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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
A Study on Relationship between Food Preferences and Personality of University Students
Kim, Young-In ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2010, Pages 5~12
The objective of this research was to examine the relationship between food preferences and personality of university students. The questionnaires were distributed to 198 university students in 2009. The data showed high correlation between personality and food preferences. According to the result of food preferences exams the most favorite food of university students was coffee, refreshing drinks, eggs, ice creams, bananas, porks, apples, chickens, weeds, grapes and food they dislike were sea cucumbers, livers, mung bean sprout, crown daisy, flat fishes, bean curd, green lavers, lotus roots, turban shells, egg plant etc. The correlation coefficient between food preferences and personality showed that male students had more dominance and sociability, and female students had more sociability and validity. On the other hand, a good diet group had higher responsibility and a poor diet group had higher sociability. Consequently, good food habits is essentially needed for the formation of desirable personality of students.
Antibacterial Activity of Euphorbia humifusa Extracts on Food-Borne Pathogenic Bacteria
Choi, Moo-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2010, Pages 13~18
This study was performed to investigate the antimicrobial effects of Euphorbia humifusa ethanol-extract against food-borne pathogens. The growth inhibitory effects of the extract at a concentration of 250, 500, 1,000 or 2,000 mg/L on food poisoning microorganism were determined against Salmonella typhimurium, Listeria monocytogenes, Yersinia enterocolitica, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Staphylococcus aureus. The microorganisms growth was not affected by the extract at the concentration up to 250 mg/L, but was significantly (p<0.05) inhibited by the extract at a concentration higher than 1,000 mg/L. The extract of Euphorbia humifusa had strong antimicrobial activity against all test strains at a concentration of 2,000 mg/L. The results in the present study demonstrate antimicrobial effects of Euphorbia humifusa ethanol-extract against food-borne pathogens, suggesting that Euphorbia humifusa could be an effective natural antibacterial agent in food.
The Effect of Care Giver's Knowledge and Attitude toward the Elderly on Job Stress
Chon, Kang-Nan ; Park, Ok-Im ; Moon, Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2010, Pages 19~32
The purpose of this study was to identify the level of care-givers' knowledge, their attitude towards the elderly and their stress levels within the job, and to apprehend the cause which has had an influence on job stress. The research subjects were 230 care-givers who work in a sanitarium for the elderly in the East of Jeollanamdo. The tool used to measure their knowledge of the elderly was FAQ1 and the semantic differential scale was used to determine the attitude. Job stress was measured by the tool which was used by sun-ju Park. The data analysis was carried out by SPSS Win 13.0. The results of this study are as follows; The care-givers' knowledge level point towards the elderly was relatively low at 44.6%. The average point of attitude toward the elderly was 3.91, which is relatively moderate. The percentages of job stress was generally low. The results showed us that there was no correlation with the knowledge level of the elderly, the attitude towards the elderly and job stress. Since the results indicated that care-givers' knowledge level for the elderly was low, we reached the conclusion that further education where care-givers can get general knowledge for the elderly and aging is necessary. Moreover, research for strengthening positive attitudes towards the elderly is also necessary.
The Effect of Parenting Efficacy, Parenting Stress on Self-efficacy and Daily Stress among Elementary School Children
Ha, Mi-Jung ; Jang, Young-Ae ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2010, Pages 33~51
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of parenting efficacy, parenting stress on elementary school children's self-efficacy and daily stress. The subjects were 355 children selected from 4 elementary schools and their mothers. Data was collected using the parenting efficacy index, parenting stress index, children's self-efficacy inventory and children's daily stress inventory. Data was statistically analyzed using the t-test, one way ANOVA(Duncan test), correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. The study showed that there were some significant differences in children's self-efficacy according to the child's grade, gender, scholastic achievement, mother education, father education, and income. There were some significant differences in children's daily stress according to the child's grade, gender, and scholastic achievement. Correlation analysis indicated that the maternal parenting efficacy and children's self-efficacy, especially self-confidence had a significant positive correlation, and indicated a negative correlation with children's daily stress. Correlation analysis indicated that maternal parenting stress and children's self-efficacy had a significant negative correlation, and indicated a positive correlation with children's daily stress. It was also found that scholastic achievement, educational distress of the mother, father education were significant predictors of the children's self-efficacy, and healthy parenting ability, father education, stress of a difficult child, scholastic achievement, gender were all significant predictors of the children's daily stress.
Household Financial Structures by Family Life Cycle
Kim, Min-Jeung ; Lee, Hee-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2010, Pages 53~69
The purpose of this study was to find how financial structures differ from the family life cycle. The data was drawn from the 2002 Korean Labor and Income Panel Study conducted by the Korea Labor Institute, and 1,957 households. The level of total income and subcategories of income were found to be significantly different from the family life cycle and showed tendencies to increase up to the period of child birth and then sharply dropped down during the retirement period. Household consumption expenditures in total and subcategories showed a U shape by family life cycle and were also found to be significantly different from the family life cycle. The consumption expenditure of dining out showed the highest level at the beginning of family establishment, whereas medical cost showed the highest level for later years. The level of total assets increased gradually from the family life cycle and a little decreased for the later years, and the level of real estate assets showed the highest ratio(90% over) out of total asset components of family life cycle.
