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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
Case Studies on New Menu-Development and Menu-Improvement Based on Types of Farm Restaurants
Chong, Yu-Kyeong ; Kim, Maeng-Jin ; Song, Hyon-Ju ; Lee, Myung-Eun ; Chin, Hye-Rhan ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2011, Pages 5~20
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.1.005
It is very important that the development of rural tourism resources and contents for agritourism increases rural household income and vitalizes local economy. In this sense, accelerating the rural traditional food materials into resources plays significant roles for the local economy. The farm-restaurant project, as a part of a development of rural traditional foods can not only help popularize the rural food-culture, but it also promote the consumption of local products by urban customers. It is difficult to manage both types of restaurants which are the dining type and the experience-centered farm restaurants as a farmer. In particular, the managers of the farm restaurants have some operational problems in developing a new menu and an experiential-program using their local farm products. The purpose of this study was to present steps that can be used for the existing menu-improvement and developing new menu processes of the farm restaurants that have been in operation for more than two years. By the purpose of menu developing for a restaurant, this research is designed for the case study. For collecting date for the study, we gained knowledge about the issues concerning menus from in depth interviews with the managers in two subject farm restaurants. The results suggested that a new menu, such as table d'h
la carte meals, specialties, kids meal, various dressing, are based on solving issues such as a limitation of food materials and the necessity of a kids meal in dining type of farm restaurants. Also, the suggested new menu, such as seasonal specialties and side dishes, are based on solving issues such as urgent development of various experiential programs and necessity of seasonal specialties in experiential type of farm restaurants.
Effects of Family Environment & Communication with Parents on Self-Esteem of Delinquent and Non-Delinquent Juveniles
Park, In-Ok ; Lee, Jeong-Hwa ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2011, Pages 21~33
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.1.021
This study examined the effects of family environmental variables and parent-child communication on the self-esteem of delinquent and non-delinquent juveniles. For this study, a questionnaire was administered to 117 non-delinquent juveniles living with their parents as high school students and 98 delinquent juveniles aged 15~18 who live in detention centers for adolescence. The data was analyzed using t-test, cross-tab, correlation, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis with SPSS /PC window program. Based on these results, the following conclusions were drawn. First, it was found that non-delinquent juveniles show a more open communication style with their parents than delinquent juveniles. Furthermore, a high level of parent-child communication was associated with high self-esteem in adolescents. Second, although physical environment such as family type or economic status influences an adolescents' self-esteem, the degree of positive parent-child communication style has a much greater effect on an adolescents' self-esteem. Finally, in terms of the effects of family environmental variables and parent-child communication style on self-esteem, parent-child communication style has a stronger effect on delinquent juveniles than non-delinquent juveniles. These results shows the importance of communication style between parent and child, especially for families with delinquent juveniles.
Family Caregivers of the Impaired Elderly: A Comparison between Spouses and Adult Children
Shin, Kkot-Shi-Gye ; Han, Gyoung-Hae ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2011, Pages 35~51
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.1.035
This study examined how caregiving experiences of spouses and adult children were different to each other in terms of caregiver characteristics, the impairment level of the elderly, caregiving time, caregiver burden, the effects of long-term care services, etc. Data were collected from 321 spouses and 324 adult children who cared for the functionally and/or cognitively impaired elderly using long-term care services. The main results are as follows. (1) Caregiver characteristics differed significantly between spouses and adult children. (2) Adult children cared for the more severely impaired elderly in terms of IADL, cognitive impairment, and behavior problems while spouses spent more time helping in ADL activities. (3) Spouse caregivers experienced greater overall burden, worry and strain, and financial burden compared to adult child caregivers. (4) Long-term care services were effective in reducing caregiver burden and improving family relations. Additionally, relations between adult child caregivers and the elderly was more improved than relations between spouse caregivers and the elderly after using long-term care services. Based on these findings, the differential experiences between spouse caregivers and adult child caregivers were discussed.
