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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
Relationship between Maternal Conversational Function and Question Type and Early Language Development
Lee Kwee-Ock ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 3~14
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between conversational function and question type in mothers' utterances and their infant's language development. The subjects were 20 infants from 1;07 to 1;11 years of age in Yanji, China. Each child's spontaneous natural speech during interaction with his/her mother was videotaped for about 30 minutes. The children and their mother's spontaneous utterances were transcribed and coded for the number of type and token of word, grammatical morpheme conversational function and type of question in mother's language input to her child. The result showed that mothers used questions as the most frequent conversational function with their infants. The number of questions in conversational function in mothers' utterances positively correlated with the type of word, type of morpheme and grammatical morpheme in infants' utterance. However, there was no correlation between mothers' language input and infant early language development.
A Study on Kindergarten Uniforms in Changwon, South Gyeongsang Province
Kim Sun-Hee ; Kim Yeo-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 15~28
This study is on the kindergarten uniforms in Changwon, south Gyeongsang province. The first part of this research is on whether or not students should wear uniforms and how often they should wear uniforms. The research also deals with what types of uniforms are required, how much they should cost and their size. Fifty one preschools including kindergarten and nursery were targeted for this research. The second part of the research is on the discrepancy of the labeled size and the actual size of the child. The results of the first part are as follows: A total of 46 out of 51 places adopted uniforms for their children. Sports wear style is the most popular for spring, fall and summer uniforms. For wearing frequency of kindergarten uniforms, 26 (61%) places allowed the students to wear uniforms for special events such as picnics or observation trips 17(34%) places had the students wear their uniforms on a daily basis and 2 3 times only wearing a week.'rho preschool children interviewed for this study were from 2 to 5 in lull age. However, sizes with high frequency rates were 9 to 11 and the supplied sizes of uniforms were from 5 to 17. The results of the second part are as follows: The bust girth and the shoulder width of upper garments of uniforms are bigger than children's physical size, while clothes length and sleeve length are relatively shorter. Also the bust girth of upper garments of uniforms differs in the size depending on each preschool. The waist girth and the total length of lower garments of uniforms are made smaller than children's physical sizes, while hip girth is relatively larger. In the case of lower garments, the rest parts of cloth length are smaller than upper garments of uniforms. Also, the waist girth and hip width of uniforms are smaller than those of lower garments In summer garments, while thigh width is similar in both cases. The waist width is made too small. Described in the above excluding the waist width, the rest parts are relatively larger than children's physical sizes, but shorter in the length. Due to the length, children at age 7 may wear uniforms in the level of 17. Since summer uniforms touch the students' bare skin, the rest parts excluding clothes length are shorter than these of the spring and fall uniforms. In the case of clothes length, it seems to be due to different designs. The waist width of lower garments in all the uniforms tested in this study is too small for children, requiring them to be made in a larger size.
A Casual Model between Emotional Maladjustment Behaviors of Children and Related Variables
Choi Jung-Mi ; Woo Hee-Jung ; Lee Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 29~41
The purpose of this research is to study the causal model among mother related variables, child abuse, and children's emotional maladjustment behaviors. The sample subjects were 542 pairs of fifth and sixth grade elementary school students and first as well as eighth grade middle school students, and their mothers. The major findings of the research are as follows: First, the result of multiple regression analysis on the effects of the maternal parenting stress and marital satisfaction to the children's abuse indicates that stress related to learning expectation and stress related to relationship with child are the significant contributing factor to physical abuse and verbal abuse. Second, the result of multiple regression analysis on the effects of the maternal parenting stress and child abuse to the children's emotional maladjustment behaviors indicate that verbal abuse is the significant contributing factor. Third, looking at causal relations of the maternal variables (maternal parenting stress, marital satisfaction) and child abuse (physical abuse, verbal abuse, neglect) to the children's emotional maladjustment behaviors, maternal variables impact indirectly through the child abuse factor.
