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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
Antioxidative Activity and Serum Lipid Composition of Wild Grape Seed Powder in Rats fed Hypercholesterolemic Diet
Won, Hyang-Rye ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 3, 2007, Pages 363~368
This study is to find out the antioxidative effect and serum lipid composition of wild grape seed powder in vivo. 20 white Sprague Dawley rats of six weeks old were divided into 2 groups and AIN-93 basic diet, high fat and cholesterol were provided. And they were examined to know how wild grape seed powder worked for antioxidative effect and serum lipid composition. For the comparing group, wild grape seed powder consisting 5% of the diet weight was provided and the quantity of protein, fat, carbohydrate, and cellulose was controlled following the analysis of the ingredients. The rats were fed for four weeks with experimental diet. Serum lipid and the antioxidant enzyme activity in blood and liver microsome were measured after 4 weeks of experiment. The results are as follows; There was no difference between the experimental groups in the initial body weight, final body weight, weight gain and FER. Food intake was higher in the group wild grape seed powder was provided than in the control group(p<0.05). Serum total cholesterol in the control group was significantly higher than that in the group wild grape seed powder was provided.(p<0.05). There was no difference serum HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol between the groups. Serum triglyceride showed no significant difference between the groups. In blood, glutanthione peroxidase activity was higher in the group supplemented with wild grape seed powder than in the control group. The glutathione reductase activity of blood showed no difference between the groups. In liver, the glutanthione peroxidase activity was higher in the group supplemented with wild grape seed powder than in the control group(p<0.05). Glutathione reductase activity in liver showed no difference in accordance with the supplementation of wild grape seed powder.
A Study on Local Variations of Elderly Welfare Facilities by Care Type
Kang, Ju-Hee ; Yoon, Soon-Duck ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 3, 2007, Pages 369~378
This study purposed to examine elderly welfare facilities by type, to analyze their local variations, and ultimately to contribute to the expansion of elderly welfare infrastructure. The results are expected to help inspect elderly welfare infrastructure for providing the aged with social services before the execution of 'the insurance for elderly long term care' and establish welfare facilities by area in the future. For these purposes, we used the national data "The Current State of Elderly Welfare Facilities in 2007" produced by the Ministry of Health and Welfare. We digitized elderly welfare facilities in 163 cities and counties by type and analyzed them by area. We also examined the differences in the local distribution of representative elderly welfare facilities such as elderly welfare centers, home based facilities (home helper centers), asylums for the aged and elderly care facilities in 16 cities and provinces. Furthermore, we analyzed differences and problems in their local distribution urban areas, mixed areas of urban and rural communities, and rural areas. In addition, we studied the current state of institutionalized care and home based care, which are two major directions of current elderly welfare policies, based on the local distribution of facilities and analyzed differences in the trends according to area. According to these results, the urban had more home based care facilities than the rural. However, the rural had more institutionalized care facilities than urban. Also, each local self-governing body showed unique characteristics. Therefore, these results suggest that we need to establish elderly welfare policies based on the distribution of facility types by area.
The Effect of Father's Child Rearing Behavior and Child Rearing Involvement Perceived by Children on Children's Self-Esteem and School Adjustment
Kim, Mi-In ; Jang, Young-Ae ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 3, 2007, Pages 379~390
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of father's child rearing behavior and child rearing involvement perceived by their children to children's self-esteem and school adjustment. The subjects were 300 elementary school children selected from two elementary schools in Incheon area. The instruments included the father's child rearing behavior index, father's child rearing involvement index, children's self-esteem inventory, and children's school adjustment inventory. The statistics used from this data were correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. This study showed that father's child rearing behaviors of autonomy, achievement, concern and affection behavior were positively correlated to children's general, social, family and school self-esteem. Correlation analysis also indicated that a father's child rearing involvement, that is family activities, day to day guidance, household affairs and home education involvement were positively correlated to children's general, social and family self-esteem, and school self-esteem was positively correlated to family activities and day to day guidance involvement. Father's child rearing behaviors also indicated positive correlations with children's teachers, friends, studies and rule adjustments. A father's child rearing involvement also indicated positive correlations with all of the schools adjustment variables. The relationships between children's self-esteem and school adjustment indicated positive high correlations in all sub-variables. It was also found that autonomy behavior, family activities involvement, affection behavior and concern behavior were significant predictors of children's self-esteem. Also, day to day guidance involvement and family activities involvement were significant predictors of children's school adjustment, but in addition to children's self-esteem variables, children's social, school, general, and family self-esteem were significant predictors of children's school adjustment.
