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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Cases of Merchandising and Suggestions for Improving Competitive Power of Traditional Liquor
Jun Young-Mi ; Ahn Yoon-Su ; Kim Mi-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 2, 2006, Pages 3~14
This study intends to offer suggestions for improving the security and competitive power of traditional liquors by investing in the status of intellectual property rights. Merchandising and the marketing strategies of traditional liquor are also addressed. The data was collected through a questionnaire survey given to 101 CEOs of traditional liquor manufacturers. The major results of this study were as follows: The management types of traditional liquor manufacturers were classified as the company 57 (56.4%), the corporation or the union 29 (28.7%), domestic industry 10 (9.9%), and marketing community or technology center 5 (5.0%). The competitive power degree of traditional liquor products was classified as strength 30 (31.6%), usual 30 (31.6%), weakness 35 (36.8%). The elements of strong competitive power were taste, functional (wellbeing) character, and attractiveness of the brand name. On the other side, reasons for weakness in competitive power were the marketing system, price competitiveness, and advertisement. The trademark registration of the traditional liquor appeared with 53%. The reasons not to pursue a trademark registration included the complicated and unnecessary process of registration acquisition, high registration expenses, etc. The perceptions of CEOs about the consumer's brand awareness for their product were low with an average 2.97. Explanations included insufficient advertisement and public relations, unrefined trademark design, and the meaninglessness of brand names. The marketing strategy of traditional liquor manufacturers according to annual sales were as follows: Manufacturers with high sales emphasized marketing strategies that focused on functional character, traditional image, high quality in image and package materials and design, high price strategies based on quality, and various sale promotions.
Physical, Mental and Social Health of Korean Rural Elderly with a Focus on Gender and Age-group Differences
Lee Jeong-Hwa ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 2, 2006, Pages 15~30
The purpose of this study is to examine how the rural elderly assess the multi-dimensions of health. This includes the physical, mental and social dimensions of health, correlations among them, and whether there are gender differences and age-group (60's, 70's, 80 and over) differences. For this purpose, survey data was gathered from 881 rural elderly who live in a village. The statistical methods used for data analysis were descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and correlations. The major findings of this study are as follows: Physical health was measured by self-rated health, ADL, IADL, and farmer symptoms. The respondents classified as 80 and over and female perceived their physical health more negatively. Mental health was perceived somewhat positively in general but female participants perceived their mental health more negatively than males. Social health of the rural elderly was relatively positive in comparison to the other dimensions of health. The rural elderly engaged in many social activities, and the majority of them had many social support networks composed of more than 12 persons. Relationships among the physical, mental and social health dimensions were different. The correlation of physical and mental health and the correlation of social and psychological health were statistically significant. However, the correlation of physical and social health had no significant meanings.
Development and Evaluation of the Family Relations Enhancement Program - Applied to Rural Women in Gyeonggi do -
Choi Kyu-Reon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 2, 2006, Pages 31~48
The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate the program which aims at providing a better understanding of family role, establishing a desirable value of being good spouse and good parent, and good daughter/mother in-law and determine effects of the program on rural women in Gyeonggi do. Based on the strong & healthy family perspective, personality types theory, coping stress theory, anger control method, communication & conflict solution theory(eg; Minnesota Couple Communication Program), cognitive behavior theory, and relations enrichment theory, 6 session program was developed. The title of 6 sessions were 'Making happy family', 'Family communication', 'Coping parent-child relation stress', 'Coping conjugal personality difference', 'Becoming a good mother/daughter in-law', and 'Dissolving family conflict'. 188 women surveyed were asked to participate in the program held at 5 city located in Gyeonggi do from Jun. 22 to July, 15. 2005, with two days(3 session a day and 120 minutes per session based). The effectiveness of this program was evaluated by pre-test, post test through 188 rural women and it was analyzed by paired t-test and program evaluation questionnaire was also investigated. The major results were as follows: This program was effective in improving spouse relation satisfaction, child relation satisfaction, daughter/mother in-law relation satisfaction, their effort for making happy family, self-esteem, and depression tendency. Future research and practical implications were added.
The Adaptability of Korean Farmers to Environment by the Seasonal Fluctuation of Energy Expenditure, Cold and Heat Tolerance
Choi Jeong-Wha ; Hwang Kyoung-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 2, 2006, Pages 49~60
It was measured the energy expenditure in each season, the cold tolerance in winter and the heat tolerance in summer. Farmers' adaptability to the change of environment was compared with those of city-dwellers such as indoor workers and street cleaners to determine the effect of living environment, especially living temperature, on the health of human body. It turned out that farmers had experienced wide range of temperature that was higher in summer and lower in winter than indoor workers. Farmers and street cleaners showed seasonal adaptation in energy expenditure, which was high in winter and low in summer. However, indoor workers did not show seasonal changes. Energy expenditure had an inverse correlation with the temperature in work place where subjects spend the longer time in a day except in female indoor workers in Seoul. And It was proved that farmers and street cleaners had stronger cold tolerance and heat tolerance than indoor workers.
