as post-modernism effect. Second, strong moderation through the mimalism which has been dominated world fashion since 1990th was expressed. Third, high function including technology has been expressed. These aesthetic characteristics will be helpful for us to prospect 21c sports fashion which will be activated increasingly according to well-being life style.
Development of Educational Material on Nutrition for Farmers
Choe Jeong-Sook ; Moon Eun-Hye ; Kim Haeng-Ran ; Kim Yang-Suk ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 1, 2006, Pages 165~173
The farmers' nutritional condition can not be compared with other citizens according to the Korean National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey, and based on other literature reviews. These farmers have either less access to educational materials or have no idea and do not understand the importance of nutritional education. The purpose of this study is to develop an appropriate reading material on nutrition to educate the farmers. To do this, the first step was to gather sufficient available materials for the review of related literature. Second, a survey was conducted to assess the needs of farmers and extension workers for educational materials on nutrition. The results showed that the farmers preferred the following topics: Menu Planning or Menu for Health' (62.1%), Dietary Assessment (49.7%), Dietary Guideline for Farmers (35.7%), and Cooking Method and Recipe (32.6%). They also preferred the booklet type (62.7%). These materials basically contained literature review, lesson plan, and needs assessment. The booklets contained in detail: 1) Dietary assessment - nutritional assessment, and assessment of meal 2) Dietary guidelines for farmers - reduce salt intakes, eat calcium-rich foods, ideal body weight, reduce alcohol-drinking and smoking, tips on eating soybean, eat meat and fish, tips on eating fruits, eat shellfish and seaweeds, and tips on eating dietary fibers, and 3) Plan a meal - menu planning and sample menu by farming patterns. Finally, the text of the final material was improved by the graphic designer using Quark Express 3.3, Photoshop 6.0, Illustrator 10.0, and Painter 8.0. The booklet has 46 pages and divided into three chapters. This contains simple and affordable recipes and provides some helpful tips for dietary and changing lifestyles. This booklet is made available for farmers and other groups interested in nutrition education.