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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
Dietary Behavior, Health Related Behavior and Nutrient Intake of Female College Students in Chungbuk Area
Jung, Eun-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 509~518
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.509
This study was intended to investigate dietary behavior, health related behavior and the effects of nutrient intake of female college students. Dietary behavior, health related behavior and the perception of the body conditions were surveyed with anonymous questionnaires, and 24hrs recall method for nutrient intake was obtained from 161 female college students in Chungbuk area. The mean height and weight of the subjects were
kg, respectively. The dietary behavior of female college students was generally inadequate. More specifically, irregularity of meals, indifference of dietary balance, and skipping breakfast, showing
for dietary behavior score,
for DVS and
for DDS, respectively. It was found that almost 63% of subjects did not anything for health care and the frequency of exercise of subjects was low. The perception of body conditions of the subjects seemed to be generally positive. However, satisfaction levels on body shape was very negative showing that only 12.4% of subjects answered as 'very satisfied' and 'satisfied'. When nutrient intake of the female college students was compared with Dietary Reference Intake for Korean, folate(45%), potassium(55%), vitamin C(59%), Ca(72%), fiber(72%), Fe(79%) and energy(80%) were found to be insufficient. But protein(138%), P(122%) and Na(179%) were found to be oversupplied. The nutrient intake of fiber, plant Ca, vitamin A,
-carotene, vitamin B6, vitamin C, folate and vitamin E were significantly higher, and those of Fe, Zn and protein were a little high in the high score group of dietary behavior. Also Food group intake, DDS and DVS were higher in the high score group of dietary behavior.
Exploring Changes of Pre-Service Teachers' Knowledge in Early Childhood Education through a Field-Based Math Lesson
Kim, Jung-Ju ; Seo, Hyun-Ah ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 519~533
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.519
The objective of this study was to follow up changes in knowledge related to the mathematics education field work of preliminary early childhood teachers. The subjects of this research were 28 students who were taking mathematics education courses in early childhood education departments at various universities. This research ran for 15 weeks and was conducted through field work relating to mathematics education. The study collected data from pre-service teachers' knowledge, the diagram of concept, writing journals, interviews, and materials from the internet. Through this procedure, pre-service teachers' knowledge for mathematics education could later be expanded, ordered, and integrated. In addition, pre-service teachers not only understood the importance of contents and levels of lesson plans, but also learned how to utilize educational media to make effective lessons. Furthermore, pre-service teachers realized that the mathematical concepts of students could be expanded depending on the contents and methods of pre-service teachers' lesson plans and students could then apply these concepts into daily situations.
The Effects of Emotional Intelligence and Entertainer Idolization on School Life Adjustment in Middle School Students
Cho, Young-Im ; Lee, Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 535~547
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.535
This study examined the effects of emotional intelligence and entertainer idolization on school life adjustment of middle school students. For this study, questionnaires were administered to 300 first graders attending three different middle schools. The results were analyzed using correlation and hierarchical regression analysis with SPSS/PC window program. The results were as follows. Firstly, general trends of emotional intelligence showed a slightly higher than average score. The score of entertainer idolization was relatively low and the characteristic factor score was higher than the assessment factor score. For school life adjustment, the factor having the highest influence was relationship with friends. Secondly, the most influential factor on school life adjustment was emotional regulation, followed by academic grades, emotional recognition, emotional expression, and empathy. In conclusion, the level of entertainer idolization in middle school students was moderate. The important influential factors on school life adjustment were emotional intelligence factors and academic grades. In particular, emotional regulation was found to have the greatest influence.
Quality Characteristics of Fermented Turnip Juice Depending on the Adding Rate of Rice-Nuruk
Kim, Eun-Mi ; Jeong, Seok-Tae ; Kim, Tae-Young ; Choi, Yoon-Hee ; Cho, Yong-Sik ; Park, Shin-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 549~556
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.549
The objective of this study was to develop a food material and, examination of fermented juice using turnips. The highest yield of fermented juice was with the mixture ratio of 60% turnip, 20% rice-nuruk and 20% sugar. The total acidity and turbidity increased depending on the adding rate of rice-nuruk. By reducing sugar concentration by 24.9%, 22.6% and 25.3% resulted in samples containing 5%, 20% and 35% of rice-nuruk. The reduced sugar concentration was the highest at 35% rice-nuruk and 5% sugar. As a result of enzyme activity,
-amylaze was the highest at 5% rice-nuruk and 35% sugar, and glucoamylase was increased by depending on the rice-nuruk concentration. The main organic acids in fermented turnip juice were succinic acid, acetic acid and lactic acid, and were increased during fermentation. DPPH free radical scavenging activity of fermented turnip juice was higher than that of non fermented turnip juice. Also, the nitrite scavenging ability was the highest(
) in 35% rice-nuruk at pH 3.0.
