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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
The Relationship of Quality of object relation, Quality of hope, Counseling satisfaction, and Childhood depression.Attackness : Cases of Patient Children and its Mother on Play Therapy
Jang, Jeong-Back ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2006, Pages 3~14
The purpose of this study is to find out the repercussion of mothers' quality of object relation and hope on their children's emotional and behavioral disorder level and satisfaction level on counseling. Participants were 112 children between ages of 6 and 12, and the 112 mothers of those children. Questionnaires for mothers were used to assess their object relation level, hope level, and counseling satisfaction level. Questionnaires for children were used to assess their depression and aggression level. Results were as follows: First, mothers with lower object relations had children with higher depression and aggression levels. Second, children of the mothers who scored higher object relation levels scored higher on the satisfaction level on counseling. Third, among the mother's object relation level, hope level, and counseling satisfaction level, the object relation level appeared to have the strongest repercussion on the child's emotional and behavioral problems. The results of this study can be used as a base material to improve the effect of play therapy for the children who have emotional and behavioral problems, on helping the children and their mothers to have positive object relations.
Definition of Traditional Knowledge and Development of a Tool for the Classification of Korean Traditional Knowledge Resources
Ahn, Yoon-Soo ; Kim, Mi-Hee ; Ahn, Ok-Sun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2006, Pages 15~27
Most countries recognize traditional knowledge as an economical resource in recent years, and so are actively participating in WIPO discussions for making sure of their intellectual property rights. In this study, the definition of traditional knowledge was discussed for making clear its categories and relative subjects. A tool for Korean Traditional Knowledge Resource Classification(KTKRC) was developed for putting the data of the resources in order, and was indispensable for searching for and examining cultural artifacts within the system of international intellectual property rights. KTKRC covers comprehensively our various traditional knowledge resources and has a similar structure to IPC for international searching, examining, and information exchange. KTKRC consists of a section of traditional knowledge(A), and three subsections: production technology(A0), living technology(A2) and creative technology(A4). The subsections include 8 classes, 28 subclasses, 105 groups, and a great number of subgroups.
The Development of Hanji Hat for UV Blocking -Using Ginkgo leaf extract as a Dye-
Kim, Jung-Mee ; Song, Moung-Kyun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2006, Pages 29~38
The present study proposed to develop a Hanji hat that can protect the body from UV rays and be preferred by consumers. For this purpose, using Hanji dyed by ginkgo leaf extract, we manufactured Hats in 12 designs. The UV blocking rate was determined by putting the hats on a mannequin and measuring the quantity of UV rays penetrating through the hat. In addition, preference for each design was surveyed, and the hat most suitable for the purpose was selected. The results of this study are as follows. 1. The UV blocking rate of the manufactured Hanji hats was over 92% for UVA and 97% for UVB in all of the 12 hats. 2. Among the 12 designs, the UV blocking rate for UVA was highest in 'Design(b)' and 'Design(1)'
, and the UV blocking rate for UVB was identical in all the designs except 'Design(i)' and 'Design(g)'
. 3. The effect of UV blocking was highest on the nape of the neck; next, on the brow, the cheeks, the nose and the chin in that order. 4. According to the result of the survey of preference, simple designs such as 'Design(a), (b)' and 'Design(9)' were preferred. In addition, it was found that the design would affect the purchase of a hat marked with a UV blocking index (68%). 5. Based on the results of this research as presented above, 'Design(b)', which showed a high UV blocking effect and was highly preferred, was selected as the most suitable hat for the purpose of this research.
Effects of Marigold Extracts and Powdered Colorant on the Dyeability and Antifungal Activity of Silk and Cotton Fabrics
Park, Yun-Jum ; Lee, Sang-Phil ; Kim, Hyun-Ju ; Jang, Hong-Gi ; Choi, Jeong-Rak ; Heo, Buk-Gu ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2006, Pages 39~48
This study was carried out to make a search for the usefulness of marigold plants (Tagetes erecta) as a natural dye. And we have also examined into the dyeability and antifungal activity of silk and cotton fabrics dyed with 2% powdered colorant and 1% liquid colorant. Almost surface colors of silk and cotton fabrics dyed with 2% powdered colorant and that dyed with 1% liquid colorant except for that treated Cu and Fe with mordants were shown by Y-level.