Noodle making characteristics of goami rice composite flours
Kim Jin-Sook ; Kim Sang-Bum ; Kim Tae-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 2, 2006, Pages 61~68
This Study was conducted to investigate the processing quality of high-amylose content rice(goami) flour for noodle. The potassium and magnesium contents of rice flour were negatively associated with gross score of noodle making mixed with wheat flour. The high-amylose content of rice flour was closed associated with gel consistency negatively and with hardness of rice noodle positively, Setback viscosity of rice flour measured in a rapid visco-analyser(RVA) was significantly affected by amylose content as well as gel consistency. Also the amylose content decreased, the amylogram pasting temperature and the breakdown ratio increased. The low-amylose content rice(Chucheong) flour showed higher values in solubility. Cooking quality and texture were measured, and sensory evaluation was performed with the noodles prepared. Texture measurement showed that the noodles of composite flour containing 40% goami rice flour were superior to those wheat flour alone. Water binding capacity of the composite flour containing 40% goami rice flour was lower than that of 40% chucheong rice flour. In sensory evaluation, chewiness, overall acceptability of noodle with 40% goami ricer was evaluated as the best.
Maternal Overprotective Behavior and Their Children's Aggression, Withdrawal and Perceived Competence
Lee Sook ; Choi Jung-Mi ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 2, 2006, Pages 69~79
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships of mothers exhibiting maternal overprotective behavior and their children's aggression, withdrawal and perceived competence. For data collecting, 339 children attending the fifth/sixth grade of elementary school in Kwangju were involved. The major findings were as follows: First, maternal overprotective behavior related to school learning showed a significant difference due to the children's sex. Furthermore, maternal overprotective behavior related to daily life and school learning showed a significant difference due to the children's grade. Second, maternal overprotective behavior related to daily life showed a significant difference due to the mother's education level. Finally, the result of multiple regression analysis on the effects of the mother's overprotective behavior to the children's aggression, withdrawal, and perceived competence indicated that maternal overprotective behavior related to daily life and school learning was the significant contributing factor. All in all, the variables accounted for 11% of the children's aggression, 11% of the children's withdrawal, and 6% of the children's perceived competence.
College Students' Nutrition Knowledge and Practices toward Dietary Fat
Won Hyang-Rye ; Rhie Seung-Gyo ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 2, 2006, Pages 81~87
This study was made for male and female university students regarding the nutrition knowledge about fat, fat contents in food, and practice toward fat. The result is as follows;1.Out of 13 questions inquiring the knowledge about fat a significant difference was observed between female and male students in 10 questions. Male students' nutrition knowledge about fat was
, and that of female students' was
and there was no significant difference. The ratio of correct answer was 49% and 59% respectively. Female students marked high ratio of correct answer such items as
fatty acid, the relation between high fat diet and atherosclerosis(coronary disease), the relation between obesity and fat, the relation between
fatty acid and heart disease, cholesterol, fatty acid in butter, degree of unsaturation in liquid oil, margarine, chicken fat, rancity of fat. 2.Male students' total score of knowledge about fat quantity in food was
and that of female students was
. There was significant difference(p<0.001) and the ratio of correct answer was 55% and 62% respectively. Out of 9 food items, significant difference was observed in 7 items according to student's majoring subject. The ratio of correct answer for the questions about the quantity of fat in food female showed high figures in such items as white meat(p<0.01), whole milk(p<0.0001), skim milk(p<0.01), potato chips(p<0.001), biscuit(p<0.001). However, male students showed high figures on the question about the quantity of fat in vegetable margarine. 3. Out of 12 items observing the degree of diet practice on fat, significant difference was observed between male and female students in 6 items. Female students practice the question items positively with high ratio: intake of fish instead of meat(p<0.01), removing visible fat in meat(p<0.0001), removing chicken skin(p<0.0001), removing oil during cooking (p<0.05), selection of low fat milk or skim milk(p<0.05), selection of meat part(p<0.001). There was significant difference between male and female students in practicing diet on fat (p<0.001) and the total score was
Classification of Eating Disorder Patterns of Female Middle School Students and their Association with Self-body Image, Weight Control Behavior, and Eating Behavior
Lee Ji-Eun ; Lee Lil-Ha ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 2, 2006, Pages 89~103
This study was performed to provide sources of nutrition education for female adolescents by identifying eating disorder patterns and their relationships with self-body image, weight control, and eating behavior. A total of 329 female middle school students were recruited and completed a general characteristics survey, the Eating Attitudes Test(EAT-26), a perception of self-body image survey, a concern for weight control survey, an eating behavior survey, and the Mini Dietary Assessment Index(MDA). Eating disorder patterns were identified to be obesity stress and weight control(OW), risk of binge eating(RB), and dietary restraint(DR) by factor analysis. OW pattern was related with stout body shape, body dissatisfaction, experience of weight control, skipping of dinner, and low MDA score. RB pattern was associated with lean body shape, body satisfaction, indiscreet snack behavior, and the eating time of snacks. The DR pattern was associated with normal body shape, regular meal times, desirable snack behavior, and high MDA scores. The results indicated that the eating patterns of adolescent were not identical to existing diagnostic categories. Furthermore, each eating pattern displayed different characteristics of perception on self-body image, concern for weight control, and eating behavior. In conclusion, nutrition education for female middle school students could reflect the different characteristics of each eating disorder pattern.
