Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
A Comparative Study on Food Behavior with Self-Evaluation of Dietary Life for Korean Adults
Park, Jae-Hong ; You, So-Ye ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 145~156
The purpose of this study was to explore socio-economic factors as determinants of food behavior and self-evaluation on meeting dietary guidelines. The data were derived from the KNHANES collected in 2007. A multidimensional framework of the determinants of food behavior was used, including age, gender, region, occupation, education, income and nutritional knowledge. The determinants of food behavior and self-evaluation were estimated by ordered logistic regression models. Food behavior was measured by dietary diversity scores including six food groups, which were cereals, vegetables, meats, fruits, milk, and oils. Self-evaluation on meeting dietary guidelines was based on responses from questionnaires for implementing Korean dietary guidelines. In general, the respondents who fulfilled all criteria were few. There were some differences between dietary diversity scores and self-evaluation on meeting dietary guidelines. Age, gender, and educational level showed effect on food behavior and self-evaluation. For dietary diversity scores, the individuals who were younger male, graduated from college were more likely to consume more various foods. The individuals who were older female, graduated from high school were more likely to meet dietary guidelines. Occupation was associated only with self-evaluation. Age and gender were associated with food behavior as well as self-evaluation. Income and marital status were associated only with dietary diversity scores. Reading food label and occupation were associated only with self-evaluation. The food behavior of married individuals was less in line with the dietary diversity scores than singles. In conclusion the differences between objective measure and subjective measure on individuals' diet showed more efforts like segmented nutritional education would be needed to increase the quality of dietary life.
The Study on the Weight, Food Group Intake and Tendency of Eating Disorder of Adolescents in Osan GyeongGi Province
Rhie, Seung-Gyo ; Jung, Eun-Hee ; Won, Hyang-Rye ; Kang, Heui-Yun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 157~168
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of eating behavior, physical status and tendency of eating disorder on the right eating habit. The subjects of this study were 324 middle school students and 340 high school students in Osan city GyeongGi province. The average of weight and height in the middle and high school students were 48.7kg, 160.0cm and 56.8kg, 164.8cm respectively. In PIBW values, 92.9% of middle school students and 99.1% of high school students were almost close to the average. The 28.5% of high school and 21.5% of middle school students were aware of themselves as overweight. The risk of eating disorders in high school students(16.4%) were higher than that in middle school students(4.9%). Moreover, the risk of eating disorders in girls high school students(19.3%) was significantly higher than those of middle school students(5.2%) (p<0.001). The thought of food problems were realized in 57.4% of in high school students and in 39.9% of in middle school students. The intake of food group frequency, middle school students ate more fruit than high school students(p<0.01). Boys ate more frequently soy beans (p<0.05) and algae(p<0.1) than girls in high school students. The meat intake was more frequent in high school students, but the eggs and milk were more in middle school students. The boys' intakes of fish and milk were more often than the girls' in high school students. Eating disorders and food intake frequency scores were closely correlated with weights(PIBW and the gap of ideal. weight with real weight). In conclusion, the education about realizing exact healthy body shape and how to modify behavior to prevent eating disorders should be planned since junior high school. Especially in high school girls, the variety food intake education would be needed. Proper recognition of the weight is required for good food intake and for prevent eating disorders.
Emotion Expectations and Explanations of Participants During Rule Transgressions by Five- Year and Seven- Year-Old Children
Kim, Mi-Jeong ; Yi, Soon-Hyung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 169~180
This study was performed to examine the emotion expectations and explanations of four participants(an actor, a recipient, a child observer, and an adult observer) in moral, social-conventional, and personal rule transgression situations. Six vignettes describing the rule transgressions were presented to 200 children who were either five or seven years old. The children were asked to predict and explain each participant's emotions. The children's emotion expectations were different depending on the domain of the rule transgressions and on the type of the participant. The actors were predicted to feel happy during all transgressions, while the recipients and two observers(a child and an adult) were predicted to feel unhappy. The seven-year-old children attributed more happiness to the actors, and more negative affect to the recipients compared to the five-year-olds. This result was inconsistent with the previous findings that older children attributed more happiness to actors. This finding was discussed in relation to the 'happy victimizer'. Some categories of emotion explanations were differentiated according to the domain of rule transgressions. The personal rule transgressions, newly defined and examined in this study, were judged to be less serious than the moral rule transgressions in terms of the intensity of the negative affect.
