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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Perception and Utilization of the "Food and Nutrition" Area of the Home Economics Subject by Middle School Students
Jung, In-Kyung ; Kim, Jin-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2007, Pages 219~230
The purpose of this study was to suggest systematic, efficient, and developmental plans for dietary and nutrition education, through analyzing students' perceptions and utilizations of the
Food and Nutrition
area of Technology Home economics in middle school. This study was conducted using self administered questionnaires on general environmental factors, perceptions, and utilization of the
Food and Nutrition
area. The subjects were 807 middle school students of the seventh, eighth, and ninth grades in Gyeonggi province. Most of the students positively recognized the necessity for the
Food and Nutrition
area in Technology Home economics. However, changes in the interest in
Food and Nutrition
after a lesson were not significant. The utilization of the lesson appeared highest in cases where the teachers' instructing methods went abreast with teaching focused on practice or teaching based on practice and theory and if teachers used various teaching materials. These results suggested that teachers should make efforts to raise the students' interest for the lesson in Technology Home economics. Therefore, the contents of the lesson should complement the learners' demands such that they are useful in real life situations. Also, more positive teaching methods and various media which could satisfy the needs and interests of the students should be developed. In addition, teaching methods should be evaluated for an effective and practical curriculum of
Food and Nutrition
in Home Economics.
A Study on the Relationships between the Preschoolers' Fathers' Psychological Life Position and Fathering Practice
Kim, Young-Mi ; Hyun, On-Kang ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2007, Pages 231~240
The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between the preschoolers' fathers' psychological life position and fathering practice. A survey containing questions about psychological life position and fathering role performance was administered to a sample of 171 preschooler's fathers in the Seoul, Kyung-gi and Incheon province areas. Data was organized using Windows SPSS 12.0 and it was analyzed by various statistical methods including frequency, percentile, mean, standard deviations, Cronbach's
, t-test, Anova, Scheffe's multiple range test and Pearson's correlation. The findings of this study were as follows. First, most of the preschoolers' fathers had positive psychological life positions, and tried to understand and have conversations with their children. Second, the father's psychological life position made a significant difference in the area of the father's occupation. Also, there were differences in the fathering practices as related to age and occupation. Third, the psychological life position of the preschooler's father was related to his fathering practices.
Screening and Identification of Antifungal Bacillus sp. #72 against the Pathogenic Stem-end Rot of Kiwi Fruit
Cho, Jung-Il ; Cho, Ja-Yong ; Park, Yong-Seo ; Yang, Seung-Yul ; Heo, Buk-Gu ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2007, Pages 241~246
This study was conducted to select and screen for an antifungal bacterial strain showing pathogen inhibitory activity against Diaporthe actinidiae, which causes stem-end rot in kiwi fruit. Four bacterial strains were isolated which strongly inhibit Diaporthe actinidiae from among two hundred and fifty bacterial strains screened from the soil where kiwi fruit were grown. By co-culturing bacterial strain #72 and the pathogen causing the stem-end rot of kiwi fruit, bacterial strain #72 showed 81.0% antifungal activity against Diaporthe actinidiae. Bacterial strain #72 was identified to be from the genus Bacillus sp. based on morphological and biochemical characterization. The bacterialization of culture broth for Bacillus sp. #72 which was sterilized at
for 15 minutes and than purified by
membrane filter showed almost all of the antagonistic activity against Diaporthe actinidiae. We have also confirmed that in vitro treatment of Bacillus sp. #72 cultured in SD+B+P(sugar 5%, soy sauce 3%, beef extract 0.2%, peptone 0.2%) medium efficiently inhibited the growth of Diaporthe actinidiae responsible for stem-end rot in kiwi fruit.
