Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
The Development of Evaluation Index of Retiree Rural Village Development Project
Kang, Bang-Hun ; Kim, Eun-Ja ; Yoon, Sun-Duk ; Kim, Sang-Bum ; Yun, Hee-Jeong ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 469~479
New rural village development programs have been implemented, and rural village land use is expanded to encompass green-tourism, citizen and silver domicile space because of the internal and the external changes in the agricultural environment. This study was conducted to propose the evaluation index for retiree rural village development project issued by Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. The evaluation index was consisted of four categories (population, economic, environment, and living), which were consisted of 35 variables. The relative weight for 35 variables was calculated based on the questionnaire survey from the experts and AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process). Growth rate of population in population criteria, job creation by exterior inflow in economics criteria, improvement of exchange between urban and rural in life criteria, and the flood outbreak in environment criteria were the most important contents of 35 variables. These results are consistent with the objectives of retiree rural village development project, and indicate the need of prevention the negative sides by implementation of the project.
Differences of Park Satisfaction in New and Old Downtown as Public Service; Focused on the City of Daejeon
Shim, Joon-Young ; Lee, Shi-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 481~491
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the urban park and the green spaces within the public service framework. It was investigated by identifying the priority elements as defined by the residents and to figure out the differences of residents' satisfaction for the parks in new and old downtown. This study surveyed 455 residents from 80 dong (neighborhoods) of 5 Gu(districts) in Daejon. In this study, satisfaction on the urban parks and the green spaces in the old downtown was compared with the new town area. The results were as follows: Those who lived in the new downtown areas showed higher satisfaction than those in the old downtown for the urban parks and the green spaces, as well as in all 8 other evaluation sections. Both new and old downtown residents scored high on the 'city landscape and the natural environment' and 'green spaces and facilitats' items, but scored low on 'citizen's respect' and 'acceptance of resident opinions'. The old downtown residents highly valued on easy access to the parks, while the new downtown residents focused on various activities and programs, as well as resident participation, as the parks. The variables affected the resident's satisfaction on the urban parks in old downtown areas consisted of 'information', 'diversity', 'supply decision'. Among these variables, 'diversity' had the most significant influence on the satisfaction level.
Study on the Characteristics of Baguettes Containing Buckwheat Flour
Lee, Hyun-Joo ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 493~502
The purpose of this study was to investigate the properties of baguettes containing buckwheat flour. Physical properties of the bread flour mixed with buckwheat flour were tested by rapid visco analyzer(RVA), farinogram, and alveogram. Water activity of baguettes were measured and their properties were tested by rheometer. As the amount of buckwheat flour increased the peak viscosity and the holding strength were decreased, but the set back value was increased. Therefore, buckwheat flour prevented the gelatinization process. As the amount of buckwheat flour increased, the consistency and water absorption were increased, but development and stability were lower than the control. The bread flour containing high amount of buckwheat flour resulted in less breakdown and low farinogram quality number. As the amount of buckwheat flour was increased, Pmax, L, G, and W values were decreased on alveogram. The water activity and the springness of all samples were decreased during the storage, but the hardness was increased, especially after two days of storage. The sensory properties of baguette containing 10% buckwheat flour had the best scores.
Healthy Functional Food Consumption for Overweight and Obese Koreans
You, So-Ye ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 503~514
The purpose of this study was to explore the influencing factors of consumption behavior of healthy functional foods including vitamin/mineral products for overweight and obese Koreans. Overweight and obese Koreans were selected based on the body mass index(BMI) from the KNHANES that was collected in 2007. Probit estimation model was used to find the influencing factors such as age, gender, job, education, income, nutrition education, and cultural capital(parents' education) on consuming the healthy functional foods. Overweight consumers were found to consume vitamin/mineral products and healthy functional foods at 17.5% and 22.7%, respectively. Obese consumers were found to consume vitamin/mineral products and healthy functional foods at 18.2% and 22.8%, respectively. In addition, self decision was found to be a significant factor to consume both products in both groups. Nutritional education and job were significant factors to consume vitamin/mineral products in overweight consumers, while mother's education and job(service) were significant factors in obese consumers. Weight control for body shape, gender, age, and income were significant factors to consume healthy functional foods in overweight consumers, while nutrition label and perceived health status were significant for obese consumers. Therefore, providing consumer information on functional foods might be useful for consumers to consider the healthy functional foods as an available option to purchase. Various influencing factors between two groups might be concerned to develop different strategies for promoting the healthy functional foods consumption including vitamin/mineral products.