Oxidative Stability of Korean Traditional Cake added Ginseng
Lee Jung-Suk ; Chang Young-Sang ; Oh Man-Jin ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 43~53
In order to improve on the stability during the storage of Han-gwa, this study measured peroxide value, AOM test of ginseng and antioxidants added to Han-gwa. 1.2% of ginseng added to Han-gwa consists of moisture (3.37%), protein(1.30%), lipids (11.54%), carbohydrate(82.45%) and ash (1.34%). The hardness of Han-gwa was 257.7 for 1.2% of ginseng added to Han-gwa and 269.8 for Han-gwa without ginseng. The expansion coefficient of Han-gwa including 1.2% of ginseng was 12.9 magnification to Bandegi, indicating that it was inversely proportioned to the amount of ginseng. The induction period of the AOM test according to the concentration of ginseng in Han-gwa was extended to
of magnification than the test of Han-gwa without ginseng. According to changes in AOM, acid value, peroxide value and thiobarbituric acid value of Han-gwa with various packing materials, PP multilayer film packing was the most effective material for storage of Han-gwa at 30C. 1.2% of ginseng added to Han-gwa and rosemary extract in a panel test was the most effective, and using PP multilayer film packing for Han-gwa was found to be the most useful method.
Producers' Perceptions of Agricultural Food Safety and Policy
Choe Jeong-Sook ; Kwon Sung-Ok ; Park Young-Hee ; Chun Hye-Kyung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 55~65
Recent trends of global food production, processing, distribution and preparation under free trade circumstance are creating an increase in common' concerns about food safety. It is important that farmers improve agricultural products/food safety for satisfying consumer needs and health. Cognizant to the situation, this study was conducted to analyze how the Producers gather information, and determine their awareness about agricultural Products safety using a safety Questionnaire. The Questionnaire was given to 500 farmers who cultivate rice, fruit trees, vegetables, and other crops from September through October 2005. More than half of the producers felt concerns about the agricultural products/foods safety. Uneasiness of the producers was higher amongst those who were younger and earned a higher income. Pesticides and zoonosis (BSE AI, etc.) emerged as the main risk factors causing concerns among the greatest number of producers. Producers had a positive opinion of the effects and perception of food safety, but no opinion of the activity of government. The producers showed a high level of understanding of the Country of Origin Labeling System (88.2%), the quality certification system of agricultural and livestock products (71.9%), and the raising system of environment-friendly agriculture (72.7%). However, their level of understanding of the GAP (59.3%) and the Traceability System (22.8%) was still low. To effectively implement these policies, awareness of producers who are the beneficiaries of the above policies has to be enhanced. Therefore, the safety information should be provided at a more appropriate time and should be easier to understand.
A Study on Middle-Aged Jobholders' Financial Planning for After-Retirement Period : Focused on the Differences Among the Members of Participated Public Planned Pension Types
Kim In-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 67~87
This study examined how middle-aged jobholders anticipate their living after retirement, how they plan their post-retirement financial welfare and what attitude they have towards old age. The data came from 290 middle-aged male and female people in Incheon, Suwon and Cheongju city and were analyzed to find the differences among public planned pension types, such as the National Pension System (NPS), the Government Employee Pension Corporation (GEPC), and the Korea Teachers Pension (KTP). The major results were as follows: First, the expected income level after retirement in GEPC members was the highest and the lowest in KTP members. Second, the expected living period after retirement is the main criteria used when determining the amount of money needed for old age. Third, KTP members were of the most inferior at financial planning and practice, especially self-reflection of their expending behavior, thrift and saving practice for old age.