Prototype Torso Pattern for Circular Knit using Virtual Garment Software
Kim, Hyeong Jin ; Kim,, Yeo-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2011, Pages 53~61
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.1.053
We have made knitwear in a different way from the typical woven pattern; it does not have the dart, even for women's tops. The purpose of this research was to compare the fit and appearance of the torso pattern for circular knitted fabric between virtual try-on garments and real garments. First, a woman in her 20's was scanned by a 3D body scanner, and thus producing a virtual avatar. I prepared knit patterns and created a torso pattern appropriate for circular knitted fabric. Next, I measured the body size of the avatar. The 2D patterns for the torso and sleeves were developed using the Yuka Super ALPHA : Plus. The 3D virtual garments were made from the imported 2D patterns and were then tried on the 3D virtual avatars. Finally, the fit of the real garments and the virtual garments was compared. While the shape of the virtual try-on garments were similar to the real garments, the folding and sagging were different. This study found the length was the same as woven wear. However the actual bust size and the clothing size were the same which is not a typical characteristic of woven wear. In the case of hem measurement, more space was needed than actual body size but less space was needed than in woven patterns.
Anthropometric Characteristics of Korean Farmers in a Sitting Posture
Kim, Do-Hee ; Lee, Kyung-Sook ; Kim, Hyo-Cher ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2011, Pages 63~76
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.1.063
The aim of this study was to establish the basic data on anthropometric characteristics of Korean farmers in a sitting posture. 533 Korean farmers(Male: 236persons, Female: 297persons) volunteered for this study from 8 different provinces nationwide in 2010. Subjects were classified according to their sex and categorized into 4 age groups from 40s to 70s and over. Statistical tests such as descriptive analysis, independent t-test, one-way and two-way ANOVA were conducted to analyze the data. The results were as follows: Korean farmers generally edged toward obesity. The older the farmers were, the smaller their body sizes were, but fatter in the abdominal areas. There were significant differences on the waist-related measurement items between farmers and the public. The farmers' waist-related sizes were larger than that of the public of all age groups in the male group, but only the forties age group in the female group. It tended to differ according to sex and age groups that we analyzed from the measurement values on other items between farmers and the public.
Comparative Study on the Manufacturing Process of Persimmon Juice, Persimmon Dyeing Method, and Transfiguration of Persimmon-dyed Items in Korea and Japan
Park, Soon-Ja ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2011, Pages 77~94
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.1.077
It is not clear to assume the history of dyeing by persimmon juice without an early knowledge of an accurate record. However, the beginning of persimmon dyeing in Korea is estimated to be around the
century, even though there are no supporting records. On the other hand, there are definite records of persimmon dyeing in Japan from around the 17th century. Persimmon juice was originally used for fishing tools in both Korea and Japan, but upon entering the Modern Era it eventually transfigured into a dye for fabric. In Korea, persimmon-dyed fabrics were used for traditional clothing until it also became a popular choice for modern clothes in the 1990s. In Japan, persimmon juice was originally used for varnishing surfaces of household items, but it recently became a material for arts, crafts, and even apparels. The main difference between persimmon dyeing of the two countries is the presence and absence of the fermentation process. In Korea, persimmons are picked and water is immediately added to its juice to produce the dye. In contrast, Japan produces a fermented persimmon dye. As a result, in Korea the dye can not be preserved for long periods, whilst in Japan it is matured in the storage for 2-3 years. Today's pursuit of eco-friendliness and wellness has prompted an inclination towards natural material clothes. Therefore, it is necessary for both countries to push scientific research into improving the storage methods and colorfastness of persimmon-dyed products for the increase of use consumption in other areas of persimmon and arrowroot dyed fabrics, and the development of environment friendly materials.
