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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study of the Elderly's Needs for the Development of Elder Care Programs in Rural Communities
Park, Jeong-Yun ; Park, Gong-Ju ; Yoon, Soon-Duck ; Chae, Hye-Seon ; Han, Eun-Joo ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 1, 2007, Pages 3~20
The purpose of this study was diagnosed to grasp the needs for the elderly-elderly care activity in rural areas. The research was conducted in questions and case studies in 7 farming villages. The major findings of this study as follows: First, the senior citizens in rural areas were not in good health, and the illnesses were revealed to be arthritis, high blood pressure, and diabetes. At the occurrence of an illness, they complained about the discomfort in doing daily life routines and expected eir spouses or offsprings to te care of them. Elders in the rural community responded that they had difficulty and financial problems in family maintenance. Leisure activities included watching TV, playing card/board games, or spending time without any specific activities. Second, recipients of elderly-elderly care expected to receive services from a woman in her 50s
hours, once to twice a week. Third, the service providers wanted to be elderly-elderly care takers, hoping to work once a week for
hours. They wanted the education for the elderly-elderly care to be once a week for 3 hours, with understanding the elderly, consultation, preventing senile dementia, and health as the contents.
A Study on Welfare Service Needs and Related Factors in Wonju City
Kang, Yoo-Jin ; Shin, Chul-Oh ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 1, 2007, Pages 21~37
The purpose of this study is to investigate factors that explain the degree of need for community welfare services designed for the residents of Wonju City. For this purpose, we identify five categories of community welfare services : employment no income supporting programs, residence supporting programs, public health programs, family programs and welfare facilities for enhancing quality of life. The data come from 234 adults living in Wonju city, Major findings can be summarized as follows. Firstly, we find that participants are well aware of needs for community welfare service, and that the degree of need for public health services is the highest among the five types of welfare programs. Secondly, we find differential effects of the individual factors such as predisposing, enabling, and need, and the community factors such as quality of environmental facilities which make daily lives convenient, and residential region. Particularly, environmental facilities appear to have a strong association with high needs for the majority of welfare services. Finally, differences between urban and rural areas are still observed. These results suggest that the responsibility of Wonju city for providing diverse and adequate welfare services should be emphasized. Priorities for welfare policies based on the empirical data are also taken into consideration in the process of developing community welfare policies.
Analysis of Heavy Metal Concentration on Working Clothes for Waste Incinerating Workers
Park, Soon-Ja ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 1, 2007, Pages 39~53
The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of an experimental protective clothing material with regard to comfort and isolation from the hazardous heavy metals produced in municipal waste incineration. An analysis was conducted on the total concentrations of heavy metals in some parts such as surface, middle layer, and interior for the treated fabric, and the untreated one, and working clothes. We conclude that the processed fabric with charcoal for working clothes showed the least exposure to heavy metals of the three. Working clothes worn by workers during waste incineration were much more contaminated than the untreated and treated materials. The material of working clothes could be chosen according to the function with regard to its original chemical characteristics, which are the proper results of the dyeing process. The processed fabric material has high degrees of moisture regain, thermal insulation, water vapor penetration, and antibacterial function; consequently, it is much more comfortable to wear. The fabric material proposed in this research contributed much more to blocking heavy metal concentrations (such as Cd, Pb, Cu, Cr, Zn, Mn) than did the fabric of working clothes at present. Consequently, we strongly suggest that the material of working clothes be upgraded by adopting the above-mentioned charcoal-processed fabric. Materials of working clothes must be improved to increase comfort and prevent harmful gas, flying dust, and heavy metals from permeating the fabrics.
Preparation of Buckwheat Cold Noodles with UV-irradiated Shiitake Mushroom Powder and Seaweed Derived Calcium
Yoon, Kyo-Hie ; Oh, Hae-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 1, 2007, Pages 55~62
The purpose of this study was to determine the usefulness of Shiitake mushroom, which was rich in vitamin
through UV irradiation. For the practical use, we prepared the cold buckwheat noodles using UV irradiated Shiitake mushroom powder and seaweed derived calcium. The time required to acquire
of UV was 30-45 minutes, when the mushrooms were disposed 18 cm below within 1 cm from the UV light. Among the texture profiles detected by texture analyzer, adhesiveness and chewiness were significantly influenced by addition of mushroom powder and/or calcium. Adhesiveness appeared in only 3% mushroom powder noodle, and chewiness was significantly decreased by both of mushroom powder and seaweed calcium. Shiitake powder lowered lightness(L) and yellowness(b), but these deminishing effect on L and B value were compensated with addition of seaweed clacium. With cooking, the value of L was increased and redness(a) and yellowness(b) were decreased in comparison with raw noodle. According to sensory evaluation, addition of Shiitake and calcium increased the preference scores of color and overall acceptance of cold buckwheat noodles, but flavor, taste and texture were not influenced by those ingredients. We concluded that addition of 5% Shiitake and/or calcium to cold buckwheat noodles might give advantages for born health without bad effects on characteristics of those noodles.