The Development of Winter Working Clothes for Stock Farming Worker
Hwang, Kyoung-Sook ; Kim, Hyo-Cher ; Chae, Hye-Seon ; Lee, Kyung-Suk ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 515~522
This study was to develope the functional work clothing for livestock farmers. Major demanding performances for livestock work clothing are anti-soil and anti-bacterial properties. On surveys, functional fabrics that have anti-soil, anti-bacterial and waterrepellent performances were developed and the work clothing that have adaptability to body movements were manufactured. The designs of livestock working clothes were two piece and one piece with rubber bade in waist. The thermal responses of subjects wearing the winter working clothes for stock farming worker were measured in the climate chamber(
, 40% R.H.). The main results were summarized as follows: Total body weight loss was smaller and the mean skin temperature was higher in developed clothes than the market product. Clothing micro-climate of developed clothes was lower than the market clothes. Subjective sensation did not have significant differences. From the results of various evaluation, developed garments for livestock workers showed better efficiency than the market product.
The Conflicts Experienced by Early Childhood Teachers Regarding Early Childhood English Education
Seo, Hyun-Ah ; Youn, Jeong-Jin ; Cha, Mi-Young ; Kim, Jung-Ju ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 523~537
This research aimed to understand the current status of early childhood education and to develop a future direction of early childhood English education. One group interview and three private interviews were conducted with 10 early education teachers to obtain in-depth understanding of the problems inherent in English education. The findings show that there is an internal conflict in the teachers regarding the value of English education in early childhood. In addition, there are external conflicts with the children the parents, the English teacher, the program director, and the government in English education. It is concluded that the early childhood educators felt an internal conflict regarding the current, inappropriate execution of early English education which is lacking a suitable educational plan including goals and practices. Furthermore, the teacher's preference for English also contributed to the internal conflict regarding the belief in early childhood English education. Secondly, the external conflicts included: English teachers with inadequate understanding of comprehensive early childhood development, parents who show excessive interest in early childhood English education without regard to childhood development, the reality that early childhood English education is mostly influenced by the attitudes of the program director without regard for the conflicts experienced by the early childhood teacher, and the politics of the government continuing to ignore the reality that early childhood English education ontinues in practice without being included in the national curriculum.
Anger Expression Style by the Enneagram Personality Types of College Students
Kim, Young-Hee ; Chung, Hee-Jung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 539~547
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the Enneagram personality types and the anger expression styles, and to see how the relationship depends on the gender. The subjects, selected by the convenience sampling method, are 315 college students. The instrument is the Korean Enneagram Personality Types(Yoon 1999), which categorizes the personal types into the gut-center, the heart-center and the head-center. On the other hand, the anger expression styles, which is the anger-control as a functional role, and the anger-out and the anger-in as a dysfunctional role, is measured by the Korean version of STAXI(Chon et al 1998). The major findings of the study are as follows. First, comparing the personality types of students, the ratio of the students of the gut-center, that of the head-center and that of the heart-center types are in descending order. Second, It is found that students rely on the anger-out more than the other two expression styles. There also exist the gender differences in terms of the level of the anger expression: female students tend to express the anger-out and the anger-control significantly more than male students. Third, the relationship between the Enneagram personality types and the anger expression styles of students are statistically significant such that students of the gut-center style express the anger-out more severely than the head-center and the heart-center. Therefore, the findings from the study may become the basis on which the education program is designed for the sake of the psychological adjustment of college students, especially taking into account the gender differences.