The Development of Detailed Description of Drawing according to the Shapes of Lines and Dimension of Space from 4 to 5 Years-old Children
Kim, Hyoung-Jai ; Park, Gee-Nam ; Lee, Ok-Kyung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2011, Pages 95~102
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.1.095
The purpose of this study was to examine the development of detailed description for drawing houses according to the shapes of lines, and dimensions of space from 4 to 5 years-old children. Participants were 76 children from a daycare center in Busan, Korea. Each child was asked to draw 4 different houses according to the shapes of lines and dimensions of space, such as: straight lines and 2-dimensional pictures straight lines and 3-dimensional Models, curved lines and 2-dimensional pictures and curved lines and 3-dimensional models. The children's drawings were scored based on a "detailed description rating table" which consisted of 10 items. Summarizing the overall results, first, 5 year-olds scored significantly higher than 4 year-olds in the detailed description of 4 different house models. Second, the houses with straight lines scored significantly higher than those with curved lines in the detailed description. Third, there were no significant differences between 2-dimensional houses and those of 3-dimensional models in the detailed description. These results suggest that the detailed description of young children's drawing is developed as children grow older, and drawing with straight lines are earlier developed than curved lined drawings.
A Study on Expressive Features of Embroidered Norigae in the Chosun Dynasty
Yang, Suk-Hyang ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2011, Pages 103~113
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.1.103
The purpose of the study was to examine formative features of embroidered norigae in form, color, pattern and expressive technique through positive analysis of relics and various of collections of work and to consider expressive features of embroidered norigae. The results of the study were as follows. First, embroidered norigae has handcrafted decoration. it was made by being sewed for women longing for their family's happiness. Embroidered norigae is a dress worn by women that is hung on a coat string or the waist part of a skirt. Second, it is eco-environmental. Embroidered norigae applied things seen in nature such as flowers, butterflies and bees to its pattern. Third, it has practicality. Embroidered norigae has high practical value besides a decorative function. Needle case norigae and incense case norigae provide functions in accordance with women's wisdom and skill as well as practicality. Fourth, it is praying for good luck. Women embroidered patterns symbolizing their desires in life such as their family's happiness, wealth, many sons and a long life. Fifth, it has balance and harmony. The knot of embroidered norigae has a perfect symmetry in the front/back part and in the right/left part. And the main body and tassel are symetrical in the right/left part, which gives stability and comfortableness. Embroidered norigae is classified into knot, main body and decorative part in its form. The three kinds express their unique beauty by being harmonized together. Finally, it has a property of melody. Movement of the tassel has a property of melody shaken by the wind and movement of its wearer.
The Effect of Parenting Behavior and Parent-Child Communication on Elementary School Children's Multiple Intelligence
Jang, Young-Ae ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2011, Pages 115~129
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.1.115
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of parenting behavior and parent-child communication on elementary school children's multiple intelligence. 321 children selected from two elementary schools and their mothers participated in the study. Data were collected using the multiple intelligence index, parenting behavior inventory and parent-child communication index. The data were statistically analyzed using the t-test, one-way ANOVA(Duncan test), and multiple regression analysis. The study showed that there were some significant differences in children's multiple intelligence according to the children's gender, income, mother and father's educational background. There were some significant differences in children's multiple intelligence according to the parenting behavior, warmth acceptance and permissiveness nonintervention behaviors, and to the parent-child open communication and problematic communication. It was also found that children's gender, family income, warmth acceptance behavior, permissiveness nonintervention behavior, open communication and problematic communication were all significant predictors of the children's multiple intelligence. Implications based on this study are as follows; in order to increase the children' multiple intelligence, parents should be warmer and more accepting and have open communication with their children.
A Study on Washing Habit and Washing Satisfaction of Married Women in Their 30s and 40s
Jun, Dae-Geun ; Park, Sun-Mi ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2011, Pages 131~143
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.1.131
The purpose of this study was to investigate i) the current state of washing knowledge and washing habits ii) the effect of washing behaviors on washing satisfaction. A survey questionnaire was developed and implemented to married women in their 30's or 40's. A total of 210 responses were analyzed by frequency analysis, t-test and ANOVA with PASW18.0. The results are as follows. First, the ways in which women do the laundry was analyzed. Married women in their 30s and 40s usually do the laundry at home and are familiar with washing symbols and do not rely on common sense. Most of them like to rely on the washing machine guidelines for detergent concentration and use the right amount for environmental protection. They also adjust the washing machine setting effectively considering laundry time, water temperature and care label. Second, the groups divided by demographic variables showed meaningful results about washing knowledge. Particularly, there is no significant difference on washing knowledge between housewives and career women. Third, the groups divided by the levels of washing habits showed suggestive results about washing satisfaction. The groups who have correct washing habits generally a indicated high degree of washing satisfaction. Finally, marketing implications for the businesses of laundry, laundromat and the manufacturers of washing machine are suggested.