Dyeability and UV-blocking Effect of Dyed Fabrics with Ginkgo Extract
Song, Eun-Young ; Song, Myung-Kyun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 3, 2007, Pages 391~398
Ginkgo leaves, which have been known as medical materials, were selected as new natural dyes in this study, in which it was examined whether they have the function of UV-blocker or not. Cotton, linen & Hanji(Korean traditional paper) were dyed with Ginkgo. Al, Cr, Cu, Fe and Sn were selected as mordants. UV-blocking rate of dyed samples was measured after dyeing and mordant treatment. The results of this study are as follows. First, most surface color of dyed samples was yellow except that Hanji mordanted with Cu was yellowish red. Second, dyeing repetition had positive correlations with K/S values of cotton (
), linen (
) and Hanji (
), because K/S values were increased according to dyeing repetition. Third, solar UV-blocking rates had positive correlations with dyeing repetitions (p<0.01), because UV-blocking rates had increased according to dyeing repetition. Fourth, UV-blocking ability of Hanji was highest among samples, as UV-blocking rates of cotton and linen dyed after 3 dyeing repetition were up to 93%, Hanji's values were up to 98%. Therefore, it was proven that Ginkgo extracts used in this experiment as dyestuff have excellent dyeing ability and high UV-blocking ability. It is hoped that this work will lead to further research to confirm the physiological effects when human wear the clothes made from Hanji.
Solubility, Viscosity, Water Holding Capacity, and Oil Holding Capacity of Soybean Proteins by Bacillus subtilis and/or Lactobacillus bulgaricus
Lee, Jin-Woo ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 3, 2007, Pages 399~406
Soybean seeds were fermented by Bacillus subtilis and/or Lactobacillus bulgaricus to improve solubility, viscosity, water holding capacity and oil holding capacity of soybean proteins in Chongkukjang. The maximum colony forming unit and protease activity of B. subtilis or L bulgaricus were observed after 60 hours of fermentation, and those of the mixed fermentation by two microorganisms were steadily increased during the fermentation periods. Solubilities of soybean proteins by B. subtilis or L bulgaricus were steadily increased before the values were considerably increased to 60 hours of fermentation, whereas water holding capacities of the proteins were decreased by B. subtilis or L. bulgaricus and those of the mixed fermentation were decreased progressively. Viscosities of soybean proteins by B. subtilis and/or L. bulgaricus were decreased progressively during the fermentation. Viscosities of soybean proteins by B. subtilis and/or L. bulgaricus were decreased progressively during the fermentation. Oil holding capacities of soybeans by B. subtilis or L. bulgaricus were maximum at 20 or 80 hours of fermentation and those of the mixed fermentation were decreased after 10 hours of the fermentation.