The Planning on the Professional Education System through Agricultural Technique Measurement of Women Farmer
Yoon, Jun-Sang ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2007, Pages 247~263
This study was complied to analyze the professional agricultural techniques level and to suggest a desirable direction for the professional education system for women farmer. The research was conducted by using in-field surveys and interviews. Data was gathered by questionnaire from 147 women farmer in five specialized crop regions: strawberry, cucumber, rose, apple, and oyster mushroom. The results obtained are as follows. First, the technique levels in computer usage and electronic commerce, machinery usage, pesticide and fertilizer utilization, facility automation, and eco-agricultural cultivation were low. Second, the demand for professional education, evaluated through technique level by standard management diagnosis, was recognized. Areas of concern included: cucumber (temperature control, carbonic acid gas control, grading, funds management), strawberry (light control, soil temperature control, irrigation watering, shipping), rose (temperature control, light control, funds management, cooperated management), oyster mushroom (growth cabinet sterilizer), and apple (flower bud pinching, defloration, fruit thinning, funds management). Based on the results of this study, the following are suggestions for the planning of a professional education system for women farmer. First, it needs to address formal education in marketing, machinery usage, facilities automation, and techniques in pesticide and fertilizer utilization. Second, it needs to be a multi- level program with appropriate terminology at every level which is suitable to each age and ability of women farmer. Third, it needs a more comprehensive manual developed by need analysis of women farmer and a larger lecturer pool for professional education.
Store Patronage Mix Behavior between Fashion Outlet and Department Store Consumers
Kim, Hyun-Sik ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2007, Pages 265~276
The purpose of this study was 1) to find out the consumer patronage mix of department and fashion outlet stores, 2) to compare the clothing and price attitudes among store patronage groups and 3) to compare the importance of the stores' attributes among the store patronage groups. The subjects were 381 female consumers in the Seoul and Gyeonggi areas. Questionnaires were used to collect the data. The data was analyzed by frequency, factor analysis, ANOVA, Duncan's Multiple Range Test and Cronbach's Alpha. The results were as follows. First, clothing purchasing attitudes of the total respondents were classified by three factors: fashion/confident oriented, appearance oriented, and brand-name oriented. Also, clothing price attitudes were composed of three factors: price/quality-prestige inference, discount/low price pursuit and benefit/value pursuit. In addition, the importance of the store's attributes was composed of five factors: convenience/service, concern of fashion outlet store, brand-name/fashionability, awareness of fashion outlet store, and practical advantage of the store. Second, the department store patronage group was significantly different from the fashion outlet store patronage group in clothing attitude, price attitude, and the importance of the store attribute. Third, the responses of the department store patronage group were significantly different from those of the fashion outlet store patronage group in product reliability and awareness of the fashion outlet store.
Lifestyle and Costume Culture of Women As Shown in Genre Paintings of the Late Chosun Dynasty
Yang, Suk-Hyang ; Lee, Hye-Kyeong ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2007, Pages 277~291
The purpose of this study was to examine the costume worn by women in daily life according to life scenes depicted in genre paintings of the late Chosan Dynasty. The sentiments and customs of the time were examined to discover how costume culture followed women's lifestyles in the late period of the Chosun Dynasty. First, according to life scenes, a field amusement type costume was the most common garment and a commercial activity type costume was the least common garment. Second, when the form of costume was examined followed by the lifestyle it depicted, the following observations were noted. Women depicted in a housework type lifestyle often wore a Minjeogori. In contrast, women appearing in a labor production type or a commercial activity type lifestyle often wore a Banhoijangjeogori with the width of the coat narrowing gradually according to the trends of the time. In the forms of Chima, the women wore a Duluchima and a Gudlchima for convenience during their work and covered a Haengjuchima over it. Third, women shown in a field amusement type, a home enjoyment type or an affection pursuit type lifestyle mainly wore a deep blue colored Chima and Hoijang or Banhoijang Jeogori. While most of the women depicted in a labor production type, a housework type or a commercial activity type lifestyle wore a natural cotton colored Jeogori and a natural cotton colored and light indigo Chima. Fourth, in the field amusement type and the affection pursuit type lifestyle, the wearing of a headdress during outings of women appeared variously influenced by the strengthening restrictions placed on the women's lives according to the ethics of Confucianism.