Learning-related Skills and Academic Abilities of Young Children: The Moderating Effects of Their Mothers' Involvement
Kim, Young-Hee ; Park, Ji-Hyun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2011, Pages 145~154
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.1.145
This study investigated the effects of young children's learning-related skills and the maternal involvement on academic abilities. The sample consisted of 310 children from 7 child-care centers located in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. All variables were measured by the teachers and the mothers of surveyed children. The instrument included the Korean Child Development Inventory(K-CDI) for 4 to 6-year olds and Preschool Learning Behavior Scale(McDermott et al 2000) and the questionnaire on mother's involvement about their children's education. The collected data was analyzed by t-test and hierarchical regression using the SPSS Program. The findings are as follows. First, regardless of the family income level, verbal comprehension and numerical abilities were positively associated with their learning-related skills of young children. Second, the interaction effect of learning-related skills and the mothers' involvement on verbal comprehension of young children in the low-income families was observed. However, no interaction effect was seen in terms of learning-related skills and the maternal involvement on verbal comprehension and numerical abilities of young children in the high-income families. These findings highlight the importance of learning-related skills and their mothers' involvement during the preschool period for the low-income family in improving the early academic achievement.
Preferred Indoor Temperature of College Students in Summer by Body Composition
Shim, Huen-Sup ; Jeong, Woon-Seon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2011, Pages 155~161
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.1.155
This study was designed to present the preferred indoor temperature of college students in summer based on their body composition. A total of 19 subjects, 10 females and 9 males, participated in this study. They sat in a climatic chamber controlled at
wearing a short sleeved shirt and short trousers. The air temperature decreased by
every 10 minutes until it reached
. Oxygen uptake, rectal temperature, and skin temperature, subjective sensation were measured and recorded. Females increased the rectal temperature and decreased mean skin temperature in an air conditioned environment, showing better physiological responses. But they felt more thermal discomfort than males. The preferred indoor temperature of college students in summer was
for females and
A Study of Teachers' Role Perception of Cooperation Teaching between General Education Teachers and Special Education Teachers for Handicapped Children
Hwang, Mi-Jin ; Seo, Hyun-Ah ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2011, Pages 163~179
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.1.163
This study was conducted in an inclusion class in M Inclusion Day Care Center in Busan. Thirteen sessions of cooperation teaching were applied in the inclusion class. In this sense, the purpose of this study was to identify what kinds of change occurred in the perspectives of teachers' role on both the general education teacher and the special education teacher during cooperation teaching. The data were collected through participation observations, teachers' reflective journals, and interviews. From the results of the study, it could be suggested that various types of teaching strategies need to be introduced to both teachers from the beginning of inclusion so that the general teacher and the special education teacher could understand each others roles and tasks, share opinions and ideas about daily activities, and experience the roles of the other teacher.
The Effect of the Child Care Center Director's Transformational Leadership on the Organizational Commitment of the Child Care Teachers
Oh, Seong-Ran ; Park, Ok-Im ; Moon, Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2011, Pages 181~194
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.1.181
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the child care center director's transformational leadership on the organizational committment of the child care teachers. The research subjects were 292 child care teachers who worked in 43 facilities of the eastern part of Jeon Nam Province. The data analysis was performed by using SPSS Win 15.0 Program. The results of this study were as follows. First, the teachers rated the transformational leadership of the director as 2.39 points in a scale of 5 points which was recognized as a normal level. Among the transformational leadership categories, the category of vision setting was the highest and the category of setting an example was the lowest. Second, the level of organizational committment of the teachers is rated 3.70 points in a scale of 5 points. Among the organizational commitment categories, the category of normative committment was the highest and followed by the category of affective and continuance commitment. More transformational leadership was related to more organizational commitment from teachers.