Effect of Anti-browning Agent Treatment on the Quality of Pear c.v. 'Wonhwang' Processed Fresh-cut Stored in Cold Temperature
Park, Yong-Seo ; Heo, Buk-Gu ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2010, Pages 71~79
This study was conducted to develop fresh-cut and processed pears. After treatment of citric acid (1%) or N-acetylcysteine (0.2 M), and co-treatment of citric acid (1%) and N-acetylcysteine (0.2 M) into the pears c.v. 'Wonhwang', the quality changes of pears during cold storage (
) for 10 days were investigated respectively. Pear quality and the taste of pears increased much more in those treated with anti-browning agents than those in the control group at 10 days after anti-browning treatment and cold storage. Changes in Hunter b values of pears treated with 0.2 M N-acetylcysteine were insignificant. Those with Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity and ethylene production were had the most decreased effects and those with the phenolics compound contents were the most lowered. Firmness of fruits increased in treatment of 0.2 M N-acetylcysteine + 1% citric acid solution. The amount of respiration decreased in the application of 1% citric acid solution. Consequently, fruit freshness can be maintained more effectively by the treatment of the anti-browning agent compared to non-treatment, even if the effectiveness were different among different kinds of anti-browning agents.
Contributors of Extra-curricular Activities of Preschool Children: Focused on Home Environment Factors and Maternal Belief about Factors on Academic Achievement
Han, You-Me ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2010, Pages 81~90
This study aimed to identify the contributors of extra-curricular activities of preschool children focusing on home environmental factors(financial capital, human capital, and social capital) and maternal belief about factors on academic achievement(child's effort, child's ability, teacher's instruction, and maternal teaching). One hundred and seventy three mothers whose preschool children were attending child-care centers in Seoul and Kyunggi-Do participated in the survey. Kinlaw et al.(2001)'s Importance of Effort/Ability Scale was used to assess the mother's belief about the factors on academic achievement. Stipek et al.(1992)'s Activities Sub-scales was revised to measure a social capital, that is the mother's formal and informal activities providing to their preschool child. Educational level was utilized as human capital and monthly income was considered as financial capital. Also, using open ended questions, the subjects were asked to respond to the numbers of extra-curricula activities their child was presently attending, and when he or she began to attend the extra-curricular activity. The main results are as follows. In general, the mothers provided informal activities to their preschool child more than formal activities. Also, they believed the teacher's instruction is the most important and the child's ability the least important in their child's academic achievement. The number of extra-curricular activities was predicted by mothers' formal activities and their belief on their child's ability. The age of starting extra-curricular activities were explained by mothers' formal activities and their educational level.
The Differences of Household Characteristics between Homeowners and Renters
Lee, Hee-Sook ; Kim, Min-Jeung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2010, Pages 91~103
The purpose of this study was to find the differences of household characteristics between homeowners and renters. The data was drawn from the 2002 Korean Labor and Income Panel Study and conducted by the Korea Labor Institute. 3,743 households were selected. The householder's mean age of homeowners was found to be 8 years older than those of renters, and the households in Seoul showed a higher rent ratio than those in other areas. The levels of household financial elements for homeowners were found to be higher than those of renters. Moreover, the levels of total real estate assets for homeowners were higher than those for renters, and the levels of total debt, and the debt from financial institutes were also higher than those for renters, reflecting that most Korean households may use loans from financial institutes for holding real estate assets. The results of the Chow-test showed that the group of homeowners and renters were significantly different in terms of socio-demographic and financial factors affecting the ratio of real estate assets to total asset.
Relationships among Social Support, Social Networks and Drinking Behavior by Gender Differences in Residents of an Apartment Complex in Seoul
Kim, Jin-Hee ; Choi, Man-Kyu ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2010, Pages 105~115
This study explores the gender differences in the relationship between social support, social networks and drinking behavior and illustrates gender differences in drinking behavior in order to provide evidence in planning a community health promotion program. Data was collected from 444 surveys (Male=190, Female=244) from a total of 1,899 adult residents in 738 households in the "Y" Apartment Complex in the Gangnam area of Seoul, Korea. Results show significantly higher rates of drinking frequency and alcohol consumption volume in males. Women with high-risk drinking behavior have fewer social relationships than women with normal drinking behavior. Within social networks, friends were significantly associated with drinking behavior and alchol abuse. Drinkers had more friends than non-drinkers in both genders. However, in association with alchol abuse, while male abusers had less friends than normal male drinkers, women abusers had more friends, indicating women who have drinking problems have a stronger social network. This pattern suggests gender differences in the association between social networks and alchol abuse. Therefore in approaching drinking issues, social support and social networks act as a key factor. For men, alcohol prevention programs should be aimed at achieving healthy drinking behavior at the aggregate level including people in his social support and social network groups. For women, the priority is alchol abuse. More attention is required in revealing the context between female social networks and alchol abuse and in developing coping strategies other than drinking.