Antimicrobial Activity of Extracts from Medicinal Herbs Against Escherichia coli
Chang, Hyung-Soo ; Choi, Il ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2007, Pages 293~300
The antimicrobial activity of 10 different traditional medicinal herbs extracts against E. coli was determined using paper disc method. Caesalpinia sappan and Rhus javanica, extracts in 5 mg/ml, and Paeonia suffruticosa and Seutellaria baicalensis extracts in 10 mg/ml showed significant antimicrobial activity against E. coli. Minimum inhibitory concentrations of medicinal herbs extracts were in the range of
, for MeOH extracts and EtOH extracts, respectively. In addition, the antimicrobial activity of each solvent fraction was most significant with the EtOAc layer. Optical density at 620nm after 24 hours incubation of E. coli in the presence of 100, 300 or 500 ppm of Caesalpinia sappan extract ranged from 0.02 to 0.1 compared to 0.6 in the absence of Caesalpinia sappan extract, indicating that growth of E. coli was significantly inhibited within 24 hours by the addition of at least 300 ppm of Caesalpinia sappan extract. Optical density at 620 nm after 24 hours incubation of E. coli in the presence of 300 ppm of Rhus javanica extract ranged from 0.02 to 0.2 compared to 0.5 in the absence of Rhus javanica extract, indicating that growth of E. coli was also significantly inhibited within 24 hours by the addition of at least 500 ppm of Rhus javanica extract. In conclusion, these findings suggest that extracts from medicinal herbs may play important roles in antimicrobial activities against E. coli.
Needs Analysis of School-based Staff Development for Elementary School Teachers in Rural Areas
Lee, Tae-Sang ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2007, Pages 301~311
This study examined the needs analysis of school-based staff development at the elementary school level in rural areas of Kyungki and Chungnam provinces. Using a modified survey, the Korean School-based Staff Development Needs Assessment Survey (KSSDNAS), adapted from the Teacher Needs Assessment Survey (TNAS) developed by Gary M. Ingersoll et al. and the Korean Teacher Needs Assessment Survey (KTNAS) developed by K. Chung, the study analyzed 192 teachers' responses. In order to analyze the data, frequency, factor analysis, cross-tabulation, and one-way ANOVA were computed. The findings of this study indicated that there were significant differences between years of teaching experience and the teachers' perceptions of school-based staff development needs. These involved "building learning objective and learning group "and" cooperation of classroom management and students' activity". However, elementary school teachers' perceptions of their school-based staff development needs were not significantly influenced by school size or school location. Most of all, it may be suggested that active teachers can improve the achievement of their rural schools by rearrangement of the subject contents and by understanding their students in rural areas.
The Survey of Materials Receiving and Monitoring of Parents in Primary School Food Service
Kim, Myung-Hee ; Yoon, Kyung-Og ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2007, Pages 313~321
The study examined the level of understanding and satisfaction of parents who should receive the food materials and monitor the food service, and would provided the basic data for more desirable school feeding system. The analysis was based on the participation level in materials receiving and food service monitoring, condition of equipment, knowledge about materials and the opinions about monitoring education. 160 monitors out of Daejeon primary schools were used and 60% of them were in the age of thirties and the others were in forties. Equipment condition for material receiving was good and most of the monitors were familiar with the ways of using the machines. Difficulties of material receiving were found in meat(65.6%) and sea food(21.9%), and the ratios of activities and the intention to participate in monitoring education were high with 25.0% and 72.5% respectively. Most of the monitors thought sanitary conditions of food materials(100.0%) and delivery persons(96.9%) were very good or good. And 90% of the respondents changed their perception of school food service positive after monitoring. In conclusion, most of the parents wanted to participate in the monitoring and material receiving actively and showed great willingness to receive monitoring education.