Chemical Composition and Physiological Activity of Native Pear c.v. ‘Baekwoon’
Heo, Buk-Gu ; Park, Yong-Seo ; Park, Yun-Jum ; Jung, Kyoo-Jin ; Cho, Ja-Yong ; Oh, Kyung-Taek ; Chung, Ung-Seo ; Lee, Kyung-Dong ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 549~558
This study examined the basic information on the native pear c.v. 'Baekwoon' grown in Mt. Baekwoonsan, Gwangyang, to develop as a local specialty product. the sensory characteristics, chemical compositions, and physiological activities of 'Baekwoon' pear were examined and compared with those of 'Niitaka' pear. Hardness of 'Baekwoon' pear was 19.30N, which was higher than 'Niitaka'. The sugar content of 'Baekwoon' was 11.5
, which was lower than 'Niitaka'. The total amino acid contents of the fruit skin and flesh of 'Baekwoon' were 222 mg/100g dry weight (DW) and 130 mg/100g DW, respectively, which were much higher than those of 'Niitaka'. Especially, serine contents in fruit skin and flesh of 'Baekwoon' were 75.4 mg/100g DW and 40.2 mg/100g DW, respectively, which were significantly (p<0.05) higher than those of 'Niitaka'. However, physiological activities, such as total phenol content, DPPH radical scavenging activity, total flavonoid content and nitrite scavenging activity, of 'Baekwoon' were lower than or similar to those of 'Niitaka'. Consequently, vitamin and amino acid contents of 'Baekwoon' were better than those of 'Niitaka'. It is suggested to use fruit skin because of its good composition and physiological activities so that it helps to improve the quality and the biological activity.
Moderating Effects of the Childcare Teacher's Ego-resilience on Relationship between Their Job Satisfaction and Burnout
Lee, Jeung-Hee ; Cho, Song-Yon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 559~570
This study was to investigate the moderating effects of the childcare teacher‘s egoresilience on the relationship between their job satisfaction and burnout. The participants were 336 childcare teachers from Chungnam-do and Daejeon Metropolitan City. The research instruments were the Job Satisfaction Scale modified from Bently and Remple 1970), the Ego-resilience Scale from Park(1996) with CPI and CAQ correction, and Maslach Burnout Inventory from Maslash and Jackson(1981). SPSS PC program(17.0) was used for productive correlation, stepwise multiple regression and reliability by Cronbach's as data analysis. The results were as follows. Firstly, the childcare teacher’s job satisfaction and ego-resilience level were above average (M=3.37, 3.58 each), while their burnout level was below average(M=2.57). Secondly, there was a negative correlation between their job satisfaction and burnout(r=-.51), while a positive correlation was between their job satisfaction and ego-resilience(r=.34). Thirdly, the burnout and ego-resilience against job satisfaction explained 28.1%. The optimistic attitude of the childcare teacher‘s ego- resilience was shown to moderate the effects on the relationship between their burnout and job satisfaction.
Study on the Basic Bodice Pattern Grading according to the Measurement Variations of the Body
Jung, Myoung-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 571~578
This study was to apply the measurement variations of each region of the body to the basic bodice pattern grading and to provide the clothing pattern fit for the human body. Grading variation used in the apparel industry was researched and new grading variation was proposed by analyzing the statistical data of body measurements. The statistical variation in body measurements was applied to set the optimum grading region and variation. Five sizes were used by split grading method and drawn with Bust Circumference and waist length based on the middle size. Differences between the grading pattern and the drawing pattern were analyzed by overlapping them and measuring each region. The measurement variations of drawing patterns between the sizes were very different from those of statistical data. On the other hand, the measurement variations of grading patterns between the sizes and those of statistical data were similar. In summary, the grading pattern by applying the measurement variations to the region of the body was superior to the drawing pattern drawn by the basic measurements for clothing fitness.
Analysis of How Married Women Adjust Timing of First Birth and Birth Interval : Focusing on Socio-Economic Characteristics
Song, Yoo-Jean ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 579~588
This study examined the birth timing and the birth interval for married women, focusing on their employment status. Relying on 2005 National Survey of Marriage and Fertility, three different groups were selected: those who have no child until five years after marriage; those who gave birth for the first child within three years; those who gave birth for the second child within three years. Results show that married women who have temporary jobs tend to have longer period of having no child than housewives. In contrast, among those who have the second child within three years, married women who have temporary jobs tend to have shorter birth interval for their second child than housewives. Women in their 20s are more likely to have shorter period of time to have the first child and shorter interval for the second child than those in their 30s. Job security for married women, maternity leave for childbirth and childcare, and family-friendly environment should be strengthened to increase the fertility level by shortening the timing of having the first child and the birth interval.