Effect of No-Tillage on Soybean Yield and Weed Emergence in Drained Paddy Field Condition in Jeonnam Province
Kim Dong-Kwan ; Chon Sang-Uk ; Heo Buk-Gu ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 89~97
This study was conducted to compare soybean growth and yield and the degree of weed emergence according to no-tillage and conventional tillage system in two different drained paddy fields, loam of Chilgok series and silty clay loam of Deokpyeong series. In both soil conditions, the maturing time of the soybeans by the no-tillage system was two days earlier than that by the conventional tillage system. In the loam of Chilgok series, the stem length of the soybeans in the no-tillage system was 5.7 cm longer than that in the conventional tillage system. The miss-planted rate and diseased plants of black root rot (Calonectria iliacola) in the no-tillage system were 9.2% and 2.8% lower, respectively than those in the conventional tillage system. Also, the nodulation and seed yield in the no-tillage system were 32% and 13% more, respectively, than those in the conventional tillage system. In the silty clay loam of Deokpyeong series, the stem length of the soybeans in the no-tillage system was 4.6cm shorter than in the conventional tillage system. The diseased plants of black root rot (Calonectria iliacola) in the no-tillage system were 4.2% lower than those in the conventional tillage system. Also, no significant difference in the seed yield between the no-tillage and conventional tillage systems was observed. On the other hand, there was a lower occurrence of weed in the no-tillage system than in the conventional tillage system, and the income increased by 19% owing to yield increase and reduced management costs.
Dietary Habit by Residence Types of Male College Students Registered Nutrition Course for Nonmajor
Jung Eun-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 99~107
This study was performed to investigate the dietary habit based on residence types of male college students who registered nutrition course for nonmajor. Self reports on dietary habit and one-day dietary records were obtained from 158 male college students in Chungbuk area. The distribution of residence type of male college student was as follows; self-boarding(43.0%), home(41.1%), boarding with meal(12.7%), and others(3.2%). The mean age of subjects were
, and the mean height and weight were
, respectively. The dietary habit of male college students considered to be taken more care of, showing indifference to dietary balance, irregularity of meal, and skipping breakfast. One-day dietary records by 24hr recall methods also showed less diverse food intake(mean DVS, 12.7; mean DDS, 3.92). Especially, the students with self boarding residence were more likely not to eat properly, including indifference to dietary balance, irregularity of meal, skipping breakfast, frequent dining-out, high experience of smoking and drinking, and low DVS and DDS. Also the students with self boarding residence seemed not to make a good choice for food, showing high food intake frequency score in canned food, fast food and instant ramyun, while low score in fruit and fishes. More attention should be taken for self-boarding students to recognize the problems in their own dietary behavior, and more practical suggestion to improve their dietary status would be necessary.
Longitudinal Study on the Changes of Mothers' Stress and Cortisol From Pregnancy to Postpartum Period
Lee Hyun-Jung ; Hyun On-Kang ; Rha Jong-Hay ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 109~121
This study examines the relationship between mother's stress and cortisol level during late pregnancy and how it changes into postpartum periods. Thirty one families were recruited from Daejeon and Incheon in South Korea. The major findings were as follows: (1) The level of mothers' cortisol followed the typical diurnal pattern of decline throughout the day. Further longitudinal analysis revealed that the level of Korean mothers' cortisol steadily lowered from the 8th prenatal month to the 6th postnatal month. (2) During pregnancy, mothers reported to experience changes in physical activities, daily routines, eating habits, types or amount of social activities and sleeping habits. Among these they were stressed the most by changes in physical activities and social activities. (3) The results of postpartum depression tests conducted at two months after giving birth showed mothers at this time were mostly stressed from difficulty sleeping and unnecessary self criticism. (4) The level of psycho social stress in mothers at six months after giving birth was mainly on social roles and the questions about self reliance marked the highest points. (5) Overall, there was a tendency for the level of maternal stress to decrease definitely from before and after the delivery and even though the level of stress was steadily decreasing up to 6th postpartum month it was not as sharp as those of before and after the birth of the babies. The level of cortisol analysis also showed the same obvious tendency.