Distribution Status, Physicochemical Composition, and Physiological Activity of Spergularia marina Cultivated in the Western Region in Jeon-Ra-Nam-Do
Heo, Buk-Gu ; Park, Yun-Jum ; Park, Yong-Seo ; Im, Myung-Hee ; Oh, Kyung-Taek ; Cho, Ja-Yong ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 181~191
This study was conducted to examine the distribution status, the physicochemical composition, and the physiological activity of Spergularia marina grown in the western region in Jeon-Ra-Nam-Do, looking for its potential as a local specialty goods. The amount sold of Spergularia marina to different areas from a rural market place was examined during April, 2008. The proportions of Spergularia marina are as follows; Yeongam(30.5%), Muan(24.3%), Naju(20.3%), Hampyeong(18.0%), and Haenam(7.0%), which were shown higher than those of Pimpinella brachycarpa. Total vitamin C and total chlorophyll contents in Spergularia marina were 68.61mg/100g DW and 58.11mg/g DW, respectively. Total amino acid contents were 331.94mg/100g DW and 20 kinds of amino acids were separated and classified. The contents of inorganic matters in Spergularia marina were as follows; Na(64.23mg/L), Mg(15.88mg/L) K(9.99mg/L), Ca(3.83mg/L). The total phenol and the total flavonoid contents of methanol extracts from Spergularia marina were 41.7mg/L and 18.9mg/L, respectively, with an extracting concentration of 2,000mg/L. The nitrite scavenging activity was highest (83.4%) in hot water extract. These results may be useful as basic data for using Spergularia marina as a local specialty goods.
Migration patterns of old population in Korea
Yoon, Soon-Duck ; Kim, Eun-Ja ; Kang, Bang-Hun ; Kim, Sang-Bum ; Yun, Hee-Jung ; Jung, Il-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 193~204
Although the majority of elderly are residentially stable, many western studies have recently reported that there has been a gradual growth of retirement migration. However, little is known about that in Korea. Therefore, this study intended to examine the trend and nature of elderly migration. For this purpose, inter- and intra-province migration among the aged 65 and over were analyzed, using the migration data of the Korea National Statistical Office, compiled from the 2000 and 2006 resident registration records. The results were as follows. First, there was an increase of elderly migrants to 531 thousand persons in 2006 from 383 thousand persons in 2000. Secondly, the migration rate of elderly has steadily grown with a 11.7% in 2000 and 12% in 2006. Also, the move of female among old population was active but this trend tended to decrease in 2006. Thirdly, the number of provinces which showed a positive net inter-province migration of old population increased from 7 provinces in 2000 to 8 provinces in 2006. Fourthly, we found that the destinations of elderly migrants were mostly neighboring province except the Chungnam, Jeonbuk, and Jeju. These results suggested that elderly migration would be expected to increase gradually and be important in the future of Korea.
Transnational Life of Korean 'Wild Geese Family': Coping Strategies and Family Paths Across Time
Kang, Yoo-Jean ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 205~221
My concern was to explore how the Korean 'wild geese families' functioned to maintain 'familyhood' in spite of spatial separation by using a qualitative approach. I used personal narratives from eleven 'geese mothers' living in the United States. Family paths across time were analyzed to understand their complicated nature. Respondents adopted some coping strategies to obtain the flexibility and the stability for relocating their transnational lives. These were 1) communications, 2) relocation of household work, and 3) reinterpretation of 'sacrifice.' It seemed that their family paths become either the continuous type (prolong their stay) or the discontinuous type (not prolong their stay). These were shaped by complex individual, familial, and social forces which affected differently according to the steps of family life cycles. Therefore, this study showed that the Korean 'wild geese family' did not move toward the uni-direction with the same experiences and nature. More importantly, it is noteworthy to acknowledge that the prevalence of 'wild geese family' reveals the dynamic interactive nature of the family, i.e., actively responding to the changes and challenges from the diverse circumstances. It is inferred that the social and cultural factors such as the class mobility, the education system, and the values may influence the family life style.
