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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
Profiling Segments of Residents' Perceptions towards Tourism Development as a Community Development Project: Case of Kangwon Land Casino
Park, Duk-Byeong ; Yoon, Yoo-Shik ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 523~537
This study aimed to explore residents' perceptions towards Kangwon Land Casino. An on-site survey was conducted for residents in the casino communities using self-administered questionnaires. Completed questionnaires were obtained from 191 residents in the study area. A factor-clustering method identified four distinct segments: positive perceived impact residents (52.8%), negative perceived impact residents (11.3%), unconcerned residents (28.9%), and selectively perceived impact residents (6.9%). Results showed that women and younger residents are more likely to perceive positive impact with casino development. Men, middle-aged residents and farmers are more likely to perceive negative impact with casino development. White-collar business-class residents are more likely to perceive the impact selectively with casino development. We suggest that the stakeholders including public bodies on casino industry development boards share with local residents information on the economic benefits and other topics related to the casino business.
Perception of Parent Education Programs during Divorce Procedure
Kim, Jae-Yeon ; Lee, Jae-Yeon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 539~553
The present study examined the effects of parent-education administered during divorce procedure on the perception of parent-education programs. The subjects were 60 couples who were in divorce procedure at the Seoul Family Court and had children under 20 Subjects were divided into three groups of 20 couples each: a control group, and experimental group 1 and experimental group 2 that were homogeneous in demographical and legal backgrounds. Experimental group 1 was shown pamphlets and videos on the role of divorced parents, and experimental group 2 was shown pamphlets and videos on the role of divorced parents as well as given explanations about the contents of the pamphlets and videos. No treatment was applied to the control group. According to the results of the experiment, the two experimental groups showed improvement in their perception of the necessity for parent-education programs. Demand for the number of sessions and hours, and the effect was higher in experimental group 2 than in experimental group 1. With regard to the necessity of parent-education programs, experimental group 2 was positive particularly to mandatory injunction, the payment of education fees and expectation of helpfulness. All three groups expected that parent-education programs would be helpful.
The Mediating Effects of Self-esteem and Empathy on Motivation for Parenthood and Definition of Parenthood
Yom, Heng-Cherl ; Cho, Song-Yon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 555~567
The purpose of this study was to test the mediating effects of self-esteem and empathy on university students' motivation for parenthood and their definition of parenthood. Participants were 1,492 students (male 581, female 898) from 19 universities throughout Korea. Results were: (1) The definition of parenthood was explained for motivation of parenthood (male
) and empathy was explained for all the subfactors of motivation of parenthood except 'motivation for traditional norms' (male
). Self-esteem was not explained as motivation of parenthood. (2) There was no mediating effect from self-esteem on motivation for parenthood or the definition of parenthood in any of the students. (3) There was a partial mediating effect of empathy on motivation of parenthood and the definition of parenthood. In male students, there were mediating effects in 'motivation for strengthening biological family ties', 'altruistic emotional motivation', and 'motivation for deepening marital bonds and perpetuating one's self'. In female students, there were mediating effects in 'motivation for strengthening biological family ties' and 'motivation for deepening marital bonds and perpetuating one's self'.
Effects of Chitosan on Cadmium Contents of Blood and Tissues in Rats Exposed to Various Levels of Cadmium
Lee, Yeon-Sook ; Kim, Yun-Ah ; Park, Mi-Na ; Jang, Soo-Jung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 569~578
This study investigated the effects of chitosan on cadmium(Cd) toxicity and mineral metabolism in rats exposed to cadmium by oral administration. Six week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into eight groups. Four groups were fed AIN-93G based 3%
-cellulose diets while the others were fed 3% chitosan diets for four weeks with oral administration of 0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 mg Cd/2ml distilled water three times a week, respectively. Cd contents in the serum, liver, kidney, testis and bone, and the excretion of cadmium in feces were determined. There was no significant difference in weight gain and food intake among groups. Cadmium contents in the serum, liver, kidney, testis, femur and lumbar were significantly increased in proportion to the administration level of Cd (p<0.05). A protective effect of chitosan on cadmium toxicity in tissue was shown only in the high level cadmium-intake group. The fecal excretion, absorption of Cd were increased by the administration levels of cadmium. These results suggest that Cd administration may facilitate the accumulation of Cd in the blood and tissue in proportion to the amount of administration, and also, that chitosan may be effective in lowering the accumulation of cadmium.