Effects of Hair Style on Human Physiological Response in a Thermal Neutral Environment
Kim, Myung-Ju ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2010, Pages 117~124
Recently, research on variables associated with hair styles are increasing with the spreading of total coordinated intention in the fields of clothing and cosmetology. In the present study, we focused on examining the skin temperature on the scalp(the vertex, temporal, and occiput), humidity on the occiput, skin temperatures (the forehead, back of ear, back of neck, upper back, abdomen, forearm, hand, thigh, calf, and foot), rectal temperature, total body mass loss by hair styles in a thermal neutral environment. Four young females participated as subjects. For a certain period, each subject had the five different hair styles in a random order: (1)Straight short hair(SS), (2)Perm waved short hair(PS), (3) Straight long hair(SL), (4)Perm waved long hair(PL), (5)Ponytail style(PT). Subjects wore briefs, bra, shirts with long sleeves, long legged training pants, and socks. The environmental variables of a climatic chamber were kept constant at
of air temperature and 55
5%RH of air humidity. The results indicated the following: The skin temperature and humidity on the scalp did not show any significant differences among five different hair styles, but straight long hair style(SL)was the highest on the vertex, temporal, and occiput. The temporal skin temperature(
) was the highest, while the vertex skin temperature(
) was the lowest. Humidity on the occiput was the highest in the perm waved long hair style(PL). The back of ear skin temperature was significantly lower in the ponytail style(PT) than in the other four hair styles(p<.001). In the straight long hair style(SL), the skin temperature on the back of the neck and on the upper back were significantly higher than those of the other four hair styles(p<.01). Mean skin temperature and rectal temperature had no significant differences among hair styles. Total body mass was the highest in the perm waved long hair style(PL)(p<.05). We acquired fundamental data to enable the improvement of the current hair clinic system, wigs, functional hats, and helmets.
The Influences of Meditation Program Using Picture Books on Reduction of Young Children's Aggression
Park, Mi-Jeong ; Gwon, Gi-Nam ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2010, Pages 125~138
This study examined the effects of a meditation program using picture books as a method of reducing young children's aggression. Data was taken from a sample of 60 four-to five-year-old children in daycare centers. This study employed a pre/post-test controlgroup design. All children of each daycare center were assigned to an experimental group(meditation program using picture books) or control group(general music meditation program). All variables were measured by the mothers and teachers of the observed children and the collected data were analyzed by independent and paired t-test. The main results of this study are as follows. Firstly, the meditation program using picture books and general music meditation program were all effective in reducing young children's aggression (aggression against things, aggression against others, verbal aggressin and total aggression) perceived by their teachers, that is, aggression against things, aggression against others and verbal aggression. Secondly, the meditation program using picture books was more effective than general music meditation program in reducing young children's aggression perceived by teachers. Thirdly, the meditation program using picture books was effective in reducing only young children's verbal aggression perceived by their mothers.
Sensuous Characteristics and Physiological Activity of Cheongtaejeon Tea Produced with the Inoculation of Microbial Strains
Heo, Buk-Gu ; Cho, Jung-Il ; Park, Yong-Seo ; Park, Yun-Jum ; Cho, Ja-Yong ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2010, Pages 139~148
This study was conducted to restore our traditional Cheongtaejeon tea and to develop the special products. We inoculated Cheongtaejeon tea with lactobacilli (Lactobacillus plantarum CHO 25) and the mixed microbial strains (L. plantarum CHO 25 + Saccharomyces cerevisiae + Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CHO 104). We also examined the sensuous characteristics and physiological activity of Cheongtaejeon tea which was produced by the inoculation of microbial strains. The external appearance of Cheongtaejeon teas were not significant among the teas which were produced with or without the inoculation of L. plantarum CHO 25 and the mixed microbial strains. The taste of the tea increased most in Cheongtaejeon tea which was produced without the inoculation of microbial strains. The taste and liking of Cheongtaejeon tea which was inoculated with Aspergillus oryzae and Aspergillus niger decreased significantly, and it was not suitable to drink. Total phenolics compound contents, total flavonoid contents and DPPH (
-picryl-hydrazyl) radical scavenging activity of Cheongtaejeon tea extracts increased much more in the order of that produced with the inoculation of L. plantarum CHO 25, control and that with the mixed microbial strains. However, nitrite radical scavenging activity in 1,000 mg/L Cheongtaejeon tea hot water extracts were in the order of the control (94.4%), the inoculation of L. plantarum CHO 25 (93.6%) and the mixed microbial strains (91.1%). Overall results indicated that the sensuous characteristics increased most in Cheongtaejeon tea which was produced without the inoculation of microbial strains, and those physiological activities in tea with the inoculation of L. plantarum CHO 25.