Physiological Functionalities of Hot Water Extract of Codonopsis lanceolata and Some Medicinal Materials, and Their Mixtures
Oh, Hae-Sook ; Kim, Jun-Ho ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 3, 2007, Pages 407~415
The aim of this study was to investigate the physiological functionalities of Codonopsis lanceolata, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Chaenomeles sinensis, Crataegus pinnafida, and their mixtures. We also determined their antioxidative, fibrinolytic, and
inhibitory activities. The antioxidative activities of Codonopsis lanceolata, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Chaenomeles sinensis, and Crataegus pinnafida were 79%, 88.3%, 89.9%, and 89.3% respectively. Their fibrinolytic activities were 0.80plasmin unit/mi, 0.57 plasmin unit/mi, 0.52 plasmin unit/mi, and 0.53 plasmin unit/mi respectively. The
inhibitory activity of Codonopsis lanceolata was 25%. The 10-fold diluents of Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Chaenomeles sinensis, and Crataegus pinnafida showed
inhibitory activities of 93.6%, 65.3%, and 61.3% respectively. In antioxidative activity tests of the medicinal plants mixtures at various ratios, the mixtures of Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Chaenomeles sinensis, and Crataegus pinnafida with Codonopsis lanceolata showed antioxidative activities of approximately 90%. In fibrinolytic activity tests mixtures(1:1) of Codonopsis lanceolata with Chaenomeles sinensis and Crataegus pinnafida exhibited increases of 23% and 24% in activity respectively. In
inhibitory activity tests, a mixture (4:1) of Codonopsis lanceolata and 10-fold diluted Glycyrrhiza uralensis showed an inhibitory activity of 98%, a mixture (3:1) of Codonopsis lanceolata and 10-fold diluted Chaenomeles sinensis showed an inhibitory activity of 69.6%, and a mixture (1:1) of Codonopsis lanceolata and 10-fold diluted Crataegus pinnafida showed an inhibitory activity of 50.2%. In conclusion, the mixtures of Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Chaenomeles sinensis, and Crataegus pinnafida with Codonopsis lanceolata will be used as a material for the development of biofunctional foods.
Differences in Health, Economic Status, and Social Relations of Female Elderly Living Alone - A Comparative Analysis of Residental Areas including Urban, Rural, Fishing, and Island Communities in Chungcheong Province -
Kim, Yun-Jeong ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 3, 2007, Pages 417~431
This study investigates the differences among residental areas in the health, standard of living, and social relationships of female elderly living alone. The total of 501 subjects(185 from rural areas, 159 from fishing communities, 77 from the islands, and 80 from urban areas) were questioned from May to July, 2006. The research area was confined to Chungcheong Province. The female elderly living alone of this study were an average of seventy-three years old, had a low cost of living, and received little formal school education. Over sixty percent(60.3) of them lived on less than thirty dollars a month which was the recognized Korean poverty level in 2006. The female elderly living alone were evaluated as being in good health, but they themselves perceived their health as being poor. Observed by residential areas, the subjects in urban areas were lower in ADL, and both the urban dwellers and the islanders appeared to be higher in their satisfaction with medical services as compared to those in rural areas and fishing communities. The fishing villagers showed the lowest standard of living for female elderly living alone. The analysis of social relationships as seen in the different residental areas revealed that the female elderly living alone g in urban areas tended to be receiving social supports rather than providing for others, and subjects living in fishing areas and the islands proved to be relatively higher in the exchange of social supports. In relation to offspring, the female elderly living alone in urban areas had a lower frequency of meeting with their children and also a lesser degree of intimacy with them because they lived at a distance. On the other hand, subjects living in rural areas and fishing communities had a higher frequency of meeting with their children and a greater degree of intimacy with them even if they lived at a distance. The study also showed that the female elderly living alone in the islands had a higher frequency of once meeting per three week with their offspring and a higher degree of intimacy with them because they all live in the same islands. In conclusion, the subject living in urban areas appeared to be isolated from their offspring as compared to the other seniors in the study. The female elderly living alone in urban areas suffered from an insufficient network of relatives and neighbors, and they experienced a poor quality of relationships to their offspring. Almost all of the lone seniors in the study had a low score in social activities; however, the female elderly living alone in urban areas revealed a higher level of participation in volunteer activities, group activities, and educational activities. Nevertheless, the lone seniors living in urban areas were not satisfied with their participation in social activities. The subjects living in rural in fishing communities and the islands showed more participation in money-making activities. This study suggests that the policies for female elderly living alone should reflect the differences of regional characteristics.