A Study on Family Strength and Recognition of the "Healthy Family Act" by Married Men and Women
Lee, Jung-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 579~597
The purpose of this study was to examine the recognition of the "Healthy Family Act" as it relates to family strength and to examine the influences of objective and subjective variables in relation to the "Healthy Family Act" and family strength. The subjects of this study were 339 married men and women that were interviewed using a questionnaire. The data was analyzed using the SPSS/PC+ program for the frequency, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA and
test. The major results of this study were as follows. The score for family strength by married men and women was relatively high. Variables that affected family strength were gender, academic career, region, mental health, physical health and life level. Variables that partially affected the recognition of the "Healthy Family Act" were gender, academic career, and region. Partial recognition of the "Healthy Family Act" was also affected by family strength. As well, the Government Support Program and Living Cultures Support Program were affected by family strength.
The Effects of Regular Jjimjilbang Exposure on Cold Tolerance in Young and Elderly Females
Choi, Jeong-Wha ; Song, Eun-Young ; Hwang, Soo-Kyung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 599~607
We analyzed the effects of regular Jjimjilbang (Korean sauna) exposure on the cold tolerance in young and elderly females. Subjects were young (n=7) and elderly (n=7) females who had never had Jjimjilbang exposure experience. The Jjimjil training group was exposured in the Jjimjilbang 19 times per week. Jjimjibang exposure was limited to three times per day. Jjimjil activity was taken freely. To prove the effects of the cold tolerance, subjects were exposed to cold air (
RH). In these conditions, subjects were exposed for 30 minutes at which time rectal temperature, skin temperatures, clothing microclimate, energy expenditure, blood pressure and subjective sensation were measured. To prove the effects of the local cold tolerance, vascular hunting reaction was observed measuring the finger skin temperature while the left middle finger tip was immersed in cold water of
for 30 minutes. The results are as follows. According to repeated Jjimjil exposure, rectal temperature changes, peripheral temperature and energy expenditure were increased gradually in the cold climate chamber. Blood pressure, subjective sensation and vascular hunting reactions did not show any significant difference. In conclusion, regular Jjimjilbang exposure has negative effects on the ability of the body to improve its regulation of temperature especially in cold tolerance.
Selection of the Measurement Points for Garment Pressure of the Girdle and the All-in-one
Baek, Yoon-Jeong ; Choi, Jeong-Wha ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 609~616
This study was to select the measurement points of the girdle and the all-in-one. 15 subjects (age 30-40) were chosen by % body fat to represent various physical types. Subjects tried on each garment; a girdle and a all-in-one, in turns. Measurement points in the underwear were selected according to the parts of the human body. The characteristics and the surface area of the each garment were considered carefully when the measurement points were selected. Selected measurement points on the girdle and the all-in-one were chosen from the anterior midsagittal line, the side-seam line, and the posterior midsagittal line. Four points on the girdle and four points on the all-in-one were selected as the measurement points. There was highly significant correlation between % body fat and mean garment pressure. There was no significant relationship between thickness of subcutaneous fat and mean garment pressure by measured parts.
A Study on the Consumers' Role in the Local Food System
Kim, Jong-Duk ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 617~627
The problems of agriculture and food production in Korea are serious. These problems were brought about by the global food system. In this system, farmers and consumers are disconnected. The distance between food production on the farm to the consumer's table is too long. Farmers can not survive as their food dollar is steadily decreasing. Consumers have to eat old, unclean, and poor-quality foods because the foods do not come from nearby farms. They do not know where their food has come from or by whom their food was grown. In order to solve these problems, the transition from the global food system to a local food system is imperative. In a local food system, farmers and consumers are connected and they can help each other. This study identifies the consumers' role in the local food system. They are the purchasers of local food. They are active participants both in producing and distributing local food, and in taking part in the local food movement. Above all, they are the teachers of the younger generation consumers. While consumers in the global food system are passive, those in the local food system are active. We call the former "food illiterates" and the latter "food citizens." In order to revitalize the local food system, consumers must be food citizens, and therefore, consumer education is necessary. There are several interdependent media forms available for consumer education such as field trips, farm experiences, education for returning to the farm, and food education.
A Comparative Study on Eating Habit and Attitude of Elementary School Student by Obesity Indices
Kim, Gwi-Nam ; Park, Ok-Im ; Moon, Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 629~638
The aim of this study was to provide fundamental data by degree of obesity which was necessary to nutritional education for the formation of right eating and dietary guideline by researching food habits of children. In order to achieve this purpose, a survey was conducted on 3, 4, 5, 6th grade of students from 4 schools in S and G city in Jeolla-Namdo. The results was as follows. There were 384(44.4%) students were normal weight, 193(22.3) were overweight, and 287(33.2) were low weight by obesity indices. Comparing the student's subjective health condition among the degree of obesity, 40.4% of overweight recognized they were healthy, 30.1% recognized ordinary, and 57.1% of lean recognized they were healthy, 34.5% recognized ordinary. It was turned out that most students who were overweight and lean recognized healthy and normal. Family was reported to be the most impact factor on student's diet habits, and then Multimedia such as TV seemed to have a effect on overweight and lean students, but nutrition teachers had a direct influence on normal weight students. The most thing which eating habits for a reform was unbalanced diet. The students in this research have breakfast everyday and regularly. Regarding dietary attitudes, overweight group enjoyed eating healthy food more than normal and low body weight group did, and tried to eat what they have never eaten before. In conclusion, it's necessary for elementary school students that increase the control ability of self perceived health condition with education for good eating habit and grasp their condition themselves through the nutrition education in school.