Effect of Wild Grape Juice on Lipid Metabolism and Antioxidaive Activity in Rat Fed High Oxidized Lipid
Won, Hyang-Rye ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 223~230
This study is to find out the antioxidative effect and serum and liver lipid composition of wild grape juice in vivo. Forty 6-week-old white Sprague Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups such as normal lipid group, normal lipid group with wild grape juice, oxidized lipid (basic diet plus 10% of oxidative lipid) group and oxidized lipid group with wild grape juice, and 2ml juice was provided everyday. After 4 weeks of feeding with experimental diet each groups were examined for the antioxidant enzyme activity in blood and liver microsome and their serum and liver lipid composition. Glutanthione peroxidase activity in blood was significantly higher in oxidized lipid group with wild grape juice than in oxidized lipid group. Glutanthione peroxidase activity showed no difference depending on wild grape juice supplementation. Glutanthione peroxidase activity in liver was significantly higher in the groups with wild grape juice than in the groups supplemented only with oxidized lipid. Glutanthione reductase activity showed no difference depending on the supplementation of wild grape juice. Serum triglyceride level in the group supplemented with oxidized lipid diet and wild grape juice showed similar value to the normal lipid group and the normal lipid group with wild grape juiceoxidized fa6. Liver total lipid in the group supplemented with oxidized lipid and wild grape juice showed similar value to the normal lipid group and the group supplemented with normal lipid and wild grape juice. And it was lower than that of oxidative lipid group without juice. The liver triglyceride level in the group supplemented with normal lipid and wild grape juice was lower than that in the oxidative lipid group, but it was as low as in the group supplemented only with normal lipid.
Rheological Characteristics of Flour Batters in the Presence of Mugwort Powder
Lee, Hyun-Ja ; Park, Sang-Hae ; Kang, Kun-Og ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 231~237
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of mugwort powder on two types of flour batters, i.e., medium and cake, using the Falling Number test, RVA test, alveogram, and farimogram. The mugwort powder was added at 3% and 5% on the medium and cake flour bases, respectively. The Falling Numbers of the medium and cake flour batters with mugwort powder were increased due to the alteration of the protein in the flour. Analysis of the RVA characteristics showed that the addition of mugwort powder did not have significant effects on the initial pasting temperature. Peak viscosity, holding strength, final viscosity, and set back values of the medium flour batter were not consistent, but those of the cake flour batter were decreased. The characteristics of the alveogram showed that the addition of mugwort powder increased the extensibility and the swelling index. Farinogram demonstrated that the addition of mugwort powder decreased the water absorption and improved the stability of the medium and cake flour batters.
Study on the Quality Characteristics of the Sponge Cake with Garlic Powder
Kang, Kun-Og ; Hwang, Seong-Yun ; Lee, Hyun-Ja ; Oh, Kyum-Ja ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 239~246
The principal object of this study was to assess the effects of garlic powder(2 % and 4 %) on the sponge cake made with medium and cake flour. After making sponge cakes with garlic powder, water activity, softness, color of crumb, and sensory test were tested. Water activity(Aw) of the sponge cakes with different quantity of garlic powder were increased during 7 days storage. These meant that garlic powder had absorption effect. The Max G and springiness of the sponge cakes with garlic powder were all lower than that of the control. With regard to the color of the sponge cakes, the L values were reduced, but the a and b values were increased with the increment of percent of garlic powder. The micrographs of the sponge cakes with garlic powder evidenced slightly lower porosity than the control. And, the results of sensory test showed that the increment of the addition of garlic powder had low scores. But we know the possibility to make the sponge cakes using garlic powder. And the sponge cakes with medium flour using 2% of garlic powder had better evaluation than others using garlic powder.
Determinants Affecting Residents' Community Attachment in Rural Tourism Development
Park, Duk-Byeong ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 247~262
A concept of community attachment was applied to investigate the residents' support for tourism development. This study aims to identify the factors influencing conflict management and community attachment on community resident in rural tourism villages. On-site survey with self-administered questionnaires was conducted for 348 residents in the rural tourism communities. Two distinct segments were identified by factor-clustering methods: functional-affective community attachment(80.72%) and anti-community attachment(19.28%). The characteristics of community residents with each type of community attachment were determined using a Bionomial Logistic Regression model. The most important determinants of positive community attachment were the degree of tourism business involvement, sex, and education. Therefore, some government supportive programs are needed to improve community attachment for the people who are under educated and females. In addition, the functional aspects of community attachment should be considered for rural tourism development.