values of silk fabrics dyed with 2% powdered colorant were 66.2 to 86.39, those
values were -1.97 to 6.09, and those
values were 13.69 to 35.97. And
values of cotton fabrics dyed with 2% powdered colorant were 78.97 to 89.62, those a values were -3.39 to 0.38, and those
values were 5.63 to 15.61
values of silk fabrics dyed with 1% liquid colorant were 34.37 to 85.57, those a values were -7.79 to 12.33, and those
values were 15.13 to 82.91, And
values of cotton fabrics dyed with 1% liquid colorant were 44.12 to 87.90, those
values were -8.37 to 6.18, and those
values were 11.65 to 78.87. Colorfastness of silk fabrics against light treated nothing with mordants and that dyed with 1% liquid colorant decreased for a little by second grade, however, that against washing, rubbing, perspiration and dry cleaning were increased over fourth grade. Colorfastness of cotton fabrics in terms of rubbing, light, and dry cleaning, except for washing and perspiration, were shown by over third grade, when that was treated nothing with mordants. Antifungal activities of silk fabrics treated nothing with mordants and dyed with 1% liquid colorant of marigold extracts were shown by 28.9% against Staphylococcus aureus. However, those of Al, Ca, Cu and tartaric acid mordanting were more than 25.5% against Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae.
The Effects of the Material of Pesticide-Proof Clothing on Human Comfort
Hwang, Kyoung-Sook ; Kim, Kyung-Ran ; Lee, Kyung-Suk ; Kim, Kyung-Su ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2006, Pages 49~56
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the thermal and subjective comfort of various pesticide-proof clothes made from different material. Seven male adults took part in the study, conducted in a climate-chamber controlled with an ambient temperature of
and a relative humidity of 60%RH. The thermal and subjective responses of subjects wearing pesticide-proof clothing made of Goretex(coating treatment), polyester (water-repellent treatment), non-woven(coating) and nylon(coating) were measured. The main results were summarized as follows: (1) Change of rectal temperature and clothing microclimate were inhibited more effectively in pesticide-proof clothing made of Goretex, polyester and non-woven than nylon materials. (2) Mean skin temperature at the end of the experiment was significantly higher in subjects who wore nylon than non-woven and Goretex, and was lowest in those with pesticide-proof clothing made of polyester. (3) Change of heart rate was significantly lower in subjects with Goretex and polyester clothiing than those with non-woven, and in those with nylon, it was highest. (4) Subjective comfort was greater in subjects with Goretex, polyester and nonwoven clothing than nylon, except for thermal sensation. Thermal sensation was greater in order of polyester, Goretex, non-woven and nylon. Thus, it was concluded that pesticide-proof clothing made of Goretex, polyester and non-woven material could reduce thermal stress during the spraying of pesticides in summer.
The Effect of Nutritional Education and Exercise Intervention on Reducing Weight of Obese Women
Choi, Mee-Sook ; Kim, Myoung-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2006, Pages 57~66
This study was performed to investigate the effectiveness of nutrition education and exercise intervention in a weight management program. The subjects were 24 obese women whose body mass index (BMI) was over
. Nutrition education was given once a week, and subjects did swimming three times a week. The program lasted for 12 weeks. Nutrient intakes were assessed by 24 hour recall method. Also food habits, dietary behavior and nutrition knowledge were examined by self-administered questionnaires before and after the weight control program. Height, weight, body composition and blood composition were measured before and after the weight control program. Over the 12 weeks in the weight control program, body weight significantly decreased from 69.7kg to 65.8kg(p<0.001). Body fat and BMI also significantly decreased(p<0.001). Cholesterol level significantly decreased at p<0.001 and blood sugar also significantly decreased (p<0.05). After taking nutrition education, dietary behavior and nutritional knowledge scores increased, energy intakes decreased from 1426.5kcal to 1408.5kcal and calcium from animal products significantly increased(p<0.05). A negative correlation between nutrition knowledge and BMI(r=-0.42) existed(p<0.05). A negative correlation of eating behavior with EER(r=-0.48) showed(p<0.05). We concluded that combined nutrition education and exercise was an optimal method for reducing weight.