The Quality Characteristics of Chunggujang Prepared by Bacillus Subtilis NRLSI IV on the Different Inoculum Levels and Fermentation Times
Kim Kyung-Mi ; Kim Haeng-Ran ; Park Hong-Ju ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 123~131
To compare the quality characteristics, chunggugjang was prepared with Bacillus subtilis NRLSI IV on the different inoculum levels
and fermentation times(0, 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours). Although significant change in total nitrogen content was not found, the content of amino type, soluble and ammonia type nitrogen was generally increased according to the increase in fermentation time. Decomposition rate of nitrogen was also increased by fermentation time and nitrogen solubility was the highest value(62-75.9%) at 48 hour fermentation. In results of color changes, it was found that L and a value were decreased but there was no significant changes in b value as fermentation time was increased. In chunggugjang made with long fermentation time, hardness was decreased and relative viscosity of viscous substance was gradually decreased after little increase at initial fermentation time. The effect of inoculum level on hardness and relative viscosity were similar to that of fermentation time, i.e. the decrease of these at high inoculum level. In activity of V-GTP, 36 hour incubation could produce the highest value whereas no effect of inoculum level was found during fermentation except at 48 hour. In chunggugjang made with
of Bacillus subtilis NRLSI IV, the content of glucose, sucrose, raffinose and stachyose was dramatically decreased at initial fermentation time and that of phytic acid, oxalic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid and malic acid was also decreased during fermentation, although the increase in acetic acid was found.
A Study of Establishing the Rationable Theme Park Farm Model of Rural Tourism
Rhee Sang-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 133~142
As theme park farms, which attract noticeably low interest from the government have gained their own managerial skills for a long time, we can now and many successful cases, This study showed there were four types of tourism villages; those that were experienced in the harvesting and sale of agricultural products, farm sleeping, recreational and leisure, and food. 1 also suggested the successful management model according to each type. The results show the recreational and leisure type had the highest annual income out of all four groups. The total income of recreational and leisure type villages were 260,000 thousand won which is more when compared to 110,000 thousand won for sleeping, 60,000 thousand won (or food, and 40,000 thousand won for harvesting agricultural products. The ratios of capital productivity (net income/invest) were 12.4 for recreation and leisure, 7.7 for food, 6.9 for farm stay, and 2.89 for harvesting. 1 suggest that farm managers should be satisfied with farm management and the priority of improving farm management should focus on the development of specific products within each farm.
A Study on the Nutrient Intake and Food Habits of College Students in Chung-Nam Area
Kim Myung-Hee ; Lee Ye-Seung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 143~158
The study examined nutritional conditions to enhance the quality of meals and to provide the basic data for more proper dietary life of college students. Our analysis was based on the body measurement, food intake and food habits for 200 students of Chung-Nam. The nutrient intake was examined using the 24-hour recall method. The data were analyzed by the Computer Aided Nutritional Analysis Program and then the diet quality was estimated using the Mean Adequacy Ratio(MAR), the Nutrient Adequacy Ratio(NAR) and the Index of Nutritional Quality(INQ). The average weight and height of male students were
, while those of female students were
, respectively. The total energy intake of the male students was
, while that of the female students was
. The male students are higher than female in % of RDA. The percentages of carbohydrate, protein and lipid for male students were
, while those of female students were
, respectively. There was no significant difference in calcium intakes for both groups, however they are less than the RDA. In terms of iron, the male students took
and the female students took
, with significant difference (p<0.001). The male and female students showed sufficient intake of vitamins, with significant difference between two groups except for vitamin A. The mean MAR, an index of overall dietary quality, was significantly higher in the male students than female students(p<0.01). Male and female students enjoying two meals or more a day were 59%, and those having enough time for one meal or less a day were 36.5%. Male and female students having no breakfast were 39%. Male and female students having vegetables intake were 53.5%, and having milk or milk products every day were 29.5% of them. In conclusion, nutritional education is recommended to increase the calcium intake and fruit and vegetable consumption for dietary fiber, and to emphasize regularity of meal time.