Family-related Factors Affecting the Second Birth Decision: Focus on the Value of Children and Family Relationships
Kang, Yoo-Jin ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 639~653
The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting the decisions regarding second births. Especially, analysis focused on the connections between desire for a second birth and the family factors such as family values and marital relations because they have been rarely known until now. Data was from 1,156 married women that had only one child and had been part of the national data collected by KIHASA in 2003. Major findings can be summarized as follows. First, it was found that value-related factors affect the likelihood of a second birth. The degree of parental responsibility is negatively related with the desire for a second birth. However, the perceived ideal number of children is positively related to it. Second, it was found that the quality of family relations influences the decision for the second birth. Particularly, marital satisfaction is likely to be the most important factor tending to mediate the effects of socio-demographic factors and value-related factors on the plan for a second birth. These results suggest that the effects of social norms on the number of children and timing of childbearing which exist in the family are becoming weaker. Nevertheless, the traditional value of children such as a preference for a son can still be found.
Brand Development for Rural Specialty Products - A Case Study of Bokbunja Drink in MuJu -
Jun, Young-Mi ; Ahn, Yoon-Soo ; An, Ok-Sun ; Kim, Mi-Heui ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 655~670
The purpose of this study was to develop a brand naming strategy for rural specialty products of Muju. This study was to apply brand development research to the field. The selected investigation subject, a local farming operation producing a specialty product, was chosen from a New Enterprise Support Project of Farm Women ('06). The selected subject was a farming operation producing bokbunja drink in Muju. The data was derived from 137 female consumers. The major results of this study were as follows. First, the process of brand development strategy was advanced by six steps: Step 1, environment analysis; Step 2, brand case study; Step 3, SWOT analysis (Strength Weakness, Opportunity, Threat factor analysis); Step 4, direction design for brand naming development (Targeting, Brand focus concept extraction); Step 5, brand logo and symbol production; and Step6, Evaluation. Second, to extract brand naming development direction, key concepts in association with natural connection, area features, representative resources, and natural friendship were investigated. Namely, the health function concept was selected on the basis of a consumer recognition investigation where results appeared most highly favorable. Also, it was decided that the direction of brand naming should emphasize a green image and the location name of Muju. Finally, the brand name was decided to be 'Saenggichan' bokbunja liquid and the slogan went with 'guchondon-native thorn bokbunja from jar maturing.'
The Effect of Mother's Facilitative Communication on Children's Social Adjustment and the Mediating Effect of Self-Regulation
Kim, Young-Hee ; Chung, Hee-Jung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 671~679
This study investigated the relationship between maternal facilitative communication perceived by children and the social adjustment which was measured as pro-social behaviors and aggressive behaviors in children. Special attention was given to the mediating effect of the child's self-regulation on the relationship. The subjects, selected by convenience sampling method, were 193 fourth and fifth grade elementary school students. Data was analyzed through Pearson's correlation, reliability analysis, and multiple regression using the SPSS 12.0. The findings of the study were as follows. First, the mother's facilitative communication perceived by the child was positively associated with the pro-social behavior, while, it was negatively correlated with the aggressive behavior of the child. Second, the mother's facilitative communication had direct effect on the prosocial behavior and the aggressive behavior of the child. Third, the direct impact of facilitative communication on social adjustment was mediated by the self-regulation variable. Based on these findings, this study proposes strategies for the improvement of children's adjustment during late childhood.
Effect of Feet Cooling and Feet Warming on the Behavioral Temperature Regulation
Jeong, Woon-Seon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 681~686
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of the thermally different states of human feet on temperature regulation in winter season. Five healthy female students of age 20 volunteered as subjects to participate in the study. Physiological responses such as rectal temperature and skin temperatures as well as subjective responses of thermal comfort and thermal sensation were observed. Preferred clothing and preferred temperature were also evaluated in terms of behavioral temperature regulation. The results obtained through the experiment were statistically analyzed using paired t test. Rectal temperature was decreased greater (p<.01) and mean skin temperature was maintained higher (p<.01) in feet wanning than in feet cooling. Results of preferred clothing were coincident with those of general thermal sensation. There was a higher tendency to prefer temperature in feet wanning than feet cooling in the morning. It was concluded that keeping feet skin temperature lower in the early morning and higher in the late evening would be effective in terms of regulating circadian rhythm of core temperature.