The Effect of Adult-Children Support Network on the Psychological Well-Being of the Single and Couple Elderly Households in Rural Areas
Oh, Young-Eun ; Lee, Jeong-Hwa ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 557~572
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.557
This study examines the effect of adult-children support network on the psychological well-being of the single and couple elderly households in rural areas. Adult-children support networks include both structural and functional characteristics. For the purpose of this research, 476 participants, who are older than 60 years old, living in rural areas, were selected. The results of this study are summarized as follows: the average degree of psychological well-being of the rural elderly was high. Emotional support from adult children was higher than economic or instrumental support. In the case of the single elderly households, adult children's economic support was the strongest variable affecting the psychological well-being. In the case of the couple elderly households, adult children's emotional support had the greater effect on psychological well-being. On the basis of this analysis, policy implications regarding the single and couple elderly households in rural areas were discussed.
Processing of Paste by Combining Low Quality Sweet Persimmon and Red Bean
Choi, Yoon-Hee ; Kim, Eun-Mi ; Cho, Yong-Sik ; Park, Shin-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 573~578
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.573
This research was conducted to enhance the value of low quality sweet persimmon by processing paste by combining low quality sweet persimmon and red-bean. In order to make sweet persimmon paste containing red-bean, the following procedures were executed : 1) the sweet persimmon was cleaned by water 2) the fruit stalk was removed 3) it was peeled, sliced, pitted and crushed 4) steamed and peeled red-bean paste was mixed 5) sweetening materials(starch syrup, sugar and dextrin) and salt were mixed 6) boiled and stored in refrigerator. Sweet persimmon was peeled, stem and seed was removed to make the paste. When mixing sweet persimmon paste and red-bean paste in the ratio of 6 : 4, sensory point of taste and overall desirability were higher than mixing in 5 : 5 and 4 : 6 but texture was lower. The sweet persimmon paste containing red-bean was softened and the sugar content was increased from 41.4
Brix to 53.1
Brix when 10% dextrin was added. The overall sensory evaluation was higher in sweet persimmon paste containing red-bean than commercial red-bean paste when 10% dextrin was added. The overall desirability also shown a significant difference between them. Even though findings were statistically insignificant, sweet persimmon powder with red-bean paste increased in texture and overall desirability compared with commercial red-beans paste. Sweet persimmon powder paste containing red-bean significantly decreased in flavor, color, taste and overall desirability compared with sweet persimmon paste containing red-bean. As a result of this study, the best combination for the quantity of sub-materials to make sweet persimmon paste was 600g of sweet persimmon, 400g of red-bean, starch syrup 120g, sugar 60g, salt 4g and dextrin 100g.
The Analysis of Using an Information Service for Supplying Information in the Rural Amenity Resources by Utilizing a Smart Phone
Son, Ho-Gi ; Kim, Sang-Bum ; Jo, Lock-Hwan ; Choi, Jai-Ung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 579~590
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.579
This study focused on developing various application services for smart phones in the rural amenity resources information service. By developing application services for smart phones, this study aims to stimulate rural tourism and increase the rural tourism economy. The main findings of this study revealed that 'information for reports/cultural/recreational facilities, etc', 'maps for rural villages(food, attractions, etc)', 'regional weather information', 'traffic reports for rural villages(public transportation, etc)' and 'introduction of rural experiences (festivals, exhibitions, events, etc)' are preferentially needed as the contents services of the rural amenity resources. Moreover, it has been found that the types of services firstly needed to offer information of rural amenity resources include 'searching the information around me(where I am)', 'wayfinding such as navigation', 'information sharing function with messenger and SNS, etc', 'taking and editing photography', 'searching information of rural villages about festivals, events, etc'. These are the items that can be utilized in developing application services needed by information services of rural amenity resources. It is expected that the future real-time smart phone services for rural amenity resources will be able to reinforce the competitiveness of rural tourism by giving urban dwellers the chance to utilize the customized information whenever they want.