The Health and Dietary management of Impaired elderly by ADL in Gyeonggi, Korea
Rhie Seung-Gyo ; Choi Mi-Yong ; Won Hyang-Rye ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 159~174
The purpose of this study is to provide information searching for health promotion, nutrition improvement, and health care of the impaired elderly by ADL(Activity of Daily Living) and IADL(Instrumental Activity of Daily Living). The subjects were divided into the Assistant Needed Group and No Assistant Needed Group for living in line with the responses of ADL(10 items like dressing, washing, move etc.) and IADL(10 items like housekeeping, using transportation, shopping, Phone call etc.). Survey was made for health behavior, health risk habit, dietary management status and diet intake by 24 hr-recall and questionnaire method. 242 subjects were collected in 12 cities or Gun districts in Gyeonggi Province, S. Korea. Survey was carried out by regional home extension workers using interview method. Statistical analyses were made using SAS (Version 8.1). Chi-Square Tests and General Linear Models. The subjects of impaired ADL elderly was 26.5% and it composed 30% of the total male and 22.2% of the total female. The demographic status of the impaired ADL elderly showed no difference from that of the normal elders, elementary school educated (73.4%), with spouse (43.8%) or with adult children(37.5%), using monthly living cost of 500-1,000 thousand won(35.9%). Mean age was 74.05 years compared to 72.25 years of normal elders. However, there was no significant difference from the normal and impaired ADL group, regular exercise(60.0%), with walking (90.0%), no-smoke(54.7%) and no-drink(48.4%). Kind of disease was not different from the one in impaired and normal group, with cardiovascular disease(32.3%), with diabetes mellitus(8.1%), joint lumbago neuralgia(32.3%) and osteoporosis(9.7%). Gastrointestinal complaints of the impaired ADL group were nausea(57.8%), chronic indigestion (23.4%), constipation (14,0%) and vomiting(3.7%). Sleeping time required for the impaired was longer than that for the normal group by 10hours(4.7%) or 8-10hours(20.3%), which consisted 1.7% and 16.6% respectively. Nutrient intake of the impaired ADL group was low compared to normal range elders: Energy(1260kca1), Protein(52.75g). There was gender difference in nutrient intake; the male impaired group showed no significant difference from the normal group but it was significantly lower in female impaired group. These results suggest that low quality of life and low economic status of the impaired ADL elderly require congregate meal in village hall to cover the lack of side dishe variety. And nutrition education program including community assistance would be required for the impaired ADL elderly together with the sufficient food and exercise practice. By operating nutrition education program, the impaired ADL elderly would maintain more enhanced quality of life and ameliorate the ADL capability.
Consumer Needs for Well-Being Food Related Information by Sociodemographic Characteristics
Lee Young-Min ; Back Su-Ryon ; Park Hong-Ju ; Shim Keun-Seop ; Lee Hee-Ju ; Chun Hye-Kyung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 175~182
Today, consumers need more information of well-being related food with an increase of interests in health. Thus it is important to understand and provide well-being food related information to consumers. This study was performed to investigate consumer needs for well-being food related information. The needs scores (5-point Likert scale) to well-being food related information were high over all. The highest score was observed in 'disease care and diet therapy' (4.05 point). 'Functionality of well-being food' and 'safety and hazard of food' were followed having high scores (individually 4.00, 3.99 point). Female subjects had higher information needs than male subjects for well-being food related information such as 'balance of diet', 'nutrients' and 'recipe of well-being food'. The needs for well-being food related information increased by age, although subjects who were over 50 had a decrease in information needs. There was a significant positive correlation between the majority of well-being food related information and educational level. Information needs were not significantly different by income. Conclusively, well-being food related information should be provided to consumers according to the individual needs and ultimately consumers will improve their efficiency and satisfaction in using well-being food related information.