A Study on the Actual Condition of Community-Oriented Services, Focusing on Senior Well-Being Villages
Yoon, Seong-In ; Park, Gong-Ju ; Yoon, Soon-Duck ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2006, Pages 67~80
This study conducted research on the actual state of community-oriented services for elderly rural inhabitants and their desire related to them to develop a local community service network model suitable to the characteristics of rural longevity villages. The research was conducted on 906 elderly people over 65 living in 20 rural longevity villages through questionnaires assessing filming and economy, economic activity, health care, learning and leisure activities as well as asking their wants and needs relative to local community services. As a result, it was found rural elderly people showed a high desire for local community services such as health, transportation and economy activity. In addition, they were mainly cultivating farm products as their economic activity and showed a high demand in the future as well. Most were found to take a walk in the healthcare field and showed a high demand for health examinations, health education, health consulting, hot spring bathing and basking in the woods. Respecting learning, social and leisure activities, they were mostly found to watch TV and do house chores, and showed a high desire for village environment repair, traditional farm music, visiting and tourism. With the above results, it is expected that the desire of rural elderly for such services can be satisfied, and the development of a local community service network model suitable to the characteristic of a local community is recommended.
The Nutritional Status by Stress on Freshmen of University
Lee, Young-Hee ; Rhie, Seung-Gyo ; Won, Hyang-Rye ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2006, Pages 81~95
This study was made to find out how stress affect on nutrition status of the college freshmen who were experiencing physical growth and development as well as drastic emotional change. 400 male and female freshmen in 4 year colleges were surveyed respectively through the health check-up procedure for college entrance in February, In order to find out the stress in each group frustration, deprivation, lack of self efficacy, type A behavior and anxiety response were surveyed through 10 questions with total 40 points by assigning 4 points for each question. Diet Status was expressed by DDS (Dietary Diversity Score by 5 food groups) and DVS(Dietary Variety Score). 24-hrs recall method was used to find out the quantity of daily nutrient of EAR(estimated adquacy ratio) by KDRIs(Korean Dietary Recommended Intakes). Nutrition level was analyzed by Can-Pro for professionals (Korea Nutrition Association). And for the quality intake, percentage was calculated and MAR(Mean Adequacy Ratio) were produced. Highest point was obtained in the stress of anxiety with the total 40 score of 30.20, and the scores were 29.79, 28.67, and 28.39 for deprivation, type A behavior and frustration respectively. There was no difference of blood components in accordance with stress type. Stress type was divided into less sensitive group and highly sensitive one and the relationship with the blood nutrient status was observed. The difference of blood component and blood pressure in sensitive and highly sensitive groups was observed in deprivation and anxiety. The index of blood pressure(p<0.05), hemoglobin(p<0.01), HDL-cholesterol(p<0.05), and Fe(p<0.05) was high in the deprivation of sensitive group. Blood pressure and hemoglobin was high in type A of sensitive group(p<0.05). And the contents of blood triglyceride was high in the anxiety of sensitive group(p<0.001) The result of nutrition intake analysis according to stress type showed that there was low intake for energy, riboflavin, and niacin. When the degree of deprivation was high there was a lack of riboflavin intake and there was no significant difference of nutrition intake in lack of self efficacy, type A behavior and anxiety response. Thus, it is necessary for colleges to educate the students to maintain mental stability through various programs and activities after catching a kind and extent of the stress college students we meeting with like the confusion of value system, open heterosexual relationship, and the employment difficulties linked with political uncertainty and economic recession.
A Study on Determining Factors for the Aged Parents Supporting Married Women's Intention of Moving into a Welfare Facility
Kang, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Yun-Jeong ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2006, Pages 97~112
For 387 married women in their 20s to 50s, we inquired about the differences in whether they intended on moving into a welfare facility, depending on their views on supporting the elderly and the burden of supporting elderly parents, and tried to find out factors that would affect their decision to move into a welfare facility. With those objectives in mind, we conducted a survey targeting married women in their 20s to 50s who live in Seoul, Daejun or a city or county in Choongnam-do, and carried out frequency analysis, intersection analysis, one-way ANOVA and judge analysis. Our findings from those analyses are summarized as follows. First, when considering married women's characteristics and examining their intention of moving into a welfare facility for the elderly, there was a meaningful difference in their intention depending on age, academic background, occupation, and area of residence. Second, our analysis of the differences in their intention of moving in, based on married women's view on supporting the elderly and the burden of supporting elderly parents, indicates that due to these responsibilities, the greatest number of married women expressed their intention of moving in if a convenient facility for the elderly and service were provided. However, the analysis for the intention of moving in depending on savings for old age, did not exhibit any meaningful difference. Third, from the examination of determining factors for married women's intention of moving into a welfare facility for the elderly, based on age, academic background, occupation, residential area, responsibility for supporting an elderly family member and savings for old age, it was found that the burden of support was the only meaningful effective factor.