The Influences of Family, School and Community Variables on Students' Internet Behavior Problems
Kim, Young-Hee ; Seo, Jeong-A ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 1, 2007, Pages 63~70
The purpose of this study is to find out how family, school and community variables influence internet behavior problems in adolescents. By focusing on sex differences, this study analyzes female as well as male behavior problems. The data used in this study are gathered from 1,046 middle and high school students in a national sampling. The results are as follows. Internet addiction is the most frequently occurring problem. A chi-square test shows that male students have higher experience rates than female students in obscene chatting and violent games. A series of logistic regressions are performed to blow the relative influence of independent variables controlling for each other. In the case of male students' internet behavior problems, region, communications with their parents, interactions with their close friends, and satisfaction with community facilities are significant variables. Interactions with friends are significant in predicting behavior problems of both female and male students. Suggestions and implications with regard to intervention strategies for adolescents are discussed.
A Study on Differences in the Caregiving Burden of Primary Caregivers by Type of Caregiving -Focused on Caregivers in Home Stay, Day Care Center, and Nursing Home Situations-
Kim, Yun-Jeong ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 1, 2007, Pages 71~85
This study investigates differences by type of caregiving using data on three groups of caregivers, 177 from home stay situations, 189 from day care centers, and 138 from nursing homes. First, the result shows that characteristics of both caregivers and elders differ by type of caregiving. Second, caregivers in the home stay situation have the highest caregiving burden of the three groups. Third, from examination of the related variables, the caregiving burden of home stay caregivers is affected by family income, caregivers' health, type of job, and whether or not the elder has symptoms of dementia. Also, the study reveals that emotional services for elders reduce the aggravation of family relations and economic burden, but that instrumental services highly increase economic burden. It reveals that caregivers of elders in day care centers, especially those who are in bad health, are more likely to experience feelings of constriction, aggravation of family relations and economic burden. On the other hand, caregivers who receive more emotional services have better experiences in family relations, including relations with the elder. In case of the elders of nursing homes, if the main caregiver is a daughter-in-law, aggravation of family relations is higher than if the main caregiver is a spouse. Finally, the caregiver's burden is affected by their own health and income, and by whether the elder has symptoms of dementia or stroke.
Local Cooling of the Limbs in
Hwang, Kyoung-Sook ; Choi, Jeong-Wha ; Lee, Kyung-Suk ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 1, 2007, Pages 87~95
This study was to determine the effect of cooling parts of the limbs without harm to health. The results provide basic data for the development of clothing which could increase work efficiency and reduce body strain in hot environments. Five male adults took part in the study, conducted in a climate chamber with an ambient temperature of
and a relative humidity of 50%. The limbs were divided into six areas to be cooled: upper arm, forearm, thigh, calf, hand, and foot. According to preceding studies, permissible cooling safety limits of skin temperature for each part of the body for one-hour were
on the upper arm, forearm, thigh, and calf, and
on the hand and foot. For this reason, cooling the skin of each region was carried out at the above mentioned temperatures. In conclusion, cooling the hand and foot reduced perspiration, rectal temperature and heart rate. Therefore, the heat stress of workers exposed to hot environments would be reduced by decreased subjective sensations of heat and increased comfort. The effectiveness of cooling was better on the arm than on the leg.