Analysis of Body Size of Disabled Men with Spinal Cord Injuries
Han, Mung-Jung ; Song, Myung-Kyun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 3, 2007, Pages 433~444
Today the number of the disabled people with a spinal cord injury is increasing by the acquired factor. The purpose of the study is to furnish basic data for the study of satisfactory clothing construction data by considering the physical variation by the time passed the since the injury. Also the study includes the actual measuring of the disabled men with spinal cord injuries which is compared with the data of the 5th national anthropometric survey of Korea and makes it possible to grasp the distinguished physical feature of the disabled men with the spinal cord injury. As a result, first, the measured data are smaller than those of the 5th national anthropometric survey of Korea in the items of height and length of the upper half of the body related to stature. Second, the measured data are bigger than those of the 5th national anthropometric survey of Korea in the items of breadth, depth and circumference of the upper half of the body related to the exercise. Third, there are differences in the items of depth of the lower half of the body, breadth and circumference in the analysis of the time passed since the injury.
Selection of the Measurement Points for the Garment Pressure of the Brassier and the Waist-Nipper
Baek, Yoon-Jeong ; Choi, Jeong-Wha ; Lee, Kyung-Suk ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 3, 2007, Pages 445~453
This study was to select the measurement points for the brassier and the waist-nipper. 15 subjects (ages 30-40) were chosen by % body fat to represent various physical types. Subjects put on each garment, brassier and a waist-nipper, in turns. Measurement points in the underwear were selected according to the parts of human body. The characteristics and surface area of each garment was considered carefully when the measurement points were selected. Selected measurement points on a brassier and a waist-nipper were chosen from the anterior midsagittal line, the side-seam line, and the posterior midsagittal line. Three points on the brassier and three points on the waist-nipper were selected as the measurement points. There was a highly significant correlation between % body fat and mean garment pressure. There were no significant relationships between thickness of subcutaneous fat and mean garment pressure by measured parts.
Relationship between Retirement Migration and Economic Development of Rural Communities in Korea
Yoon, Soon-Duck ; Park, Gong-Ju ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 3, 2007, Pages 455~467
Recently, there has been a gradual growth of retired in-migrants in high-amenity, rural areas in Korea. However, little has known about that the retirement migration is a blessing or a blight for a local economy in Korea. Therefore, in this study, we intend to explore the relationship between retirement migration and economic development of rural communities in Korea. For this purpose, we used the 1995 and 2000 census data and annual regional statistics for 138 counties in Korea. Based on the previous empirical studies, economic development was measured by 3 indicators such as GRDP (Gross Regional Domestic Product), job creation in the wholesale and retail sector, and the increase of local tax. Also, cross-tab, scatter plot, and correlation were analyzed using the SPSS Windows Program. The finding are as follows: First, from 1995 to 2000, nearly 11 percent of rural counties showed 10 percent and over increase of in-migration rate among retirees. Second, correlation statistics showed a close relationship between retirement in-migrant flows and economic resurgence. In particular, retirement in-migration rates were significantly tied to the job creation of the wholesale and retail sector (r=.19, p<.05) as well as car ownership rate (r=.58, p<.001) resulting in the increase of local tax. However, there was non-significantly positive correlation between retirement in-migrant flows and GRDP change (r=.13). Knowledge of these relationships will be important to policy-makers and for understanding the role that retirement in-migration play in stimulating economic growth of rural communities in Korea.