The Status of Intellectual Property Rights and Developmental Direction for Brands of Special Rural Products in Korea
Jun, Young-Mi ; Ahn, Yoon-Soo ; Kim, Mi-Heui ; An, Ok-Sun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2006, Pages 113~125
The purpose of this study was to analyze the status of intellectual property rights and developmental direction for brands of special rural products in Korea. The data was derived from 166 special rural products in Korea. The major results of this study were as follows: Enterprises having intellectual property rights above one were Traditional soybean sauce 18(56.2%), Hangwa 15(42.9%), Kimchi 18(43.9%), Traditional tea 20(80%) and Crafted products 10(31.3%), respectively. Enterprises acquiring designation and certification due to national and local autonomous entities over one were Traditional soybean sauce 17(56.7%), Hangwa 23(63.9%), Kimchi 33(80.4%), Traditional tea. 13(52%), and Crafted products 20 (62.5%), respectively. The trademark registration of special rural products was invested with total 62 cases(37.3%) as Traditional soybean sauce 14(43.7%), Hangwa 15(41.7%), Kimchi 17(41.5%), Traditional tea. 12(48%) and Crafted products 4(12.5%). And Patent registration 39 cases(23.5%), design registration 32 cases(14.5%), and utility model registration 5 cases (3.01%) were invested respectively. It was shown that, where the origin of brand names was a proper non 107 were things(53%), 39 were materials(19.3%), 17 were the production method(8.41 %) and 55 were a composite trademark(33.1%).
Generational Differences in the Permissive Levels of Dating Among Youth
Lee, Chang-Seek ; Kim, Yong-Mi ; Park, Mi-Ja ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2006, Pages 127~135
This study investigated differences of opinion between youth and their parents about having permission to date. Opinions on youth dating permission was gathered from 150 adolescents and their parents. The results were as follows: first, for adolescents there were significant differences of opinion about youth dating permission depending on gender, age, scholastic record, and birth order, but for parents, the difference related to the gender and age of adolescents. Second, the result indicated that adolescents had a greater acceptance of dating permission than their parents, expressing a generational difference. Third, where the scholastic record of subjects was low, where subjects were non-eldest siblings, and where the parents' level of youth dating permission was high, the level of youth dating permission was higher. A main predictor of youth's level of dating permission was the level of the parents about youth dating.
Analysis of Middle School Students' Stress and Related Variables
Jang, Young-Ae ; Son, Young-Mi ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2006, Pages 137~149
The purpose of this study was to examine the relation of middle school students' stress in relation to certain variables, those of grade, gender, academic achievement, coping behavior and self-concept. The subjects were 574 students selected from 4 middle schools in the Incheon area. The instruments included a stress index, coping behavior questionnaire and self-concept inventory. The statistics used from this data were t-test, one-way ANOVA (Scheff test), correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. This study showed that middle school students' stress was influenced significantly by the grade, gender and achievement in school. Also, coping behavior and self-concept were influenced significantly by the grade, gender, and achievement in school. Correlation analysis indicated that student's stress and certain coping behavior were postively correlated, especially avoidance coping behavior indicated a higher correlation to students' stress than active coping behavior. The relationship between stress and self-concept indicated a negative high correlation. It was also found that avoidance coping behavior, family self-concept, general self-concept, school and class self-concept, grade and academic achievement were significant predictors of middle school students' stress.
