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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Parenting Stress on Preschool Children's Problematic Behavior in Multicultural Families
Yin, Chu-Yuan ; Jang, Young-Ae ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 5~16
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2012.23.1.005
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of parenting stress on children's problematic behavior in multicultural families. The subjects were 143 mothers who are caring for their 3-6 year old children in multicultural families. Data was collected using a parenting stress index and a child behavior check list. The data were statistically analyzed using a t-test, a one-way ANOVA(Scheff'e test), a correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. The study showed that there were no significant differences in parenting stress according to the socio-demographic variables. However, there were some significant differences in children's problematic behavior according to the mother's education. Correlation analysis indicated that the mother's parenting stress and children's problematic behavior in multicultural families had significant positive correlations in all sub-variables. It was also found that the mother's education, the mother's stress caused by a difficult child, the mother's stress caused by dysfuntional interactions between parents and children and educational distress, were all significant predictors of the preschool children's problematic behavior in multicultural families.
A Study on the Revitalization of Children's Parks by the Transition of the Surrounding Environment in Seogu, Daejeon
Lee, Woo-Geol ; Shim, Joon-Young ; Kim, Dae-Soo ; Lee, Shi-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 17~30
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2012.23.1.017
This study is targeted on children's parks in Seogu, Daejeon with the goal of maximizing the usage and versatility of existing parks in the area by the survey and analysis of the general status of children's parks, land use near the parks, population, users, and traits of usage. For the purposes of this thesis this study has selected 65 of the children's parks in the Seogu District to monitor. It also focused on a number of these parks located in areas which underwent a lot of changes and needed an increase in usage and versatility. Based on the selection criteria, the four target parks, Wojeong, Meongwhack, Dosan and Wicdunjimi children's park were selected. The Survey shows that 55.9% of park visitors visited a park to 'rest and take a walk' and used 'main facilities' meaning resting facilities like pergola and benches. In the nighttime, the number of park visitors is so few because of safety problems. 50% of users were satisfied with parks. It shows that there are many respondents who want to recompose these parks as places for light exercise, resting, meeting, and as community symbols. Generally, these target parks don't reach their full potential and they also do not play their proper roles because they are hampered by the constriction of the law. These stick to an outdated idea of what a park should be like without considering the actual and practical needs of city dwellers. When it comes to the remodeling and refurbishing of these parks we have to rethink the planning process so that these parks may be more versatile and practical in order to accommodate the radical changes of users and patterns of usage.
The Quality Characteristics of Backsulgi Prepared with Yam(Dioscorea japonica) Powder
Kim, Yoo-Kyeong ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 31~39
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2012.23.1.031
) has been used in oriental medicine to modulate physiology, and it is considered as a potential functional food. So far, however, limited efforts has been performed to use yam for food processing and development. Thus, in this study, rice cakes called 'Backsulgi' containing 3%, 6% and 9% yam powder were prepared and the quality characteristics were evaluated. The results of this study showed that adding yam powder reduced the moisture content of Backsulgi, which led to a decrease in the strength of textural characteristics such as hardness, adhesiveness, cohesiveness, gumminess, chewiness, and springiness. In contrast, the quality characteristics of the sample containing 3% yam powder were not significantly different from those of the control in moisture content, texture, and overall acceptability. Consequently, adding 3% yam powder could improve the biofunctionality and quality characteristics of Backsulgi in the case of adjusting moisture content.
Effects of Mothers' Nurturing Attitude and Mothers' Sign Language Level on the Depression of Hearing Impairment Children
Choi, Young-Hee ; Cho, Moon-Kyo ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 41~50
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2012.23.1.041
This study was performed to understand the depression of children with hearing impairment with relation to their mothers' nurturing attitude and sign language level. The subjects were 131 hearing impaired children aged from 9 to 16 years and their mothers, who had no hearing impairments. The children's depression was assessed by CDI(Kovacs 1983) adapted by Cho and Lee(1990), and the maternal attitude was measured through the instrument developed by Oh and Lee(1982) and revised by Lim(1987). The results were as follows. First, the girls' depression was higher than the boys', and children in a dormitory type of school showed higher depression than those in a general type of school. Second, children's depression did not show differences according to mother-child communication methods but differed according to mothers' sign language level. Children whose mothers had high level of sign language showed the highest depression and those whose mothers had beginning level of sign language showed the lowest depression. And mothers' affective, goal- achieving and rational attitude were negatively related with children's depression. Third, the depression of hearing impairment children was influenced mainly by the maternal affective attitude, and the next order was the type of school the children attend.