The Comparison of Curricular in Fashion Field between Korean and American Universities
Kim, Sun-Hwa ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 591~597
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.591
The objective of the study was to compare the curricular in fashion field between Korean and American universities. Initially, curricular data of Korean universities were collected through the internet, telephone calls and e-mails from March to May, 2006. The data was then modified in August, 2009. Data from American universities were only collected through the internet from January to March, 2009. The name of the department, total credits opened, credits opened for each area and so on, were analyzed using descriptive statistics. There were 20 national universities and 61 private universities with fashion related departments in Korea, while 87 public universities and 21 private universities in the USA. The name of'Fashion Design' in the departments was prevalent in 40 universities in Korea. On the contrary,'Fashion Marketing' was the most dominant name in 31 universities in the USA. Ninety percent of the universities in Korea opened over eighty to ninety total credits, but 83% of American universities opened under eighty to ninety total credits. Most universities in Korea opened many credits for construction, design/ aesthetics, marketing and textile areas more than those in the USA.
A Study on Understanding of Time Constraints and Time Management of Farmers
Choi, Yoon-Ji ; Gim, Gyung-Mee ; Lee, Ji-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 599~613
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.599
This study aimed to provide an efficient time management scheme for farmers by analysing how they experience time constraints in spending their time and understand time management. Firstly, farmers found that they didn't have enough time for farm keeping as a result of house work obligations. It was caused by excessive time for agricultural work. Thus, 93.7% of respondents recognized that ‘they were pressed for time' because there is relatively less time to spend for socio-cultural and physiological matters. In addition, 83.0% responded that they felt the pressure of something. Respondents who were in forties reduced their sleeping hours due to lack of time. The majority of people who were in the farmhouse doing controlled horticulture cannot enjoy their own time for leisure owing to a lack of time. Secondly, respondents under thirty-nine years of age were solving the problems of time constraints as prioritizing matters, planning handling time and utilizing household instruments. On the other hand, respondents who were in forties found the solution by reflecting on their conduct toward a time consumption plan, self-evaluation and received help from their family and/or neighbors. A group of respondents who had already graduated from college or higher education often reflected on their conduct and self-evaluated. Respondants who participatied in farmhouse controlled horticulture, generally took turns in managing their house work. For reducing farmers' time constraints and managing their time efficiently, they should standardize matters done repeatedly and also manage time by dividing work among family members. Furthermore, if a long-term time scheme such as more than a month is established and practiced, time constraints may be somewhat solved.
Change of the Protection Efficiency in Each Part of Developed Pesticide-Proof Clothes by Repeated Washings
Shin, Jeoung-Hwa ; Hwang, Kyoung-Sook ; Lee, Hyo-Hyeon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 615~621
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.615
This study was conducted to evaluate of the protection efficiency in each part of developed pesticide-proof clothes by repeated washings. We investigated the effect of repeated laundering on mechanical properties of pesticide-proof clothes (not washed vs 5 times washed). We also examined pesticide infiltration rate into the pesticide-proof clothes by repeated laundering. The patches(TCL paper, surface area 50cm2)were attached to the inside of pesticide-proof clothes(head, chest, right upper-arm, right forearm, left thigh, left calf, back) which subjects had dressed in during pesticide spraying. The patches were detached from working clothes after work. For the extraction of pesticide in pesticide-proof clothes, sonication was applied for 30 min with methanol. The gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) was applied to identify the pesticide component. The results of this study are as follows: The force strength, water-vapour resistance and surface wetting resistance of pesticide-proof clothes decreased 5 times more in washed clothes. The concentration of pesticide was the highest in the head area of pesticide-proof clothes. In seven parts of TLC paper attached to the pesticide proof clothes, the concentration of pesticide was higher in the left thigh. The penetration part and concentration of pesticide increased as washing was repeated. Therefore the conclusion which can be drawn from this study is this: protection efficiency of pesticide-proof clothes decrease by repeated washings.