Nutrition Education Status in Industrial Workers with Meal Service by Dietitian Recognized Stage of Nutrition Education
Oh, Hee-Jung ; Rhie, Seung-Gyo ; Won, Hyang-Rye ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2007, Pages 323~334
This study was made to analyze the condition and the needs of nutrition education considering the different stage of nutrition education recognized by the dietitian in industrial area. 165 female dietitian were surveyed by questionnaire and they were divided into 4 groups according to the different recognition stages of nutrition education: Pre-contemplation(PC) 4.8%, Contemplation(CO) 46.7%, Preparation(PR) 22.4%, Action & Maintenance phase(AM) 26.1%. For statistical analysis, SAS(Ver.8.1. for Window) was used to find out the distribution related with nutrition education and to calculate the scores of mean and standard deviation. General characteristics of the subjects are about 20 years old(71.5%), single(69.7%), careers over 5 years(40%) and university graduates(73.9%). The number of meals(p<0.05) and the employment status(p<0.05) were significantly different according to the recognized stage of nutrition education. The practice of nutrition education was different depending on the dietitian in the industry. Many of the factory dietitian were in pre-contemplation stage(87.5%), however, those in the office and service area were more in Action & Maintenance stage(27.9%). In the industrial area, just 26.1% of dietitian operated the nutrition education and most did not due to the work overload and insufficient support of staff(73.3%). The frequency for the most effective nutrition education was once a month(61.2%). The contents for desirable nutrition education were in the order of 'eating habits'(36.1%), 'relation with the daily life'(23.5%), 'food hygiene' (21.7%), 'nutrition knowledge'(9.7%), and 'disease prevention'(9%). In operating nutrition education, dietitian had concerns about 'insufficient support of staff', 'shortage of teaching materials' and 'lack of time'. And, the dietitian who were with lower recognition stage of nutrition education(P<0.05) concerned more about the insufficient educational contents. In conclusion, dietitian in the industry highly recognized the need of nutrition education, but it was so difficult to practice. For more programs and various materials should be developed, and the staff's perception, the view of dietitian and the meal service should be changed, too. For the health improvement of industrial workers, it would be necessary to proclaim the importance of nutrition education nationwide.
The Condition of Nutrition Education for Elementary School Teachers and
Grades Students in a Part of Gyeonggi Area
Chun, Ji-Hye ; Rhie, Seung-Gyo ; Won, Hyang-Rye ; Jung, Eun-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2007, Pages 335~348
This study aimed to investigate how the current elementary school teachers think about nutrition education, how they are teaching, and what kind of problems have occurred. And this study was made to provide basic materials to be used for the effective nutrition education in the elementary school. The survey was done on 60 elementary school teachers and 570 elementary school students of the 5th and 6th grade in Gyeonggi Province by questionnaire and analyzed for the perception of nutrition education, current status of nutrition education, nutrition knowledge and cooking knowledge. The average scores of nutrition knowledge were 2.72 for male and 3.75 for female students out of full score of 5. The fifth grade students learned more nutrition education than the sixth grade ones in accordance with the different curricula. Nutrition education was taught as apart of other subjects(87%) and mainly done by lectures. For most of the students, information source of the nutrition education was the meal service(47.4%) and the most common one was the Internet that 38.1 % of the teachers used. Most of the students responded that nutrition education was necessary in the curriculum of elementary school for proper growth(36.2%), intelligence(25.9%), health(21.5%), and dieting(16.4%). The perception for the suitable teacher was in the order of nutrition specialist and dietician. And the right time of the related class was in the order of spare time everyday, a special activity time, and the meal service time. The important contents of nutrition education were in the order of proper eating habits, growth & nutrition, food hygiene and diseases. Nutrition problems of the elementary students were in the order of unbalanced diet, too much ingestion of processed and instant foods, lack of table manners, and child fatness and weakness. 80.0% of the teachers supported the early nutrition education and demanded it should begin when children are in kindergarten. The analysis showed that nutrition education should be taught by parents(29.4%), teachers(29.2%), and nutritionists(25.9%) and that family and school should cooperate closely. Main responses of the teachers to the children's problems were that they had too much instant food, did not eat in a variety, and had no manners in eating. Ironically, they thought malnutrition, fainting and growth stunt were not important nutrition related problems.