Studies on Rheological Properties of Weak Flour Containing Mulberry Powder
Park, Hayag-Mi ; Kang, Kun-Og ; Lee, Hyun-Joo ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 51~59
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2012.23.1.051
This study was conducted to investigate the rheological properties of mulberry powder on the weak flour using color, Rapid Visco Amalyzer(RVA), farinogram, alveogram. The lightness(L value) and yellowness(b value) decreased and the redness(a value) increased with increment of mulberry powder content. On the RVA data, the weak flour with 1% of mulberry powder showed the highest initial pasting temperature and peak viscosity, while the addition of mulberry powder reduced final viscosity. On the farinogram data, the consistency of the flour containing mulberry powder was decreased with increments of mulberry powder. This meant that mulberry powder could weaken the batter. Water absorption of the samples with mulberry powder was decreased more than the control. The development time of flour with mulberry powder was also decreased more than control, but the differences were not significant. The stability of the flour with adding mulberry powder was decreased. The Pmax value of the flour was decreased significantly by adding mulberry powder. Extensibility and swelling index were both increased, but there were no significant differences.
The Gender Difference between Diet Therapy Satisfaction and Awareness of Nutrition Education of Inpatients in Some Small and Medium-Sized Hospitals in Southern Gyeonggi Area
Rhie, Seung-Gyo ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 61~77
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2012.23.1.061
This study was carried out on hospitalized patients receiving diet therapy satisfaction and awareness of nutrition education in small and medium-sized hospitals in southern Gyeonggi area. By the face-to-face interview with questionnaire method, the survey was carried out on 150 subjects (99 males and 51 females). The patients (64.7% of males, 52.9% of females) heard the description of diet therapy without the aid of written manual. Patients were moderately satisfied by food that was rated based on these indicators: tastiness (2.45), saltiness (2.23), smelliness (2.23), and appetizing appearance (2.39) as a 4 point scale. Most of the patients (80.8% of males, 69.8% of females) wanted to continue diet therapy. The importance of diet was correlated with the tastiness, saltiness, and appetizing appearance of diet. And the help of dietitians' explanation was correlated with appetite. 55.6% of males and 35.4% of females received nutrition education before (p<0.05). The number of times nutrition education was received was once for male (33.3%) and three times for female (44.4%). Most nutrition education satisfaction that was calculated on a 4 point scale was well understood (3.03), recognized importance (3.44 for males, 2.78 for females) and help for disease management (p<0.01). Also they were satisfied with the explanation of disease (3.20). Nutrition education satisfaction was correlated positively with explanation about food related to disease, the current dietary treatment, how to prepare diet recipes, and dietitian's kindness, but negatively with satisfaction with explanation of diet therapy, and the description and help for disease management. In conclusion, the most important factor in practicing diet therapy was meeting with the dietitian. Intensive nutrition education after the patient's discharge is necessary for patients to continue diet therapy.
Quality Characteristic of Low Salted Yacon Jangachi Using Soybean Sauce
Shim, Ki-Hoon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 79~88
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2012.23.1.079
To evaluate the possibility of low-salinity of traditional fermented food, we investigated quality characteristic of low-salted Yacon Jangachi using soybean sauce with sugar or vinegar for 50 days. Sugar content, titration acidity, and salinity of all Yacon Jangachi was increased as storage time increased. All of the Yacon Jangachi had less than 3.0% salinity. Especially, the salinity of the Yacon Jangachi with sugar and vinegar was the lowest during storage time. The L value was decreased as storage time increased but the results of the a and b values were reversed. Cutting force was not significant among samples and storage periods. In the results of sensory evaluation, preference of all samples were increased as storage time increased. The preference of color was not significant among samples from 30 days but the taste was reversed. The preference of flavor was significant between samples in 40 days, texture was not significant during storage time. Overall preference was not significant after 30 days, which suggested that Yacon Jangachi using soybean sauce retains overall preference in steady level from 30 days. Yacon Jangachi using soybean sauce showed the highest preference when produced with sugar and vinegar.