Job Satisfaction of School Food-Service Employee in Ansan Gyoeng-gi Do
Gwak, Eun-Mi ; Rhie, Seung-Gyo ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 263~274
The objective of this study is to verify work satisfaction of school food-service employee, of their job characteristics. Subjects were comprised 9 elementary schools, 11 middle schools, and 3 high schools in Ansan city. Data were analyzed 203 questionnaires for frequency, means, one-way ANOVA,
test, t-test, and Pearson correlation using SPSS PC Package. Most of the respondents were high school graduate(91.1%), under one million won salary(41.9%), and non license holder(60.6%). Working conditions were part-time job(41.9%), unlimited contractors(51.2%), and 3-5 years of working experience(21.7%). Measure of overall job satisfaction by Likert-type 5 scale, satisfaction of work operation attitude was 3.55 points and work characteristic duty of 4.32 points. The certificate qualified and elementary school's working posture were more satisfied their work attitude than other groups(p<0.05). Salary satisfaction score showed 2.64 points, but the work esteem satisfaction showed 3.34 points. The factor of working circumstance and potentiality satisfaction was only 2.61 points, but interpersonal connection and communication satisfaction was 3.50 points. Between job satisfactions factors, they were highly correlated with each other. The pride and characteristic duty of the work showed the strongest correlated(p<0.001). The satisfaction score of work operation attitude were significantly correlated with characteristic duty(p<0.001), work esteem, interpersonal relationships and communication(p<0.01). With this results, work satisfaction of food service employees showed a relatively high to perform a job task characteristics and work attitudes. However, the working environment and growth in salaries satisfaction were low. A set of duties must be paid according to the labor intensity. As removing the disturbing factors, the improvement in the quality of the feed will be able to expect substantial effects.
The Middle Aged's perception of Aging and Physical, Financial & Social Preparation for Later Life : Focus on Gender Differences
Lee, Jeong-Hwa ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 275~289
The purpose of this study is to examine the middle aged's perception of aging and the degree of physical/financial/social preparation for later life and to explore the effect of the middle aged's perception of aging, who live in Gwangju & Jeonnam of Korea, on physical/financial/social preparation for later life. This research also explores gender differences in perception of aging, preparation for later life and related factors. For the purpose, the survey data was gathered from 424 middle aged (40's & 50's) citizens who live in Gwangju and Jeonnam, using structured questionnaire. The statistical methods used for data analysis are descriptive statistics, cross tables, t-test, correlations and regression with Spss/win 17.0 program. The major findings of this study are as follows: Most of the respondents perceive that the age of being aged is 65 or 70 years old. Respondents feel anxiety about health (84%), finance (57%) and roleless role (22%) of later life. Female group feel health anxiety more than male group. Many people perceive that social preparation for later life is better than financial preparation and physical preparation for later life. The result shows that female group perceives their physical preparation level more positively than male group generally. But, there were no differences in financial and social preparation between gender groups. Finally, the result shows the meaningful relationships between male group's perception of aging and financial preparation for later life. Monthly income is the most important variable predicting preparation for later life.
The Effect of Psychological Separation from Mothers and Self-Concept on Career Maturity of High School Students
Son, Hyun-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 291~305
The purpose of this study was to examine how the career maturity of high school students was affected directly or indirectly by psychological separation from their mothers and through the mediation of self-concept. The subjects in this study were 496 juniors from regular high school in the city of Daegu, who included 243 boys and 253 girls. The measurements of this study were a career-maturity inventory, psychological separation inventory (PSI), and self-concept scale. The major findings of this study were as follows: First, career maturity had significantly positive correlation to conflictual independence from mothers for them. Second, as for the influence of psychological separation, and self-concept on career maturity, three variables, including competence self-concept, home self-concept, attitudinal independence from mothers, classroom self-concept, had significantly explanation of career maturity. Third, as a result of making a path analysis of the impact of psychological separation from mothers on career maturity through the medium of self-concept, conflictual independence gave a direct impact only, and its indirect effect was insignificant. The attitudinal independence showed both direct and indirect influences, for mothers had a significantly indirect impact only.