The Gender difference of Nutritional Status by Health Practice on the University Freshmen in Metropolitan Area
Rhie, Seung-Gyo ; Lee, Young-Hee ; Won, Hyang-Rye ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2006, Pages 151~161
This study was made to find out how health practice affect on nutrition status of the college freshmen in male and female. 400 freshmen students in 4year colleges were surveyed. Questionnaire and blood analysis were made. The contents of questionnaire contained general characteristics, health practice behavior, and food intake. The physical measurement included height, weight and blood pressure. The questions for health practice were about drinking, smoking, BMI, skipping breakfast and sleeping. Nutrient intake was expressed by DDS(Dietary Diversity Score by 5 food groups) and DVS (Dietary Variety Score) and 24-hrs recall method was used to find out the quantity of daily food intake. EAR% was calculated and NAR and MAR were produced. The results are as follows: 1) BMI was
for males and
for females. The ratio maintaining normal weight indicated by BMI of 18.5-23 was higher(p<0.001) for female students(63.2%) than males(56.5%). The ratio of overweight with over
of BMI was 28.5% for males and 8.8% for females(p<0.001). 2)The ratio of drinking students was 59.4% for males and 40.6% for female(p<0.001). And the ratio of smoking students was 95.2% for males and 4.8% for females(p<0.001). 3) The ratio of poor health practice group was 35.7% for males and 25.5% for females, and that of excellent one was 25.4% for males and 33.1% for females(p<0.05). 4) In NAR, the lowest ratio was observed for the intake of Ca, Fe, Vitamin C and Vitamin
. The intake of Fe, Vitamin
and phosphorus were different significantly according to sexuality. For Fe, female students showed lower level than male students(p<0.001). For Vitamin
, and phosphorus female students showed higher level(p<0.001). 5) In MAR, there was no difference according to sexuality in almost all of the ingredients. 6) For energy intake, male and female students showed 59% and 66% of EAR and it was insufficient for them. 7) For protein, more than 100% was obtained. The lowest ratio was observed for the intake of vitamin C 50.8%, Ca 53.6% and Fe 65.1% of EAR were obtained. The lowest intake ratio and for the intake of Fe female students obtained just 37.5% of EAR showing high risk of anemia. The intake of energy(p<0.001), phosphorus(p<0.01), niacin(p<0.05), Fe(p<0.001), and Vitamin
(p<0.001) were different significantly according to sexuality. For Fe, female students showed lower level than male students(p<0.001). For energy, phosphorus, niacin, and Vitamin
female students showed higher level(p<0.001) than male students. 8) For blood pressure, male students showed normal level of 120.7/79.1 mmHg, however, female students showed 114.5/75.4 mmHg lower than male (p<0.001). 9). In blood, for hemoglobin female students showed significantly lower level than that of male(p<0.001). T-Cholesterol and HDL-Cholesterol female students showed higher level than males (p<0.001), And for triglyceride male students showed higher level than females(p<0.001). Ca and Fe female students showed lower level (p<0.001).
A Study on Self-Expression and Facilitative Communication by Enneatype Among University Students
Chung, Hee-Jung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2006, Pages 163~173
The purpose of this study was to analyze self-expression and facilitative communication in university students according the their enneagram personality type. The subjects included 241 university students selected from universities in Seoul and Cheonan. The research tools of this study were the enneagram personality type scale, the assertiveness rating scale(self-expression) and facilitative communication rating scale. The statistics used from this data were one-way ANOVA(Post-hoc Duncan). The results were as follows; first, the self-expression was meaningfully different in content, paralinguistic and nonverbal assertive behavior characteristics by enneagram personality type university students. Second, immediacy, the sub factor of the facilitative communication rating scale varied depending upon the enneagram personality type(enneatype) of university students, Several suggestions were made concerning a study on self-expression and facilitative communication according to the enneagram personality type of university students.
Assessment of Traditional Knowledge on Seasonal Customs and Its Characteristics for Practical Use
Kim, Mi-Heui ; Park, Duk-Byeong ; Ahn, Yoon-Soo ; Jun, Young-Mi ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2006, Pages 175~197
This study aims to assess the traditional knowledge on seasonal customs and its characteristics for practical use. The Delphi method and correspondence analysis were hired to collect and analysis the data. Twenty six professionals for the Delphi participated in three-round process. The followings were concluded. The number of items valuing and resourcing for seasonal customs. were 118(40 for folks and ceremonies, 53 for foods. 25 for plays) on Delphi results. For example are Bokjori, Dano fm, Bokjumeoni, Chuseok, Tano festival, New Year Card, washing hair with an iris, Soup with rice cake, Boiled rice with five cereals, Rice and red-bean porridge, Kimchi-making for the winter, Sharing walnut with friends, Game of yut, Playing kite, Play with Hanga etc. Nowadays the ideas of modernized practical use on seasonal customs was to connect with modernized scientific technology and designate commemoration day. The items for connecting with modernized scientific technology were new year card, painting and recording sound with traditional seasonal customs, food areas, cake with seven kind of cereals, play areas, hand wrestling, cockfighting in folks and customs areas. Also the items for designating commemoration days were the Suelbeam and Suelbeam Socks present for the aged people, man cooking day, Korean traditional workers day in folk and ceremony areas.