Relative Effects of Health and Family Factors on Geriatric Depression
Lee, Mee-Ae ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 623~635
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.623
Over the past few decades, the proportion of elderly people with depression in Korea has been rapidly increasing. The purpose of this study is to explore relative effects of health and family factors on geriatric depression. The data sources are from Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging(2008). The Analysis sample consists of 4,040 cases. Analysis results show that there is a significant variability in geriatric depression according to sociodemographic characteristics, health characteristics, and family characteristics. Hierarchical logistic regression analyses are employed to assess the causal relationship between health characteristics and geriatric depression. Model II showed that ADL(exp(B)=1.732), having difficulties due to sight deterioration(exp(B)=1.398), having difficulties due to masticatory force deterioration(exp(B)=1.414), having difficulties due to pain(exp(B)=2.435), and subjective health status(exp(B)=2.010) are reported as predictors of geriatric depression. Namely, the probability of having geriatric depression of the above predictors has been 1.7 times, 1.4 times, 1.4 times, 2.4 times. 2.0 times higher than normal figures. Among health characteristics, pain is the most prevalent factor. Model III showed that as for family characteristics, coresiding with children(exp(B)=1.312) and frequency of contacting with children by phones, letters, or emails(exp(B)=1.477) are reported as predictors of geriatric depression. Key findings are that health factors have larger effects than family factors on geriatric depression.
Daughters' Mourning Experience from Loss of their Mothers
Choi, Seung-Yee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 637~653
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.637
Over the last 20 years, women's development has been ambiguous. According to Freud, the mother-daughter relationship has been considered as an essential component of women's development. This study investigated how the mourning experience from daughters who were separated from their mothers by death offers any meaningful idea to women's life. For Hermeneutic phenomenology, researchers collected data from three women who have lost their mothers through in-depth interviews and drawing pictures with each of them. As a result, this study found that daughters started to fight with their mothers' death from the moment when they were informed. They also experienced a symbolic death until the moment of their mothers' death and even after the confirmation of their mothers' death. Daughters experienced symbolic death, both emotionally and physically as well as familiar experiences with their mothers through the repeated confirmation of death. However, these experiences encouraged daughters to adapt to the reality that was the absence of their mothers through the processes such as "Reflection," "Living in the Center of My life," and "Another Embrace." Through this new perspective, attempts, and relationships, daughters form a new identity and experience 'rebirth'. These daughters' changes were paradoxically strengthened through their resistances towards changes of reformation of themselves.
Moral Judgment and Intention to Make Illegal Copies of Smart Phone Applications
You, So-Ye ; Sun, Ying-Hua ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 655~668
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.655
Although consumer ethical behavior related with illegal copies of digital software has been considered to be an important issue, not many studies have attempted to examine the issue. Firstly, this study attemped to explain the moral judgment and intention to make illegal copies of smart phone applications for college students. Secondly, psychological factors such as moral intensity and perceived risk related to making illegal copies were tested to be significantly different in individual characteristics such as experience of ethical education and past experience of making illegal copies of software, sex, age and household income. Thirdly, the effect of related factors such as psychological factors and individual characteristics was estimated to significantly influence moral judgment and intention to make illegal copies. Two step method(using LIMDEP program) was applied to estimate the model as a structural equation model. According to the results of this study, magnitude of consequences, financial risk and performance risk were found to be significantly different in income groups(less than middle class vs more than middle class). Prosecution risk was found to be significantly different in gender groups(female vs male). In addition, social consensus, financial risk, performance risk and prosecution risk were found to be significantly different in ethical education groups(experience vs no experience). Furthermore, moral judgment for making illegal copies of smart phone applications was found to be significantly influenced by income, ethical education, magnitude of consequences, temporal immediacy and social consensus. And intention to make illegal copies of smart phone applications was found to be significantly influenced by moral judgment, age, financial risk, performance risk and prosecution risk.