The Effects of Nutrition Education on Dietary Behavior, Nutrition Knowledge and Weight Control of Middle School Students
Rhie, Seung-Gyo ; Park, Hyun-Ae ; Jung, Eun-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 3, 2007, Pages 469~480
The purpose of this study is to find out the effect of nutrition education on dietaty behavior, nutrition knowledge and weight control of middle school students. The study is based on the assumption that students' dietary behavior, nutrition knowledge and weight-control are considerably influenced by whether they get nutrition education or not. A total of 495 students aged between
(249 boys and 246 girls) were surveyed one middle school located Siheungsi, Gyeonggido. The survey reveals that 55.4% of the boy students and 63.0% of the girl students have been provided nutrition education in curriculum related to nutrition, for instance home economics, technology class, and/or some other classes. The results showed that the students who have been provided nutrition education don't skip breakfast and have three meals regularly(p<0.05). The score of dietary behavior is based on Mini-Dietary Assessment. The average score of the students who have been provided nutrition education is higher than the students who have never been provided nutrition education(p<0.01), meaning the nutrition education are affected positively on dietary behavior. The average score of students' knowledge of nutrition is as follows. The average score of the students who have been provided nutrition education is 5.0/10, while the average score of the students who have never been provided nutrition education is 3.9/10. The gap of the average score does come up to an inevitable conclusion that the students who have been provided nutrition education are supposed to get higher score than those who have never been provided nutrition education(p<0.0001). And the students who have been provided nutrition education are more satisfied with their body shape than those who have never been provided nutrition education(p<0.05).
Comparative Study on Dietary Behavior, Nutrition Knowledge and Cognition of Body Image, Weight Control and Nutrition Education of Middle School Students according to Gender
Park, Hyun-Ae ; Rhie, Sung-Gyo ; Won, Hyang-Rye ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 3, 2007, Pages 481~491
The purpose of this study is to find out how important providing nutrition education to young students is. The study is based on the assumption that students' food behavior, nutrition knowledge and cognition of body image, weight control and nutrition education are considerably influenced by gender. A total of 495 students (249 boy and 246 girl students) were surveyed in one middle school located Siheungsi, Gyeonggido. The average height and weight of the boy and girl students are 164.6 cm, 54.4 kg and l58.5cm, 47kg, respectively. According to average BMI, the boy students(
) are in the normal state. However, the girl students(
) are underweight. For the status of meal intake, 52.4% of the students took breakfast everyday. Female students had dinner with lower intake frequency than males(p<0.05). For snack intake, the kinds of snack differ according to gender(p<0.05); more milk for male and more fruit for female students. The scores of dietary behavior based on Mini Dietary Assessment were 21.5/30 for male and 21.3/30 for female students. The nutrition knowledge scores of 4.6/10 for male and 4.6/10 for female students were not significantly different according to gender. The score of dietary behavior is based on Mini Dietary Assessment. The survey shows that in terms of the experience of weight control, 35.5% of the girl students have made an effort to watch their weight and 21.8% of the boy students have tried controlling their weight(p<0.0001). It turns out that the students who have been provided nutrition education are more satisfied with their body shape than those who have never been provided nutrition education(p<0.05).
Home and Neighborhood Environment of Children: Based on Socio-economic Status and Settlement Character
Kwak, Eun-Soon ; Chung, Mi-Ra ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 3, 2007, Pages 493~505
The purpose of this study is to examine the regional differences of 0-12 aged children's environment based on their parents' socioeconomic class and on the character of the settlement. One thousand and two hundred households were investigated and the results are as follows. It is revealed that families in low socio-economic class are more likely to be exposed to noise and home crowdedness. Families living in spontaneous settlement are deprived of natural light and the roads to their homes are steep and narrow. Low income families face a housing affordability crisis. Most of them pay housing rent on monthly basis. The basic infrastructure of low income neighborhood is lacking convenient facilities like shopping centers, public transportation systems, banks, public parks, and libraries. This lack of facilities is more severe in spontaneous settlement. Instead, bars and taverns are located in their neighborhood. Accessibility to parks and resource centers is an important factor that makes both middle and low income families consider their neighborhood to be positive and this condition is counted better in social housing area than in spontaneous settlement. On the contrary, social networks like friends and relatives are strong in spontaneous settlement and families in poverty value these relationships. Such networks are weak in social housing area and this difference is not related to their residential period. Low income families living in social housing area are more pessimistic about their future and this view might result from their counterpart middle class neighbors and the weak social networks.