A Study on the Actual Conditions and Needs for Nutrition Education for Pregnant Women in Health Centers
Kim, Jie-Eun ; Park, Dong-Yean ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 687~698
This study was conducted to investigate actual conditions and needs of nutrition education in order to develop a nutrition education program for pregnant women in health centers. The questionnaires were mailed to 245 health centers and 146 questionnaires were returned. Most health centers(76%) had nutrition education program for pregnant women. About 63% of supervisors were the nurses and 43% of educators were dieticians. The teaching method which was used most frequently was lecturing(34%). Teaching material which was used most frequently was material brought by invited speakers(31%). The subjects of education were the relationship between nutrition for pregnant women and the baby's health(19%), dietary guide and directions for pregnancy(19%), nutrient supplement for pregnant woman(17%), weight gain during pregnancy(16%), abnormal symptoms of pregnancy and health(15%), pregnancy complications and health(13.0%), and others. These subjects were the same ones which educators thought were needed in education. Important success factors in education were giving accurate information and guide and practice, while failure factors were lack of proper space, lack of practice, and others. Lack of a standardized nutrition education program was the biggest barrier to running a program. The subjects which were taught and the needs in nutrition education were significantly different according to respondents' age, educational level, job position, and residence of health center. Therefore, a standardized program, proper space for practice, and professional educators are needed to promote the effectiveness of nutrition education.
Analysis of the Effects on Establishment of International Standards by Codex Alimentarius Commission
Shin, Seong-Gyun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 699~706
The importance of the standards and its related texts established by Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) had been increased by the Agreement of Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) in World Trade Organization (WTO). To meet the needs of WTO SPS Agreement, biennial CAC meeting had been changed to every year. This study was conducted to analyze the effects on interval between CAC meetings. The years of adoption, revision and amendment of CAC texts were collected from the official standard list and individual texts from CAC homepage. The period since establishment of CAC was divided into four groups by starting negotiation of Uruguay Round, WTO foundation and reducing the interval between CAC meetings. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS program. The numbers of CAC standards, guidelines, recommendations, maximum residue levels, and miscellaneous texts were 202, 56, 46, 3 and 5, respectively. Since 8 documents didn't contain the adoption year, these texts were eliminated to analyze adoption year. For adoption, annually 11.26 texts were established since establishment of CAC and there were no significant difference among the 4 groups. However the average numbers of revisions and amendments of adopted texts for overall periods and for each period were 7.56, 0.93, 6.50, 17.20 and 19.75, respectively. The average numbers of overall decisions, defined as summation of adoption, revision and amendment of texts, for overall periods and for each period were 12.37, 6.27, 9.00, 17.40 and 29.25, respectively. There were significant differences by the WTO foundation and the interval between CAC meetings. The reduced interval of CAC meetings influenced to increase number of revisions and amendments of adopted texts, but not yet adoption of new text.
Effect of Clothing Attitude and Average Monthly Expense on the Perception and Buying Desire on Clothing Made in Korea - Korean-Chinese Female College in Yanbian, China -
Kim, Soon-Sim ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 707~714
This study was conducted by surveying 300 female college students in Yanbian University and 248 surveys were considered for final analysis. Each question was rated according to 5 point scale in which 1 means 'not at all' and 5 means 'definitely'. The data of this study was statistically analyzed by SAS PC program, the factor analysis, cluster analysis, ANOVA and Duncan-test and t-test. The results are summarized as follows; The clothing attitude of the college students is classified into four factors: fashionable, brand-oriented, aesthetic and modest. The behavior pattern was categorized into four groups: conservative modest group, aesthetic modest group, fashionable aesthetic group and brand oriented group. The perception and buying desire of the fashionable aesthetic group and the brand oriented group on clothing made in Korea were higher than those of the other two groups. As the perception and buying desire on clothing made in Korea depended on the average monthly expense for clothing, the group with high expense for clothing showed higher means compared to the low expense group for clothing.
Immunomodulatory Effects of Dietary Safflower Leaf in Chickens
Lee, Sung-Hyen ; Lillehoj, Hyun S. ; Cho, Soo-Muk ; Park, Dong-Woon ; Hong, Yeong-Ho ; Chun, Hye-Kyung ; Lillehoj, Erik P. ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 18, issue 4, 2007, Pages 715~724