A Study for the Relationship between the BMI and the Eating Disorder, Nutritional Knowledge among Female Middle School Girls in Won Ju Province
Oh, Hae-Sook ; Won, Hyang-Rye ; Rhie, Seung-Gyo ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 1, 2007, Pages 97~105
This study was carried out to find the relationship between the eating disorder associated with BMI(body mass index) and nutrition knowledge by surveying 476 middle school girl students in Won Ju, Gang-Won Province, South Korea. BMI is a standard suggested for oriental people and it was differentiated into the underweight, the normal weight and the overweight. To determine the eating disorder, EAT-26(Eating Attitude Test-26) was used and in order to find out the level of nutrition knowledge DGE (Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Ernahrung) was used after some modifications and supplementations. And the results are as follows; 1) Out of the students surveyed, 22% are in underweight group, 64% are in normal weight group and just 12% are in overweight group. Except the students in underweight group, most of the surveyed students wish to lower the weight below normal weight. 2) Relationship was found between BMI and EAT-26 score that is related with eating disorder behavior, Total score was higher in overweight group than in underweight and normal weight group (P<0.001). When the score for individual question about eating disorder is considered in detail, the score for the questions preoccupied with the weight reduction was higher in overweight group than in underweight and normal weight group(P<0.001). For the questions about bulimia there was no difference according to BMI, however, for the questions about restraining food intake the score was high in overweight group(P<0.001). 3) The score of nutrition knowledge in line with BMI was different. It was found that the total score and the score for the questions about fat, calorie requirement, and calorie content in food were different. The total score showed the highest in overweight group in comparison with the ones in underweight and normal weight group. (P<0.05). Out of maccronutrient like carbohydrate, fat and protein, only the fat showed significant difference according to BMI and it was lower in overweight group than in underweight and normal weight group.(P<0.05) Out of the questions about calorie requirement, significant difference was found in the score for the questions about calorie requirement and calorie content in food. It was lower in overweight group than in underweight and normal weight group (p<0.05).
A Study on the Content Analysis of Green Tea Food -Focused on the Literature Published since the 1990's-
Choi, Bae-Young ; Cho, In-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 1, 2007, Pages 107~129
The purpose of this research is to understand features of the present condition of green tea food by analyzing the data on tea foods presented in Korean literature after the 1990's (two articles from professional journals related to tea culture, and three books related to tea food). The main conclusions are as follows: 1. It is found from separating 354 different kinds of green tea foods into three categories - main dishes, side dishes and desserts - that there are 137 kinds of side dishes, 123 kinds of desserts, and 94 kinds of main dishes from green tea foods. Upon dividing these into smaller categories, there are 40 rice dishes, 27 noodle dishes, 18 gruel dishes and 9 dumpling dishes found among the main dishes; 26 pan fried dishes, 24 potherb/cooked potherbs dishes, 17 deep-fried dishes, 15 soup/broth dishes, 14 grilled dishes, 11 smothered dishes, 10 hard -boiled/fried dishes, 6 kimchi dishes, 4 dried food dishes, 4 jelly dishes, 4 stew dishes, and 2 raw fish dishes among the side dishes; and 37 snack dishes, 36 punch/drink dishes, 26 rice cake dishes, and 24 bread dishes are found among the desserts. 2. There are 201 kinds of green tea foods using powders, 107 kinds using wet tea leaves, 61 kinds using dry tea leaves, 57 kinds using water of drawn tea, and 17 kinds using wild tea leaves, according to analysis of teas used for green tea foods. There is more use of powder for snacks, punch and drinks, rice cakes, noodles, and breads, and more use of wet tea leaves for rice, pan fried food, and potherb/cooked potherb dishes. It is also shown that there is more use of water from drawn tea for rice, punch and drinks, noodles, and gruels, more use of dry tea leaves for snack, rice, breads, and more use of wild tea leaves for deep-fried and pan fried kinds of tea foods.
The Effect of Nutrition Education on Food Habits, Dietary Behaviors, Nutritional Knowledges and Nutrient Intakes of Middle-aged Women
Choi, Mee-Sook ; Kim, Myoung-Sook ; Kim, Ki-Nam ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 1, 2007, Pages 131~145
This study investigated the effect of nutrition education on food habits, dietary behaviors, nutritional knowledges and nutrient intakes of middle-aged women. The subjects were 209 females aged
. The subjects helped by trainers filled the questionnaire about demographic information, food habits, dietary behavior, nutritional knowledge and dietary intake before and after three months of nutrition education. All data were analyzed by chi-square test and paired t-test using the SAS program. The subjects who didn't drink alcohol significantly increased after the education(p<0.001). The largest meal of the day was lunch and the amount consumed was significantly different before and after the nutrition education(p<0.05). Dietary attitude scores significantly increased after the nutrition education(p<0.001). The percentages of subjects who didn't have processed foods, sweets and salty foods frequently significantly increased after the education(p<0.05). The subjects who answered correctly significantly increased in ten out of fifteen nutrition knowledge items related to obesity and in four out of five nutrition knowledge items related to nutrients after the education. There were significant differences in protein(p<0.01), calcium(p<0.05) and cholesterol intakes(p<0.01) before and after the nutrition education. This study suggests that nutrition education can improve dietary attitudes and nutritional knowledge.