The Changes of Energy Nutrient Intake, Frequently Consumed Dishes and Staple Food Consumption -Based on the First to the Forth(1998~2008) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES I~IV-2)-
Ahn, Eun-Mi ; Kang, Min-Sook ; Gong, Jung-Eun ; Choe, Jung-Sook ; Park, Young-Hee ; Lee, Jin-Young ; Kim, Haeng-Ran ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 669~678
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.669
The purpose of this study were to analyze the staple food consumption trend of Koreans using KNHANES(Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) data. Nutrient intake of 38,840 participants of 1998~2008 KNHANES, over 6 year old were analyzed. For the analysis of major staple food intakes, twenty four hour recall data was used. The results were analyzed by SAS Program, as follows. Despite westernized diet, ranking in the primary energy source of food showed similar patterns. But total calory intake was reduced over the past 11 years and percentage of carbohydrate intake was increased. Relative proportions of protein and fat intake was reduced. The major carbohydrate and protein source of Koreans was rice and grains. Pork and ramen were the major fat source food. Although intake levels were different by gender, age and areas, carbohydrate of rice was primary source of energy in Korea.
The Effects of Mothers' Parenting Behaviors and Teacher-Child Relationship on Young Children's Adjustment to Child-Care Centers: Focused on Low-Income Families
Kim, Young-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 679~688
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.679
Using data from an ongoing study of 170 children aged 4-6 years in low-income families, this study tests how mothers' parenting behaviors and teacher-child relationship influences the adjustment to child-care centers of young children. The mothers' parenting behaviors were measured by the mothers of surveyed children, while the teacher-child relationship and children's adjustment were rated by teachers. Measurements were recorded from using the Iowa Parent Behavior Inventory(Crase et al. 1987), Student-Teacher Relationship Scale(Pianta et al. 1995) and the Adjustment to Child-care Centers Scale(Lee 2004). The collected data was analyzed by hierarchical regression using the SPSS Program. Results indicate that mothers' parenting behaviors in the low-income families controlled characteristics of children and are positively associated with one area of early school adjustment, learning readiness. In other words, mothers who are more involved and demonstrate supportive parenting, have children with better learning readiness. The teacher-child relationship is strongly related to all areas of children's adjustment. The interaction effect of parenting behaviors and the teacher-child relationship on children's learning readiness is observed. These results highlight the importance of the teacher-child closeness as well as the quality of parenting behaviors during the preschool period for the low-income family in improving early school adjustment.
A Study on Visitor’s Expectations, Perception and Satisfaction When Dining in a Farm Styled Restaurant
Lee, Jin-Young ; Choe, Jeong-Sook ; Park, Young-Hee ; Kim, Eun-Mi ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 689~704
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.689
Farm themed restaurants is an initiation by the Rural Development Administration (RDA) in order to perpetuate and develop Korean traditional food-culture. This food business model contributes to the increase of local food consumption and non-farm income for rural communities. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the visitor's expectations, perception and satisfaction on the farm restaurant management type in order to assist activation of farm restaurants. Farm restaurants were categorized into two types; restaurant style and experience style. The majority of subjects(67.9%) were experiencing their first time to dine at farm restaurants. Regardless of farm restaurant style, the subjects perceived that farm restaurants use high quality food ingredients. The degree of subjects expectations prior to visiting a farm restaurant was estimated by 7 Likert scales. The results show that most subjects had high expectations for using good-quality food ingredients such as ‘fresh food (restaurant style 6.25, dietary education style 6.02)’ and ‘environment-friendly food (restaurant style 6.07, dietary education style 5.91)’. Overall satisfaction of the farm restaurants was also high. The satisfaction of food scored 4.1 and the satisfaction of experience program scored 3.8.
Research on the Differences of Perception on Retirement between Middle-aged Men and Women -Focusing on the Baby-Boom Generation-
Cho, Sung-Sook ; Suh, Hoon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 705~717
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2011.22.4.705
This research was based on surveys about differences of perception on retirement among the babe-boomers. Middle-aged men and women in their 40s' and 50s' residing in metropolitan areas centering around Seoul were the main targets for the surveys. Results indicated meaningful differences between men and women in the level of percection and expectation about their retirement. More specifically, men noted physical health, economic sufficiency and work as significant factors for happy retirement. Women, on the other hand, answered economic sufficiency first, and then physical health and relationship with spouse as the important variables for retirement. In addition, men and women portrayed different expectations for difficulties of retirement. Based on the survey results, this research proposed possible national, social, corporate, and individual approaches for secure retirement of the middle-aged baby-boom generation.