Utilization of the Bulking Agents for Environment-friendly Toilet in Rural Village
Kang Bang-Hun ; Cho Soon-Jae ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 2, 2006, Pages 105~112
The biodegradability test of bulking agents in feces composting process is conducted to increase the management efficiency for environment-friendly rural toilet developed by National Rural Resource Institute in 2001. In the case study through references and field study, ash, fallen leaves, and wood chips are commonly used in the ecological toilet. Extension officers and farmers prefer rice straw, fallen leaves, and chaff among the rural resources as a bulking agents in the aspect of getting and storage as the result of questionnaire survey. As the result of biodegradability test including the temperature change,
gas production, and C/N ratio change of composting pile under the condition of aerobic composting apparatus, rice straw and chaff are good bulking agents for environment-friendly rural toilet. It is recommended that easy getting materials among the above mentioned materials are used for bulking agents as the region and season in environment-friendly rural toilet.
Factors Influencing Social Capital through the Enhancement of a Lifelong Learning City: Youngcheon and Andong City Case Study
Kim Nam-Sun ; Ahn Hyun-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 2, 2006, Pages 113~124
This study examines the factors influencing social capital within a lifelong learning city as discussed in the Youngcheon and Andong City case study. Data was collected from 205 leaners in Andong City and 194 learners in Youngchun City. The data was then analyzed by the SPSS WIN 12.0 program. The statistical techniques used for this study were frequency, percentile, 1-test, and regression. The major findings of this study were as follows: To begin with, the learners in LLC were more likely to have positive attitudes toward the construction of a lifelong learning city. Second, the leaners in LLC were more likely to have social capital including norm and network. Furthermore, the learning opportunity had a positive effect in increasing the trust between learners. Learning support and support systems also had influence in increasing the social network between learners. Finally, support systems had a positive effect in improving the norm between learners.
The Structure and Dynamics of Community Food Systems with Reference to Food Circle in Missouri, USA
Kim Jong-Duk ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 2, 2006, Pages 125~138
While the global food system prevails in America, the community food system is also spreading rapidly. The former, which is based on industrial agriculture, has negative impacts on family farms, food safety, and community development. In contrast, the latter has positive effects on farmers, consumers, communities, and the environment. Community food systems have been able to grow successfully through the participation of farmers and consumers, support of the federal and state governments, and the initiatives of NGOs. Food Circle, upon which this study focuses, is one of the community food systems based on the regional level. It is the outcome of the green movement in Kansas City, Missouri. The goal of Food Circle in Missouri is to retain and support rural family farms by connecting them with regional consumers. Its main activity is to collect data, including a directory of farmers and their regional products, and distribute this data to regional consumers. It is informally organized and entirely self funded. Although community food systems have several problems, their development is to continue in America. The food system in Korea has become a global one in recent decades, and agricultural problems and food safety issues are being generated as a result. The development of community food systems would be helpful in resolving these problems. In order to activate community food systems in Korea as seen in America's case, it would be necessary to have the imperative participation of both farmers and consumers, the support of the central and provincial governments, and the initiatives of NGOs.
A Study on Visitor Satisfaction at Uljin Eco-Agriculture/Organic Food Expo Korea, 2005
Kim Jeong-Min ; Yoo Ki-Joon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 2, 2006, Pages 139~150
The purpose of this study was to investigate Visitors' satisfaction at Eco-Agriculture/Organic Food Expo held in Uljin in 2005. The questionnaire survey with 1,120 participants was conducted at the venue for three times from July 22nd to August 15th, 2005. The evaluation considered Expo facilities and services, and motives of visit along with demographics of 1,080 valid samples. Evaluation results indicate overall satisfaction level of Expo participation was positive and 63.6% of the respondents showed intention of revisit and/or future visit to agricultural events. Expo facilities and service represented higher satisfaction level, however cost factors such as food and beverage, souvenirs and entrance fee had lower performance levels. The study outcome can help local governments and/or organizers host hallmark tourist events in planning and managing.