Characteristics of the One-Person Households of the Elderly during Widowhood -Regional Distribution, Socio-Economic Characteristics, and Determinants of Living Arrangement-
Song, Yoo-Jean ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 1, 2007, Pages 147~160
This research challenges the general notion of one-person households of the elderly during widowhood as impoverished, isolated, and vulnerable. Recognizing a high potential vulnerability, however, this research attempts to describe the diverse composition of one-person households of the elderly. For this purpose, relying on 2% sample data from the 2000 census, it examines regional distribution, socio-economic characteristics, and determinants of one-person households of the elderly during widowhood. Socio-economic characteristics of one-person households of the elderly differ by region. Jeju island is distinct in terms of sex and age distribution, and residence area of children. In general, rates of economic activity and self-subsistence are higher in provinces than in cities. Compared to the elderly living with family, the elderly living alone show high rates of economic activity, self-subsistence, and capability of physical activity. Results of logistic regression analysis of determinants of living arrangement are consistent with those of descriptive statistics. Those who are economically active and able to move around without assistance tend to live alone after the death of a spouse. Number of sons and living in an urban area are negatively associated with living alone, whereas females are more likely than males to live alone. According to the separate analysis by age, the positive effect of economic activity is greater in the oldest of the old than in other age groups. Those who possess high educational attainment tend to live alone when they are 80 and older, unlike other age groups. Based on these findings, this paper finds that one-person households of the elderly nay not always be the most vulnerable group, and are diverse in terms of socioeconomic characteristics.
Nutritional Status and Health Habit of College Students by Body Mass Index
Lee, Young-Hee ; Won, Hyang-Rye ; Rhie, Seung-Gyo ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 1, 2007, Pages 161~175
It is important for young adults to establish good dietary behavior for healthy life. The prevalence of obesity in college students has increased gradually. The obesity is one of the most prevalent health problems in S. Korea. Moreover, obesity is closely related with the disease such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to evaluate health practice, serum components and nutrient intake of the college students according to Body Mass Index (BMI) level. 400 male and female freshmen students in 4 year university located near to Seoul metropolitan area were surveyed respectively through the health check-up procedure for college entrance in February. Survey was carried out for them by questionnaires, including a 24-hour dietary recall and anthropometric measurements. Blood samples were obtained while fasting. Nutrient intake was expressed by DDS(Dietary Diversity Score by 5 food groups) and DVS(Dietary Variety Score). Nutrition level was analyzed by Can-Pro (Korea Nutrition Association). And for the quantity intake, percentage ratio against daily requirement(by KDRIs) and MAR(Mean Adequacy Ratio) were calculated. Underweight group($BMI<18.5kg/m^2$), normal weight group($18.5
A Comparison of the Quality in Public and Private Child-Care Center
Kwon, Jeong-Yoon ; Han, You-Me ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 1, 2007, Pages 177~187
The Status of Agricultural Diseases, Injuries and Accidents among the England, the USA, the France, the Japan, and the Korea
Lee, Kyung-Sook ; Choi, Jeong-Wha ; Baek, Yoon-Jeong ; Kim, Kyung-Ran ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 1, 2007, Pages 189~204
This review was to suey the status of agricultural diseases, injuries and accidents among England, the USA, France, Japan, and Korea. For this purpose, detailed research objectives were to analyze the current national status of agricultural diseases, injuries and accidents in Korea and four foreign countries. To do so, related literature such as books, theses, articles, and web documents were collected and analyzed. The implications for industry and agricultural safety and health, diseases, occupational injuries and accidents of farmers thereby derived were as follows: 1) efforts on unifying administrative systems, 2) special support and management systems focusing on neglected subjects, 3) committees for collecting opinions and suggesting alternative policies on the behalf of various financiers, 4) aligned strategies including vision, goals, and long-term plans about national safety and health projects, 5) development of supporting systems considering the features of agriculture, 6) systematized national surveys about occupational injuries and accidents for basic statistics and national studies, 7) active prevention efforts against occupational injuries and accidents, and 8) specialized funds for the safety and health of farmers.